ThesisPDF Available

Beyond Price: Farmers' Livelihood Opportunities and the Political Economy of Avocados

Authors:

Abstract and Figures

This study explores the livelihood possibilities of avocado farmers, within a broader examination of the political economy of avocados. It exposes a state-capital arrangement that is promoting a way of organizing society in which livelihood agriculture is being displaced by investment agriculture. It draws on the systems of provision (sop) approach under the question of the production of nature. That means examining the links taking avocados from a farm to the hands of a consumer, and inquiring about the ways in which the people and places involved have come to occupy a specific role in those processes. For this purpose, a general depiction of the avocado sop exposes how consumer preferences, requirements for international trade, and agricultural policies shape avocados and, consequently, the practices of farmers growing them. The research focuses on the experience of farmers and the ways in which the mentioned state-capital arrangement shapes their livelihood possibilities.
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20!
Figure+
1:+Map+of+Colombia+showing+the+location+of+Santander+(source:+translated+from+Escuela+
Nacional+de+Geografía,+2002)!
+
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21!
`13"#"$"2K"( "2.( 0,%( &$"))%&0( -2%&( N1&1"))4( M%0P%%2( Y( "2.( c( ,"O( )-3"0%.( 2%"#( ,"#._0-_
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5"#$%#&(5#-$(0,%(2%"#M4($12*3*/")*0*%&(-5(=-&(:"20-&J(A*))"21%+"("2.(;1#*0i(N&%%(5*K1#%&(Y("2.(
cOW(C,%&%( "#%( $-#%("#*.( #%K*-2&J( P,%#%(5"#$%#&( ,"+%( M%%2(3,"2K*2K( 5#-$( 0%$/-#"#4(3#-/&(
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!
!
22!
!
Figure'2:'Map'of' Santander' showing'the'location'of'the' municipalities'where'I'undertook'
field'research'(source:'translated'and'edited'from'Escuela'Nacional'de'Geografía,'2002)'
!"#$%#&'()*+%)*,--.(-//-#012*0*%&("2.(0,%(/-)*0*3")(%3-2-$4(-5("+-3".-&(
!
!
23!
!
Figure+3:+Landscape+of+San+Vicente+de+Chucurí+(source:+RZchuZR,+n.d.)+
+
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Figure+4:+Landscape+of+Villanueva+(source:+‘Villanueva,+Santander,+Colombia’,+n.d.)+
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kUnder! the! Free! Trade! Agreement! [with! the! US]! Colombia! has! accessibility! for! 80!
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Figure+7:+Landscape+of+avocado+trees+in+Santander,+planted+following+the+'Chilean+Model'+
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KCL$Department$of$Geography:$Risk$Assessment$form$(Individual$Research$and$Fieldwork)!"#$%!1!&'!((!
!!
)%&$*#+,-!./012103#4!5%6%#*7,!#/0!81%409&*:!
(This'form'is'available'electronically'via'http://www.kcl.ac.uk/geography'→'“For'Current'Students”'→'“Student'Forms”'→'“Universal'Forms”)!
!
1' COMPLETING'THE'DEPARTMENT'OF'GEOGRAPHY'RISK'ASSESSMENT'FORM'
'
This'process'is'now' a' digital'process.'' These' forms' do' not' need' to' be' printed' and' signed.' ' The'new'procedure'is'as'
follows.'
STUDENTS:''5%#0!#/0!7&;+4%<%!<,16!'&*;!7#*%'344-!#/0!%;#14!<&!-&3*!*%6%#*7,!63+%*216&*!#6!#!9&*0!0&73;%/<!=1'!
-&3!#*%!3/63*%!#>&3<!#/-!&'!<,%!?3%6<1&/6!0167366!<,%;!'1*6<!91<,!-&3*!63+%*216&*@A!Save'the'document'using'the'
filename' RiskAssessmentForm_YourNam e_KCLStudentCard#.docx' replacing' YourName' and' KCLStudentCard#'
with' the'appropriate' details.'' !B46&! 63>;1<! <,%! 9%>C>#6%0! D5BEFG! HID.8.JBD.IH! BH K! .HLM5BHJF! 8I5N!=#<!
,<<+OPP>1<A4-P:74$%&<*#2%4@A! ! Q&3*! <-+%0! /#;%! #/0! 6<30%/<! /3;>%*! #/0! <,%! 6%/01/$! &'! <,16! '*&;! -&3*! %;#14!
#77&3/<!16!#77%+<%0!#6!-&3*!61$/#<3*%A!
STAFF:'5%#0!#/0!7,%7:! <,16!#66%66;%/<!7#*%'344-A!!.'!-&3!7&/610%*!<,%!6<30%/<!,#6!10%/<1'1%0R!3/0%*6<#/06!#/0! 16!
;#/#$1/$!<,%!:%-!*16:6!#/0!<,#<!<,16!9&*:!9144!>%!6#'%R!S61$/T!<,%!61$/#<3*%!+#$%!#/0!'&*9#*0!<,%!*%7%12%0!%;#14!
;%66#$%!'*&;!<,%!6<30%/<!=#/0!#<<#7,!<,16!61$/%0!0&73;%/<@!<&!:#<,#*1/%A614:U:74A#7A3:!91<,!#!77!<&!<,%!6<30%/<!
9,&!7&;+4%<%0!1<!=<,%-!9144!/%%0!-&3*!61$/%0!&''!7&+-!<&!#<<#7,!#6!#/!#++%/01V!<&!<,%1*!0166%*<#<1&/@!A'!Q&3*!<-+%0!
/#;%! #/0! 6<#''! /3;>%*! #/0! <,%! '&*9#*01/$! &'! <,16! '*&;! -&3*! %;#14! #77&3/<! 16! #77%+<%0! #6! -&3*! 61$/#<3*%A!!
Responsibility'for'assessing' whether'this' assessment'is'appropriate' lies'with' you,'as'supervisor.' Until'the' risk'
assessment'has'been'accepted'by'the'supervisor,'the'research'activity'is'not'permitted.'
PROCESS:' D,16! '&*;! 9144! >%! '3*<,%*! *%21%9%0! 0%+#*<;%/<#44-A! ./! <,%! *#*%! 7#6%6! <,#<! *16:6! #*%! 0%%;%0! <&! >%!
3/#77%+<#>4%R!0%6+1<%! 63+%*216&*! 61$/C&''R!<,%!'&*;!9144!>%! *%<3*/%0! >-! %C;#14! <&!<,%!6<30%/<! =77!<&!63+%*216&*@!
91<,!'%%0>#7:!&/!#/-!'3*<,%*!74#*1'17#<1&/!/%%0%0A!!.'!-&3!0&!/&<!,%#*!'*&;!W#<,#*1/%!91<,1/!#!'%9! 9&*:1/$!0#-6!
&'!63>;1661&/!-&3!;#-!#663;%!<,#<!<,%*%!#*%!/&!1663%6!#*161/$A.'
'
WHY'DO'I'NEED'TO'DO'THIS?'
You'are'ultimately'responsible'for'your'own'safety'and'that'of'those'working'for'you'but'the'Department'of'
Geography'has'a'duty'of'care'to'ensure'that'you'have'thought'carefully'about'the'risks'involved'in'the'field'or'
laboratory'work,'and'that'you'have'done'the'utmost'to'manage'and'reduce'them.''We'will'not'sanction'fieldwork'
that'we'consider'to'be'unsafe.''Fortunately'serious'accidents'and'deaths'in'the'field'are'rare'but'they'do'happen.''
Think'through'the'risks'and'how'you'will'manage'them'and'ensure'you'have'outlined'a'plan'of'action'in'case'
something'does'go'wrong.'
!
2' GENERAL'GUIDANCE'ON'RISK'ASSESSMENT:'MANAGING'HEALTH'AND'SAFETY''
'
./!;&6<!7&3/<*1%6R!/#<1&/#4!4%$164#<1&/!+*&210%6!<,%!4%$#4! '*#;%9&*:!'&*!,%#4<,! #/0! 6#'%<-! ;#/#$%;%/<A!8&*!%V#;+4%R!1/!
<,%!MWR!3/12%*61<1%6!#>10%!>-!<,%!Health$and$Safety$at$Work$Act$1974!=,<<+OPP999A,6%A$&2A3:P4%$164#<1&/P,69#A,<;@!#/0!
#66&71#<%0!*%$34#<1&/6A! D,%! B7<!+4#7%6!#! 03<-! 3+&/! %;+4&-%*6! <&!<#:%!6<%+6!<&! %/63*%R! 6&! '#*!#6!*%#6&/#>4-! +*#7<17#>4%R!
<,%! ,%#4<,! #/0! 6#'%<-! &'! <,%1*! %;+4&-%%6! #/0! #/-! &<,%*! +%&+4%! #''%7<%0! >-! <,%1*! #7<121<1%6! 1/74301/$R! 1/! <,%! 7#6%! &'!
3/12%*61<1%6R!#44!6<30%/<6!#/0!;%;>%*6!&'!<,%!+3>417A!
B001<1&/#4! $310%41/%6!;#-! #46&! %V16<! #<! <,%! 4&7#4! &*! /#<1&/#4! 67#4%A! 8&*! %V#;+4%R!<,%*%! 16! #! X*1<16,! 6<#/0#*0! 7&/7%*/1/$!
Specification$for$the$provision$ of$visits,$fieldwork,$expeditions,$and$ adventurous$activities,$outside$the$UK!=XLYYZY@A!D,%6%!
4#96!#/0!$310%41/%6!<-+17#44-!*%?31*%!<,#<! [*16:! #66%66;%/<6\! #*%! 3/0%*<#:%/! <&! 10%/<1'-! 9,#<! 6,&340! >%!0&/%!1/!&*0%*!<&!
;#/#$%!6#'%<-A!B66%66;%/<6!&'!*16:!#*%!363#44-!'&736%0!#*&3/0![*16:\!#/0![,#]#*0\A!"3<!61;+4-O!!
Hazards!*%634<! '*&;! 9&*:1/$! 1/! +&<%/<1#44-! 0#/$%*&36! %/21*&/;%/<6! #/0! *%'%*! <&! %/21*&/;%/<#4! 7&/01<1&/6R!
#$%/<6!=1/74301/$!6<*#/$%*6@!&*!63>6<#/7%6!<,#<!7#/!7#36%!,#*;A!!
Risk!16!<,%!7,#/7%!<,#<!#!+%*6&/!=-&3!&*!6&;%&/%!%46%@!;1$,<!>%!,#*;%0!>-!<,%!,#]#*0A!!
K3*1/$! 1/012103#4!*%6%#*7,! =%A$AR! '1%409&*:@R!,#]#*06! #/0! *16:6! 7#/! 7,#/$%! *#+104-R!'&*! %V#;+4%R! #6! #! *%634<! &'! 7,#/$1/$!
9%#<,%*!7&/01<1&/6!&*!+&41<17#4!#7<1&/6R!#/0!6,&340!>%!7&/<1/3#44-!*%#66%66%0A!
B!*16:!#66%66;%/<!6,&340!>%!7&;+4%<%0!'&*O!
B44!1/012103#4! *%6%#*7,!#/0! '1%409&*:!<#:1/$! +4#7%! IMDL.KF! <,%! K%+#*<;%/<! &'! )%&$*#+,-!7&/037<%0!#6!+#*<!&'!
-&3*!0%$*%%R!!
B44!4#>&*#<&*-!9&*:!.HL.KF!<,%!J&44%$%!+*%;16%6!!
B44!6<30%/<!0166%*<#<1&/!9&*:R!9,%<,%*!,3;#/!&*!+,-617#4R!#/0!9,%<,%*! 3/0%*$*#03#<%R!+&6<$*#03#<%!<#3$,<!&*!
+&6<$*#03#<%!*%6%#*7,A!!
D,%! %V<%/<! &'! -&3*! 1/2&42%;%/<! 1/! #7<3#44-! #66%661/$! <,%!*16:6! 9144! 2#*-! #77&*01/$! <&! <,%! 9#-! 1/! 9,17,! <,%! 1/012103#4!
*%6%#*7,!#/0!'1%409&*:!16!&*$#/16%0R!>3<!-&3!,#2%!#!*%6+&/61>141<-!<&!'&44&9!#/-!+*%7#3<1&/6!&*!6#'%<-!;%#63*%6!4#10!0&9/!
1/!<,%!*16:!#66%66;%/<A!! !
!"#$%#&'()*+%)*,--.(-//-#012*0*%&("2.(0,%(/-)*0*3")(%3-2-$4(-5("+-3".-&(
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52!
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KCL$Department$of$Geography:$Risk$Assessment$form$(Individual$Research$and$Fieldwork)!Page!2!of!11!
!!
3' RISK'ASSESSMENT'FORM'AND'ASSOCIATED'DOCUMENTATION'
After!reading!through!ALL!risk!categories,!please!select!RISK!TYPE!A!or!B!below.!!
'
RISK'TYPE'A'
You'are'only'eligible'for'RISK'TYPE'A'if'all'of'the'following'are'true:'
Your'work'takes'place'within:'college'premises'or'home'or' within'organizations/premises'that'have'their'own'
clear'risk'assessment'in'place.'
Your'work'involves'ONLY'library/archival'data'or'existing'on]line/other'data.'
Your'work'WILL'NOT'expose'you'to'risks'greater'than'in'everyday'life.'
'
DECLARATION:!I!have!considered!ALL!categories!in!this!form!(see!page!4!onwards)!and! I!declare!that!I!am!undertaking!a!
student! project/dissertation! where:! a)! NONE! of! my! research! will! be! outside! of! college! premises! or! home! or!
organizations/premises!that! have! their! ow n! clear! risk! assessment! in! place;! and! b)! it! does! not! involve! ANY! of! the ! risks!
identified!in!ANY! of!the!categories!of!this! risk! assessment! form.!Should!my!research!project!change,!such! that! there! are!
now!risks!involved,!then!it!is!my!responsibility!to!resubmit!this!form!after!completing!an!assessment!for!Risk!Type!B.!
'
SIGNATURES!OF!PERSON!FILLING!IN!A!RISK!ASSESSMENT!AND!COUNTERSIGNATURE.!
A.'Person'filling'in'this'risk'assessment'
Signature!(TYPE'YOUR'NAME'AND'STAFF'OR'STUDENT'ID'IN'PLACE'OF'A'SIGNATURE):!
!
Date:!
!
B.'Countersignature'and'date.!!I!sign!to!indicate!that!I!have!read!this!and!consider!it!an!appropriate!assessment.!!
(Students!–!Research!Supervisor;!Research!Staff!–!Project!Leader;!Academic!Staff!–!Head!of!Department)!
Signature!(TYPE'YOUR'NAME'AND'STAFF'OR'STUDENT'ID'IN'PLACE'OF'A'SIGNATUR E):!
!
!
Date:!
'
RISK'TYPE'B'
Fill'out'THIS'PAGE'and'ALL'OTHER'PAGES'in'this'form.''
'
DECLARATION:!I!have!considered!ALL!categories!in!this!form!and!have!indicated!which!risks!apply!to!me!that!are!greater!
than!in! everyday! life! and! normal!activities! (writing! yes/no! for!every! section).! Where! I! have!answered! ‘yes’! then! I! have!
also!indicated!the!degree!of!risk!from!15!(1=low,!5=high)!and,!where!appropriate,!added!notes!or!comments!relating!to!
the!level!of!risk.!!I!have!identified!and!added!any!additional!risks!not!explicitly!covered!by!this!form!in!the!final!section.!
'
SIGNATURES!OF!PERSON!FILLING!IN!A!RISK!ASSESSMENT!AND!COUNTERSIGNATURE.!
A.'Person'filling'in'this'risk'assessment'
Signature!(TYPE'YOUR'NAME'AND'STAFF'OR'STUDENT'ID'IN'PLACE'OF'A'SIGNATURE):!
ANGELA!SERRANO!ZAPATA!14141959!
!
!
Date:!07/05/15!
!
B.'Countersignature'and'date.!!I!sign!to!indicate!that!I!have!read!this!and!consider!it!an!appropriate!assessment.!!
(Students!–!Research!Supervisor;!Research!Staff!–!Project!Leader;!Academic!Staff!–!Head!of!Department)!
Signature!(TYPE'YOUR'NAME'AND'STAFF'OR'STUDENT'ID'IN'PLACE'OF'A'SIGNATUR E):!
!
!
Date:!
! !
!"#$%#&'()*+%)*,--.(-//-#012*0*%&("2.(0,%(/-)*0*3")(%3-2-$4(-5("+-3".-&(
!
!
53!
!
!
!
KCL$Department$of$Geography:$Risk$Assessment$form$(Individual$Research$and$Fieldwork)!"#$%!3!&'!((!
!!
PROJECT'DETAILS'
Please'ensure'you'complete'the'TRAVEL'NOTIFICATION'AND'INSURANCE'FORM'(available'at'http://bit.ly/kclgeotravel)'
at'least'two'weeks'before'leaving.' For'work'outside'of'the' UK,'please'do'not'forget'to'obtain'insurance'in'accordance'
with'College'regulations.'
'
A.'The'project' title:')*+%,*-&&.!"&//*0*,*1*%/!'2&3! 4$2*56,162%!67.%2! 8-#7$*7$! 9%1#*,*7$!8&7.*1*&7/:! ;-%! 8#/%!&'!4+&5#.&!
"2&.65%2/!*7!8&,&30*#'
'
B.'The'overall' aim' of' the' project:'<7.%2/1#7.!1-%! /&5*#,! 2%,#1*&7/!1-#1!.%1%23*7%! 1-%! 5&7.*1*&7/! &'!%=5-#7$%!0%1>%%7!
#+&5#.&!?2&.65%2/!#7.!2%#*,%2/!
'
C.'Can'you'identify'any'risk'to'others'of'the'activity'that'you'propose?'(If$yes,$please$elaborate.)$I$identify$the$same$risks$
for$others$as$they$face$talking$to$another$human$being,$on$their$daily$lives.$'
'
D.'Can' you' identify'any' reputational' or' business' risk' to' the' college' of' the' activity'that' you' propose?' (If$ yes,$ please$
elaborate.)$Minimal.$ I$ will$ be$talking$ to$ agricultural$ producers,$ and$ I$ will$ mention$ as$ part$ of$ the$ explanation$ of$ my$
research$that$I$ belong$ to$ this$college.$Therefore,$the$college$faces$ the$ same$ reputational$ risks$ it$does$when$I$mention$to$
any$person$in$my$ daily$ life$ that$ I$ study$ here.$ I$ acknowledge$ that$ my$behaviour$ has$ an$ impact$ on$ the$reputation$ of$ the$
college.$'
'
E.'The' location(s)' where' the' data' will' be' collected:' @#71#7.%2A! ;&,*3#A! B&,*+#2A! 867.*7#3#25#! #7.C&2! 471*&D6*#A!
8&,&30*#E! 8&,&30*#! */! 3F! -&3%! 5&6712F ! #7.! G! -#+%! +*/*1%.! 1-%/%! #2%#/! /%+%2#,! 1*3%/! *7! 3F! ,*'%A! >*1-&61! '#5*7$! #7F!
/*$7*'*5#71!2*/H/E!G!-#+%!'2*%7./!&2!#5D6#*71#75%/!*7!#,,!&'!1-%3E!!
'
F.'Are'you'planning'to' work' alone?' ! IIf# yes,$please$justify$this$ decision$ and$ detail$ the$ crisis$ management$ measures$in$
place$if$something$goes$wrong$in$the$field.$$How$will$you$summon$help?$$Who$will$know$where$you$are$and$raise$the$alert$
if$you$are$not$back$when$planned$ and$what$are$their$contact$ details?$If#no,$please$provide$name$ and$contact$numbers$of$
colleague(s)$who$ will$ be$ assisting$ you$ with$ the$ fieldwork$if$applicable,$ and/or$ named$ contact$who$will$be$provided$ with$
information$on$the$timings$and$locations$of$your$work.J!!
!
K%/E!G!>*,,!0%!*7!#2%#/! 1-#1!G! H7&>A!>-%2%!1-%2%!*/!$&&.! 12#7/?&21!#7.! 1%,%5&3367*5#1*&7/!*7'2#/1265162%E!;-%2%'&2%A!#7F!
52*/*/!5#7!0%!5&3367*5#1%.!#7.!3#7#$%.E!LF!3&1-%2A!L#2*#!.%,!9&5*&!M#?#1#!INOPQ(RSTQUUTQJA!>*,,!#,>#F/!H7&>!>-%2%!
G!#3E'
'
G.'Do'you'have'permission'to'do'this'work'from'the'landowner'or'person'responsible'for'the'site'you'are'working'in?'
Please$elaborateE!
!
G!>*,,!0%!5&71#51*7$!#$2*56,162#,! ?2&.65%2/! *7!&2.%2!1&!3%%1!>*1-!1-%3! *7!?60,*5!?,#5%/A! &2!*7!1-%*2!?2*+#1%! ?2&?%21*%/!>*1-!
1-%*2!?%23*//*&7E!!
'
H.'Are' you' leaving' any' equipment' on' site?' ' If' so,' do' you' have' permission' to' do' so' and' who' is' overseeing' the'
equipment'locally'when'you'are'not'there?'Please$elaborateE!
!
V&E'
'
I.'Please'briefly'list'the'methods'or'techniques'that'will'be'employed'for'data'collection'during'the'project:'
'
@%3*!/1265162%.!*71%2+*%>/A!5&3?&/%.!&'!#2&67.!(RW(O!$6*.#75%!D6%/1*&7/E!G!>*,,!#,/&!$#1-%2! *7'&23#1*&7! 1-2&6$-!?60,*5!
2%?&21/E!!
'
J.'Please'elaborate'on'other'relevant'Project'Details'not'mentioned'above'or'in'the'Personal'Details'(below).'
'
PERSONAL'DETAILS'
Data#Protection:#This#information#will#remain#confidential#and#will#only#be#used#by#the#Department#in#the#event#of#an#emergency#or#
urgent#need#to#contact#you.#
Please'note'that,'other'than' for'very' low'risk'environments,'we' do'not'sanction'lone'field'working.'In'all'cases,'you' must'have'a'
nominated'contact' who' should'know' where' you' are,' be' in' potentially' immediate' contact' with' you' (by' phone)' and' who' should'
have'the'timings'of'your'departure'and'return'from'work,'so'that'an'alarm'might'be'raised.''
'
Your'Name:'47$%,#!@%22#7&!M#?#1#!
!"#$%#&'()*+%)*,--.(-//-#012*0*%&("2.(0,%(/-)*0*3")(%3-2-$4(-5("+-3".-&(
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!
54!
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KCL$Department$of$Geography:$Risk$Assessment$form$(Individual$Research$and$Fieldwork)!Page!4!of!11!
!!
Next'of'Kin'(name):'Maria!del!Rocio!Zapata'
Next'of'Kin'contact'details:'+573102639963'
Any'relevant'medical'information'which'might'impact'upon'your'study'or'safety:'No'
Address'of'nearest'local'hospital(s)'to'project'or'fieldwork'site(s):!
Urbanización el Bosque - Autopista a Floridablanca. Bucaramanga - Colombia!
!
Name'of'local'contact'person(s)'if'applicable:! !
!"#$%#&'()*+%)*,--.(-//-#012*0*%&("2.(0,%(/-)*0*3")(%3-2-$4(-5("+-3".-&(
!
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55!
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KCL$Department$of$Geography:$Risk$Assessment$form$(Individual$Research$and$Fieldwork)!"#$%!5!&'!((!
!!
)&*!+&,!+%%-!.&!-%/&+0.1#.%!.2#.!3&*!2#4%!5&+06-%1%-!each$760.%-!1608!93!6+-65#.6+$!,6.2!%6.2%1!:3%0;!&1!:+&;!,2%.2%1!.2%!
1608!#<<76%0!.&!3&*1!'6%7-,&18=!>??!16080!/*0.!9%!#+0,%1%-!:3%0;!&1!:+&;!%4%+!6'!.2%3!-&!+&.!#<<73!.&!3&*=!@'!.2%!#+0,%1!60!.&!
#+3! <#1.65*7#1! 1608! 60! :3%0;!.2%+! 3&* !/*0.!#70&! 6+-65#.%! .2%!-%$1%%! &'! 1608! '1&/! (AB! C(D7&,E! BD26$2F! #+-! 5&/<7%.%! .2%!
1%7%4#+.!5&//%+.0=! >.! .2%! %+-!&'!.2%! '&1/! 3&*! 02&*7-!#--! #+3! '*1.2%1! 1%7%4#+.! 16080! '&1!3&*1!'6%7-,&18! .2#.! 2#4%! +&.!
9%%+! 760.%-=! ! G260! '&1/! 60! /%#+.! .&! 9%! #! '&1/#.64%!<1&5%00!&'! 5&+06-%16+$! 1608! H! +&.! I*0.! #! '&1/J'6776+$! :9*1%#*51#.65!
%K%1560%;!H! #+-!'&1! 3&*!.&!#5.64%73!5&+06-%1!16080!6+4&74%-!6+! 3&*1!1%0%#152L<1&I%5.! .2#.!/6$2.! 9%!$1%#.%1!.2#+!%4%13-#3!
76'%!#+-!3&*1!+&1/#7!#5.646.6%0=!)&*!02&*7-!5&+06-%1!#!'64%J0.%<!#<<1&#52!.&!1608!#00%00/%+.=!
(=!@-%+.6'3!.2%!2#M#1-0N!-*16+$! .2%! '6%7-! ,&18E! ,2#.! 5&*7-! 5#*0%! 2#1/E!'&1!%K#/<7%E!076<<%13! $1&*+-E! 26$2! #7.6.*-%E!
,%#.2%1!5&+-6.6&+0E!56467!&1!<&76.65#7!*+1%0.=!
O=!@-%+.6'3!,2&!/6$2.!9%!2#1/%-!#+-!2&,N!.260!6+57*-%0!#77!.2%!'6%7-!,&18%10!#+-!/%/9%10!&'!.2%!<*9765=!
P=!Q4#7*#.%!#+-! /6+6/60%!.2%! 16080N! &+5%! 0*6.#97%! <1%5#*.6&+0! 2#4%! 9%%+! .#8%+E!'&1! %K#/<7%E! ,%#16+$! #<<1&<16#.%!
<1&.%5.64%!57&.26+$E!2&,!768%73!60!6.!.2#.!0&/%&+%!,677!9%!2#1/%-R!
S=!T%5&1-!.2%!'6+-6+$0N!,16.%!-&,+!.2%!6-%+.6'6%-!2#M#1-0!#+-!<1%5#*.6&+0!.&!9%!.#8%+=!
B=!T%46%,! .2%! #00%00/%+.! <%16&-65#773N! 06.*#.6&+0! 52#+$%! #+-! 0&! -&! .2%! <&.%+.6#7! 2#M#1-0! #+-! 16080E! 0&! 1608!
#00%00/%+.!60!+&.!#+!60&7#.%-!.#08!9*.!#+!&+$&6+$!%4#7*#.6&+!.&!9%!*<-#.%-!#+-!1%460%-!#0!&'.%+!#0!+%5%00#13=!
CATEGORY#
CATEGORY#RISKS#
DOES#
RISK#
APPLY?#
(Y/N)#
DEGREE#
OF#RISK#
(1#=#LOW,#
5#=#HIGH)#
ASSOCIATED#CONTROL#MEASURES#
NOTES#OR#COMMENTS#
1.0'LONE'/'OUT'OF'
HOURS'WORKING'
in'the'FIELD'
'
1.1 Difficulties in summoning
help when required; risk of
abuse/attack
yes'
2'
U2%1%!<&00697%!,&18E!#0!#!/6+6/*/E!6+!<#610=!!
U2%1%!<&00697%!5#113!#!1#-6&!&1!/&967%!<2&+%=!!
?%#4%!-%.#670!&'!.2%!'6%7-!06.%!#+-!#!,&18!<7#+!C6+57*-%!
5&+.#5.!+#/%!#+-!#--1%00F!,6.2!5&77%#$*%0!6+!.2%!
-%<#1./%+.!&1!#.!2&/%!<16&1!.&!#+3!.16<=!!
V<%56'3!-#.%0!#+-!.6/%0!&'!-%<#1.*1%!#+-!1%.*1+!!
@'!3&*1!<7#+0!52#+$%E!6+'&1/!0&/%&+%!#0!0&&+!#0!
<&00697%=!!
W&!+&.!5#113!4#7*#97%0!&1!7#1$%!0*/0!&'!/&+%3!*+7%00!
3&*!+%%-!.&=!!
X#113!#!<%10&+#7!#7#1/!CG260!#-465%!60!-61%5.%-!.&!
/#7%0!#0!,%77!#0!'%/#7%0H#77!#1%!%Y*#773!4*7+%1#97%!
,2%+!#7&+%ZF!!
@+0.6$#.%!#![52%58J6+\!030.%/!,6.2!#!5&77%#$*%!&1!
0*<%1460&1H"2&+%!6+!#.!1%$*7#1!6+.%14#70=!@'!3&*!-&!
+&.!<2&+%!&1!1%.*1+!#.!#!5%1.#6+!.6/%!#11#+$%!'&1!
0*6.#97%!#5.6&+!.&!9%!.#8%+=!!
G1*0.!3&*1!6+.*6.6&+H@'!3&*!'%%7!05#1%-!&1!*+%#03E!-&!
+&.!6$+&1%!6.=!
@!,677!5#113!'6%7-!,&18!
6+!<*9765!0<#5%0!#+-!
9*67-6+$0!&'!#$165*7.*1#7!
#00&56#.6&+0!93!/30%7'=!
]&,%4%1E!.260!,677!
2#<<%+!-*16+$!,&186+$!
2&*10E!,2%+!0%4%1#7!
<%&<7%!02&*7-!9%!.2%1%=!
@!,677!#7,#30!5#113!/3!
<2&+%E!#+-!,677!6+'&1/!
/3!/&.2%1!#9&*.!-#.%0!
#+-!.6/%0!&'!-%<#1.*1%!
#+-!1%.*1+!'1&/!%#52!
06.%=!!@!,677!#11#+$%!.&!
<%1'&1/!/&0.!6+.%146%,0!
6+!<*9765!0<#5%0=!@+!5#0%0!
6+!,2652!.260!60!+&.!
<&00697%E!@!,677!#7,#30!$&!
#55&/<#+6%-!#+-!
,677!$%.!.2%1%!93!5#1E!
0.#36+$!57&0%!.&!.2%!
4%2657%!#+-!.2%!%K6.=!
!
@!,677!#1164%!.&!X&7&/96#!
&+!^#3!P_.2E!#+-!,677!
1%.*1+!.&!.2%!`a!&+!I*73!
(P.2E!9*.!,677!9%!
5#1136+$!'6%7-!,&18!
#<<1&K6/#.%73!9%.,%%+!
I*+%!O+-JP_.2=!^&0.!
768%73!&+!.2%!'&77&,6+$!
-#.%0N!!
I*+%!O+-E!B.2E!bJ(OE!(BJ
(b.2E!OOJOc.2=!!
!
2.0'ENVIRONMENT:'
HAZARDOUS'
WEATHER/CLIMATE!
d,2%1%!<&.%+.6#7!
%K.1%/%!5&+-6.6&+0!
#1%!#+.656<#.%-e'
2.1 General
no'
'
X&+0*7.!#!-#673!,%#.2%1!'&1%5#0.!9%'&1%!0%..6+$!&*.=!
X2%58!^%.!f''65%!'&1%5#0.E!
2..<NLL,,,=/%.&''65%=$&4=*8L,%#.2%1L=!
U%#1!57&.26+$!0*6.#97%!'&1!%K<%5.%-!,%#.2%1!
5&+-6.6&+0=!]&,%4%1E!9%!<1%<#1%-!'&1!0*--%+!
52#+$%0!#+-!,2%1%!<&00697%!.#8%!#!52#+$%!&'!57&.2%0=!
V.1&+$!,6+-0!#+-!5&7-!,%#.2%1!1%-*5%!%+%1$3!7%4%70g!
.#8%!#-%Y*#.%!'&&-!#+-!-16+8!0*<<76%0=!
!
!
2.2'HypothermiaHG260!1%0*7.0!
'1&/!-#+$%1&*0!7&00!&'!9&-3!2%#.=!
G2%!/#6+!7#+-!9#0%-!5#*0%!60!,6+-!
52677E!.21&*$2!6+#-%Y*#.%!57&.26+$=!
@//%106&+!6+!5&7-!,#.%1!5#+!
1#<6-73!7%#-!.&!23<&.2%1/6#!
no'
'
Q+0*1%!57&.26+$!60!#<<1&<16#.%!#+-!*0%!#!0*1464#7!0*6.!
6+!%K.1%/%73!5&7-!,%#.2%1=!!
U%#1!#!,&&77%+!2#.H.260!06$+6'65#+.73!1%-*5%0!2%#.!
7&00=!!
U%#1!7&.0!&'!7#3%1%-!57&.26+$H1%/&4%!7#3%10!.&!
1%-*5%!0,%#.6+$=!!
U%#1!,&&77%+!$7&4%0!*+-%1!,#.%1<1&&'!$7&4%0=!!
Q#.!<7%+.3!&'!'&&-!#+-!-16+8!<7%+.3!&'!'7*6-0=!
!
!
2.3'FrostbiteHG260!1%0*7.0!'1&/!
7#58!&'!5615*7#.6&+!6+!.2%!
%K.1%/6.6%0!5#*0%-!93!0%4%1%!5&7-=!
@.!60!/&0.!5&//&+!,2%+!2#+-0!&1!
'%%.!#1%!,%.=!]6$2!#7.6.*-%!5#+!
%K#$$%1#.%!.2%!<1&97%/!#0!
5615*7#.6&+!.%+-0!.&!9%!7%00!
%''656%+.!6+!.2%0%!%+461&+/%+.0!
no'
'
U%#1!,&&77%+!$7&4%0!*+-%1!,#.%1<1&&'!$7&4%0=!!
^#8%!0*1%!02&%0L9&&.0!#1%!7&&0%!%+&*$2!.&!#77&,!
1&&/!'&1!.,&!<#610!&'!,#1/!0&580!#+-!0.677!+&.!9%!
.6$2.=!T%0.165.6+$!5615*7#.6&+!,6.2!.6$2.!02&%0!,677!/#8%!
3&*!/&1%!<1&+%!.&!'1&0.96.%=!!
h%!#,#1%!.2#.!.2%!#7.6.*-%!3&*!,677!9%!,&186+$!#.!,677!
#''%5.!3&*1!0*05%<.69676.3!.&!'1&0.96.%=!!
Q+0*1%!.2#.!'&&.,%#1!60!,#.%1<1&&'=!
!
!
2.4'Poor'VisibilityHG260!5#+!9%!
-*%!.&!-1646+$!1#6+E!0+&,E!%.5=!&1!
'&$=!U&186+$!#.!-#,+!&1!-*08!5#+!
#70&!7%#-!.&!46069676.3!<1&97%/0=!
no'
'
@'!<1&97%/0!#1%!-*%!.&!#-4%10%!,%#.2%1!5&+-6.6&+0E!
0%%8!02%7.%1!#+-!,#6.!'&1!,%#.2%1!.&!57%#1=!!
@'!,&186+$!#.!-#,+!&1!-*08E!%+0*1%!#!.&152!60!5#116%-=!!
U%#1!26$2!46069676.3!57&.26+$!0&!3&*!5#+!9%!0%%+!%#0673=!
!
!
2.5'SunburnHG260!5#+!&55*1!%4%+!
6+!5&7-!5&+-6.6&+0E!%0<%56#773!
,2%1%!.2%1%!60!1%'7%5.%-!76$2.H%=$=!
57&0%!.&!&1!&+!,#.%1E!#.!26$2!
#7.6.*-%E!6+!0+&,3!5&+-6.6&+0=!>+3!
%K<&0%-!#1%#!&'!.2%!086+!60!
0*05%<.697%!C'#5%!#+-!2#+-0F=!
yes'
1'
`0%!#!26$2!'#5.&1!V*+!97&58!!
@'!,&186+$!6+!'*77!0*+E!-&!+&.!%K<&0%!086+!
*++%5%00#1673Z!!
^#8%!0*1%!9#58!&'!+%58!60!5&4%1%-=!!
U%#1!0*+$7#00%0!.&!<1&.%5.!%3%0=!
@!,677!*0%!0*+97&58=!!
!"#$%#&'()*+%)*,--.(-//-#012*0*%&("2.(0,%(/-)*0*3")(%3-2-$4(-5("+-3".-&(
!
!
56!
!
KCL$Department$of$Geography:$Risk$Assessment$form$(Individual$Research$and$Fieldwork)!"#$%!6!&'!((!
!!
CATEGORY#
CATEGORY#RISKS#
DOES#
RISK#
APPLY?#
(Y/N)#
DEGREE#
OF#RISK#
(1#=#LOW,#
5#=#HIGH)#
ASSOCIATED#CONTROL#MEASURES#
NOTES#OR#COMMENTS#
!
2.6'Dehydration)*+,-!.#/!&..01!
,/!+&2!&1!.&34!5%#2+%1)5,/4!.#/!
6%!#!.&/21,602,/$!'#.2&17!
no'
'
81,/9!:3%/2;!&'!'30,4-)<&1%!2+#/!=!3,21%-!:%1!:%1-&/!
:%1!4#;!,-!1%.&<<%/4%4!,/!+&2!5%#2+%17!!
8&!/&2!41,/9!#3.&+&3!&1!.#''%,/#2%4!41,/9-7!
!
!
2.7'Heat'stroke/heat'
exhaustion)*+%-%!#1%!40%!2&!2+%!
6&4;!&>%1?+%#2,/$!#/4!#1%!&'2%/!
#..&<:#/,%4!6;!4%+;41#2,&/7!
no'
'
@>&,4!5&19,/$!,/!'033!-0/7!!
81,/9!:3%/2;!&'!'30,4-7!!
@35#;-!5%#1!#!-0/!+#27!!
A%%:!6#.9!&'!/%.9!.&>%1%47!!
B'!'%%3,/$!:#12,.03#13;!+&2C!',/4!-&<%!-+#4%!#/4!1%-27!
!
!
!
!
!
3.0'ENVIRONMENT:'
HAZARDOUS'
TERRAIN'
!
3.1'General:'
D3,:-C!21,:-!#/4!'#33-)80%!2&!
E51&/$!'&&2,/$F!&/!0/%>%/!&1!
5%2G-3,::%1;!$1&0/47!
yes'
1'
H%#1!'&&25%#1!-0,2#63%!'&1!2+%!.&/4,2,&/-7!!
"3#/!1&02%!.#1%'033;!2&!#>&,4!<&-2!0/%>%/!$1&0/47!!
I/-01%!;&0!.#/!-%%!5+%1%!;&0!#1%!:022,/$!;&01!'%%2!
6%'&1%!5#39,/$7!!
@>&,4!5&19,/$!,/!:&&1!3,$+2!.&/4,2,&/-7!
B!5,33!5%#1!#::1&:1,#2%!
-+&%-!2&!:1&>,4%!$1,:7!
!
!
3.2'General:'
J#.9!#/4!/%.9!,/K01,%-?!80%!2&!
K#11,/$!-:,/%C!%2.7!*+,-!.#/!#3-&!
3%#4!2&!-9033!'1#.201%-7!
no'
'
8&!/&2!K0<:!&>%1!&1!&''!#/;2+,/$7!B'!2+%1%!,-!#!41&:!&1!
4,2.+!2+#2!+#-!2&!6%!/%$&2,#2%4C!3&5%1!;&01-%3'!-3&53;!
&1!0-%!%L,-2,/$!61,4$%-C!-2%:-C!%2.7!!
J%!#5#1%!2+#2!3#/4,/$!E+%#>,3;FC!2+0-!K#11,/$!2+%!
-:,/%C!.#/!3%#4!2&!6#-#3!'1#.201%-!&'!2+%!-9033!&1!
.&/.0--,&/7!B/!2+%!%>%/2!&'!-0.+!#/!,/K01;C!<%4,.#3!
#22%/2,&/!<0-2!6%!-&0$+2!,<<%4,#2%3;7!
!
!
3.3'Agricultural'Land:''
D3,:-C!21,:-!#/4!'#33-!
yes'
3'
J%!#5#1%!2+#2!#$1,.03201#3!3#/4!,-!&'2%/!:3&0$+%4!#/4!
2+%1%'&1%!4%%:3;!1022%47!
B!+#>%!3,>%4!<&-2!&'!<;!3,'%!
,/!#$1,.03201#3!3#/4C!#/4!
5,33!.&/2,/0%!2&!#.2!
.#02,&0-3;!#1&0/4!
:&2%/2,#3!'#1<!+#M#14-!#/4!
#-9!'#1<%1-!,'!2+%1%!,-!
#/;2+,/$!2&!6%!.#02,&0-!
#6&02!6%'&1%!%/2%1,/$!2+%!
'#1<7!B'!B!+#>%!2&!>,-,2!#!
'#1<!B!5,33!#35#;-!-2#;!
.3&-%!2&!2+%!$#2%!#/4!6%!
#..&<:#/,%4!6;!2+%!'#<%17!
B!5,33!/&2!6%!5#39,/$!
#1&0/4!#3&/%C!-&!2+%!1,-9-!
#--&.,#2%4!5,2+!#$1,.03201#3!
3#/4!5,33!6%!<,/,<#37!B!5,33!
5%#1!#::1&:1,#2%!-+&%-!2&!
:1&>,4%!$1,:!#-!5%33!#-!
1&60-2!.3&2+,/$7!
!
3.4'Agricultural'Land:''
J1%#9-!#/4!-:1#,/-!
yes'
2'
8&!/&2!K0<:!&>%1!41#,/#$%!4,2.+%-7!@35#;-!0-%!
%L,-2,/$!61,4$%-C!%2.7!!
I/-01%!#::1&:1,#2%!'&&25%#1!,-!5&1/!2&!:1&2%.2!
#/93%-7!
B!5,33!/&2!6%!5#39,/$!<0.+!
#1&0/4!',%34-7!B/2%1>,%5-!
5,33!<&-23;!2#9%!:3#.%!&/!
&/%!:3#.%7!
!
3.5'Agricultural'Land:'N,-9!&'!
:%1-&/#3!,/K01;!.#0-%4!6;!
6&0/4#1;!'%/.%-)%3%.21,.!'%/.%-C!
J#16%4!5,1%C!+%4$%-C!%2.7'
yes'
1'
B'!5&19,/$!.3&-%!2&!'%/.%-C!%2.7!#>&,4!5&19,/$!5,2+!
;&01!6#.9!2&!2+%!'%/.%C!,/!.#-%!;&0!6#.9!,/2&!,27!!
8&!/&2!.3,<6!&>%1!'%/.%-)0-%!$#2%-!&1!-2,3%-!
O,%34-!'&1!'10,2!:1&40.2,&/!
0-0#33;!&/3;!+#>%!'%/.,/$!
&/!2+%,1!6&14%1-7!B!5,33!&/3;!
6%!.1&--,/$!2+&-%!2+1&0$+!
#!$#2%!5+%/!.&<,/$!,/!#/4!
&02!&'!2+%!3#/47!!
!
3.6'Heathland,'Moorland'and'
Mountains:'D3,:-C!21,:-!#/4!'#33-'
'
'
yes'
1'
N&.9;!&02.1&:-!#1%!%L21%<%3;!-3,::%1;!5+%/!5%2C!
#>&,4!5#39,/$!&/!2+%<!5+%/%>%1!:&--,63%7!!
H%#1!-21&/$!$3&>%-!2&!:1&2%.2!+#/4-!#$#,/-2!.02-!#/4!
$1#M%-7!!
H+%/!5#39,/$!4&5/!+,33C!5#39!#.1&--!2+%!-3&:%!#/4!
/&2!4&5/!2+%!-2%%:%-2!:#2+C!9%%:,/$!;&01!5%,$+2!&/!
2+%!6#.9!'&&2!#-!<0.+!#-!:&--,63%),'!;&0!-3,:!;&0!
-+&034!21;!2&!'#33!6#.95#14-C!/&2!'&15#14-P!!
H+%1%>%1!:&--,63%!'&33&5!%L,-2,/$!:#2+-7!!
B!5,33!/&2!6%!5#39,/$!<0.+!
#1&0/4!',%34-7!B/2%1>,%5-!
5,33!<&-23;!2#9%!:3#.%!&/!
&/%!:3#.%7!!
!
3.7'Heathland,'Moorland'and'
Mountains:'J1%#9-!#/4!-:1#,/-'
yes'
1'
8&!/&2!K0<:!&''!3%4$%-C!%2.7!!
I/-01%!#::1&:1,#2%!'&&25%#1!,-!5&1/!2&!:1&2%.2!
#/93%-7!!
B!5,33!/&2!6%!5#39,/$!<0.+!
#1&0/4!',%34-7!B/2%1>,%5-!
5,33!<&-23;!2#9%!:3#.%!&/!
&/%!:3#.%7!
!
3.8'Heathland,'Moorland'and'
Mountains:'@32,204%!-,.9/%--C!3&5!
&L;$%/!3%>%3-'
no'
'
8&!/&2!21;!2&!4&!2&&!<0.+!#2!&/.%7!!
*+%1%!,-!#!+,$+%1!1,-9!&'!-0/601/!#2!+,$+!#32,204%)0-%!
#!+,$+%1!'#.2&1!-0/63&.97!!
B'!;&0!#1%!'%%3,/$!2,1%4!&1!;#5/,/$!2+,-!<#;!6%!40%!2&!
3#.9!&'!&L;$%/C!/&2!-3%%:P!!
!
!
3.9'Beaches'and'Cliffs:'O#33-'
no'
'
J%!#5#1%!&'!+,$+!5,/4-!&/!.3,''!2&:-)4&!/&2!-2#/4!
.3&-%1!2&!2+%!%4$%!2+#/!,-!/%.%--#1;7!!
Q+%.9!'&1!-&'2!&1!.10<63,/$!$1&0/4!/%#1!.3,''!%4$%-7!!
H+%1%!/%.%--#1;!#::1&#.+!.3,''!%4$%-!&/!#33!'&01-!2&!
-:1%#4!2+%!6&4;!5%,$+27!!
8&!/&2!-2#/4!#/4!:%%1!&>%1!2+%!%4$%!&'!.3,''-7!!
!
!
3.10'Beaches'and'Cliffs:'D3,:-!#/4!
21,:-'
no'
'
*#9%!-:%.,#3!.#1%!&/!-3,::%1;!1&.9-7!@35#;-!3&&9!#+%#4!
#2!$1&0/4!5+%/!5#39,/$!#1&0/4!2+%!5#2%1R-!%4$%7!!
!
!
3.11'Beaches'and'Cliffs:'
81&5/,/$G.02!&''!6;!2,4%'
no'
'
J%!#5#1%!&'!,/.&<,/$!2,4%-7!Q+%.9!2,4%!2#63%-!6%'&1%!
.&<<%/.,/$!5&19!#/4!%/-01%!;&01!%-.#:%!1&02%!,-!
/&2!63&.9%47!!
!
!"#$%#&'()*+%)*,--.(-//-#012*0*%&("2.(0,%(/-)*0*3")(%3-2-$4(-5("+-3".-&(
!
!
57!
!
!
!
KCL$Department$of$Geography:$Risk$Assessment$form$(Individual$Research$and$Fieldwork)!"#$%!!!&'!((!
!!
CATEGORY#
CATEGORY#RISKS#
DOES#
RISK#
APPLY?#
(Y/N)#
DEGREE#
OF#RISK#
(1#=#LOW,#
5#=#HIGH)#
ASSOCIATED#CONTROL#MEASURES#
NOTES#OR#COMMENTS#
!
"#$%&'()*+,-.&,/)&0.-(,123.4&&
)*+,-.!/0+,-!#12!'#**-!
/5&
&
34&+2!5%#0+1$!5#2%0-!+'!,&--+6*%78%**+1$/&1-!#0%!
,0%'%0#6*%9!8#2%0-!#0%!:;<6%0-&<%!#12!<#=!
%1:&;0#$%!=&;!/&!$&!2%%,%0!+1/&!5#/%0!/>#1!+-!-#'%9!!
?'!5#2%0-!#0%!1%:%--#0=.!;-%!#!,&*%!/&!,0&6%!#>%#2!/&!
#--%--!/>%!-/#6+*+/=!&'!->&0%*+1%!/%00#+19!
8>%1!5%#0+1$!:>%-/!5#2%0-.!=&;!->&;*2!#*5#=-!5%#0!
#!6;&=#1:=!#+2!/&&9!
@#A%!-,%:+#*!:#0%!&1!-*+,,%0=!0&:A-9!3*5#=-!*&&A!#>%#2!
#/!$0&;12!5>%1!5#*A+1$!#0&;12!/>%!5#/%0B-!%2$%9!!
8>%1!-#<,*+1$!+1!'*&5+1$!5#/%0!%14+0&1<%1/-.!6%!
:#0%';*!&'!-*+,,%0=!&0!-/%%,!6#1A-!#12!'#-/!:;00%1/-9!?'!
/>%!:;00%1/!+-!'#-/!&0!/>%!5#/%0!*&&A-!2%%,%0!/>#1!
A1%%!>%+$>/.!2&!1&/!%1/%0!/>%!5#/%09!?'!=&;!<;-/!
%1/%0!/>%!5#/%0.!#!0&,%!->&;*2!6%!/+%2!#0&;12!=&;0!
5#+-/!#12!-%:;0%2!/&!/>%!6#1A!
!
!
"#$"&'()*+,-.&,/)&0.-(,123.4&
)+1A+1$C20&51+1$&
/5&
&
?'!-/;:A!+1!<;2.!2&!1&/!-/0;$$*%!#-!/>+-!:#;-%-!2%%,%0!
-+1A+1$9!D&**!&1!6#:A!#12!-,0%#2!5%+$>/!%4%1*=!5>+*-/!
#//%<,/+1$!/&!E-*%2$%F!/&!'+0<%0!$0&;129!!
G%!#5#0%!&'!+1:&<+1$!/+2%-9!H>%:A!/+2%!/#6*%-!6%'&0%!
:&<<%1:+1$!5&0A!#12!%1-;0%!=&;0!%-:#,%!0&;/%!+-!
1&/!6*&:A%29!
!
6#7&089:;<8'08=4&
><?@=:<8&
!
6#$&;2.A&5*&B,(.2/C&5**3/B3&DE2BE&
F,G&+3,)&-5&H31.5/,+&
,--,BAI,J(.3#&
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&
D%-,%:/!<;-/!6%!,#+2!/&!*&:#*!:;-/&<-!#12!,0&6*%<-.!
#12!#24+:%!/#A%1!'0&<!*&:#*!:&1/#:/-.!%<6#--+%-.!%/:9!!
I0%--!#,,0&,0+#/%*=9!!
H&1-;*/!J&0%+$1!K''+:%!'&0!#24+:%9!!
!
!
6#%&K51A2/C&D2-E2/&5-E31&
3.-,J+2.EF3/-.L&J(.2/3..3.L&
+,J51,-5123.L&3-B#&
/5&
&
L1-;0%!%-/#6*+-><%1/!>#-!/>%+0!&51!-#'%/=!$;+2%*+1%-!
+1!,*#:%9!!
8>+*-/!&1!/>%!,0%<+-%-!'&**&5!/>%+0!$;+2%*+1%-9!
!
!
6#"&K51A2/C&J3.2)3&F,M51&15,).&
/5&
&
8%#0!60+$>/*=!:&*&;0%2.!:&1-,+:;&;-!:*&/>+1$9!!
34&+2!>#4+1$!=&;0!6#:A!/&5#02-!/>%!/0#''+:!'*&59!
!
!
6#6&;2.A&5*&,--,BAI,J(.3&,/)&
H31.5/,+&2/M(1G&
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$&
34&+2!#0%#-!A1&51!/&!6%!E;1,*%#-#1/F!!
)%%A!+1'&0<#/+&1!&1!#0%#-!6%'&0%!-%//+1$!&;/9!!
H&1-;*/!M&:#*!H&<<;1+/=!$0&;,-.!M&:#*!3;/>&0+/+%-.!
"&*+:%.!%/:9!'&0!+1'&0<#/+&1!#12!,&--+6*%!:&1/#:/!
1#<%-!6%'&0%!-%//+1$!&;/9!!
I&!1&/!%1/%0!;1'#<+*+#0!1%+$>6&;0>&&2-!#*&1%9!!
8#*A!5+/>!:&1'+2%1:%!#12!,;0,&-%7/0=!1&/!/&!*&&A!#-!
+'!=&;!#0%!1&/!-;0%!&'!5>%0%!=&;!#0%!$&+1$9!!
I&!1&/!:#00=!<&0%!<&1%=!/>#1!=&;!1%%2!/&9!!
I0%--!#,,0&,0+#/%*=7/0=!/&!'+/!+1!5+/>&;/!#//0#:/+1$!
#//%1/+&19!
?!5+**!1&/!:#00=!#1=!
%N,%1-+4%!%O;+,<%1/!/>#/!
<#=!:#**!&/>%0!,%&,*%B-!
#//%1/+&1.!#12!5+**!<#+1*=!
6%!4+-+/+1$!,*#:%-!/>#/!#0%!
'#<+*+#0!/&!<%P!#4&+2+1$!
#1=!#0%#-!A1&51!'&0!>#4+1$!
-%:;0+/=!+--;%-9!
!
6#N&;2.A&5*&C3--2/C&+5.-O/>+-!<#=!
*%#2!/&!-/0#=+1$!+1/&!>+$>!0+-A!
#0%#-9&
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$&
)/;2=!<#,-!&'!/>%!#0%#!6%'&0%!-%//+1$!&;/9!!
"*#1!=&;0!0&;/%!:#0%';**=9!L1-;0%!=&;!A1&5!&'!#!
-%:&12!0&;/%!->&;*2!/>%!'+0-/!6%!+<,#--#6*%9!!
L1-;0%!=&;!>#4%!#!<%#1-!&'!0#+-+1$!#*#0<!+'!=&;!#0%!
*&-/!
?!#<!'#<+*+#0!5+/>!/>%-%!
#0%#-!#12!5+**!/#A%!/>%!
1%:%--#0=!,0%:#;-+&1-9!!!
N#7&089:;<8'08=4&
@8:'@>P&
!
N#$&Q31.5/,+&2/M(1G&,/)&,--,BA&JG&
>2R3.-5BA&51&ST5F3.-2B,-3)U&
,/2F,+.L&2#3#&)5C.&
G3.&
$&
!?'!1%:%--#0=!/&!2&!-&.!,#--!/>0&;$>!'+%*2-!5+/>!
#1+<#*-!O;+:A*=!&0!*+<+/!=&;0!5&0A+1$!/+<%!+1!/>#/!#0%#!
/&!0%/;01!*#/%09!!
@0=!/&!#4&+2!5#*A+1$!1%#0!/&!/>%!#1+<#*-9!!
G%!%-,%:+#**=!#5#0%!&'!,0%$1#1/!#1+<#*-!&0!/>&-%!5+/>!
=&;1$9!
?!5+**!#-A!'#0<%0-!+'!/>%0%!+-!
#1=/>+1$!/&!6%!:#;/+&;-!
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'#0<9!?'!?!>#4%!/&!4+-+/!#!
'#0<!?!5+**!#*5#=-!-/#=!
:*&-%!/&!/>%!$#/%!#12!6%!
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!
N#%&P/,A3.L&.B51H25/.L&.H2)31.O
12.A.&5*&J2-3.&*15F&R3/5F5(.&
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/5&
&
8%#0!,0&/%:/+4%!'&&/5%#09!!
M&&A!:#0%';**=!5>%0%!=&;!#0%!/0%#2+1$!&0!,;//+1$!=&;0!
>#12-9!!
?'!#,,0&,0+#/%.!:>%:A!->&%-!#12!->#A%!&;/!:*&/>+1$!
6%'&0%!,;//+1$!/>%<!&19!!
L1-;0%!=&;!A1&5!5>%0%!/&!$&!&0!5>#/!/&!2&!+1!:#-%!&'!
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'+%*2!
!
!
N#"&V2-2/C&,/)&.-2/C2/C&2/.3B-.&B,/&
B,(.3&)2.B5F*51-&,/)&2/*3B-25/&
3#C#&#**%0$+:!0%#:/+&1-!#12!<#*#0+#P!
/+:A-!<#=!6%!'&;12!&1!6;->%-!
5>%0%!:#//*%!#0%!&0!>#4%!0%:%1/*=!
,#--%2!#12!&1!/>%!:#//*%!
/>%<-%*4%-9&
G3.&
$&
R-%!+1-%:/!0%,%**%1/!,#0/+:;*#0*=!+1!/>%!%4%1+1$-!&0!
5>%1!1%#0!-/#12+1$!5#/%09!!
?'!#,,0&,0+#/%.!31/+!S<#*#0+#!/#6*%/-!->&;*2!6%!/#A%19!!
H#00=!#1/+S>+-/#<+1%!/#6*%/-!+1!:#-%!&'!6+/%-9!G%!#5#0%!
/>#/!-&<%!'&0<-!&'!#1/+S>+-/#<+1%!:#1!:#;-%!
20&5-+1%--9!?'!#''%:/%2!2&!1&/!:&1/+1;%!5+/>!
'+%*25&0A9!!
H*%#1!#12!:&4%0!#1=!6+/%-!/&!0%2;:%!0+-A!&'!+1'%:/+&19!!
I&!1&/!#//%<,/!/&!,;**!/+:A-!&''!-A+1.!#-!/>%!<&;/>!
,#0/-!:#1!6%!*%'/!+<6%22%29!3!-<#**!#<&;1/!&'!
,#0#''+1!,&;0%2!&1/&!/>%!/+:A!<#=!:#;-%!/>%<!/&!
0%*%#-%!/>%+0!$0+,9!?2%#**=!<%2+:#*!#//%1/+&1!->&;*2!6%!
-&;$>/9!
@>%0%!#0%!<&-O;+/&-!+1!/>%!
0%$+&1-!?!5+**!6%!4+-+/+1$.!
6;/!1&/!A1&51!2#1$%0&;-!
/0&,+:#*!-+:A1%--%-!+1!/>%-%!
#0%#-9!!
!
N#6&<-E31&Q35H+3W.&SQ3-.U&&
&0+-A!&'!+1Q;0=.!#**%0$=.!%/:9&
G3.&
$&
G%!#5#0%!/>#/!1&/!#**!,%/-!#0%!E'0+%12*=F!!
?'!%1/%0+1$!#!>&;-%!5+/>!#!2&$!&0!:#/.!#-A!/>#/!/>%!
#1+<#*!6%!,;/!+1!#1&/>%0!0&&<!+'!=&;!'%%*!
;1:&<'&0/#6*%9!!
?'!=&;!#0%!E5#0=F!&'!#!2&$.!2&!1&/!%1/%0!/>%!>&;-%!
;1*%--!/>%!&51%0!+-!,0%,#0%2!/&!0%<&4%!/>%!#1+<#*!
'0&<!/>%!0&&<!=&;!#0%!$&+1$!/&!6%!+19!TG%!,&*+/%!#12!
/#:/';*!5>%1!#-A+1$UV!!
)%%!#*-&!#**%0$+%-!
?'!/>%0%!#0%!#1=!,%/-.!?!5+**!
#-A!'&0!/>%<!/&!6%!,;/!+1!
#1&/>%0!0&&<!+'!?!'%%*!
;1:&<'&0/#6*%9!?!5+**!6%!
,&*+/%!#12!/#:/';*!5>%1!
#-A+1$9!
!
N#N&QE5J2,.&
/5&
&
?12+4+2;#*-!5>&!>#4%!,>&6+#-!0%*#/+1$!/&!%9$9!5#-,-!
#12!6%%-.!->&;*2!6%!E6;22+%2F!5+/>!&/>%0-!5>&!2&!
1&/9!@>%!6;22=!->&;*2!>%*,!/&!:#*<!/>%!+12+4+2;#*!#12!
'0+$>/%1!&''!/>%!+1-%:/!+'!1%:%--#0=9!!
@0=!/&!#4&+2!-+/;#/+&1-!5>+:>!<#=!60+1$!=&;!+1/&!
:&1/#:/!5+/>!/>%!&6Q%:/!&'!=&;0!,>&6+#9!!
L1-;0%!#/!*%#-/!&1%!&/>%0!<%<6%0!&'!/>%!$0&;,!+-!
#5#0%!&'!/>%!,0&6*%<9!
!
!"#$%#&'()*+%)*,--.(-//-#012*0*%&("2.(0,%(/-)*0*3")(%3-2-$4(-5("+-3".-&(
!
!
58!
!
!
KCL$Department$of$Geography:$Risk$Assessment$form$(Individual$Research$and$Fieldwork)!"#$%!8!&'!((!
!!
CATEGORY#
CATEGORY#RISKS#
DOES#
RISK#
APPLY?#
(Y/N)#
DEGREE#
OF#RISK#
(1#=#LOW,#
5#=#HIGH)#
ASSOCIATED#CONTROL#MEASURES#
NOTES#OR#COMMENTS#
!
5.6'Health'
no'
'
)*+,#-.!/#001!2+.%#.%.3!4&*.5-6!1&50!,%2+/#-!#27+.&0!
6&!%*.50%!68#6!1&5!8#7%!68%!#990&90+#6%!90&6%/6+&*3!
:%!#;#0%!&'!68%!.1,96&,.!#*2!90%/#56+&*.!3!!
<!;+--!=%!+*!68%!.#,%!619%!
&'!%*7+0&*,%*6!;8%0%!<!
8#7%!=%%*!,&.6!&'!,1!-+'%3!
>+.?.!;+--!*&6!=%!8+$8%0!
68#*!+*!,1!%7%012#1!-+'%!+*!
4&-&,=+#3!!
6.0'ENVIRONMENT:'
POLLUTION'
!
6.1'Working'near'power'
stations/smelting'works/chemical'
plants:'Risk'of'long'term'damage'
to'lungs.'
no'
'
@&!*&6!%*6%0!68%!#0%#!5*-%..!#=.&-56%-1!*%/%..#01!!
@&!*&6!.9%*2!-&*$%0!68#*!*%/%..#01!+*!68%!#0%#3!!
A%#0!#!'#/%!,#.?!;+68!#!'+-6%0!.5+6#=-%!'&0!68%!
/#6%$&01!&'!9&--56#*63!
!
!
6.2'Working'near'power'
stations/smelting'works/chemical'
plants:'Risk'of'absorption'through'
skin:'some'toxins'are'
accumulative'and'constant'
absorption'or'repeated'exposure'
can'lead'to'long'term'health'
effects.'
no'
'
@&!*&6!%*6%0!68%!#0%#!5*-%..!#=.&-56%-1!*%/%..#01!!
B%%9!.?+*!/&7%0%2!#.!,5/8!#.!9&..+=-%!!
A%#0!$-&7%.!+'!8#*2+*$!9-#*6.C!%6/3C!$0&;+*$!*%#0!+*!
68%!#0%#!!
A#.8D.8&;%0!#.!.&&*!#.!9&..+=-%!#'6%0!'+*+.8+*$!;&0?!!
:%!#;#0%!68#6!/-&68+*$!;+--!#-.&!=%!/&*6#,+*#6%2E
;#.8!/-&68+*$!#'6%0!'+*+.8+*$!;&0?3!!
:%!#;#0%!68#6!6&F+*.C!%6/3C!,#1!=%!/#00+%2!=1!0#+*!
'0&,!8+$8%0!+*!68%!#6,&.98%0%3!!
:%!/#56+&5.!&'!#*1!.?+*!0%#/6+&*!68#6!,#1!&//50E.%%?!
,%2+/#-!#66%*6+&*3!
!
7.0'MANUAL'
HANDLING'
Loading/unloading'
Vehicles'
!
7.1'Unstable'loads+'!%G5+9,%*6!
+.!*&6!.6#/?%2!90&9%0-1C!68%0%!+.!#!
0+.?!&'!+6!,&7+*$!;8+-.6!68%!7%8+/-%!
+.!+*!,&6+&*3!H8+.!,#1!+*I50%!68%!
20+7%0D9#..%*$%0!&0!,#1!'#--!;8%*!
68%!2&&0.!&'!68%!7%8+/-%!#0%!
&9%*%2!'&0!5*-&#2+*$3'
no'
'
J*.50%!68#6!8%#71!%G5+9,%*6!+.!&*!68%!=&66&,!&'!68%!
9+-%3!!
"#/?!#;?;#02!.8#9%2!+6%,.!+*6&!.G5#0%!=&F%.!+'!
9&..+=-%3!!
H+%!2&;*!#*1!-&&.%!+6%,.3!!
@&!*&6!.6#/?!%G5+9,%*6!8+$8%0!68#*!68%!.%#6.3!
!
!
7.2'Back'Injury25%!6&!+*/&00%/6!
-+'6+*$!6%/8*+G5%.'
no'
'
K6#*2!/-&.%!6&!&=I%/6C!;+68!'%%6!#9#063!!
B%%9!=#/?!.60#+$863!!
:%*2!?*%%.3!!
B%%9!8%#2!593!!
)7&+2!6;+.6+*$!&0!=%*2+*$!&0!0%9%6+6+7%!;&0?3!!
K%%?!90&9%0!60#+*+*$!+*!,#*5#-!8#*2-+*$!6%/8*+G5%.!
!
8.0'MANUAL'
HANDLING:'Moving'
Equipment'to'site'
!
8.1'Back'Injury25%!6&!+*/&00%/6!
-+'6+*$!6%/8*+G5%.'
no'
'
K6#*2!/-&.%!6&!&=I%/6C!;+68!'%%6!#9#063!!
B%%9!=#/?!.60#+$863!!
:%*2!?*%%.3!!
B%%9!8%#2!593!!
)7&+2!6;+.6+*$!&0!=%*2+*$!&0!0%9%6+6+7%!;&0?3!!
K%%?!60#+*+*$!+*!90&9%0!,#*5#-!8#*2-+*$!6%/8*+G5%.3!
!
!
8.2'Back'injurydue'to'incorrect'
carrying'techniques'
no'
'
A8%0%!9&..+=-%!/#001!%G5+9,%*6!+*!#!05/?.#/?3!!
@&!*&6!&7%0-&#2!05/?.#/?.3!!
@&!*&6!/#001!%G5+9,%*6!'5068%0!68#*!+.!*%/%..#01E
$%6!#.!/-&.%!6&!.+6%!#.!9&..+=-%!=1!&68%0!,%#*.3!!
@&!*&6!.+*$-%L8#*2%2-1!#66%,96!6&!/#001!#*168+*$!68#6!
+.!M6&&!8%#71N3!H8+.!;+--!7#01!'0&,!+*2+7+25#-!6&!
+*2+7+25#-E?*&;!1&50!-+,+6.!#*2!2&!*&6!=%!
9%0.5#2%2!6&!&7%0!.60%6/8!68#6!-+,+63!!
:%!#;#0%!&'!#;?;#02!.8#9%2!-&#2.!#*2!5*%7%*-1!
=#-#*/%2!-&#2.3!!
A8%0%!9&..+=-%!2+.,#*6-%!-#0$%!9+%/%.!&'!%G5+9,%*6!
+*6&!.,#--%0C!-+$86%0!/&,9&*%*6.3!
!
!
8.3'Injury'to'arms'and'hands
strains,'sprains,'breaks,'cuts'and'
grazes'
no'
'
A8%0%!9&..+=-%!/#001!%G5+9,%*6!+*!#!05/?.#/?3!!
A%#0!90&6%/6+7%!$-&7%.3!!
B%%9!.-%%7%.!0&--%2!2&;*3!!
:%!#;#0%!&'!.8#09!%2$%.D/&0*%0.3!!
:%!#;#0%!&'!9+%/%.!&'!%G5+9,%*6!;8+/8!,#1!9+*/8!
68%!.?+*E8+*$%.C!-+2.C!%6/3!
!
9.0'WORKING'NEAR'
WATER:'GENERAL'
!
9.1'Slips,'trips'and'falls.'
no'
'
A#2%0.!#0%!/5,=%0.&,%!#*2!,#1!%*/&50#$%!1&5!6&!
$&!2%%9%0!+*6&!;#6%0!68#*!+.!.#'%3!H#?%!/#0%!;8%*!
;%#0+*$!;#2%0.!#*2!%*.50%!68#6!1&5!#0%!*&6!+*!;#6%0!
68#6!+.!6&&!2%%93!
48%.6!;#2%0.!.8&5-2!&*-1!=%!;&0*!+'!68%!9%0.&*!+.!
#-.&!;%#0+*$!#!=5&1#*/1!#+23!
O.%!#!9&-%!6&!90&=%!#8%#2!6&!#..%..!68%!.6#=+-+61!&'!
.8&0%-+*%!6%00#+*3!!
<'!.65/?!+*!,52C!2&!*&6!.605$$-%!#.!68+.!/#5.%.!2%%9%0!
.+*?+*$3!>&--!&*!=#/?!#*2!.90%#2!;%+$86!%7%*-1!;8+-.6!
#66%,96+*$!6&!M.-%2$%N!6&!'+0,%0!$0&5*23!!
H#?%!.9%/+#-!/#0%!&*!.-+99%01!0&/?.!#0&5*2!-#?%!.8&0%.!
#*2!0+7%0!=#*?.3!)-;#1.!-&&?!#8%#2!#6!$0&5*2!;8%*!
;#-?+*$!#0&5*2!68%!;#6%0P.!%2$%3!!
A8%*!.#,9-+*$!+*!'-&;+*$!;#6%0!%*7+0&*,%*6.C!=%!
/#0%'5-!&'!.-+99%01!&0!.6%%9!=#*?.!#*2!'#.6!/500%*6.3!<'!
68%!/500%*6!+.!'#.6!&0!68%!;#6%0!-&&?.!2%%9%0!68#*!
?*%%!8%+$86C!2&!*&6!%*6%0!68%!;#6%03!<'!1&5!,5.6!
%*6%0!68%!;#6%0C!#!0&9%!.8&5-2!=%!6+%2!#0&5*2!1&50!
;#+.6!#*2!.%/50%2!6&!68%!=#*?3!
!
!
9.2'Health'
no'
'
H8%0%!#0%!#!*5,=%0!&'!;#6%0!=&0*%!2+.%#.%.!&0!
2+.%#.%.!#..&/+#6%2!;+68!0+7%0!,#0$+*!8#=+6#6.3!Q&5!
.8&5-2!/&*.5-6!1&50!,%2+/#-!#27+.&0!6&!%*.50%!68#6!
1&5!8#7%!#990&90+#6%!90&6%/6+&*!'&0!68%!
%*7+0&*,%*6.!+*!;8+/8!1&5!#0%!;&0?+*$3!
:%!#;#0%!&'!R%,-&/?!A#6%0!@0&9;&06C!;8+/8!+.!#!
9&+.&*&5.!9-#*6!.9%/+%.!/&,,&*!*%#0!0+7%0.!#*2!
&68%0!;#6%0!=&2+%.3!
:%!#;#0%!&'!68%!.1,96&,.!#*2!90%/#56+&*.!'&0!
S%96&.9+0&.+.3!!
!
!
9.3'Associated'Risks'
no'
'
K%%!#-.&!/8%,+/#-D=+&-&$+/#-!8#T#02.!!
K%%!#-.&!A%#68%0!
!
!"#$%#&'()*+%)*,--.(-//-#012*0*%&("2.(0,%(/-)*0*3")(%3-2-$4(-5("+-3".-&(
!
!
59!
!
KCL$Department$of$Geography:$Risk$Assessment$form$(Individual$Research$and$Fieldwork)!"#$%!9!&'!((!
!!
CATEGORY#
CATEGORY#RISKS#
DOES#
RISK#
APPLY?#
(Y/N)#
DEGREE#
OF#RISK#
(1#=#LOW,#
5#=#HIGH)#
ASSOCIATED#CONTROL#MEASURES#
NOTES#OR#COMMENTS#
10.0'WORKING'
NEAR'WATER:'
BOAT'HANDLING'
'
Note:'Boat'
Handling'should'
ONLY'be'done'
where'further'
training'has'been'
given,'or'where'
supervision'is'
provided,'or'where'
a'local'risk'
assessment'and'
mitigation'
procedure'is'in'
place'
10.1'Equipmentfailure'to'check'
or'use'correctly'resulting'in'
personal'injury''
no'
'
)*%!+%,-!./!0%/1&2/.3,%!'&0!#,,!4%5./.&2/!6.7*.2!7*%!
3&#78!!
92/:0%!7*%!3&#7!./!':,,;!.2',#7%4!#24!7*#7!<#,<%/!#0%!
/%#,%4!5&00%57,;8!!
=2',#7%!7*%!>%%,!?6*%0%!#110&10.#7%@!.2!6.24;!
5&24.7.&2/!'&0!%A70#!/7#3.,.7;8!!
B%#0!/:0<.<#,!/:.7/!.2!0&:$*C!5&,4!5&24.7.&2/8!D%!
#6#0%!7*#7!5&24.7.&2/!.2!7*%!-.44,%!&'!#!,#>%!-#;!3%!
-:5*!0&:$*%0!7*#2!7*&/%!#7!7*%!,#:25*!/.7%C!6*.5*!./!
&'7%2!#!/*%,7%0%4!3#;8!!
E!-.2.-:-!&'!76&!1%&1,%!/*&:,4!3%!.2!7*%!3&#7!6*.,%!
.2!&1%0#7.&28!!
E!7&&,!>.7!.25,:4.2$!#!>2.'%C!1,.%0/C!/1#0%!/*%#0!#24!
/1,.7!1.2/!-:/7!3%!5#00.%4!&2!3&#048!!
E!/%7!&'!&#0/!-:/7!#,6#;/!3%!5#00.%48!!
E!3&#7!1:-1C!#25*&0!#24!0&1%C!#!/#'%7;!,.2%!#24!#!
3#.,%0!/*&:,4!3%!5#00.%48!!
F*%5>!7*#7!7*%!-&7&0!./!/%5:0%,;!#77#5*%4!7&!7*%!
70#2/:-!#24!./!#,/&!#77#5*%4!3;!#!0&1%!7&!7*%!3&#7!'&0!
#44.7.&2#,!/%5:0.7;8!!
92/:0%!7*#7!7*%0%!./!/:''.5.%27!':%,!.2!7*%!7#2>!3%'&0%!
/%77.2$!&:78!!
='!:/.2$!#!3#77%0;!7&!1&6%0!#2!%,%570.5!%2$.2%C!70%#7!
7*%!3#77%0;!6.7*!5#0%8!E,6#;/!1,#5%!7*%!3#77%0;!.2!#!
6#7%0!7.$*7!3&AC!,.'7!5#0%':,,;!#24!1,#5%!.2!#!/7#3,%!
1&/.7.&2!&2!3&#048!E<&.4!/>.2!5&27#57!6.7*!#2;!,%#>%4!
#5.48!!
G%%1!0&1%/!5&.,%4!#24!/7&6%4!2%#7,;!.2/.4%!7*%!3&#78!!
G%%1!7*%!3&6!0&1%!.2/.4%!7*%!3&#7!7&!#<&.4!.7!7#2$,.2$!
.2!7*%!10&1%,,%08!
!
!
10.2'Risks'of'Fire'
no'
'
92/:0%!':%,!7#2>!./!*&0.H&27#,!#24!/7#3,%8!I1%2!
10%//:0%!0%,%#/%!<#,<%!6*%2!7*%!-&7&0!./!0:22.2$8!!
J&!&7*%0!':%,!#,,&6%4!&2!3&#048!!
J%<%0!/-&>%!2%#0!.2',#7#3,%!3&#7/!&0!%2$.2%/8!
!
!
10.3'Sinking/drowning'
no'
'
D:&;#25;!#.4/!-:/7!3%!6&02!#7!#,,!7.-%/8!!J&2K
/6.--%0/!/*&:,4!6%#0!#!,.'%!L#5>%78!
M:3-%0/%4!&3/7#5,%/!5#2!4#-#$%!7*%!10&1%,,%0!#24!
7*%!3&77&-!&'!7*%!3&#78!E,6#;/!>%%1!#!,&&>!&:7C!
%/1%5.#,,;!.2!/*#,,&6!6#7%0!#24!0&5>;!#0%#/8!!
=2!$:/7;!6.24/C!/*&07!/7%%1!,&5#,./%4!6#<%/!&'!
5&2/.4%0#3,%!/.H%!5#2!4%<%,&18!='!7*%!3&#7!,%2$7*!
%A5%%4/!7*%!6#<%!,%2$7*C!7*%!3&#7!5#22&7!0.4%!7*%!
6#<%/8!M*%,7%0!/*&:,4!3%!/&:$*78!!
92/:0%!/#'%!#25*&0.2$!10.&0!7&!5:77.2$!7*%!%2$.2%8!
!
11.0'HEALTH:'
ACCIDENTS'AND'
ILLNESS'
!
11.1'Risk'of'injury'
yes'
1'
92/:0%!7*#7!&2%!&'!7*%!'.%,46&0>!7%#-!./!70#.2%4!.2!
N.0/7!E.48!!
F#00;!#!N.0/7!E.4!>.7!!
O%4.5#,!M:11,.%/!&0!70%#7-%27P3%!#6#0%!&'!6*%0%!
7*%/%!5#2!3%!3&:$*7!&0!0%5%.<%4!.'!7*%0%!./!#2!
#55.4%27!!
+#<%!1,#2/!&'!#57.&2!#24!3%!#6#0%!&'!6*%0%!*%,1!5#2!
3%!/&:$*7!/*&:,4!#2!#55.4%27!&55:0!.2!#!0%-&7%!
,&5#7.&28!!
Q%-%-3%0!7*#7!.7!./!%//%27.#,!7&!'.,,!&:7!#2!#55.4%27!
0%1&07!#24!0%7:02!.7!7&!7*%!R%1#07-%27#,!M#'%7;!
I''.5%0!&2!0%7:028!=7!-#;!*%,1!7&!-#>%!2&7%/!#/!/&&2!
#'7%0!7*%!.25.4%27!#/!./!1&//.3,%8!
=!6.,,!#,6#;/!3%!5,&/%!7&!
*%#,7*!5%270%/C!#24!6.,,!
*#<%!#!1,#2!7&!$%7!7*%0%8!
O&/7,;!3%.2$!5,&/%!7&!
1:3,.5!70#2/1&07#7.&2!&0!
$%77.2$!7*%0%!#55&-1#2.%4!
3;!5#08!=!6.,,!#,/&!3%!.2!
5&27#57!5&--:2.5#7.&2!
6.7*!#!-%-3%0!&'!-;!
'#-.,;!7*#7!5#2!1.5>!-%!:1!
.'!2%5%//#0;8!!
!
11.2'Risk'of'illness'whilst'in'the'
field'
yes'
1'
92/:0%!#2;!2%5%//#0;!-%4.5#7.&2!./!5#00.%4!#7!#,,!
7.-%/!!
92/:0%!/&-%&2%!%,/%!./!#6#0%!&'!-%4.5#,!5&24.7.&2/!
#24!6.,,!0%5&$2./%!/.$2/!#24!/;-17&-/8!)*%;!/*&:,4!
#,/&!3%!.2'&0-%4!&'!7*%!,&5#7.&2!&'!-%4.5#7.&28!!
R.#3%7.5/!/*&:,4!%2/:0%!/:''.5.%27!'&&4!./!5#00.%4!.2!
5#/%!7*%0%!./!#!4%,#;!.2!0%7:02.2$8!!
O%4.5#,!M:11,.%/!&0!70%#7-%27P3%!#6#0%!&'!6*%0%!
7*%/%!5#2!3%!3&:$*7!&0!0%5%.<%4!.'!#!-%4.5#,!
5&24.7.&2!&0!.,,2%//!#0./%/!
=!6.,,!#,6#;/!3%!5,&/%!7&!
*%#,7*!5%270%/C!#24!6.,,!
*#<%!#!1,#2!7&!$%7!7*%0%8!
O&/7,;!3%.2$!5,&/%!7&!
1:3,.5!70#2/1&07#7.&2!&0!
$%77.2$!7*%0%!#55&-1#2.%4!
3;!5#08!=!6.,,!#,/&!3%!.2!
5&27#57!5&--:2.5#7.&2!
6.7*!#!-%-3%0!&'!-;!
'#-.,;!7*#7!5#2!1.5>!-%!:1!
.'!2%5%//#0;8!
!
11.3'Risks'of'Dental'problemsit'
is'often'difficult'to'get'dental'
treatment'in'remote'locations!'
Remote'locations'only'
no'
'
92/:0%!7*#7!#!':,,!4%27#,!5*%5>!:1!./!0%5%.<%4!3%'&0%!
4%1#07:0%!!
D%!#6#0%!&'!6*%0%!R%27#,!70%#7-%27!5#2!3%!0%5%.<%4!!
F#00;!%-%0$%25;!4%27#,!70%#7-%27!#/!N.0/7!E.48!
!
!
11.4'Fatigue'leading'to'lack'of'
concentration,'accidents'and'risk'
of'injury'
When'strenuous''work'or'driving'
is'undertaken'
no'
'
R&!2&7!70;!7&!4&!7&&!-:5*!.2!&2%!4#;C!%/1%5.#,,;!.'!7*%!
6&0>!./!7&!3%!'&,,&6%4!3;!#!,&2$!40.<%!*&-%!!
D%!#6#0%!7*#7!6&0>.2$!#7!*.$*!#,7.7:4%!5#2!S:.5>,;!
,%#4!7&!'#7.$:%!4:%!7&!0%4:5%4!&A;$%2!.27#>%8!!
T#5>!&'!/,%%1!5#2!,%#4!7&!#55.4%27/P%2/:0%!/:''.5.%27!
0%/7!./!7#>%28!
!
!
11.5'Lack'of'Physical'Fitness
leading'to'risk'of'personal'
injury/illness'
Strenuous'work'or'remote'
locations'
no'
'
G2&6!;&:0!,.-.7#7.&2/P4&!2&7!3%!'&05%4!7&!&<%0K
/70%75*!;&:0!,.-.78!!
R&!2&7!3%!#'0#.4!7&!7%,,!/&-%&2%!.'!;&:!'%%,!:26%,,!&0!
5#22&7!5#00;!&2!6.7*!#!7#/>8!!
",#2!;&:0!6&0>!6.7*.2!;&:0!,.-.7/8!!
='!;&:!'%%,!:26%,,P/7&18!
!
12.0'H