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THE HUMAN POTENTIAL AND THE SYNTHESIS OF FIGHTING CAPABILITIES’ OPTIMISATION

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Abstract

The art of war can be linked to the whole complex of social evolutions, not only to the structuring of the models of authority, or to the influence of material interests, but also to the impact of the interests regarding the nature of identity. The evolution of the human factor and the specificity of its attributes engaged in the systemic fields, which project conflict at a cultural, religious, ideological, political, economic and military level, have important aspects that can not be separated from the theoretical and practical areas of the war. The purpose of this approach is to highlight the potential resources conjoined in the acts of war development and operation, and in particular to identify the influences, connections and mechanisms of inter-conditioning that outline the relationship between the armed power and human nature, understood as the integral resource of all other defence resources.
Book:International Scientific Conference Strategies XXI
International Scientific Conference Strategies XXI
Location: Romania
Author(s):Lucian Grigore
Title:THE HUMAN POTENTIAL AND THE SYNTHESIS OF FIGHTING CAPABILITIES’
OPTIMISATION
THE HUMAN POTENTIAL AND THE SYNTHESIS OF FIGHTING CAPABILITIES’
OPTIMISATION
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STRATEGIES XXI International Scientific Conference
Complex and Dynamic Nature of the Security Environment
THE HUMAN POTENTIAL AND THE SYNTHESIS
OF FIGHTING CAPABILITIES OPTIMISATION
Lucian GRIGORE
PhD Student, Carol I National Defence University, Bucharest, Romania.
E-mail: lucian.grigore@yahoo.com
Abstract:
The art of war can be linked to the whole complex of social evolutions, not only to
the structuring of the models of authority, or to the influence of material
interests, but also to the
impact of the interests regarding the nature of identity. The evolution of the human factor and the
specificity
of
its
attributes
engaged
in
the
systemic
fields,
which
project
conflict
at
a
cultural,
religious, ideological, political, economic and military level, have important aspects that can not be
separated from the theoretical and practical areas of the war.
The
purpose
of
this
approach
is
to
highlight
the
potential
resources
conjoined
in
the
acts
of
war
development
and
operation,
and
in
particular
to
identify
the
influences,
connections
and
mechanisms of inter-conditioning that outline the relationship between the armed power and human
nature, understood as the integral resource of all other defence resources.
Keywords:
social
evolution,
global
equilibrium,
the
condition
of
complexity,
optimisation,
candidate solutions, moral force
.
Introduction
The
knowledge
of
the
war
environment
implies
the
correct
assessment
of
the
conflictual
climate,
circumstantial
factors,
capabilities,
logistic
support
and
resources,
predictable
responses,
mobility
of
systems,
as
well
as
the
assessment
of
configuration
data
of
the
territory
in
which
deployments
take
place.
All
these
elements
give
the
integrated
coordinates
for
understanding
the
philosophy
of
conflict,
offering
the
possibility
to
decrypt
the
central
idea
or
the
concept
around
which
the
armed
conflict
is
predicted
and
positioned.
Beyond
the
need
to
highlight
the
goals
and
objectives,
a
particular
important
aspect
in
shaping
the
philosophy
of
conflict
is
to
identify
the
pivotal idea, the doctrine or the underlying motives which drive the belligerent behaviour.
In the epicentre of social evolutions, that generates the flux of aggregation or destruction of
institutional systems, cultures, ideologies or policies
the human nature is a dynamic factor of the
processes
of
continuous
renewal
and
adequacy.
The
link
between
the
social
dynamic,
on
the
one
hand, and the influences and relationships that are meant to determine the state of rivalry, conflict
and
war,
on
the
other
hand
is
in
fact
one
of
causality.
Regarding
the
design,
initiation,
or
the
coordination
of
war,
we
can
assume
that
the
human
footprint
of
these
identity
metamorphoses
requires an investigation of the phenomenon of war from the broad perspective of social sciences,
and from an anthropological point of view in particular.
The human conviviality -
consumed at the
level of a restricted circle, mainly affected by the
causal encounter between the freedom of adequacy and the freedom of exclusion, between allowed
freedoms and imposed restrictions -
is transferred to an extended social anchor area. It generates the
market
for
confronting
contradictory
interests,
influences,
games
and
strategies
that
evolve
over
time, demanding the emergence of rules of convenience, meaning marks, lines and angles of view
and approach. Society, which has come to an extent of over-saturation of force connections, needs
time to fit and synthesise boundaries of restraint, as well as the sense of affirmation of the survival
interests. The very balance of states, relationships and conditionings proves to be a macro-visionary
result
of
extremely
complex
phenomena
that
constantly
germinate
the
entropic
order
of
the
social
system. In today's multiple society we can speak about a state of global equilibrium or the lack of it
308
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Dec. 7-8, 2017, Bucharest, Romania
resulting from the states of balance or imbalance respectively, harmony or dissonance of some
efficiency systems involved in the sum of their competing, convergent or dissipative dispositions.
This is the fabulous side of human individuality, to generate order in the multiple connection of
factors and conditionings, an order that can not be the generative function of a single human mind,
but the synthesis of the interaction of creative freedoms and rationales of genius that shape the
result of the global suitability of human nature.
1. The condition of complexity and the combinatorial optimisation
The condition of complexity requires a certain type of memory capable of managing
algorithms specific to the interconnection of social, political, diplomatic, military, and of any other
nature. Each of these systems has a control architecture created to counter the accumulation of tasks
and the need to solve tasks based on reliable calculations. The whole situation becomes a
computational issue that is subject to probabilistic measures. The researchers of systems theory
have developed various computational solutions applicable to interconnection issues, such as the
Probabilistically Checkable Proofs (PCP) - a theorem to overcome the obstacles of approximation1.
An example of random algorithm can be that of combinatorial optimisation that we can
encounter in nature in the case of an ant colony organising and building access to resources. “The
combinatorial optimisation involves finding values for the discrete variables so that the optimal
solution can be found in relation to a given objective function.” (ACO Algorithm - Ant Colony
Optimisation)2.
This algorithm, as well as others based on swarm intelligence systems (SI), brings
substantial improvements to the metaheuristic thinking built in the sense of generating and selecting
the search formulas for the best solution in a system. The metaheuristic thinking selects a sample of
solutions, then introduces assumptions regarding the optimisation in relation to the variety of issues
encountered. Thus, based on possible iterations, amended by probabilistic optimisation paths, one
can derive the overall optimal solution for a particular problem category.
Speaking about the random algorithm regarding the optimisation of finding out the best
route, this phenomenon was observed in experiments involving certain colonies of ants forced to
navigate in search for food on versions of roads with different lengths. Over time, they chose the
shortest route possible coordinating themselves thanks to their chemical signals based on
pheromones.
Figure no. 1. The optimisation algorithm of the configuration mechanisms in finding out the best
and most efficient route identified by ant colonies
3
1 Ingo Wegener, Complexity Theory, Exploring the Limits of Efficient Algoritms, translated from German by Randall
Pruim, Printed in Germany, Berlin - Heidelberg, Springer-Verlag Publishing House, 2005, p. 8.
2Marco Dorigo, Thomas Stutzle, Ant Colony Optimizațion, Ed. by Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge,
London, A Bradford Book The MIT Press, 2004, p. 25.
3Wikibooks, https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Robotics/Computer_Control/Control_Architectures/ Swarm _Robotics,
accessed on 22/08/2017.
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Complex and Dynamic Nature of the Security Environment
The figure above shows given route alternatives of different lengths. If an ant discovers the
food, it begins to emit a semiochemical, a pheromone of orientation in an attempt to go back to
its mansion. This can happen with several ants at the same time, spread on several random routes,
until they arrive back to the mansion and all the colony is notified. In this state, all ants begin to
emit pheromones and chemically impregnate the round-trip access routes. The secreted
semiochemical substance determines a behavioural response of general mobilisation, being not only
a warning signal, but also a way of identifying the routes which will be used by the entire colony to
coordinate its power of supplying. If the ants initially describe through their pheromones different
ways of navigating between the mansion and the place of food supply, later they will follow the
most efficient path based on the received signals. The shortest route will also be the most
chemically impregnated. As the navigation time needed to cover it is shorter, it does not allow the
volatilisation of pheromones to the same degree of volatilisation that longer paths record.
Consequently, based on the identification of the most resolvent or least volatile signal, they will
synthesise the shortest path to feed and abandon the other variants.
Therefore, the more optimal the route, the greater the signal strength on that route will be.
The shortest path used in the random streams will be more crowded, with ants indicating the best
supply solution. This type of experiment demonstrates coherence and coordination within the
colony, but also the fact that the order of combining the solutions, and in particular, the ability of
individual synthesis of the chemical signal, extrapolated to the size of the entire colony leads to
optimisation.
The model of combinatorial optimisation highlights the method of finding the best
applicable decision in various areas of human life, but especially in the field of strategic games. The
combinatorial concept based on the synthesis of a pivotal strategy, designed to guide the entire
heuristic of the optimisation game produces unexpected solutions that, otherwise, can not occur
in a linear-non-reactive process of identifying the best way. This fact has attracted much attention
from research, prompting them to focus their attention on the role of metaheuristic algorithms in the
dynamic of optimisation system. Experiments such as the one referring to the synthesis of optimal
feeding paths in an ant colony have led to the development of metaheuristic algorithms that can be
used to define, in a relatively short time, highly effective optimisation answers, dedicated to solving
various compatibilisation issues. The use of metaheuristics has significantly increased the ability to
find appropriate solutions to the combinatorial optimisation problem4.
"The formal synthesis of the combinatorial optimisation problem Π involves creating a
conditioning relation between the set of candidate solution Σ and an objective function Φ - which
assigns functional value to each one of the candidate solutions in relation to a resolvent set of
constraints Ω. The solutions inclusive to the set which preserve the elements of the function, but
also satisfy the constraints Ω are called feasible solutions5.
The course of historical events adapted to the creative impact, achieved at the meeting point
between atrocity and the human need to embody the genius - imprints to the civilising confrontation
the sense of resistance against evil as a resolutive constraint (Ω). To one extent in which we can
quantify the socio-cultural stratification of an area as a result of this kind of impact, or as a response
of the synthesis of the games of interests involved to provide resilience to the system to the same
extent we are shown that the synthesis of the sum of optimisation solutions (Σ) of the whole relation
is profoundly modulated by the mission of perpetual assertion of the meaning of survival, or by the
moral force of the meaning of immutability, whose role here is that of an objective function (Φ). In
other words, the relation that gives a system the synthesis of optimisation precisely converted to
the measure of the relations configured at the level of the state of war demonstrates that not even
in this case the moral vocation, as an objective-constitutive function of human nature, can not be
4Marco Dorigo, Thomas Stutzle, op. cit., p. 25.
5Idem, p. 26.
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neglected. From this perspective, we can assume that the inviolable force of the state of security of
a political and social system resides in the moral force able to characterise the social and cultural
relations which act as an incentive to that environment.
2. The human potential and the exponential resources involved in the synthesis of
optimisation
In the case of war, we can not limit our analysis strictly to the nature of computational
complexity annexed to the combinatoric of battle situations, but we are determined to address in
more detail the significant sphere of mechanisms which codify the exponential task of systemic
optimisation that is capable of characterising such a connection.
The war can not be strictly reduced to the succession of operations that cover the strategic,
operative and tactical battle spheres, because the state of war assumes the commitment, which is
pre-existing to the confrontation, and includes not only the course of maximising the logistic
resources, but also the whole course of training and optimising of troops, starting with forming the
character and continuing with the specific military training. From this point of view, it is necessary
to see that, in the entire training effort, an essential part is taken by the ability to see and understand
human nature as an intelligent weapon used in the field of armed conflict.
It is the human element that attributes to the entire system the specific functional value,
because the human potential is the integral resource of all other defence resources. In the efforts to
represent and recognise this potential, we can see that the human resource practically controls the
entire spectrum of defence resources. However, independently of the synthesised options at the
decision-making level, supported by the attributes of competence, professionalism, experience and
exercise, the optimal-resolutive functionality of the whole complex of factors appears as a
valorisation of the algorithm of time. Ultimately, the state of war employs not only the time
resource as an exponential resource and as an object of empowerment, but also the human resource
as its subject. By linking the two dimensions, the human potential and the time resource which
potentiates the empowerment of the former, we actually understand that together they are the
resolving constraint element that positively or negatively affects the synthesis of optimisation in the
domain of warfare.
Certainly, these elements are not the only ones involved in the strategic, operative and
tactical optimisation strategy. Below, I have identified four categories of potential resources
conjoined in the acts of war development and operation:
Tangible resources: material, financial, technological;
Intelligible resources: informational, cultural, diplomatic, ideological;
Integrative resources: the human - human attributes and capabilities and its
psychosomatic background - being an intelligent weapon system in itself, highly reliable, able to
generate complexity;
Projective resources: the time resource; the ability to organise time; the contextualisation
that validates opportunities expressed over a certain amount of time, etc.
The first two categories of resources indirectly involve human ability at the material and
intellectual level, being regenerative, indirect resources. The focus is mainly on the last two
categories, which are generative, direct resources, some of which can modulate reality to the extent
of converting it into the most precious capital: contextualising the best human abilities in an optimal
time. In my opinion, this is the supreme weapon of any time, and its integrative quality has the
roots in the field of military anthropology.
The war, understood as an extreme phenomenon, represents in particular the direct
encounter between the subsidiary forces of human nature that, in fact, build the way of optimising
the generative potential. In a general sense, the armed confrontation is the functional result of a
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regenerative investment, situated in the exponential acceleration of resource combinations engaged
in the confrontations of all forms. From this point of view, it can be appreciated that the war is a
platform for the validation and employment of these categories of resources that primarily involve
the human abilities, the nature and the functions of the human condition. For this reason, the armed
conflict can only be studied and understood from an anthropological perspective, such an
undertaking leading to the configuration of a military anthropology that addresses the social human
specificity, cultural-identity and religious personality, as well as the psychological and
psychoanalytical side.
The human nature, with its multiple characteristics and attributes, is the synthesis of an
educational base acquired in time, as well as the result of a complex state of psychosomatic
processes, emotional and cognitive accumulations that reach the stage of reflecting characteristics
and various reactive forms, in relation to the cursive or projective reality of the world.
3. Anchoring the abilitation of human nature in the process of configuring the warfare
behaviour
Belonging to a certain system of values, to a certain ethnic, social, cultural or religious
category opens to the human nature a field of manifestation specific to educational
accumulations, and also to those of a traditional-customary nature. The social cohabitation has the
characteristic of perpetuating successive generations in a relation of identity accumulation and
exchange. In the educational mechanism specific to each culture, the role of the cultural and social
integration is essential to ensure the sustainability of these processes of accumulation and exchange,
which will prevail over time. In this regard, the theorist Thomas Sowell had said: “In the
constrained vision, each new generation born is in effect an invasion of civilisation by little
barbarians, who must be civilised before it is too late”6.
The impact of cultural acquisitions, religious traditions and mental attitudes towards social
mechanisms, decisively shapes the educational-formative future of succeeding generations. The
functional sense of this succession being, in fact, the work of accumulation processes which are
dynamically transferred from those who come out of the sphere of the public manifestation
exercise, to those who enter it. Within the complex mechanisms of accumulation and formative
transfer, there might occur states of imbalance or disharmony, or, on the contrary, states of
educational and social cohesion and convergence. To draw a parallel regarding these dynamics we
can think of what David Robertson, the American conductor, has said: “When looking at strife in
the world, and for examples of overcoming it, just think of the orchestra. All the instruments you see
originated in different parts of the world. They have different histories and modifications. They look
different and produce different sounds. But here they are playing together in harmony”7.
The idea of using solutions to optimise the social, political and diplomatic environment is
restricted to the logic of a situational management, based on methodologies and procedures of
managing the educational-formative impact on various social, ethnic, religious, traditional or non-
traditional categories and the groups, populations or nations. The whole effort must be related to the
sense of belonging to various categories of identity, or in coordination with the projections of
symbols, feelings, states, aspirations or creative capacities that support the identity of the human
genius. This inner determination, as a constitutive power of the human nature, has produced not
only material values, but also a complex of meaningful relations with diverse influences in the area
of human cohabitation.
6 Thomas Sowell, A Conflict of Vision, Published by Basic Books / Perseus Books Group, 2007, p. 166.
7 Ramin Jahanbegloo, The Pursuit of Excellence and the Role of Philosophy”, in Co-herencia, vol.10, no. 20/2014,
p. 179.
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In the concept of social equilibrium systems, the sum of the particularly disposition of the
roles of professional efficiency, of various competences conjugated around common motives or,
contrarily, situated at the border between contradictory demarcations intensely provokes the
human creative freedoms, in order to leave room for the optimisation of excellence or for the
genius. Nonetheless, the highly motivating commands of the intelligent cultural background will be
caught up by various states of inadequacy and insufficiency, of material or educational nature as
well as by implacable encounter with the brutal-regressive limit of some immediate aspirations
which might be of a bad nature and recurring aggression.
In this encounter, the confrontation is, in fact, between adverse typologies of the same
condition, or typologies of unequal conditions. The military confrontation, however, represents the
rapport of authority which is determined not so much on the basis of educational efficiency, but on
the basis of force instrumentation. From this perspective, the exercise of force is the one that has the
last word in a conflict the forms of armed confrontation and war, such as armed confrontations
or last generation wars, have actually had incorporated the dynamics of some development stages of
the human condition. This proves that the features of the conflict manifested at an individual level
or at a social, economic, political, informational or military level represent, in fact, the expression of
the dynamic stages of an evolutive society8.
Regarding the dynamic instrumentation of the force exercise, it is worth noting the
distinction that some military scientists have established between war and armed conflict. If war is
the form of maximum engagement of forces, means and resources to support the consolidation or
defence of vital interests this being the implementation of designed force based on the
elaboration of a complex strategic concept the armed conflict is a form of spontaneous
amplification of tensions and a violent aggravation of crisis situations9.
Therefore , it is understood that the definition of one or the other form of conflict approach
is related to the nature of the conflict project and, in particular, to the complexity and amplitude of
the concept which stays at the basis of its initiation. The second distinctive element that separates
the meaning of the two notions is the element that imposes the degree of planning or the degree of
engagement spontaneity. The limit to which we can speak about armed conflict beyond which
we can iterate the concept of war is an extremely fluid one. This is because, within war, many
elements of unpredictability appear, unplanned situations that require reconfiguration and re-
adaptation of the strategic vision, as well as the proper reconfiguration of the decision to put it into
action.
As for the consolidated vision of expressing the exercise of force, in the sense of configuring
that type of strategic concept which precisely reflects the sociopolitical vision of an administration
system, there must be taken into account not only the conception of life of the human factors
involved systemically, but also the following: their social motivations, the political, religious,
cultural and civilisational dimensions, the psychoanalytic background of the entire engagement, as
well as the professional, physical, intellectual and volitional human abilities that can shape the
coherent project of expressing the force.
The human capital abilities have, in this case, the role of an objective function capable of
assigning the confrontational system the decisive functional value. From this perspective, war
represents not only the way of asserting the armed force, but also the way of asserting the moral
force called to defend the values of civilisation.
8 Constantin Degeratu, Mihai Tudose, Gheorghe Văduva, Război, cunoaștere, adevăr, (War, knowledge, truth),
Bucharest, Nemira Publishing House, 2012, p. 46.
9 Idem, p.43.
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Conclusions
When configuring a war, the cultural and civilisational dimensions dictate the outcome of
the long-term confrontation. However, the success in fight of a civilisation will have implications
not only in the spiritual dimension, but moreover in the material work that gives expression to the
transactional flow of ideas and goods. In history, the human creative genius has a strong
civilisational impact on the appeal to resilience, peace and civility. To achieve these goals, there has
been an immeasurable contribution coming not only from the works of spiritual and intellectual
effusions such as literature, fine arts, music, scientific or academic studies, discovery and
innovation, monuments of civilisation, the architectural configurations, but also from the ensemble
of institutional, administrative, legal and political synthesis et al. If, in this dynamics, the human
nature finds itself in the role of that catalysing, civilising factor demonstrating the supremacy of
its power to constructively survive over time it necessarily depends on its spiritual condition and
the intellectual and moral accumulations.
From this perspective, the phenomenon of war involves the participation of the genius and
not necessarily the participation of the aggression. The relation imposed by the war in its
configurations which are of a particular complexity and of a structural social commitment from
each and every cell in the territories of the theatre of operations is the expression of the human
conditioning, of frustrations or heights of spirit.
Therefore, the war represents a platform for the amendment of the properties of the genius,
for the stimulation and reactivation of dormant functions subsequent to the self-preservation effort
which materialises in the area of the civilisation progress immediately after the end of a
conflagration. On a global scale, the particular or local accents of the state of armed conflict are, in
fact, expressions of the moral inadequacy of a world that fails in its relations with the overflow of
goals that it raises - legitimately or illegitimately - to which it aspires, without being able to reach
them in their deeper meaning.
On the one hand, this demonstrates the fact that the waiting horizon represents the area of
aggregation of intelligent, superfine valences, and on the other hand, that this horizon succeeds in
assigning the field lines of an overwhelming frustration.
In an identitarian sense, the game of interests the confrontation, competition, rivalry
represent hypostases of the encounter between the man and his own nature expressed in the alterity
level. War is the culmination of this encounter in which the risk of self-denial univocally projects
the conflict correlative to human nature towards its connection with opposing natures, which are
found, more or less, in belated or advanced states of moral progress.
The fact that war appears as a human reality might come not as a proof of the state of
excellence of human nature, but a proof that the temptation of the barbarism of the same nature has
an impact on the existence.
This territory of confrontation on an intentional level virtually places the difference of
alterity in the life of the individual. Man perceives himself in relation to others, validates through
others, synthesises the impressions and opinions of others about himself and about what represents
his whole set of values. This is a form of essentialising culturally and socially the rapports of
alterity that the person establishes in relation to others, in the subsidiary of his own existence.
BIBLIOGRAPHY:
1. *** Robotics/Computer Control/Control Architectures/Swarm Robotics’ în Wikibooks,
disponibil la https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Robotics/Computer_Control/Control_Architec tures
/Swarm _Robotics, accesat la data de 22. 08. 2017.
2. DEGERATU, Constantin; TUDOSE, Mihai; VĂDUVA, Gheorghe, Război, cunoaștere,
adevăr, (War, knowledge, truth),Ed. Nemira, București, 2012.
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3. DORIGO, Marco; STUTZLE, Thomas,Ant Colony Optimizațion, Ed. by Massachusetts
Institute of Technology, A Bradford Book The MIT Press, Cambridge, London, 2004.
4. JAHANBEGLOO, Ramin, ‘The Pursuit of Excellence and the Role of Philosophy’ in Co-
herencia, vol.10, n.20/2014.
5. SOWELL, Thomas, A Conflict of Vision, Published by Basic Books/Perseus Books
Group, 2007.
6. WEGENER, Ingo, Complexity Theory, Exploring the Limits of Efficient Algoritms,
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Heidelberg, 2005.
315
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Article
David Robertson, the American conductor, addressing his audience while conducting the 2009 Last Night of the Proms, reflected on the makeup of his orchestra: "When looking at strife in the world, and for examples of overcoming it, just think of the orchestra. All the instruments you see originated in different parts of the world. They have different histories and modifications. They look different and produce different sounds. But here they are playing together in harmony."
Book
Complexity theory is the theory of determining the necessary resources for the solution of algorithmic problems and, therefore, the limits of what is possible with the available resources. An understanding of these limits prevents the search for non-existing efficient algorithms. This textbook considers randomization as a key concept and emphasizes the interplay between theory and practice: New branches of complexity theory continue to arise in response to new algorithmic concepts, and its results - such as the theory of NP-completeness - have influenced the development of all areas of computer science. The topics selected have implications for concrete applications, and the significance of complexity theory for today's computer science is stressed throughout.
A Conflict of Vision, Published by Basic Books/Perseus Books Group
  • Thomas Sowell
SOWELL, Thomas, A Conflict of Vision, Published by Basic Books/Perseus Books Group, 2007.