Recent epidemiologic evidence suggests an association between olive oil consumption and a lower incidence of cardiovascular disease and certain cancers. The use of topical oil has also been reported in recent years to be effective in treating xerosis, rosacea, psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, eczema (including severe hand and foot eczema), seborrhea, pruritus, and various inflammations. The antiinflammatory and antioxidant properties displayed by olive oil are thought to account for its efficacy in addressing cutaneous disorders. At a more granular level the benefits to the skin derived from the use of olive oil are ascribed to key constituents such as oleuropein, oleocanthal, and hydroxytyrosol. Novel and encouraging signs have recently been associated with olive oil aiding in wound healing and protecting against the damage incurred from ultraviolet radiation exposure. Olive oil is currently used in topical applications for the treatment of several skin conditions, including dry skin, itch, and inflammation as well as disorders such as rosacea.