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Η πληθυσμιακή εικόνα του καζά της Γκιουμουλτζίνας (Gumuljina Kazesi) μέσα από την “Περιγραφή Ιστορική και Γεωγραφική υπ’εκκλησιαστικήν έποψιν της θεοσώστου επαρχίας Μαρώνειας” (1871) : Συγκλίσεις και αποκλίσεις με τις οθωμανικές απογραφές και μελέτες της περιόδου.

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Abstract

Η πληθυσμιακή εικόνα του καζά της Γκιουμουλτζίνας (Gumuljina Kazesi) μέσα από την “Περιγραφή Ιστορική και Γεωγραφική υπ’εκκλησιαστικήν έποψιν της θεοσώστου επαρχίας Μαρώνειας” (1871) : Συγκλίσεις και αποκλίσεις με τις οθωμανικές απογραφές και μελέτες της περιόδου.
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Article
The size and ethnic and spatial distribution of the Ottoman population during the last decades of the Empire has been a contentious issue, chiefly for political reasons. The Ottomans produced figures based on censuses and their updates while the protagonists of various political causes advanced their own numbers which at times differed considerably from the official ones. These conflicting numbers pose a problem for the students of Ottoman demography. The crux to the solution of the problem is the establishment of the degree of accuracy and of reliability of the Ottoman censuses and updated population registers. This is the main objective of the present study. The paper first discusses the Ottoman census methods and procedures as they had a bearing on the census counts. The system incorporated incentives for individuals, especially adult males, to register and the census committees responsible for the counts had an ethnic structure such as to prevent politically motivated constructions. However, partially for cultural reasons, women and children were undercounted. These deficiencies are amenable to correction. Two methods were devised; one for İstanbul and one for the rest of the vilayets, to correct for undercounts using Model Life Tables. Two estimates were made for each census count by principal ethnic group and administrative unit: a lower and an upper bound estimate. It is found that when corrected for undercounts of women and children, Ottoman censuses are reasonably reliable documents.
Article
No problem has perplexed students of modern Ottoman history more than that of determining the state of the empire's population during its last century. Foreign travelers and diplomats and various nationalist leaders claimed that the Ottoman government had no census of its own. They made self-serving estimates of its population to support their own political or diplomatic ambitions, using at best methods such as multiplying by preset figures the number of males found in neighborhood coffeehouses or Sunday religious services, or simply accepting the estimates of local priests. In the face of this, the Ottomans did no more than publish their figures without providing supporting data or bothering to explain their census procedures. As a result, the Ottoman census system and its data were largely ignored in the outside world, and the rough and inaccurate estimates of foreigners were generally accepted in preference to the official figures.
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Βόινο: Παλεπηζηεκηαθέο εθδόζεηο Θεζζαιίαο
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Όςε ηεο δηνηθεηηθήο νξγαλώζεσο ηεο έδξαο ηεο δηνηθήζεσο Γθηνπκνπιηδίλε (Gumulcine Sancagi) θαη ζηνηρεία γηα ηνλ πιεζπζκό ηεο πεξί ηα ηέιε ηνπ 19νπ αηώλα
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Πεξηγξαθή ηζηνξηθή θαη γεσγξαθηθή ππ'εθθιεζηαζηηθήλ έπνςηλ ηεο ζενζώζηνπ επαξρίαο Μαξσλείαο
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