This study was carried out to establish the construct, convergent and predictive validity of Hindi version of Marital Communication Inventory (MCI) in Indian cultural settings. For this purpose three hundred married couples with at least graduation qualification were sampled from Varanasi city of Uttar Pradesh following a multistage sampling procedure. All participants completed the Hindi versions of Marital Communication Inventory (MCI), Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS-H) and Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS-H).Principal components analysis of MCI-Hindi items yielded two factors with eigen value greater than 1.00. Factors rotated with Varimax criterion were identified as Supportive Communication comprising 12 items and Aversive Communication consisting of 13 items. The confirmatory factor analysis revealed an adequate model fit of two factors on 25 items. The psychometric properties of the MCI-H manifested good internal consistency with fairly high reliability and acceptable construct and convergent validity. Supportive Communication factor showed positive correlation with measures of dyadic adjustment as measured by DASH (dyadic consensus, dyadic cohesion, dyadic satisfaction & DAS Total) and satisfaction with life scale while Aversive Communication factor correlated with all these measures negatively. Moreover, no significant gender (husbands versus wives) and age (younger & older spouses) differences appeared for both supportive communication and aversive communication. The findings indicated that the instrument has adequate construct, convergent and predictive validity, thus, the MCI-Hmay be regarded as reliable and valid measure of marital communication for Hindi speaking Indian married couples.