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Open Source Digital Ecosystems for Accelerating Global Research, Innovation and Collaboration

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Abstract

Can we better enable scholarly research network ecosystem possibilities on global levels? Is it time to begin thinking about systematically empowering a global research community collectively? In the last 5 years, Texas State University Libraries has developed a robust open source digital ecosystem to support research and collaboration. The ecosystem is interdisciplinary serving research faculty and graduate students and connecting them to global research communities. It is also especially suited to the needs of Open Science, Public Health and STEM disciplines comprising a suite of open-source tools and focusing upon: an online research data repository (Dataverse), an electronic thesis and dissertation management system (Vireo), a digital text/institutional repository (DSpace), online exhibit/content management software (OMEKA), identity management system (ORCID) and online academic journal software (OJS3). This lightning talk focuses on the potential of this ecosystem for creating a larger global network. The talk briefly introduces this ecosystem, reviewing innovation, software components and focusing on research universities and potential for future collaborative global opportunities and roadmaps that such open source research ecosystems afford . The presentation forwards a new one server/per research institution model to enable approximately 1000-1250 higher education research-focused universities globally to utilize such open source digital ecosystems to accelerate global research, innovation and collaboration. The presentation pragmatically reviews open source research software possibilities and how libraries, IT departments and research centered institutions can enable their researchers through online digital ecosystem possibilities on global levels.
Open Source Digital Ecosystems
for Accelerating Global Research,
Innovation and Collaboration
(Lightning Talk)
Ray Uzwyshyn, Ph.D. MBA MLIS
http://rayuzwyshyn.net
Director, Collections and Digital Services
Texas State University Libraries
Presented for JROST 2020, Joint
Roadmap for Open Science Tools,
December 2020
Can We ‘Better’ Enable Scholarly
Research Network Ecosystem
Possibilities on Global Levels?
Is it Time to Begin Thinking ‘Systematically’ About
Empowering a Global Research University
Community ?
Research University Statistics
~266-300 Research Institutions US & Canada
Carnegie R1 & R2, Very High or High Research Activity with
associated Research library infrastructures
~Estimated 1000-1250 Research Intensive
Universities Worldwide
QS Rankings and Times Higher Education Supplement. (40% Europe,
26.5% Asia Pacific, US/Canada 18%, Latin America 10.8% and Middle
East/Africa 7%.
Is it possible to Enable Top 2-3% Research Institutions
Globally, ~ 1000 Institutions with Open Digital
Research Ecosystems
(Institutions beyond the few universities who already possess these)
How do We Define an Open
Digital Scholarship Research
Ecosystem?
Network of Several Software
Components to Enable Research Faculty
and Graduate Students to Accelerate
Research, Innovation and Global
Collaboration
Texas State University Digital Research Ecosystem
General Software Characteristics
of an Open Digital Scholarship Ecosystem
Customizable Components
(Easy Configurability,
Connectivity)
Active Developer
Communities
Open Source Software
Texas State University Research Ecosystem
(General Overview)
What Classes of Open Source Software Components are
needed to create a digital scholarship ecosystem?
TWO PRIMARY
RESEARCH DATA
REPOSITORY (Dataverse)
DIGITAL COLLECTIONS
REPOSITORY (Dspace)
FOUR TERTIARY
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation
Management System (VIREO)
Identity Management System (ORCID)
Academic Journal Software (OJS3)
User Interface/Content Management
Software (OMEKA)
Content
Communication
Texas State University Libraries Digital Research Ecosystem
(Technical/Software Overview)
Together, these Digital Ecosystem Components
Enable the Academic Research Cycle
Pragmatic Levels Abstract Levels
Collocating Open-Source Digital Components in a Networked Research
Environment Enables Larger Connections and/or Network Effects,
Accelerating Research, Collaboration and Innovation
(Further Contextualization)
Simple Larger Idea
Quantitative and Qualitative Assessment, 2014-2020
This Digital Research Ecosystem Shows Very Strong and Continued Potential for Growth
Annual Usage, Downloads,
Number of Items, ORCID ID’s
and Online Academic Journals
Added
Research
Ecosystem
Implemented
at Texas State
University,
2014-2019
System 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Downloads
DSpace
326,762
318,742
385,163
341,224
972,359
1,010,349
ETDs
136,985
158,240
200,373
328,420
470,437
505,658
Dataverse
n/a
n/a
n/a
455
3,451
2,043
Number of Items
DSpace
1,340
1,437
1,546
1,660
2,135
2,720
ETDs
967
1,174
1,326
1,581
1,789
2,218
Dataverse
n/a
n/a
n/a
28
33
53
ORCID IDs
ORCID
101
190
316
438
545
669
Hosted Journals
OJS
1
1
2
2
3
4
LibQual Biannual Survey
2013-2019, Faculty and
Student System
Perceptions, Comments
Many Beneficial Internal and External Effects
of Such a System
Research
Institution A
Research
Institution C
Research
Institution B
Internally, these digital
components significantly raise
and optimize search engine
rankings (SEO) for researchers
and their research
Externally, this ecosystem
enables collaborative
opportunities among
Researchers and Research
Institutions
Pragmatically, how do you
enable a larger set of research
institutions globally?
(Top 2-3% Research Institutions, ~1000 Institutions and Research
Libraries, ~ 90% of Research Universities Globally)
This is from a Larger Set of 26,000-40,000 Universities Globally. Research Universities 2.7% - 4.2% of all
universities worldwide. Highest by Country: US 156, UK 76, Germany 45, Japan 44.
One Server Per Research University Initiative
2021-2025, V 1.0
Vision
Give ~ 1000 Research Universities/Academic Libraries Globally:
1 Configured Research Ecosystem Server with 6 Open-Source
Research Ecosystem Software Components < $1000.00 US/Server or set
up Fractional Server Space in the Cloud with Mirror Sites Globally (SAAS)
Hold Weeklong trainings over 6 continents
Create a global help network to get the institutions and
academic libraries started
After Five Years, Gage Effects for Global Research!
Summary Statements
Placing Open-Source Research Software Components within a
Global Digital Ecosystem:
1) Accelerates Global Collaboration, Research Impact and
Possibilities for New insights and Innovation
2) Opens a New Paradigm For Research Accessiblity, Retrieval
and Sharing
3) Creates Evolutionary Milestones for Research Ecosystems
Development
4) Enables a New Global Roadmap For the Forward Progress
of Knowledge in the 21st Century.
Open Source Global Digital
Research Ecosystems are
needed, innovative and
pragmatically possible to
implement on global levels
today.
Further
References
Papers
Presentations
& Working
Examples
Uzwyshyn, R. 2020 Developing an Open Source Digital Scholarship Ecosystem
(Preprint). ICEIT2020. Oxford, UK. February, 2020
Open Digital Research Ecosystems: How to Build Them and Why .Computers in
Libraries, (40) 8. November 2020.
Digital Research Ecosystems for Open Science (Presentation). AI for Data
Discovery, Reuse & Open Science Symposium. Carnegie Mellon University.
October 20, 2020.
Open Source Tools for a Digital Research Ecosystem (Interview). Campus
Technology C-Level View. Feature Interview. May 11, 2020.
Developing a Digital Scholarship Research Ecosystem. (PDF) Association of
Southeastern Research Libraries Member's Webinar, April 29, 2020.
Working Ecosystem Examples
Texas State University Libraries Digital Scholarship Ecosystem.
Texas State Digital Collections Repository
Texas State Data Research Repository
Texas State Online Research Identity Management System (ORCID)
Texas State Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Management (VIREO
Open Journal Systems @ Texas State
Further
Links to
Open Source
Software &
Downloads
Referenced
Digital Collections Repository: Dspace
https://duraspace.org/dspace/
Data Repository: Dataverse
https://dataverse.org/
Content Management System: Omeka
https://omeka.org/
Academic Journal Software:
Open Journal Systems 3
https://pkp.sfu.ca/ojs/
Identity Management Software: ORCID
https://orcid.org/
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation
Management Software: Vireo
https://www.tdl.org/etds/
Questions and Comments
Ray Uzwyshyn, Ph.D. MBA MLIS
Director, Collections and Digital Services
Texas State University Libraries
ruzwyshyn@txstate.edu, 512-245-5687
http://rayuzwyshyn.net
Future
Pathways
Networked
Global
Scholarly
Research
Environment
Research Universities and
Digital Research Ecosystems
~266-300 Research Institutions US & Canada,
Carnegie R1 & R2, Very High or High Research Activity, 124 ARL Libraries
~1000-1250 Research Universities Worldwide
QS Rankings and Times Higher Education Supplement. (40% Europe, 26.5% Asia Pacific,
US/Canada 18%, Latin America 10.8% and 7% Middle East/Africa.
Larger Set of 26,000-40,000 Universities Globally. Research
Universities 2.7% - 4.2% of all universities worldwide. Highest by Country: US
156, UK 76, Germany 45, Japan 44.
Enable Top 2-3% Research Institution Academic Libraries
Globally, 1500 Institutions including the US and Canada. This
represents ~ 90% of Research Libraries Globally
Together, These Research Ecosystem Components
Open Amazing Possibilities For Digital Scholarship & Collaboration
Complex Multimedia Archives/Cognitive Cartographies
Digital Archives/ETD Projects
Online Exhibits/ Online Academic Journals
Interactive Image Archives/Data Projects
Digital Libraries, Research Documentation Projects
Faculty Digitization Proposals/Partnerships
Projects,Prototypes
Grant Partnerships
Complexity
Network Effects
Both In and Between Individual Components
and In and Among Component Networks
1) ORCID Aggregates from Several Sources and Networks and Connects to Other Networks, Internal and External
2) OMEKA can act as a middleware front end connecting several components and component networks internally.
3) Digitization Lab’s IIIF Framework can create internal or globally distributed Image Libraries.
4) Dataverse can be configured as a single Instance or as a Consortial Model (Texas 22 Individual Instances, TDL)
Research Universities and
Digital Research Ecosystems
~266-300 Research Institutions US & Canada,
Carnegie R1 & R2, Very High or High Research Activity, 124 ARL Libraries
~1000-1250 Research Universities Worldwide
QS Rankings and Times Higher Education Supplement. (40% Europe, 26.5% Asia Pacific,
US/Canada 18%, Latin America 9% and Middle East/Africa.
26,000-40,000 Universities Globally. Research Universities 2.7% - 4.2%
of all universities worldwide. Highest by Country: US 156, UK 76, Germany 45,
Japan 44.
Other Top 2-3% Research Institution Academic Libraries
Globally, 1000 Institutions beyond the US and Canada. This
represents the other 90% of Research Libraries Globally
Research Universities and
Digital Research Ecosystems
124 ARL Research Libraries (US and Canada)
131 US Research Universities (Carnegie R1, Very High Research
Activity)
135 Doctoral Universities (Carnegie R2, High Research Activity, US),
~266-300 Research Institutions US & Canada
1011 Research Universities Worldwide (40% Europe, 26.5% Asia
Pacific, US/Canada 18%, Latin America 9% and Middle East/Africa.
QS Rankings
1250 Research Universities Worldwide, Times Higher Education
Supplement (2.7% - 4.2% of all universities worldwide)
By Country: US 156, UK 76, Germany 45, Japan 44
Global Estimates of General University #’s 26,000-40,000
Empower Other Top 2-3% Research Institution Libraries Globally,
1000 Institutions, the other 90% of Research Libraries Globally
One Laptop Per Child Initiative
Dreamed up mid-late 90’s, Launched 2005
Antecedent ‘Big Idea’ Model
MIT Media Lab Director Nicholas Negroponte
Vision: Give each child in world access to a laptop with
open source software for less than 100.00 $US/laptop
Gage Global Effects For Education
Why not try something similarly worthy, noble and
significant for academic research institutions globally?
One Server Per Research University Initiative
2020-2025, V 1.0
Vision: Give ~ 1000 Research Universities Globally One
Configured Research Ecosystem Server: 6 Open Source
Research Software Components, set up weeklong trainings
over 5 continents and a help network
< $1000.00 US/Server or set up Fractional Server Space in the Cloud with Mirror Sites
Globally (SAAS)
Gage Global Effects for Research!
#1 Component
for Open Science,
Research Data Repository
https://dataverse.tdl.org/dataverse/txstate
Research Data Repository
https://dataverse.tdl.org/dataverse/txstate
Dataverse can be configured as Single Instance or as
a Consortial Model
(Texas Aggregates
22 Individual
Instances,
through the Texas
Digital Library)
https://dataverse.tdl.org/
#2 Institutional Digital
Collections Repository
(Dspace)
Organizes, centralizes and makes accessible
research and knowledge generated by the institution’s
research community (Research Faculty and Graduate
Students):
Pre-prints
Faculty Publications
White Papers
Conference Presentations
Graduate Student Theses
and Dissertations
A Vast Majority of
Publishers Allow
Digital Archiving
in some
form. (82%
from 2562
publishers)
March 2020 Sherpa/Romeo Copyright Polices &
Self Archiving
Source:
www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/statistics.php?l
a=en&fIDnum=|&mode=simple
Primary Use Case Value
Application of Structured Metadata Schema
for Search Engine Optimization
https://digital.library.txstate.edu/
Percent Increase
in Article
Citations by
Discipline with
Open Access
Online Availability
Through Google
Range = 36%-250% Increase in Citations over 2 Year
period
(Data: Stevan Harnad and Heather Joseph, 2014)
050 100 150 200 250
Biology
Health Sci
Physics
% Increase in Citations with Open Access
Percent Increase in Article Citations by
Discipline with Open Access Online
Availability Through Google
Range = 36%-250%
(Data: Stevan Harnad and Heather Joseph,
2014)
050 100 150 200 250
Biology
Economics
Political Sci
Health Sci
Business
Education
Management
Law
Psychology
Sociology
Physics
% Increase in Citations with Open Access
Vireo
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Management
System
Bridges Student Thesis/Dissertation
Submission with Graduate School Review,
Connects the Collections Repository And
Data Repository so graduate students can
publish and link their theses/dissertations,
data and research
Addresses Intermediary steps in the ETD
Process
Researcher Identity
Management System
Gives Researchers Unique Number (ORCID ID)
Connecting and Disambiguate Scholars names:
Maria Hernandez, Biochemist
Maria Hernandez, M.D. or Astrophysicist
Allows Papers in the collections repository and
datasets in data repository to be associated
with ORCID ID’s for aggregation of research
profiles.
Orcid can act as a Network Hub aggregating from
several sources and connecting to other internal
and external networks
Omeka and OJS3
Open Source User Interface Software
Provides a front end gateway for more complex research projects
- linking text, image media and datasets and acting as a front
end for connecting components.
Open Access Academic Journal Software for refereed journal
online publishing, workflow and connections with background
research and datasets etc. through Dataverse/Dspace connections
The Digitization
Lab
Expands Possibilities for depth
of Faculty/Graduate Student
Research Projects
Possibilities range from OCR,
scientific slides, GIS image,
manuscript & journal
digitization to 3D objects,
audiovisual material and
visualization technologies
Human Resources
Essential
System Administrator/Programmer
server infrastructure set-up/maintenance/basic
customization
Digital Collections Librarian: Administration, Marketing,
User Support, Collections and Data Repository, OJS/ORCID
Optional as System Expands
Metadata Librarian: Dublin Core, Specialized Schema
Web Developer/Programmer: OMEKA, System Integration
Project Manager/Department Head (PMP Certification)
Digitization Specialist
GIS Specialist/Data Visualization Specialist
AI Specialist/Post-Doc/CLIR Fellow
Implementation Paths
For Open Science
(Many Roads To Rome for Timelines, 1-5 Year Paths)
Year 1
Data Repository and Digital Collection Repository
Year 2
User Interface Software (OMEKA), Identity Management
System, ORCID
Year 3
Digitization Lab
Year 4
ETD Middleware (VIREO) and OJS Software
Year 5
Complex Digitization Projects, IIIF Server, Faculty Grant
Projects etc.
Questions, Comments and
Funders and Foundations
with global vision and a passion for
solving one of the 21st Centuries
Grand Challenges for Global Research
Ray Uzwyshyn, Ph.D. MBA MLIS
Director, Collections and Digital Services
Texas State University Libraries
ruzwyshyn@txstate.edu, 512-245-5687
http://rayuzwyshyn.net
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