candidate of law, associate Professor, master of law, full-time doctoral student at the
faculty of philosophy of Charles University (Prague)
SOME FEATURES OF MONOPOLISM IN MODERN RUSSIAN HIGHER
The problems of a wide range of manifestations of monopolism in today's Russian higher
education traditionally attract the attention of researchers [1, p. 136]. Often, according to the
authors, a clearly formulated guideline for the strategic direction of development of Russian
higher education is in demand in this area [2, p. 40]. Although, sometimes, there are references
in available publications about the relevance of competition development in the Russian higher
education system, traditionally, we are talking about competition, for example, with foreign
higher education [3, p.1].
At the same time, today we can see significant defects in competition, for example, in the
organization of recruitment for higher education programs funded from the Russian Federal
budget. In 2020, 15 thousand budget places in Russian higher education institutions were
provided for such applicants. In 2021, a significant increase is planned, up to 18 thousand such
budget places [4, p. 4]. While it is still possible to assume that there is some degree of relative
competition on the part of such applicants themselves, it is difficult to see that Russian
universities (and other higher educational institutions) that participate in these activities fully
comply with the requirements of the Russian Antimonopoly legislation. It was not known today
that such a large amount of funding allocated from the Russian Federal budget was publicly and
fully communicated to the general public, for example, by announcing competitions (grants,
tenders, purchases of educational services, etc.) aimed at introducing competition in the process
of distributing access to Russian higher education institutions to such a significant amount of
funding. The probability of obtaining access to such a segment of the Federal budget from a
significant number of non-state (private) Russian higher education institutions (for example, the
Volga Cooperative Institute (branch) of the Autonomous Non-profit Educational Organization of
Higher Education of the Centrosoyuz of the Russian Federation "Russian University of
Cooperation») now it also seems rather fantastic.
Interesting points are also contained in the question of the relevance of attracting not only
Russian, but also foreign universities (and other higher educational institutions) to participate in
this competition. One of the opportunities here is the participation of Belarusian universities (and
other higher education institutions). Here it will be possible to clearly trace the potential of the
Union state of Russia and the Republic of Belarus. In a broader context, the issue of creating
competition in the market for providing higher education services among the States of the
Commonwealth of Independent States will become relevant. Although, undoubtedly,
theoretically, free competition (of course, if it is theoretically possible to have one) should not be
limited by the borders of the relevant state associations. The result of increased international
competition in the provision of access to higher education services, among many other positive
factors, can undoubtedly be an increase in the quality of such services. Educational services,
especially in the field of higher education, have a significant potential that can be in demand in
interstate cooperation, in the formation of peaceful good-neighborly cooperation between
The possibility of classifying this problem as a manifestation of the so-called “natural
monopoly”can also be considered doubtful in this segment of public relations. According to the
author's subjective opinion, here you can see a significant space for the operational application of
the full range of measures of antimonopoly regulation at the federal level. In this regard, it is
worth revisiting the question of whether the activity of providing opportunities for higher
education is an educational service. In our opinion, this is exactly what it should be. The relevant
additions are quite worthy of being made to the modern Russian legal field.
To form a clearly defined trajectory of development of Russian higher education, we can
recommend conducting a set of relevant scientific research. With regard of thorough analysis
of the historical experience of the development of this specific segment of public relations,
taking into account the positive foreign experience, interesting conclusions can be drawn.
Comprehensive analyses of this issue at relevant international scientific and practical
conferences can also have a positive impact on the search for ways to properly resolve this case.
Through such brainstorming sessions, original ways (trajectories) of further development of this
segment of public relations can be formulated. However, along with these development paths,
other relevant public policy measures may also be in demand.
1. Shoshin S. V. Monopolism in the Organization of Legal Aid in the Conditions of
Modern Russian Practice. In the collection: free legal aid: legislative regulation and practice of
application in the Russian Federation: materials of the international scientific and practical
conference of graduate students, teachers, and practitioners.- Saratov: “Saratovsky source",
2015.- P. 136-140. (https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=25049241).
2. Guricheva O. L. Monopolization of Higher Education in Russia // Council of rectors.
no. 9. - Moscow: OOO “Education 3000", 2015.- P. 40-47.
3. Boguslavsky M. V., Neborsky E. V. The Concept of Development of the Higher
Education System in Russia // Mir nauki. Pedagogy and psychology. 2016. no. 5.- Pp. 73-85.
4. Schiller A. In Two Languages// Russian newspaper. Special issue. September 30, 2020
lskie-vuzy.html (date accessed: 11.10.2020).