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Abstract

Shoes are a product of everyday use that everyone in the world owns; there are more than 20 billion pairs of shoes manufactured each year. However, too much of anything isn’t good as there are many environmental impacts of shoe industry that cannot be ignored much longer. Shoe manufacturing and shoes in general poses many threats to the wellbeing of our planet as many toxins, chemicals and fossil fuels are produced and leaked into the environment during the first and last steps in the shoe life cycle (refer to the video on the homepage for more information on the shoe life cycle). These chemicals are harming both the wildlife and humans that come in contact with them, which, in turn, causes many health problems. Also, shoe manufacturing produces large amounts of carbon dioxide which contributes to the already serious effects of climate change and global warming.
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
OF SHOE MANUFACTURING PROCESS….
PRESENTATION PREPARED BY
MOSTAFA SAMEER, MANAGEMENT TRAINEE YSS.
mostafa.sameer@youngonectg.com
INTRODUCTION
Shoes are a product of everyday use that everyone in the world owns; there are more
than 20 billion pairs of shoes manufactured each year. However, too much of anything
isn’t good as there are many environmental impacts of shoe industry that cannot be
ignored much longer. Shoe manufacturing and shoes in general poses many threats to
the wellbeing of our planet as many toxins, chemicals and fossil fuels are produced and
leaked into the environment during the first and last steps in the shoe life cycle (refer to
the video on the homepage for more information on the shoe life cycle). These
chemicals are harming both the wildlife and humans that come in contact with them,
which, in turn, causes many health problems. Also, shoe manufacturing produces large
amounts of carbon dioxide which contributes to the already serious effects of climate
change and global warming.
mostafa.sameer@youngonectg.com
One of the largest environmental impacts of shoes come from the manufacturing stages of the shoe life
cycle; and surprisingly, out of the people surveyed a majority of them believe that shoes only an
environmental impact after they are thrown out. In the stage of manufacturing, large amounts of machinery
and chemicals are required to produce shoes. To power these machines, a great amount of fossil fuels are
needed and these fossil fuels produce greenhouse gases when burned. Coal is one of the sources of energy
that used very often to power these factories as it quite cheap compared to oil or other sources of energy.
Burning coal produces carbon dioxide which eventually ends up in our atmosphere, contributing the
greenhouse effect, which is not a positive effect for the environment. On average, the production of one
shoe produces 30 pounds of carbon dioxide and there are more than 15 billion shoes produced each year!
Another aspect that is regularly overlooked and also contributes to the carbon dioxide emissions from shoes is
the transportation. This is because transportation is fundamental to the marketing aspect of the shoe industry
as most footwear manufacturing companies choose to build factories in third world companies for cheap
labor. Since these factories are situated far away, transportation such as ships, airplanes and trucks are
needed in order to deliver the goods to the retailers. Next, chemicals used in the manufacturing process also
contribute to the negative impact that shoes have on the environment. Many chemical adhesives and
tanning chemicals are used to process different parts of the shoe. An example of some of these chemicals
include Chlorinated phenols , tribromphenol,chlorinated paraffins,dimethylfumarate etc, which are used to
preserve the materials, such as leather, in shoes. These chemicals are easily leaked into the environment and
water through the discharge from the factories. These chemicals can harm the wild life who may consume
infected water or plants. To sum up, the manufacturing process of shoes poses many threats to the
environment as there are large amounts of carbon dioxide produced and many chemicals are used to
manufacture them. mostafa.sameer@youngonectg.com
INTRODUCTION
The last step in the shoe life cycle, which is disposal, also contributes greatly to the
environmental impacts of the shoe industry. According to statistics, 38%of students
in Fletcher’s Meadow secondary school throw out their old shoes and 42% donate
them. For the 38% who throw out their shoes, these shoes end up in landfills and
can eventually end up contaminating the soil and even drinking water, much like
many other materials that are thrown out, as the chemicals used in the
manufacturing slowly start to leak into soil as the shoe slowly starts decomposing.
This has a huge effect on both wildlife and humans. This is because
biomagnification and bioaccumulation can occur as wildlife that humans
consume may have drunk the contaminated water or consumed contaminated
plants. This can lead to many health defects including cancer. Ultimately, the
disposal of shoes has a large impact on the environment much like the
manufacturing as harmful chemicals start to leak into and contaminate the soil
and water.
mostafa.sameer@youngonectg.com
INTRODUCTION
To help prevent these environmental impacts the best thing to do is to recycle or donate
your used shoes so that they do not end up in the landfills. There are many programs that
have been set up to help reduce the impacts of the disposal of shoes on the
environment and one of the major ones that is actually created by one of the largest
shoe companies (Nike) is called Reuse-a-shoe. In this program, Nike takes old used shoes
and recycle the old materials and grinds them to be used as sports grounding for tennis
courts, tracks etc. (To find out more check out the following links
http://www.nike.com/us/en_us/c/better-world/stories/2013/05/reuse-a-shoe and
http://nikeinc.com/pages/reuse-a-shoe). Another way you can help is by educating
yourself and other about the negative impacts that shoes have on the environment so
that you can help raise awareness of the issue.
To conclude, shoes have a large negative impact on the environment and this is
something that cannot be ignored forever.
mostafa.sameer@youngonectg.com
INTRODUCTION
ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS
This is a picture of a
shoe factory. As you
can see, there is a
large amount of
carbon dioxide and
other pollutants
being pumped into
our atmosphere.
These greenhouse
gases from
the shoe industries
are one of greatest
contributors to
global warming
mostafa.sameer@youngonectg.com
ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS
This is a photo of
some of the left
over materials
that were simply
tossed out by the
factory as they
are no longer
needed. These
unused parts also
end up in landfills
but what is
shocking is that it
is all new and
unused.
mostafa.sameer@youngonectg.com
ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS
This is an image
of one of the
sites where
pollutants from
the factories
are dumped. It
is full of toxic
pollutants that
are very
harmful to the
health of any
organism.
mostafa.sameer@youngonectg.com
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
INFORMATION COLLECTED FROM SOURCE :
https://theshoeindustry.weebly.com/environmental-impact.html
https://www.nike.com/us/en_us/c/better-
world/stories/2013/05/reuse-a-shoe
https://news.nike.com/pages/reuse-a-shoe
http://www.shoepassion.com/shoe-encyclopaedia/production-
methods/
mostafa.sameer@youngonectg.com
THANK YOU !!
... Bu kaynaklardan biri de kömürdür. Karbondioksit üretilmesi, üretimde kullanılan trimbofenol, klorlu parafin gibi kimyasalların da toprağa sızmasıyla çevreye verdiği olumsuz etkileri bilinmektedir (Sameer, 2020 (Quantis,2018).Ayakkabı üretim süreçlerinin iyileştirilmesi ve kullanılan malzemelerin geri dönüşümde kullanımları önemli konular olarak ele alınmaktadır. Küresel ayakkabı endüstrisi ayakkabının yaşam döngüsünde yedi farklı aşama yaklaşımı kullanılmıştır. ...
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