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The 'rocker' phenomenon in Germany: Perceptions and government responses to outlaw bikers in historical perspective



This chapter examines the process leading up to outlaw bikers in Germany indiscriminately being singled out as a major crime problem. The analysis illuminates how the outlaw biker phenomenon has been perceived by police agencies and by the media since the 1960s. A sequence of changes in perception over the past fifty years is identified and a number of events with respect to their potential impact on these developments are discussed.
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The European Police Office (Europol) is an international police organization that was formed to promote cooperation among law enforcement agencies in the European Union. Framed within the context of the Treaty of the European Union, Europol's mandate includes all serious forms of international crime, including international terrorism. This paper offers an analysis of the organiza-tion of Europol's counter-terrorism operations in the context of the history and dynamics of international police cooperation. More specifically, on the basis of the bureaucratization theory of policing, Europol is reviewed to exemplify the dual forces of political control over the organization via the regulative bodies of the European Union, on the one hand, and the institutional autonomy and professional expertise of participating police agencies, on the other. The outcome of these dual forces can be expected to determine the course and outcome of counter-terrorist policing in the European Union in years to come.
Hugo Brady is a Research Fellow on EU institutions and Justice and Home Affairs at the Centre for European Reform. He previously worked in the political division of the Irish Department of Foreign Affairs and as a research associate on the constitutional treaty at the Institute for European Affairs in Dublin. In this article he examines the role of the EU in combating organized crime and argues that the EU should not seek to centralise law enforcement cooperation in Europol and Eurojust, but rather that it should be the focal point for a new pan-European community of police officers. He makes a convincing case for a ‘European criminal intelligence model’—a non-state policing plan for coordinating investigations against organized crime within the EU using the model of intelligence-led policing.
Le project Rockers: Les ban des de motards horsla-loi
  • W Bjorngaard
Bjorngaard, W. ( 1999). Le project Rockers: Les ban des de motards horsla-loi. Revue lnternationale de Police Criminelle. no. 474-4 75: 23-24.