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Prospects and challenges of floriculture business in federal Nepal

  • Agriculture and Forestry University, Chitwan, Nepal


Floriculture sector is one of the most emerging sectors of agriculture in Nepal and is steadily growing for about three decades and has hit NPR 2250 million in the fiscal year 2017/18. However, the major business is concentrated in Kathmandu district in particular and Pradesh 3 in general. There is discrepancy in district wise coverage of flower business but with federalism, a new opportunity can be seen in the horizon. There seems immense opportunity both in internal and external markets. To tap this opportunity, Floriculture Association of Nepal should collaborate with governments at all levels and research organisation and universities. The centre and Pradesh government may be helpful in policy making to address the challenges while the local government can get involved in action oriented works such as establishing parks and livelihood programs. Research organisations and universities may help find answers to production problem or access newer market and develop expertise within the country.
... Karnali province has the minimum presence (2 out of 10 districts). Other province lag behind in terms of flower production and trading (Pun et al., 2019). ...
Full-text available
A study was conducted to analyze the production economics, socioeconomic status, potential problems, and marketing of marigolds among marigold cultivating farmers in Nepal. Total 60 commercial farmers were selected by a simple random sampling technique. Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, Lalitpur, Chitwan, Pokhara, Lamjung, Kavre, and Rupandehi, the major marigold-producing areas of Nepal were the study area. The data were tallied and statistically examined to derive appropriate conclusions. The average area under marigold cultivation was 0.23 ha. The average marigold production was 55662.5 kg with an average BCR ratio of 3.786 per household which is much higher than the cereal production with BCR 1.1. The total average cost, gross revenue, and net revenue per hectare were NPR.55650, NPR.253937.5, and NPR.198287.5 respectively. Seed cost nearly accounts for 42% of total input cost. The average number of household members involved in marigold cultivation was three. The findings of this study revealed that 53.3% of the household were of the young age group (below 25 years). This may be due to the involvement of agriculture graduates in commercial marigold cultivation. The majority of the household were having marigold farming along with other businesses as their main occupation. The maximum number of the household belonged to the medium size of land holdings category (0.77 ha). Therefore, the finding suggests that the production and income can be maximized by providing training facilities on export-oriented production, and post-harvest loss management with efficient marketing facilities for marigold products.
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