Mountains, being fragile, act as a vital repository for water and biodiversity. The Himalaya, in specific, the “roof of the world” is endowed with a magnificent and scenic view with temperate green forests, alpine meadows, agricultural fields, gorges, waterfalls, cascades of river valleys, and a human settlement in the unstable slopes or at the perennial streams of major rivers. The vulnerability of mountain ecosystems is being disproportionately influenced by climate change-induced disasters and is poorly understood as well. Cascading effect of temperature change can melt the snow and ice, thereby exhibiting a noticeable impact on the availability of water, biodiversity, boundary shift in ecosystem, agriculture, and on human well-being. Furthermore, several climate-induced disasters, like flash floods, mass movements, debris flows, and landslides, have occurred in the Himalayas. Specifically, this has happened a lot in the recent past, resulting in numerous deaths and property damage. This insecurity is due to the region’s unplanned, unscientific and unregulated practices as well as a massive rise in population. This underlines the necessity for a Mountain Specific Risk Management Framework (MSMRMF) and the incorporation of spatial specificities for risk reduction. The three dimensions of vulnerability, namely, adaptive capacity, exposure, and sensitivity, are greatly governed by livelihood strategies, access to water, food, and hygiene. The best available research on disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation must be incorporated in deciding disaster resilience. This chapter sheds light on various climate-induced and geological disasters in mountain regions, their impact, and risk management strategies. The significance of regional climate models, development of alternative technologies, people’s understanding regarding the social construction of risk, the role of local stakeholders, and enhancing the governance capacity and participation to manage the disaster risk is as well briefly discussed.