Research ProposalPDF Available

Privacy Aware Energy Management in Smart Communities by Exploiting Blockchain - Synopsis

Authors:
  • Edo State University Iyamho

Abstract and Figures

In today's smart community, smart grids (SGs) have emerged as a promising solution to the future generation of the power system. In SG, smart meters automatically collect and act on information such as the behavior of consumers and suppliers. The information collected is used to improve the efficiency, reliability and sustainability of the distribution and generation of electricity. However, major challenges faced in SG are privacy, dynamic pricing and trust. This study combines pail-lier cryptosystem, differential privacy and blockchain technique to resolve the problems of data privacy, integrity and ownership. These techniques are implemented on data sharing and energy trading. Data of each prosumer is first encrypted by paillier cryptosystem at the off-chain level and then recorded in a distributed ledger at the back end level. Prosumer who want to access his encrypted data communicates with the corresponding aggregator and decrypts the encrypted data off-chain that results in minimum gas consumption and transaction fee. A new proof of authority (PoA) consensus mechanism is proposed to achieve minimum gas consumption and cost. In the PoA, the reputation score for each node is derived using the PageRank mechanism. In addition, the security analyses of PoA are performed based on similarity attack, double spending attack and birthday collision resilience. Furthermore, the characteristics of the PoA in terms of consistency, availability and partition tolerance are addressed. Note that the blockchain conducted a privacy risk negotiation with the service provider before prosumer's data is shared. In addition, blockchain serves as a broker to ensure fair energy trading among prosumers. In our scenario, two categories of prosumers are considered, such as mobile prosumers and static prosumers. This study provides three security definitions of the proposed models, which are secure two-party computation, secure temporal information and secure spatial information. In addition, threat models and their security analyses are discussed. Finally, preliminary simulation results of the proposed schemes are also presented.
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... Despite all the advanced merits of blockchain, there still are limitations and issues that are hindering production deployment of citizen-utilities in smart grids. The specific issues that need to be addressed include lack of standardization, privacy leakage, IoT overheads, and blockchains specific limitations [45]. ...
Chapter
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