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Tour de France 2020: facing up to professional cycling’s history of anti-blackness

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Abstract

This year’s edition of the Tour de France, cycling’s most prestigious event, begins on August 29. It would be a huge surprise if we see any riders during the event taking the knee and raising their fists in solidarity with Black Lives Matter and anti-racism, as has taken place this summer in sports such as football, cricket and rugby. Download and the article. See weblink https://theconversation.com/tour-de-france-2020-facing-up-to-professional-cyclings-history-of-anti-blackness-142092
27/08/2020 Tour de France 2020: facing up to professional cycling's history of anti-blackness
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Author
Marlon Moncrieffe
School of Education, University of Brighton
Academic rigour, journalistic flair
This year’s edition of the Tour de France, cycling’s most prestigious event, begins on
August 29. It would be a huge surprise if we see any riders during the event taking the
knee and raising their fists in solidarity with Black Lives Matter and anti-racism, as has
taken place this summer in sports such as football, cricket and rugby.
Cycling’s world governing body, the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI), resumed its
racing season on August 1 with the Strade Bianche race in Italy. Cyclists at this event and
other UCI events which have followed have made no explicit gestures like the above
mentioned sports towards championing anti-racism.
My research has shown evidence of racism and particularly anti-blackness in elite and professional
cycling. In 2018 and 2019, I toured this research work as an exhibition across the UK for public
engagement, sharing what I had uncovered and exposed as a history of inequalities suffered by black
British athletes in road and track cycling from the grassroots to the highest levels.
Egan Bernal, the Tour de France’s first non-white winner, wears the leader’s yellow jersey in 2019. EPA-EFE/GUILLAUME HORCAJUELO
Tour de France 2020: facing up to professional cycling’s history
ofanti-blackness
August 26, 2020 3.21pm BST
27/08/2020 Tour de France 2020: facing up to professional cycling's history of anti-blackness
https://theconversation.com/tour-de-france-2020-facing-up-to-professional-cyclings-history-of-anti-blackness-142092 2/5
Access to the dominant white world of cycling was the least of the issues for those very few British
champion black athletes I spoke with in the course of my research. It was when they defeated the best
of their white peers in high-stakes races that they became a serious threat to the status quo. Their
existence in the white world of cycling became oppressive and difficult for them to navigate.
27/08/2020 Tour de France 2020: facing up to professional cycling's history of anti-blackness
https://theconversation.com/tour-de-france-2020-facing-up-to-professional-cyclings-history-of-anti-blackness-142092 3/5
Take, for example, the experiences of Maurice Burton and Russell Williams in the prime of their
careers. Between the 1970s and 1990s they amassed 21 British Championship titles between them.
Nevertheless, they were both overlooked for Olympic selection.
Maurice left Britain and raced for a large amount of his
career in Belgium. Russell stuck it out in Britain, but was
short-changed for his efforts.
Another black British road-racer that followed was David
Clarke. He was almost unbeatable as a prolific junior athlete,
and after he won the Junior Tour of Wales in 1997, it was
widely expected that he would be selected to represent Great
Britain at the World Junior Championships later on that
year, but the call never came.
UK cycling’s governing body, British Cycling, has given some
attention to my research. Still, the extent to which it will
reflect upon the historical evidence of racism given by black
British cyclists is yet to be known.
The recent Black Lives Matter protests in the UK and across
the world have also offered British Cycling the opportunity to
provide their 160,000 membership with a strong message on anti-racism in cycling, as it looks to
transform Britain into a great cycling nation. This opportunity seems to have been missed.
Anti-racist education
In the midst of the Black Lives Matter protests, the world-governing UCI produced a statement which
spoke of “respect of diversity” and how the “federation is closely associated with the symbol of the
rainbow – representing the five continents”.
Maurice Burton (centre) beats the World Champion Daniel Morelon of France at the Barbados Invitational Track Cycling
Meeting in 1975. Photograph courtesy of Maurice Burton, Author provided (No reuse)
David Clarke lifts the trophy after winning
the British Cycling Premier Calendar East
Yorkshire Classic in 2010. Photograph
courtesy of David Clarke., Author provided
(No reuse)
27/08/2020 Tour de France 2020: facing up to professional cycling's history of anti-blackness
https://theconversation.com/tour-de-france-2020-facing-up-to-professional-cyclings-history-of-anti-blackness-142092 4/5
However, there is a difference between championing diversity and championing anti-racism in
cycling. The former speaks to broadening ethnic representation and inclusion. An increase in ethnic
diversity (particularly non-white cyclists) may be seen by some as being the natural transformation of
a culture seeking worldwide appeal. However, by others this can be seen as threat to that culture’s
traditions and norms in athlete representation. The latter can increase racial ignorance and racial
prejudices.
Therefore, anti-racist education and messaging in cycling must be constant. Championing anti-racism
in cycling means undertaking a lengthy campaign to eliminate the violence of racist behaviours that
seek to undermine and oppress people – generally black people.
In 2019, the Tour de France produced its first non-white winner: the Team Ineos rider Egal Bernal of
Colombia. The possibility of a Colombian rider winning the tour was not a surprise. Colombian
athletes have been given access to the dominant white world of cycling for nearly 40 years, crossing
the symbolic cultural boundaries of Eurocentrism and whiteness. The presence and participation of
Colombian cyclists are now accepted as a norm in the race.
Russell Williams parades as 1990 British Champion Professional in the Keirin. Photograph courtesy of Paul. J. Wright,
Author provided (No reuse)
27/08/2020 Tour de France 2020: facing up to professional cycling's history of anti-blackness
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Sport Cycling Tour de France Black Lives Matter
anti-blackness
Over the last few years, the ethnic diversity of riders at the Tour de
France has grown. Black cyclists who have ridden in the race include
French riders Yohan Gène and Kévin Reza, Daniel Teklehaimanot and
Merhawi Kudus of Eritrea and Nicholas Dlamini of South Africa.
However, the proportion of black riders in the Tour de France peloton
remains extremely small.
It would be significant indeed if Bernal, along with Dlamini or Reza,
decided to take the knee and raise a fist in solidarity with Black Lives
Matter and anti-racism. What would be the response of their white
European sponsors and peers? Would they see, understand and respect
this message of anti-racism, joining them in solidarity, or would they
shun them?
Egan Bernal, winner of the 2019 Tour de France. EPA-
EFE/GUILLAUME HORCAJUELO
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