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By Fredrick Norfleet
Monday, August 24, 2020
© FB. Norfleet Publishing
Attachment and Child-Rearing Style
Parenting styles are essential because they affect child development in many ways. For example,
parenting style can influence a child's biological (healthy diet) and psychological (behavior). According to
Morin, A. "The way parents interact and discipline their child will influence them for the rest of their life"
(Morin, 2019, P. 1). I believe that it is crucial to choose a parenting style that emphasizes healthy physical
growth and cognitive development. Furthermore, healthy physical growth and cognitive development
enhance the child's ability to survive and thrive within its culture and society. To ensure healthy physical and
cognitive child development, I select the Indulgent Parenting Style and the Authoritative Parenting Style.
The Indulgent Parenting Style will "allow considerable self-regulation" (Darling, 1999, P. 1).
Indulgent parents are also autonomous, giving the child the freedom to govern itself and its activities.
Therefore self-regulation and autonomy can encourage more thinking on the part of the child, which
promotes cognitive growth. Furthermore, indulgent (permissive) parenting styles are associated with secure
attachment. For example, children reared using indulgent (permissive) parenting styles are less likely to
develop addiction susceptibility (Zeinali, Sharifi, Enayati, Asgari, & Pasha. 2011, P. 1). The indulgent
parenting style develops skills for children to flourish in individualist Western Cultures such as the USA and
Authoritative Parenting Style will "assert standards of behavior that will benefit the child without
being intrusive and restrictive" (Darling, 1999, P. 1). Authoritative parents are also supportive parents that
teach their children to be responsible, self-regulated, and cooperative. For example, authoritative parents can
set healthy dietary standards for their children. For example, excellent nutritional standards can foster
physical growth, a healthy lifestyle, and the future well-being of the child. Psychologist Mary Ainsworth also
discovered that authoritative (responsive) parenting creates healthier children. For example, emotional
control stops emotional eating, which can lead to weigh-gain and lousy health. Because authoritative parents
respond to the emotional needs of their children, they develop emotional control. Because authoritative
parents "are warm, nurturing, and responsive" (Author, 2020, P. 1), when teaching their children standards,
the children develop a secure attachment. The authoritative parent, as a caregiver, uses sensitivity. Sensitivity
leads to secure attachment. Thus secure attachment in children living in individualistic cultures precedes
future socio-emotional skills.
Morin, A. (2019, July 12). 4 Types of Parenting Styles and Their Effects on Kids. Retrieved March 29, 2020,
Darling, N. (1999). Parenting style and its correlates, Retrieved from ERIC database.
Zeinali, A., Sharifi, H., Enayati, M., Asgari, P., & Pasha, G. (2011). The mediational pathway among
parenting styles, attachment styles and self-regulation with addiction susceptibility of adolescents.
Journal of research in medical sciences : the official journal of Isfahan University of Medical
Sciences, 16(9), 1105–1121.
Author, A. (2020, February 5). Authoritative vs Authoritarian Parenting Styles [Infographic]. Retrieved
March 29, 2020, from https://www.parentingforbrain.com/authoritative-vs-authoritarian-parenting/