NATIONAL NUTRITION PROGRAMS IN NIGERIA
Dr. Deepak Vishwakarma
Department of Public Health, PPSU
•Food security, food safety, and consumer protection program
•Enhancing care giving capacity program
•Enhancing provision of human services program
•Improving capacity to address food and nutrition issues program
•Raising awareness program and understanding of the problems of
malnutrition in Nigeria
•The overall goal of Nigeria's Food and Nutrition Programs is to
improve the nutritional status of all Nigerians
•with particular emphasis on the most vulnerable groups, i.e., children,
women, and the elderly.
•The Food and Nutrition Programs aims to promote specific goals like
•Establishing of a viable system for guiding and coordinating food and
nutrition activities undertaken In the various sectors and at various
levels of the society, from the community to the national level;
FOOD SECURITY, FOOD SAFETY, AND CONSUMER
•To improve food production, availability, and access to high quality
foods to meet the needs of the whole population;
•To develop an effective monitoring system to enforce appropriate food
laws for effective inspection and compliance;
•To protect the consumers through improved food quality and safety
•To promote production and utilisation of all staple foods
•To promote production and utilisation of traditional foods, especially the
under-utilised and unappreciated.
•To establish a strong and effective food quality control system to protect the
consumers against improperly processed and substandard foods.
•To reduce post harvest losses through improved storage, pest control, and
•To strengthen existing institutional capacity to enforce appropriate food laws
for effective inspection and compliance.
•To create consumer awareness on recognition of registered and certified
processed food products.
ENHANCING CARE GIVING CAPACITY PROGRAM
•To integrate essential nutrition actions into PHC services.
•To improve the knowledge, attitudes and practices of caregivers at the
community and household levels, especially as these relate to food
•To enhance the provision of care to vulnerable groups (under-fives,
pregnant and lactating mothers, the elderly, socio economically
disadvantaged, people living with HIV/AIDs etc.)
•To enhance the knowledge and skills of caregivers to reduce the risk
of maternal morbidity and mortality.
•To improve the adequacy, accessibility, and utilisation of health services in the community
•To promote, protect and support breastfeeding and adequate complementary feeding
practices for the improved care of infants and young children in the context of key
•To improve water supply, sanitation, and hygiene at the household level.
•To promote caring capabilities in community-based child care centres.
•To promote caring capabilities within households and the community for other vulnerable
•To collaborate with other stakeholders to help improve access to maternal and newborn
•To promote school feeding programmes using locally available foods.
ENHANCING PROVISION OF HUMAN SERVICES PROGRAM
•To prevent and manage nutrition-related and infectious diseases.
•To prevent and control micronutrient deficiencies.
•To prevent and manage nutrition-related diseases among the vulnerable
•To prevent and manage infectious diseases among the vulnerable groups.
•To improve general sanitation and hygiene, including availability of safe
•To prevent and control micronutrient deficiencies particularly IDD, . VAD,
IDA, and zinc deficiency.
•To prevent and control the mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection
•To prevent and control the spread of parasitic infections such as helmitiths, -
malaria, and water-borne diseases.
IMPROVING CAPACITY TO ADDRESS FOOD AND
NUTRITION ISSUES PROGRAM
•To enhance a conducive macro-economic environment for addressing
food and nutrition problems
•To ensure the incorporation of food and nutrition goals in Government
•To develop an effective system for assessing, analysing and
monitoring nutrition situations in the country
•To improve the coordinating and implementing capacity at national, state and
LGA levels to address food and nutrition issues
•To ensure collaboration between various sectors responsible for nutrition issues
with a view to generating information and utilizing this information for policy
review/ formulation, programme planning and implementation
•To ensure that the programme content of the relevant sectors places adequate
emphasis on nutrition
•To ensure the allocation of appropriate resources for addressing food and
nutrition problems of the population
•To develop an effective monitoring and evaluation system for food and
nutritional activities in the country.
RAISING AWARENESS PROGRAM AND UNDERSTANDING
OF THE PROBLEMS OF MALNUTRITION IN NIGERIA
•To develop and disseminate Information, Education and
Communication material for behavioral change to effect reduction in
•To design, and produce nutrition advocacy materials.
•To provide advocacy skills training for food and nutrition coordinators
•To design, and produce nutrition IEC materials.
•To disseminate nutrition IEC materials to increase level of awareness
and understanding of problems of malnutrition in Nigeria.
•To develop and disseminate food-based dietary guidelines for all age
•The Food and Nutrition program in Nigeria aims to:
•Promote habits and activities that will reduce the level of malnutrition
and improve the nutritional status of the population;
•Identifying of sectoral roles and assignment of responsibilities for the
alleviation of malnutrition;
•Ensuring that nutrition is recognised and used as an important
indicator to monitor and evaluate development policies and
•Promoting good, indigenous food cultures and dietary habits among
Nigerian people for healthy living and development.