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Schools Went Online Over One Weekend – Opportunities and Challenges for Online Education Related to the COVID-19 Crisis

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Abstract

This study aims to further the understanding of the opportunities and challenges for online education from the perspective of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak. The situation was unique in many ways, as the migration from traditional to online education was very rapid and forced by situational circumstances. However, it also had the potential to foster organizational change in the use of online education in a way that has never been seen before. A literature review was used to explore the opportunities and challenges for online education, and the results are discussed in connection with the COVID-19 crisis. The study identified nine opportunities and nine challenges for online education that apply to online education in general and that can be considered when creating strategies for dealing with a crisis situation similar to COVID-19. © 2020 Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE)
Author version of the paper openly available in the
university repository:
https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/71096
Citation
Mäkelä, T., Mehtälä, S., Clements, K. & Seppä, J. (2020). Schools Went Online Over One
Weekend Opportunities and Challenges for Online Education Related to the COVID-19
Crisis. In Proceedings of EdMedia + Innovate Learning (pp. 77-85). Online, The Netherlands:
Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved August 19,
2020 from https://www.learntechlib.org/primary/p/217288/.
... Las observaciones de Mäkelä et al. (Mäkelä et al., 2020) y Raes et al. (Raes et al., 2019) son similares a los de Regmi y Jones (Regmi y Jones, 2020), quienes estudiaron los efectos del e-learning en la educación en ciencias de la salud. Regmi y Jones llamaron la atención sobre la escasa participación de los estudiantes, la falta de autodisciplina y la baja autoeficacia. ...
... Además, como el enfoque de aprendizaje híbrido es relativamente nuevo, los estudios empíricos existentes tienden a reflejar las evaluaciones de lo que Rogers (Rogers, 2003) llama innovadores y adoptadores tempranos. Esta sugerencia está respaldada por la noción de Mäkelä et al. (Mäkelä et al., 2020) refiriéndose a lo poco preparado que estaba el sector educativo durante la crisis de COVID-19 para un uso a gran escala de herramientas de aprendizaje a distancia y de aprendizaje híbrido, lo que significa que las herramientas de TIC adecuadas para el aprendizaje a distancia e híbrido no habían alcanzado una amplia base para los usuarios del sector educativo. ...
... En contadas ocasiones, la transmisión de video se llegó a bloquear brevemente, lo que provocó alguna brecha en la información, así como una mayor reducción de la participación de los alumnos. Estos detalles son similares a los que Mäkelä et al. (Mäkelä, 2020) comenta y donde sugiere que el soporte de TI puede ser insuficiente o pudiera existir falta de conocimiento por parte del educador como principales obstáculos en el aprendizaje a distancia eficiente. Para eventos futuros, se recomienda probar con antelación las diferentes ubicaciones potenciales de la cámara y el micrófono, ajustándolos y probándolos a fondo para proporcionar una solución de respaldo rápidamente utilizable. ...
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A obra intitulada “A educação e suas generalidades vol.01”, publicada pela Brazilian Journals, apresenta um conjunto de onze capítulos que visa abordar diversas temáticas ligadas à área da educação como um todo. Entre elas um estudo sobre a importância da inclusão do tema do envelhecimento no âmbito da Pós-Graduação em ensino. Também uma análise e reflexão das dinâmicas micro-políticas numa escola e na sua Associação de Estudantes. Assim como um estudo de caso com intuito de desvendar as causas da retenção acadêmica em um curso de Bacharelado em Sistemas de Informação. Juntamente, uma pesquisa com finalidade de desvendar as causas da evasão escolar. Além disso, um trabalho com propósito de estimular em alunos de uma escola pública de Alegre (ES) o desenvolvimento de comportamentos de respeito às regras de convivência, assim como às normas da sala de aula e da escola, favorecendo o seu desenvolvimento moral. Uma investigação sobre o uso de simulações de plantações e aplicativos no aprendizado da matemática no 1º ano do ensino médio integrado ao técnico em agricultura do IFPI campus Cocal, também faz parte da obra. Entre outros. Agradecemos os autores que colaboraram com toda atenção e dedicação na construção desse livro e desejamos que o mesmo contribua na discussão e conhecimento da área da educação.
... As the distancing among people should be remained as secure, many countries started to conduct 'online education', as the education also should be sustained (KICE, 2020). However, the lack of technical and pedagogical preparation for the successful implementation of the online education, schools and the actual teaching context; classrooms, has been in a chaotic situation (Mäkelä et al., 2020). ...
... COVID-19 has drastically shifted the form of teaching at school sites from existing face-to-face education to online education (Mulenga & Marbán, 2020;Sintema, 2020). Also, the lack of teaching, learning and technical preparations for online education has left the school scene in disarray (Mäkelä et al., 2020). Though there were significant difficulties, Jang-geum, and teachers were coping well with situation they had never experienced. ...
... Además, como el enfoque de aprendizaje híbrido es relativamente nuevo, los estudios empíricos existentes tienden a reflejar las evaluaciones de lo que Rogers (Rogers, 2003) llama innovadores y adoptadores tempranos. Esta sugerencia está respaldada por la noción de Mäkelä et al. (Mäkelä et al., 2020) refiriéndose a lo poco preparado que estaba el sector educativo durante la crisis de COVID-19 para un uso a gran escala de herramientas de aprendizaje a distancia y de aprendizaje híbrido, lo que significa que las herramientas de TIC adecuadas para el aprendizaje a distancia e híbrido no habían alcanzado una amplia base para los usuarios del sector educativo. ...
... En contadas ocasiones, la transmisión de video se llegó a bloquear brevemente, lo que provocó alguna brecha en la información, así como una mayor reducción de la participación de los alumnos. Estos detalles son similares a los que Mäkelä et al. (Mäkelä, 2020) comenta y donde sugiere que el soporte de TI puede ser insuficiente o pudiera existir falta de conocimiento por parte del educador como principales obstáculos en el aprendizaje a distancia eficiente. Para eventos futuros, se recomienda probar con antelación las diferentes ubicaciones potenciales de la cámara y el micrófono, ajustándolos y probándolos a fondo para proporcionar una solución de respaldo rápidamente utilizable. ...
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... Etäopetuksessa on aina hyödynnetty uusimpia teknologisia sovelluksia kuten nykyisinkin. Varhaisimmat etäopetusmallit 1800-luvulla perustuivat postin toimintaan (kirjekurssit), sitten 1900-luvulla radio-ja televisiolähetyksiin ( Etäopetuksen onnistuminen asettaa opettajalle ja opiskelijalle monenlaisia toiminnallisia ja pedagogisia vaatimuksia (Fajardo Bravo & al., 2020;KARVI, 2020;Lehmann, Hähnlein & Ifenthaler, 2014;Mäkelä, Mehtälä, Clements & Seppä, 2020;Sergejeff, 2020). Etäopetuksen onnistumiseen johtavia tekijöitä on monia, mutta muutamia keskeisiä ovat teknisen ympäristön tuttuus ja toimivuus sekä monimedian käyttö. ...
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... Etäopetuksessa on aina hyödynnetty uusimpia teknologisia sovelluksia kuten nykyisinkin. Varhaisimmat etäopetusmallit 1800-luvulla perustuivat postin toimintaan (kirjekurssit), sitten 1900-luvulla radio-ja televisiolähetyksiin ( Etäopetuksen onnistuminen asettaa opettajalle ja opiskelijalle monenlaisia toiminnallisia ja pedagogisia vaatimuksia (Fajardo Bravo & al., 2020;KARVI, 2020;Lehmann, Hähnlein & Ifenthaler, 2014;Mäkelä, Mehtälä, Clements & Seppä, 2020;Sergejeff, 2020). Etäopetuksen onnistumiseen johtavia tekijöitä on monia, mutta muutamia keskeisiä ovat teknisen ympäristön tuttuus ja toimivuus sekä monimedian käyttö. ...
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... A first caveat is that there is a risk of a vicious circle, namely that there is a need for adult education to increase the digital, twenty-first century skills of low-educated adults, however, it are exactly those skills that adults often already need to have in order to be able to fully participate in adult education -which is now way more often online than before (Jelfs and Richardson 2013;Laal 2013). During the COVID-19 crisis, the importance of online education has only increased and will probably continue to increase in the future (Mäkelä et al. 2020). For adults who do not possess sufficient skills, this lack could thus act as a barrier, preventing them from participating. ...
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