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Perception and Acceptance of Padlet as a Microblogging Platform for Writing Skills

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Perception and Acceptance of Padlet as a Microblogging Platform for Writing Skills

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This research is intended to answer the question, how are the students' perceptions of internet technology in learning and how is the acceptance of Padlet as a microblogging platform for writing skills in German language level A2-B1 CEFR standards for the student. In summary, 21 students within the range of 19-22 years participated, which consisted of 2 males and 19 females - data obtained through opened and closed questionnaires. The results of data analysis showed that students had positive perceptions using internet technology in learning. However, students cannot accept Padlet as a microblogging platform in learning German writing skills due to several factors that influence it. This research has an essential finding: before conducting online learning, lecturers have to consider internet availability and the adequacy of reviews to their smartphones as a learning infrastructure.</p
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Short PaperPerception and Acceptance of Padlet as a Microblogging Platform for Writing Skills
Perception and Acceptance of Padlet as a Microblogging
Platform for Writing Skills
https://doi.org/10.3991/ijim.v14i13.14493
M. Kharis (), Cut Nyak Dameria
Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, Indonesia
m.kharis.fs@um.ac.id
Martin Ebner
Graz University of Technology, Graz, Austria
AbstractThis research is intended to answer the question, how are the stu-
dents' perceptions of internet technology in learning and how is the acceptanceof
Padletas a microblogging platform for writing skills in German language level
A2-B1 CEFR standards for the student. In summary, 21 students within the range
of 19-22 years participated, whichconsisted of 2 males and 19 females- data ob-
tained through opened and closed questionnaires. The results of data analysis
showed that students had positive perceptions using internet technology in learn-
ing. However, students cannot accept Padlet as a microblogging platform in
learning German writing skills due to several factors that influence it. This re-
search has an essential finding: before conducting online learning, lecturers have
to consider internet availability and the adequacy of reviews to their smartphones
as a learning infrastructure.
KeywordsPerception, acceptance, Padlet , microblogging, writing skills
1 Introduction
The use of technology as one of the learning media has been widely implemented in
education. It is essential to implement Information and Communication Technology
(ICT) in the teaching-learning process because internet technology has great potential
to revolutionize the learning process in academic institutions [1]. Technology can sup-
port the teaching process in the classroom. Internet as a technology of Information and
communication facilitate students to improve their learning outcomes. Jones, in his
research, found that internet use changed the way for most students to interact with
other people [2] and information while undergoing their studies.
There are student’s perceptions of the use of the internet as a learning medium. Their
perception determines the importance of the internet and how often they access it to get
information [3]. Nowadays, many students use the internet to access lecture material.
Students with a positive perception of the internet use it as a source of information. In
other words, those who have the skills to operate technology can keep up with
globalization, especially in the field of education. Shuell & Farber suggest that student's
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Short PaperPerception and Acceptance of Padlet as a Microblogging Platform for Writing Skills
perceptions of the use of technology can be interconnected, so it is found that students'
perceptions depend on how technology is used [4]. Students who actively use
technology have a positive perception of technology, while less active students could
have obstacles. The use of internet-based media can be a constraint if resources do not
have a sufficient understanding of their use [5].
One form of utilizing internet technology is microblogging, which can be a medium
for learning to write. Students generally prefer methods that are fun and practical. Sim-
ilar to the use of media for education, microblogging is one of the most successful in-
novations in the Web 2.0 era [6]. Research work by Ebner et al. has revealed that mi-
croblogging media can be viewed as an informally convenient form of communication
outside the classroom [6], and improve critical thinking skills as well as evaluation
skills [7]. Besides, microblogging is an activity to convey aspirations and stages in
communicating using application assistance and internet access [8].
One application that has a microblogging platform is Padlet, an online virtual bulle-
tin board, where students and lecturers can collaborate, reflect, and share links and im-
ages on a platform [9]. The application Padlet has two forms, i.e., desktop with pc and
with smartphone/mobile device as a social media. In this study, students use
smartphones to get writing assignments, do writing assignments, and interact with other
students, because the use of social media increases collaborative learning, supporting
student learning, and simplifying the teaching and learning process [10]. Padlet allows
users to create hidden pages with a URL, so only individual lecturers and students have
access to the page. This is the advantage of Padlet as one of the learning media because
using Padlet in instruction offered a non-threatening space for gathering and restoring
collaborative classroom work [11]. With Padlet, the teacher can create and moderate
posts, delete posts, and manage the page freely. This provides an opportunity for lec-
turers and students to use Padlet as a means of learning and communication academi-
cally, in this case, as a microblogging platform. Previous research has shown that the
use of Padlet can increase student grades, foster interest in learning [7], motivate stu-
dents to address the subject effectively and to engage in the completion of classes [12],
and improve student writing achievement [13]. In addition, students give a positive at-
titude towards Padlet as a medium of learning [14].
Based on the explanation above, it is known that the use of Padlet could have a
positive influence on students in the learning process. However, is the use of Padlet in
the learning process acceptable? So far, there have been many studies on the use of
mobile learning, such as application-based and web-based, but how do students accept
the use of learning applications or online learning? Thus, this study seeks to answer the
question, how are students' perceptions of internet technology and Padlet's acceptance
as a microblogging platform for writing skills? What is the student's attitude toward the
assignment? This research needs to be done because the use of Padlet should be directly
proportional to acceptance [15] and also their satisfaction in using it [16].
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Short PaperPerception and Acceptance of Padlet as a Microblogging Platform for Writing Skills
2 Methodology of Research
This research used a descriptive qualitative approach and was conducted to students
of the German Language Education Study Program Universitas Negeri Malang. The
Students have Geman competences at the A2-B1 level CEFR standard. Sources of data
were obtained from Aufsatz II class students, totaling 21 students, consisting of 2 men
and 19 women, with a range of ages 19-21 years. Primary data were obtained from a
questionnaire in the form of students' perceptions of Padlet. Secondary data in the form
of students' attitudes towards writing assignments were obtained from questionnaires,
text written by students, and metadata from the Padlet. The research procedure starts
from giving a tutorial on the Padlet platform and giving writing assignments through
Padlet, and finally, students fill out a questionnaire. Primary data were analyzed using
a Likert scale, while content analysis techniques analyzed secondary data and described
by descriptive analysis techniques.
3 Results of Research
3.1 Student attitudes toward use of padlets in writing activities
Students get the writing task essays two times with different themes. In the first as-
signment, the theme of the essay was Kommentare schreiben (writing comments), and
the second theme was Unterhaltung am Wochenende (entertainment on weekends).
Each writing assignment uses the outline guidelines, called Leitpunkte. With this frame-
work, students write texts.
After getting a writing assignment, students upload text, photos, videos, and other
files into the Padlet platform, while other students can comment on each other writing.
There are no time restrictions for uploading essays and commenting. Comments
provided on the forum by students may be in the form of queries, statements, or other
non-linguistic comments. Thus, communication and interaction between students are
expected to be created.
The next phase is filling in a questionnaire about using the Padlet platform in writing
skills. The following is data about students perceptions about the internet:
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Short PaperPerception and Acceptance of Padlet as a Microblogging Platform for Writing Skills
Fig. 1. Display screen as a teacher
Fig. 2. Display screen as student
Table 1. Student’s Perceptions of Internet Technology
Nr.
Statement
A
D
1.
The internet has a great potential idea as a learning medium
4
2.
The internet can provide online learning activities
6
3.
Learning to use the internet can be positive for me
14
4.
Being skilled at using the internet can improve my academic qualifi-
cations
8
If the statement strongly agrees (SA) and agrees (A) is interpreted as a positive re-
sponse, and disagree (D) and strongly disagrees (SD) is interpreted as a negative re-
sponse, it can be seen that all respondents have positive responses about the internet.
Students think that the internet has great potential as a learning medium. Students
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Short PaperPerception and Acceptance of Padlet as a Microblogging Platform for Writing Skills
believe that the internet can provide online learning activities, and learning to use the
internet can be positive. Besides, the use of the internet can improve the academic qual-
ity of students.
Next, in the following table, students' experiences in using the internet in the form
of blogs are presented in any platform for writing skills.
Table 2. Experience using the internet
Nr.
Statement
Score
SA
A
D
SD
1.
I once made a blog
6
13
2
2.
The experience with Padlet was my positive experience
4
15
2
3.
I read and comment on blogs belonging to another friend
3
4
13
1
4.
The blog helps me to connect with other students
1
17
3
5.
Thanks to blogging, I read more other previous research on the
topic I'm working on
5
11
5
6.
Thanks to blogging, my interaction with other students in this class
has increased
1
12
7
1
3.2 Student attitudes toward use of padlet in writing activities
The activeness of students in providing comments in this study was classified into
two, namely academic and non-academic comments. The attitude of students towards
the use of Padlet in writing skills, seen in the description below:
In the first question, how often during respondents using blogs for academic pur-
poses, 15% of respondents stated never, 15% of respondents stated very rarely, 70%
stated rarely. Meanwhile, in the second question, how often during respondents using
blogs for non-academic purposes as many as 25% of respondents stated never, 15% of
respondents stated very rarely, 50% of respondents stated rarely, and 10% of respond-
ents stated quite often. These results indicate that most students do not use blogs, both
for academic and non-academic purposes.
The results of writing German are as follows, based on the analysis of the words
count in the text.
Table 3. Average number of words in the essay
Nr.
Theme
Average
1.
Kommentare schreiben(write comments)
154
2.
Unterhaltung am Wochenende (entertainment on weekends)
104
4 Discussion
A study on the use of m-learning in different gender, ages, social and cultural influ-
ence needs to be reported because that may act as barriers to its implementation [17].
In this study, students of the Department of German Literature, State University of Ma-
lang, have a positive perception of internet use, in this case, the use of blogs by stu-
dents. This reinforces Sudiran's research results, which show that students have a posi-
tive perception of the use of the internet as a learning medium [3]. Indeed the use of the
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Short PaperPerception and Acceptance of Padlet as a Microblogging Platform for Writing Skills
internet by students in academic activities has a positive influence because of its ease
in finding learning material that can support students to prepare themselves for learning
[1].
In addition, most students also have experience in creating blogs, both for academic
and non-academic purposes. Most students are also interested in reading other student
blogs. Students claimed that they are connected with other students and thanked blog-
ging activities.
However, students' perceptions and experiences about using blogs for academic pur-
poses are not directly proportional to the attitude shown in doing writing assignments.
The results of the data analytics show that in the second assignment, the average number
of words has fallen from 154 to 104 characters. These findings confirmed the research
results conducted by Deni and Zainal that showed that Padlet's positive image as a
learning tool did not affect student use rate [18].
In addition, there are other obstacles that students have regarding the use of Padlets,
including internet networks and phone devices that do not support them, because the
use of outdated smartphones will contribute to a slow loading of menus, which can
respond to students not unwilling to use Padlet as a writing tool [19]. The use of inter-
net-based media must consider the availability of internet networks and technological
limitations. Otherwise, it will become an obstacle. This is as expressed by Lujan-Mora
& de Juana-Espinosa that the use of technology-based media is often constrained by
internet access, computer specifications that do not support, and the lack of user
knowledge of technology [5].
5 Conclusion
Based on the results of the study, it can be inferred that the students' have a positive
perception of the use of technology in learning German. However, students do not ac-
cept Padlet as a learning medium. This opposite the different viewpoints and attitudes
about using Padlet. This research is expected to be a reference and source of similar
study or research on Padlet. The subsequent analysis is expected to dig more profound
benefits of Padlet in the learning process, especially learning to write.
6 Acknowledgement
Prof. Dr. Martin Ebner, Head of Department, OU Educational Technology, Graz
University of Technology, Austria, is pleased to be of great appreciation to the authors
for the contribution made to this study. In addition, the authors thank the Faculty of
letters of Universitas Negeri Malang for funding this work.
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Short PaperPerception and Acceptance of Padlet as a Microblogging Platform for Writing Skills
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8 Authors
M. Kharis is a lecturer for the German language in the German Department, Uni-
versitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia, Jl. Semarang 5, Malang 65145. He teaches the
courses Writing and Media for German Language Learning.
Cut Nyak Dameria, is a student at the German language in the German Department,
Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia, Jl. Semarang 5, Malang 65145. She has the Ger-
man language competences level B2 CEFR.
Martin Ebner is a researcher in the field of seamless learning, open educational
resources, learning analytics, making and computer science for children. He is now
Head of Department, OU Educational Technology, Graz University of Technology,
Rechbauerstraße 12, 8010 Graz, Austria.
Article submitted 2020-03-31. Resubmitted 2020-06-14. Final acceptance 2020-06-18. Final version pub-
lished as submitted by the authors.
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