For software-defined networking (SDN) systems, to enhance the scalability and reliability of control plane, existing solutions adopt either multi-controller design with static switch-controller associations, or static control devolution by delegating certain request processing back to switches. Such solutions can fall short in face of temporal variations of request traffics, incurring considerable local computation costs on switches and their communication costs to controllers. So far, it still remains an open problem to develop a joint online scheme that conducts dynamic switch-controller association and dynamic control devolution. In addition, the fundamental benefits of predictive scheduling to SDN systems still remain unexplored. In this paper, we identify the non-trivial trade-off in such a joint design and formulate a stochastic network optimization problem that aims to minimize time-averaged total system costs and ensure long-term queue stability. By exploiting the unique problem structure, we devise a predictive online switch-controller association and control devolution (POSCAD) scheme, which solves the problem through a series of online distributed decision making. Theoretical analysis shows that without prediction, POSCAD can achieve near-optimal total system costs with a tunable trade-off for queue stability. With prediction, POSCAD can achieve even better performance with shorter latencies. We conduct extensive simulations to evaluate POSCAD. Notably, with mild-value of future information, POSCAD incurs a significant reduction in request latencies, even when faced with prediction errors.