Article

Sources and Streams of Electronic Waste

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Abstract

Within one or two decades, the mass of electronic devices discarded by consumers could exceed 100 million tons annually. Yet, far more pollution and waste arise “upstream” during the mining for and manufacturing of electronics. Avoiding and reducing pollution and waste must begin long before consumers have their devices in hand.

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... The continuous demand of raw material (for example, heavy and rare earth metals) imposes pressure on natural resources and their sustainability severely (Dudka and Adriano 1997;Haque et al. 2014). The majority of CO 2 equivalent emissions arise when new products are produced from the raw material as compared to the case when recycled material is used (Lepawsky 2020). The carbon intensity per kilowatt-hour (CIPK) can be further reduced, if one uses optimized carbon-intensive process. ...
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Flows of selected materials associated with world copper smelting
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Europe has e-waste problems: exporting to Africa isn't one of them
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Total releases by chemical (lbs): data for Toxic Release Inventory data for ''computers and electronic products
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Lepawsky, J. (2017). Total releases by chemical (lbs): data for Toxic Release Inventory data for ''computers and electronic products,'' 1991-2015. Tableau, May 16, 2017. https:// public.tableau.com/profile/josh.lepawsky#!/ vizhome/Tableau-ComputersElectronics-National-PollutionPreventionSearchResults EnvirofactsUSEPA/Releases_ByChemical Name.
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  • Gray-Cosgrove