Over the last twelve years, Bangladesh has made notable success in health and economic sectors that led to a visible reduction of infant and child mortality, maternal mortality and avoidable blindness and improvement in its newborn care. Global evidence suggests that enhancing the capacity to deliver maternal, newborn, child health, eye care services, reducing maternal, child mortality, and ... [Show full abstract] increasing access to quality health services have played leading roles in preventing avoidable childhood blindness.
Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) remains one of the leading preventable causes of blindness in children in the developing world. ROP is considered as a disease associated with preterm birth. The preterm babies are at high-risk of developing ROP, and very low birth weight triggers that risk. ROP affects the children who are premature or low birthweight or have recognized conditions of vulnerability, greatly threatening their future visual health and leading to substantial consequences across the life cycle. The effective management for the prevention of avoidable ROP blindness requires a multi-sectoral approach that encompasses relevant guidelines, policies, timely screening and treatment programs, and awareness among and active involvement of neonatologists, nurses, ophthalmologists, maternal health and public health experts, and parents across the cascade of healthcare services.