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The new complex variable defined as “precursive time” able to correlate general relativity (GR) and quantum field theory (QFT) in a single principle was characterized. The thesis was elaborated according to a hypothesis coherent with the “Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity”, making use of a new mathematical-topological variety called “time-space” developed on the properties of the hypersphere and explained mathematically through the quaternion of Hurwitz-Lipschitz algebra.

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In this paper, a new complex variable defined as “precursive time” able to correlate general relativity (GR) and quantum field theory (QFT) in a single principle was characterized. The thesis was elaborated according to a hypothesis coherent with the “Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity”, making use of a new mathematical-topological variety called “time-space” developed on the properties of the hypersphere and explained mathematically through the quaternion of Hurwitz-Lipschitz algebra. In this publication we pay attention to the interaction between the weak nuclear force theory (EWT) and the nuclear mass of the Standard Model.

In the last decade, the need to arrive at a Grand Unification Theory (GUT) has become more and more pressing, being able to open a new matter and universe knowledge. However, the difficulty arises from the fact that new particle discovery shall not resolve the conflict between the various main forces; that is the gravitation and quantum-relativistic theories. It is evident that new players must enter the scene together with extraordinary innovations from a conceptual point of view as they had already been shown in history when the revolutionary Newton and Einstein theories came into the scene. The study presents an attempt to make a connection between quantum1 [1] physics and relativistic theories2 [2] through the introduction of a new item from the peculiar concept of “precursive time”. The analysis was carried out starting from the plausible hypothesis that the time component is the subject of “curvature” as a result of the interaction. For the representation of the model, the geometry of the hypersphere has been applied, which resolves correlations between the imaginary temporal level, devoid of vector coordinates, and the four-dimensional M4 hplane.

The nature of consciousness, the mechanism by which it occurs in the brain, and its ultimate place in the universe are unknown. We proposed in the mid 1990's that consciousness depends on biologically 'orchestrated' coherent quantum processes in collections of microtubules within brain neurons, that these quantum processes correlate with, and regulate, neuronal synaptic and membrane activity, and that the continuous Schrödinger evolution of each such process terminates in accordance with the specific Diósi-Penrose (DP) scheme of 'objective reduction' ('OR') of the quantum state. This orchestrated OR activity ('Orch OR') is taken to result in moments of conscious awareness and/or choice. The DP form of OR is related to the fundamentals of quantum mechanics and space-time geometry, so Orch OR suggests that there is a connection between the brain's biomolecular processes and the basic structure of the universe. Here we review Orch OR in light of criticisms and developments in quantum biology, neuroscience, physics and cosmology. We also introduce a novel suggestion of 'beat frequencies' of faster microtubule vibrations as a possible source of the observed electro-encephalographic ('EEG') correlates of consciousness. We conclude that consciousness plays an intrinsic role in the universe.

A student usually first meets power series through an infinite geometric progression, having previously considered finite geometric progressions. In this note we consider a variation of this introductory material which involves the Fibonacci numbers. This necessarily poses various questions, e.g. ’When does the series converge and, if so, what is the sum?’. However, there is one further intriguing question that is natural to ask, and this leads to some interesting mathematics. All of this is appropriate for sixth formers, either for classroom discussion or as an exercise.

CONTENTS Introduction Chapter I. Classification of simply-connected topological four-dimensional manifolds § 1. Intersection forms of four-dimensional manifolds § 2. The Pontryagin-Whitehead and Novikov-Wall theorems § 3. Handle body theory. The h-cobordism theorem § 4. Casson handles § 5. Geometric control theorem. Casson handle design § 6. Freedman's theorem and its corollaries § 7. Classification of simply-connected topological four-dimensional manifolds Chapter II. Geometric methods § 1. Gauge fields and Donaldson's theorem § 2. Construction of cobordism § 3. Further results § 4. Floer homology References

Soit X une u-variete compacte reguliere simplement connexe orientee avec la propriete que la forme associee Q est definie positive. Alors cette forme est equivalente, sur les entiers, a la forme diagonale standard, soit dans une base: Q(u 1 ,u 2 ,...u 2 )=u 2 1 +u 2 2 +...+u 2 2