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Abstract

This perspective calls for building greater understanding of the role that entrepreneurship plays in addressing the challenges to resource and waste management imposed by COVID-19. We contend that researchers and practitioners need to recognize that entrepreneurs are important change agents who will help in the transition to a more sustainable and circular economy. We present challenges as well as opportunities to address this gap with the goal to foster future research.

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... Crises, especially the ones we are facing now, have a significant financial and human cost, by blocking assets and human capital, causing a significant social and economic dislocation. However, these dynamics can create premises for the disruption from which new business models emerge [1,2]. ...
... In this train of thought, authors such as [2] have pointed out that this crisis can lead to a more lasting transformation of the way we live, work, and run businesses, a change in which entrepreneurs will play a significant role. The current crisis enables entrepreneurs to build new opportunities, by getting them involved in the very essence and main guidelines of viable capabilities and their management [2]. ...
... In this train of thought, authors such as [2] have pointed out that this crisis can lead to a more lasting transformation of the way we live, work, and run businesses, a change in which entrepreneurs will play a significant role. The current crisis enables entrepreneurs to build new opportunities, by getting them involved in the very essence and main guidelines of viable capabilities and their management [2]. ...
Article
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This paper aims at identifying the entrepreneurial opportunities for establishing innovative startups during and post COVID-19 crisis. To reach this goal, we conducted an exploratory study based on semi-structured interviews with 168 students who intend to involve themselves in entrepreneurship in their future career. The research started from the debates in literature regarding the huge negative impact of the COVID-19 crisis on economic development, which can jeopardize the achievement of United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. The research findings confirm the results of other studies regarding the vulnerability of startups during crises, the reason why they have to refocus on innovative businesses, especially based on information and communication technology (ICT). Such businesses are considered incentives of sustainable development. Other ideas highlighted the importance of social entrepreneurship for the management of startups. It means that startups should develop strong relationships with employees but also with other stakeholders, like companies in the same industry, the public sector, academia, and citizens. In addition, changing the business culture aiming at developing green business could be an inexpensive solution for developing a sustainable entrepreneurial ecosystem. These empirical results have implications for both business and the academic environment, which should cooperate in order to overcome the crisis. Such an approach could be used in the long run in order to manage other crises and to develop sustainable business.
... The COVID-19 outbreak has brought about serious crises in various sectors, including but not limited to the economy (Aktar et al., 2021), healthcare (Suresh et al., 2022), financial markets , businesses (Filimonau, 2020;Neumeyer et al., 2020), supply and demand chains (Aktar et al., 2021;IEA, 2020a). It has been reportedly shown that people's consumption patterns have begun to change during this period (Ikiz et al., 2021;Qian et al., 2020), and more importantly, the trend of waste generation has experienced different patterns (Benson et al., 2021;Filho et al., 2021). ...
... The viewpoints were important, hence later discussed in another short survey conducted by Mohammad et al. (2021). In one perspective paper, Neumeyer et al. (2020) presented the entrepreneurial waste management challenges imposed by . Generally, about 10% of these documents briefly presented the perspectives of waste management in the form of notes, short surveys, or letters. ...
... These actions just can temporarily revive the waste-to-material industry. At the same time, the circular economy approach needs to be followed to maintain recycling, reuse, and reduction in the post-Covoid-19 era and even during other pandemics (Carenbauer, 2021;Neumeyer et al., 2020;Pikoń et al., 2021;Rada et al., 2020) and becomes a "business as usual". Sharma et al. (2021) suggested using the COVID-19 response fund to facilitate the transition to full acceptance of the circular economy approach. ...
Article
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The world has been grappling with the crisis of the COVID-19 pandemic for more than a year. Various sectors have been affected by COVID-19 and its consequences. The waste management system is one of the sectors affected by such unpredictable pandemics. The experience of COVID-19 proved that adaptability to such pandemics and the post-pandemic era had become a necessity in waste management systems and this requires an accurate understanding of the challenges that have been arising. The accurate information and data from most countries severely affected by the pandemic are not still available to identify the key challenges during and post-COVID-19. The documented evidence from literature has been collected and the attempt has been made to summarise the arising challenges and the lessons learned. This review covers all raised challenges concerning the various aspects of the waste management system from generation to final disposal (i.e., generation, storage, collection, transportation, processing, and burial of waste). The necessities and opportunities are recognized for increasing flexibility and adaptability in waste management systems. The four basic pillars are enumerated to adapt the waste management system to the COVID-19 pandemic and post-COVID-19 conditions. Striving to support and implement a circular economy is one of its basic strategies.
... 'The emergence of COVID-19 has brought unprecedented turbulence to the societal and economic systems around the world …(and) no industry sector has remained unaffected' (Neumeyer et al., 2020). Yet, "most policy initiatives protect the building blocks of their linear economies -established corporations and their supply chains, financial markets, or existing industries -sidelining waste management and resource concerns, (creating) challenges (that) fuel ongoing conversations ... about the post-COVID 19 reprogramming of our linear economy towards a more circular one… (where) entrepreneurs can play a vital role" (Neumeyer et al., 2020). ...
... 'The emergence of COVID-19 has brought unprecedented turbulence to the societal and economic systems around the world …(and) no industry sector has remained unaffected' (Neumeyer et al., 2020). Yet, "most policy initiatives protect the building blocks of their linear economies -established corporations and their supply chains, financial markets, or existing industries -sidelining waste management and resource concerns, (creating) challenges (that) fuel ongoing conversations ... about the post-COVID 19 reprogramming of our linear economy towards a more circular one… (where) entrepreneurs can play a vital role" (Neumeyer et al., 2020). "The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed businesses and societies to the shortfalls of normal patterns of production, consumption, and their long-lasting impact on supply chains" (Nadia et al., 2020) . ...
... On other words, "under the collective experience of the covid-19 pandemic, there has never been a more salient time to consider how the circular economy could be translated into reality -a new normal -when economies begin to pick up again"( Haigh & Bäunker, 2020). According to Neumeyer et al.( 2020) "researchers and practitioners need to recognize that entrepreneurs are important change agents who can help in the transition to a more sustainable and circular economy", as 'entrepreneurial ecosystems play an important role in the foundation and growth of enterprises and determine the long-term prospects of regional development and sustainable urban development (Neumeyer et al., 2020). Entrepreneurship is needed to fill gaps and build bridges to take CE from theory to practice. ...
Article
Full-text available
Circular Economy is considered by many as a promising approach for achieving economic, social, and environmental sustainability, simultaneously on the ground, in short, and long terms, and so saving the planet, the business, and people's livelihood. Covid-19 pandemic and shutdown of businesses, demolishing of social lifestyle beyond recognition, with approval or non-resistance of almost everyone, have shown an extreme example of how much drastic changes are possible, and overnight, without a ratified five-year plan, or social unrest, at least at the first month. This paper reviews recently published articles (in 2020) that are looking at impacts related to Circular Economy implementation, opportunities, and lost ones, for public and private organizations, with a focus on SMEs, during the Covid-19 Pandemic, which started globally in February 2020 and still ongoing. SMEs are very important for any economy, and they can be an irreplaceable player at crises times for instance to provide jobs, provide the link between polices and people and to feed the nation. SMEs however are small by definition, with small budget and staff, and less access to bank loans and also, they are more vulnerable to shutdown and movement restrictions. The research main question is how can SMEs be enabled to play their vital role in getting nations through the crises, understanding current impacts and opportunities for pushing towards a greener and more sustainable development. A systematic review focused on environmental impacts of the pandemic and showed conflicting findings. Economic and social impacts were also reviewed. The different impacts mentioned in different literatures were discussed and compared. This paper discusses the role played by SMEs in national economies, the strength and weakness of SMEs and impacts on them by the Pandemic and also potential for them to be part of the solution for their countries in relevance to their strength, weaknesses and potential. The paper concludes with recommendations reviewed from the different studies that took place on 2020 in diverse places globally, for how SMEs can contribute in supporting Circular Economy and
... 'The emergence of COVID-19 has brought unprecedented turbulence to the societal and economic systems around the world …(and) no industry sector has remained unaffected' (Neumeyer et al., 2020). Yet, "most policy initiatives protect the building blocks of their linear economies -established corporations and their supply chains, financial markets, or existing industries -sidelining waste management and resource concerns, (creating) challenges (that) fuel ongoing conversations ... about the post-COVID 19 reprogramming of our linear economy towards a more circular one… (where) entrepreneurs can play a vital role" (Neumeyer et al., 2020). ...
... 'The emergence of COVID-19 has brought unprecedented turbulence to the societal and economic systems around the world …(and) no industry sector has remained unaffected' (Neumeyer et al., 2020). Yet, "most policy initiatives protect the building blocks of their linear economies -established corporations and their supply chains, financial markets, or existing industries -sidelining waste management and resource concerns, (creating) challenges (that) fuel ongoing conversations ... about the post-COVID 19 reprogramming of our linear economy towards a more circular one… (where) entrepreneurs can play a vital role" (Neumeyer et al., 2020). "The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed businesses and societies to the shortfalls of normal patterns of production, consumption, and their long-lasting impact on supply chains"(Nadia et al., 2020) . ...
... On other words, "under the collective experience of the covid-19 pandemic, there has never been a more salient time to consider how the circular economy could be translated into reality -a new normal -when economies begin to pick up again"( Haigh & Bäunker, 2020). According to Neumeyer et al.( 2020) "researchers and practitioners need to recognize that entrepreneurs are important change agents who can help in the transition to a more sustainable and circular economy", as 'entrepreneurial ecosystems play an important role in the foundation and growth of enterprises and determine the long-term prospects of regional development and sustainable urban development (Neumeyer et al., 2020). Entrepreneurship is needed to fill gaps and build bridges to take CE from theory to practice. ...
... The utilization of hand sanitizers has risen dramatically as well. Personal protective kits, gloves, and face masks have emerged as important safety precautions during the continuing epidemic (Neumeyer et al. 2020). ...
... In almost every location where people live, disinfectants such as hypochlorous acids, sodium hypochlorite, and chlorine are utilized in large quantities (Kumar et al. 2020;Capoor and Parida 2021). In addition, the excessive usage of antibiotics, disinfectants, anti-bacterial hand sanitizers, and soaps during the COVID-19 pandemic will raise the concentration of these pharmaceutical and personal care products and other emerging pollutants in the discharged wastewater effluent from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), posing great threats to the aquatic life and ecosystems (Neumeyer et al. 2020;Rugani and Caro 2020). The extraordinary use of pharmaceuticals (e.g., antibiotics, disinfectants) and personal care products (e.g., anti-bacterial soaps and hand-sanitizers), which contains triclocarban (anti-bacterial) and triclosan (fungicide) (Du et al. 2019;Patel et al. 2019;Brennecke et al. 2020), will noticeably increase their concentrations in the WWTP influent and effluent. ...
... Many countries, particularly Australia, are grappling with the disposal of used personal protective equipment (PPE) composed of non-biodegradable plastics that really can take hundreds of years to degrade in the environment. According to the current study's estimates, in the first and second waves of the pandemic in Victoria, approximately 104-160 tons of the users' face masks were manufactured daily (Neumeyer et al. 2020). During the 2nd wave of the epidemic in Victoria, the respective mobility patterns of public transportation hubs, retail and entertainment venues, and workplaces decreased by 85, 83, and 76%, respectively, when contrasted to the period of 5 weeks between January 3 and February 6, 2020. ...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic not only has caused a global health crisis but also has significant environmental consequences. Although many studies are confirming the short-term improvements in air quality in several countries across the world, the long-term negative consequences outweigh all the claimed positive impacts. As a result, this review highlights the positive and the long-term negative environmental effects of the COVID-19 pandemic by evaluating the scientific literature. Remarkable reduction in the levels of CO (3 − 65%), NO2 (17 − 83%), NOx (24 − 47%), PM2.5 (22 − 78%), PM10 (23 − 80%), and VOCs (25 − 57%) was observed during the lockdown across the world. However, according to this review, the pandemic put enormous strain on the present waste collection and treatment system, resulting in ineffective waste management practices, damaging the environment. The extensive usage of face masks increased the release of microplastics/nanoplastics (183 to 1247 particles piece⁻¹) and organic pollutants in land and water bodies. Furthermore, the significant usages of anti-bacterial hand sanitizers, disinfectants, and pharmaceuticals have increased the accumulation of various toxic emerging contaminants (e.g., triclocarban, triclosan, bisphenol-A, hydroxychloroquine) in the treated sludge/biosolids and discharged wastewater effluent, posing great threats to the ecosystems. This review also suggests strategies to create long-term environmental advantages. Thermochemical conversions of solid wastes including medical wastes and for treated wastewater sludge/biosolids offer several advantages through recovering the resources and energy and stabilizing/destructing the toxins/contaminants and microplastics in the precursors.
... 'The emergence of COVID-19 has brought unprecedented turbulence to the societal and economic systems around the world …(and) no industry sector has remained unaffected' (Neumeyer et al., 2020). Yet, "most policy initiatives protect the building blocks of their linear economies -established corporations and their supply chains, financial markets, or existing industries -sidelining waste management and resource concerns, (creating) challenges (that) fuel ongoing conversations ... about the post-COVID 19 reprogramming of our linear economy towards a more circular one… (where) entrepreneurs can play a vital role" (Neumeyer et al., 2020). ...
... 'The emergence of COVID-19 has brought unprecedented turbulence to the societal and economic systems around the world …(and) no industry sector has remained unaffected' (Neumeyer et al., 2020). Yet, "most policy initiatives protect the building blocks of their linear economies -established corporations and their supply chains, financial markets, or existing industries -sidelining waste management and resource concerns, (creating) challenges (that) fuel ongoing conversations ... about the post-COVID 19 reprogramming of our linear economy towards a more circular one… (where) entrepreneurs can play a vital role" (Neumeyer et al., 2020). "The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed businesses and societies to the shortfalls of normal patterns of production, consumption, and their long-lasting impact on supply chains"(Nadia et al., 2020) . ...
... On other words, "under the collective experience of the covid-19 pandemic, there has never been a more salient time to consider how the circular economy could be translated into reality -a new normal -when economies begin to pick up again"( Haigh & Bäunker, 2020). According to Neumeyer et al.( 2020) "researchers and practitioners need to recognize that entrepreneurs are important change agents who can help in the transition to a more sustainable and circular economy", as 'entrepreneurial ecosystems play an important role in the foundation and growth of enterprises and determine the long-term prospects of regional development and sustainable urban development (Neumeyer et al., 2020). Entrepreneurship is needed to fill gaps and build bridges to take CE from theory to practice. ...
... 'The emergence of COVID-19 has brought unprecedented turbulence to the societal and economic systems around the world …(and) no industry sector has remained unaffected' (Neumeyer et al., 2020). Yet, "most policy initiatives protect the building blocks of their linear economies -established corporations and their supply chains, financial markets, or existing industries -sidelining waste management and resource concerns, (creating) challenges (that) fuel ongoing conversations ... about the post-COVID 19 reprogramming of our linear economy towards a more circular one… (where) entrepreneurs can play a vital role" (Neumeyer et al., 2020). ...
... 'The emergence of COVID-19 has brought unprecedented turbulence to the societal and economic systems around the world …(and) no industry sector has remained unaffected' (Neumeyer et al., 2020). Yet, "most policy initiatives protect the building blocks of their linear economies -established corporations and their supply chains, financial markets, or existing industries -sidelining waste management and resource concerns, (creating) challenges (that) fuel ongoing conversations ... about the post-COVID 19 reprogramming of our linear economy towards a more circular one… (where) entrepreneurs can play a vital role" (Neumeyer et al., 2020). "The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed businesses and societies to the shortfalls of normal patterns of production, consumption, and their long-lasting impact on supply chains"(Nadia et al., 2020) . ...
... On other words, "under the collective experience of the covid-19 pandemic, there has never been a more salient time to consider how the circular economy could be translated into reality -a new normal -when economies begin to pick up again"( Haigh & Bäunker, 2020). According to Neumeyer et al.( 2020) "researchers and practitioners need to recognize that entrepreneurs are important change agents who can help in the transition to a more sustainable and circular economy", as 'entrepreneurial ecosystems play an important role in the foundation and growth of enterprises and determine the long-term prospects of regional development and sustainable urban development (Neumeyer et al., 2020). Entrepreneurship is needed to fill gaps and build bridges to take CE from theory to practice. ...
Article
Full-text available
International Journal of Youth Economy- Volume 5 - Issue 1 (2021)
... The current pandemic becomes an opportunity to improve them through CE, enabled by blockchain technology. In this way, sustainability becomes a competitive advantage for firms that seek to remain in the market in the current crisis since the COVID-19 outbreak has prompted firms to design new goods and services through the efficient use of resources and adequate waste management [9,10]. In the same sense, Ref. [32] indicates that due to the lockdown measures implemented during the COVID-19 outbreak, the energy sector has experienced a significant contraction, except for renewable energy consumption, which increased by 3%; specifically, this has been seen in renewable bioenergy, which is has a circular focus with zero waste. ...
... Second, COVID-19 generated a situation of uncertainty in the firm performance, which causes firm managers to have greater doubts when it comes to adapting the firm to apply CE in its production processes since it is required of a significant investment which becomes riskier in the middle of a pandemic as suggested by [64]. Thus, the results obtained in this study are contrary to those found by the author of Ref. [9], who mentions that the COVID-19 outbreak has been the driving force for firms to design new products and improve waste management by adopting CE. ...
Article
Full-text available
The degradation of the environment is associated with economic activity, particularly with the linear way in which the economy does not make efficient use of resources. However, the circular economy is opposed to this linear paradigm, since it makes the most of the resources in trying to achieve zero waste. In this context, this study investigates the relationship between industry 4.0 technologies, COVID-19 outbreak, environmental regulation policies and circular economy practices. A questionnaire is designed to collect information from 214 big and private manufacturing firms in Ecuador, and subsequently, through CB-SEM, the information is processed, and the study paths are validated. The results suggest that industry 4.0 technologies and environmental regulation policies are driving circular economy practices during the pandemic. The study finds no evidence favoring COVID-19 being a determining factor in the adoption of the circular economy. The results provide a policy framework for the adoption of a circular economy.
... Another important issue is food waste management enhancement which is crucial during pandemic (Aldaco et al., 2020;Jribi et al., 2020;Morone & Imbert, 2020;Neumeyer et al., 2020). ...
... Urban-rural partnerships, improved legal regulations of labor, international trade regulations can be good example. Aldaco et al., 2020;Barichello, 2020;Bhavani & Gopinath, 2020;Bisht et al., 2020;Bochtis et al., 2020;Boughton et al., 2020;Cortignani et al., 2020;Diesner, 2020;Jribi et al., 2020;Laborde et al., 2020aLaborde et al., , 2020bMartin, 2020;Naughton, 2020;Neef, 2020;Neumeyer et al., 2020;Patrinley et al., 2020;Sukhwani et al., 2020;Zhang et al., 2020a;Zimmer & de Haan, 2020 Economic measures ...
Article
Full-text available
Covid-19 pandemic provided many negative effects on world economies and people around the world. The covid-19 creates many threats to sustainability of agriculture sector which is very sensitive because of food supply security needs. First of all, it is necessary to analyse and comprehend the immediate consequences of current pandemic on agricultural and food systems in order to develop necessary actions. The risks, vulnerability, resilience and systemic shifts of agricultural systems need to be better understood in order to adapt to covid-19 pandemic. The aim of this paper is to analyse the negative impacts of covid-19 on agriculture and food systems by applying vulnerability and resilience approach by treating covid-19 like global disaster. The concepts of ‘vulnerability’, and ‘resilience’ which dominates disaster studies historically initiated after the World War II were applied to systematise literature review. The main input of this paper is systematization and grouping of the main measures to enhance resilience of agriculture systems in the face of covid-19 pandemic based on recent scientific studies published in 2020. The future research guidelines are also provided based on conducted systematic literature review.
... Actualmente, la mayoría de iniciativas de prevención de riesgos laborales y salud ocupacional están orientadas más que todo al personal sanitario, que ha sido uno de los grupos más estudiados (36) , por representar la fuerza laboral más expuesta al virus de Wuhan (37) . No obstante, es importante reconocer la situación de vulnerabilidad que experimentan los empresarios, quienes son reconocidos en el contexto de la economía global como agentes de cambio importantes que pueden ayudar en la transición hacia una economía más sostenible y circular (38) . En suma, los hallazgos descritos sirven como evidencia para impulsar mejoras en la gestión de la salud ocupacional en países en desarrollo como es el caso de Perú, donde urge que los trabajadores independientes no solo tengan adecuadas condiciones y seguridad, sino también gozar de salud mental para poder volver a tener productividad financiera durante la reactivación económica (39) . ...
Article
Full-text available
Objetivo: Determinar si el estrés financiero y miedo a la COVID-19 son predictores del malestar psicológico en pequeños y medianos empresarios peruanos. Material y Métodos: Estudio predictivo y transversal, donde participaron voluntariamente 305 empresarios peruanos de sectores como educación, transporte, infraestructura, comercio, alimentos, automotriz y turismo. Los datos fueron recolectados a través de una escala de estrés financiero, escala de miedo a la COVID-19 y escala de malestar psicológico. Resultados: Los resultados del análisis de regresión múltiple muestran un ajuste adecuado del modelo (Prueba F = 168,842, p < 0,001), donde el estrés financiero (β = 0,48, p < 0,01) y miedo a la COVID-19 (β = 0,31, p < 0,01) son variables que predicen significativamente el malestar psicológico (R2 ajustado = 0,52).
... Studies also exist that point out the fact that the negative economic impact of the Covid 19 virus spreading might have political consequences and give rise to the strengthening of extremist groups and opposition movements and escalate into armed conflicts [9]. A study by Neumeyer et al. [10] on the other hand points out that Covid 19 also represents a great challenge to entrepreneurs and also an opportunity towards a permanently sustainable and circular economy. ...
Article
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This paper briefly analyses the legislation of the state’s liability for the measures adopted in relation to the epidemic of coronavirus in the period of the state of emergency, it especially deals with the state’s liability for damage accrued upon entrepreneurs in a casual relation to the restriction of the right to engage in enterprise. The aim of the paper is to carry out a legal analysis of liability for damage according to the Crisis Act on one hand, and of liability for damage caused by the terminated measures of the state according to the Act referring to the protection of public health, on the other hand. The paper provides a practical guideline for claiming damages and draws attention to the limits of such claims.
... Yang et al. discussed the medical waste disposal measures employed in Wuhan and analyzed the benefits and drawbacks of different measures, suggesting that stationary facilities and municipal incinerators were preferred for medical waste disposal . Sharma et al. argued that the crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic has altered the dynamics of global waste production, and unexpected fluctuations in waste composition and quantities require a dynamic response from policymakers to address gaps in the system (Mohammad et al., 2021;Neumeyer et al., 2020;Sharma et al., 2020). Previous research has primarily targeted the technologies and strategies employed for medical waste disposal during pandemics, but there has been little research on medical waste disposal during major public health emergencies and the impact of pandemics on medical waste management systems due to the lack of data. ...
Article
The global pandemic caused by the 2019 coronavirus (COVID-19) has led to a dramatic increase in medical waste worldwide. This tremendous increase in medical waste is an important transmission medium for the virus and thus poses new and serious challenges to urban medical waste management. This study investigates the response of medical waste management to the COVID-19 pandemic and subsequent changes in Wuhan City based on the most detailed data available, including waste generation, storage, transportation, and disposal. The results show that despite a 5-fold increase in the demand for daily medical waste disposal in the peak period, the quick responses in the storage, transportation, and disposal sectors during the pandemic ensured that all medical waste was disposed of within 24 hours of generation. Furthermore, this paper discusses medical waste management during future emergencies in Wuhan. The ability of the medical waste management system in Wuhan to successfully cope with the rapid increase in medical waste caused by major public health emergencies has important implications for other cities suffering from the pandemic and demonstrates the need to establish resilient medical emergency systems in urban areas.
... Ratten and Jones (2020) explore the connection between entrepreneurship education and COVID-19 for better understanding the future research for study and practice. Neumeyer et al. (2020) addressed the need to develop a deeper understanding of a business's role in orating the resource management and waste management challenges posed by COVID-19. Freytag et al. (2007) addressed some of the issues that business management needs to address regarding information access to function effectively in terms of its role and collaboration with others within the channel. ...
Article
Purpose Startups across all sectors are affected by the COVID-19 pandemic and are facing a formidable challenge in terms of marketing and operations. Most of the startups have experienced a downturn in demand and supply due to COVID-19 led disturbances in sourcing networks. This paper aims to identify, analyze and categorize the significant risks influencing sourcing operations in startups during the COVID-19 era in India, using the total interpretive structural modeling (TISM) approach. Design/methodology/approach Eight enablers were identified through literature review and expert opinions from various startups in India. This study adopted the TISM approach to analyze the inter-relationships between the enablers. Multiplication Applied to Classification (MICMAC) analysis was used to rank the sourcing risk enablers and classify them as autonomous, independent, linkage and dependent enablers. Findings The results indicate “insufficient fund” as the most critical enabler. Network issues and employee flexibility risk were among the other critical enablers that have a high driving power. Supplier risk, quality risk and demand risk were found to have highly dependent on other enablers for implementation. Research limitations/implications This study mainly focuses on the sourcing risks in startup operations in India. This study can be extended to many other countries. Practical implications This study will help startup industry managers and practitioners understand the interactions of enablers and identify critical enablers to mitigate risks in startup sourcing operations in the COVID-19 era. Originality/value The present study identifies the sourcing risk enablers in the COVID-19 era. It is the first attempt to analyze the interrelationship among sourcing risks in startups using the TISM approach.
... Furthermore, 24 of them were on environmental science, 7 on mathematics, 5 on earth and planetary sciences, 4 on arts and humanities, 2 on veterinary science, and 1 on dentistry. Most research collaboration occurred in the area of environmental science, including a study on the impact of temperature and humidity on social distancing [66] and a study on resources and wastes [67]. ...
Article
Full-text available
In response to the COVID-19 crisis, which has become a severe threat to the health and sustainability of human life, scholars have published numerous research results. Although the importance of international research collaboration has been highlighted as a means of overcoming this global crisis, research on this particular problem has been lacking. Therefore, this study focused on the response of academia to COVID-19 by examining the collaboration between international research, and its impact. This study extracted data from Scopus, sampling articles and reviews published in 2020. By analyzing scenarios by country and international research collaboration based on data on authors’ nationalities and the research areas of documents, this study revealed that the United States and China contributed the most. In all countries, most research was conducted on medicine. European and American countries demonstrated significant interest in the social sciences and Asian countries in the life sciences. Furthermore, some countries, including Belgium and Pakistan, extended their research interests through international research collaboration. The results of this study highlight the importance of international research collaboration across various areas by overcoming the regional imbalance in intercountry collaboration and the concentration on a limited scope of subjects.
... At the same time, new demands have emerged in relation to their internal working practices, business models, and organizational design in general [2]. These developments have been further accelerated during COVID-19, which has (and still is) significantly challenged the conventional way of doing business [3,4]. Although research on digital transformation processes (including COVID -19) has been steadily increasing, the vast majority of the work has taken a firm-and ecosystem perspective. ...
Conference Paper
Adopting new (digital) technologies can significantly contribute to a firm’s short- and long-term competitive advantage. However, the literature on how managerial competencies and digitalization intersect is still sparse. Therefore, this article will address this gap by first reviewing some critical gaps in the literature on managerial competencies. We then discuss the concepts of digital literacy and adaptability in the context of management. Attention is devoted to how managers acquire digital literacy and adaptability as well as how that enhances their managerial competencies. Application recommendations and managerial insights are provided.
... Neumeyer, Ashton, dan Dentchev (2020) berpendapat bahwa kewirausahaan merupakan agen perubahan yang penting dalam membantu mengatasi tantangan terhadap sumber daya dan pengelolaan limbah yang terjadi akibat COVID-19. Banyak wirausahawan mengesampingkan pengelolaan limbah dan masalah sumber daya karena berjuang untuk bertahan hidup, padahal krisis yang terjadi saat ini seharusnya dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai faktor pendorong untuk keberlanjutan lingkungan di masa depan, mereka lantas mengidentifikasikan tiga kebutuhan terkait peran kewirausahaan tersebut (Neumeyer et al, 2020). Penyedia layanan aplikasi daring, GO-FOOD dan GRABFOOD, mengakui sudah melakukan beberapa cara untuk mengurangi konsumsi plastik sekali pakai, namun hasil survei yang dilakukan oleh Pusat Penelitian Oseanografi dan Pusat Penelitian Kependudukan Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia menyatakan bahwa 96% paket yang dibeli melalui daring mengandung materi plastik seperti selotip, pembungkus plastik dan bubble wrap (Yuniar, 2020). ...
Article
Sampah plastik merupakan tantangan yang memprihatinkan dan sebagian besar disebabkan oleh pertumbuhan, kemajuan, dan modernisasi. Kehadiran COVID-19 yang bermula di kota Wuhan di Tiongkok kemudian menyebar dengan cepat ke berbagai belahan negara di dunia telah merubah segala bentuk kegiatan dan penutupan akses dalam berbagai sektor oleh pemerintahan di seluruh dunia hingga sebagian besar pekerjaan terpaksa dilakukan dari rumah. Pemerintah Indonesia menerapkan Pembatasan Sosial Berskala Besar (PSBB) yang mengakibatkan perubahan tatanan kehidupan mulai dari adaptasi kebiasaan baru untuk memakai masker setiap hari hingga ketergantungan rumah tangga pada layanan pengiriman baik makanan maupun belanja kebutuhan harian yang berdampak pada meningkatnya volume sampah plastik. Dengan studi literatur dan data sekunder dari portal berita, artikel ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji perubahan perilaku konsumsi dalam rumah tangga yang terjadi secara daring selama pandemi yang mengakibatkan peningkatan polusi plastik pada lingkungan dengan menggunakan konsep Mary Douglas tentang “matter out of place” dan konsep material culture. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ketergantungan masyarakat akan plastik secara global bertambah saat COVID-19. Konsumsi pembelanjaan daring berbentuk paket meningkat menjadi 62% dan layanan pesan antar makanan sebesar 47%. Hal ini perlu diimbangi dengan pengelolaan sampah yang lebih terstruktur sehingga tidak memicu krisis lingkungan di masa depan, pasalnya 96% pembelanjaan daring tersebut mengandung materi plastik yang berimplikasi pada peningkatan persentasi volume sampah plastik dan menimbulkan kekhawatiran jangka panjang yang serius dari perspektif lingkungan.
... The COVID-19 pandemic impacts the reduction of carbon emissions that positively affects the environment (Saadat et al., 2020). Entrepreneurs (including MSME business owners) could also have played a role in implementing the CE concept when the COVID-19 pandemic happened (Neumeyer et al., 2020). Therefore, the COVID-19 pandemic is also part of the background for the need of research on CE-based business models for MSMEs. ...
Article
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MSME business should be built based on circular economy (CE)-based business models. The purpose of this article is to present a review of several articles that have been published in Scopus discussing the CE-based business model and MSMEs to find research gaps and future research agendas. It used some tools of the theoretical assay, such as bibliometric analysis, systematic literature review, theory, context, and characteristic methodology (TCCM). The paper outlines all findings of analyzed literature about CE's business model applied by MSME in the Scopus document until June 2021. The findings of this study provided more high-quality evidence about research and practical gaps regarding the CE-based business model and MSME, which needs more research focuses on market desirability in the future and more understanding of internal processes in MSME's case studies. The implication of this article is to provide a future research agenda based on a collection of research gaps as a basis for empirical research.
... • During COVID-19, several virtual solutions have been implemented around the world with teleconferencing, videos, however restrictions as "hands-on learning through operative experience" [9]. • Researchers and practitioners have introduced new platforms for knowledge sharing, this agents could help in the transition to digital [10]. ...
Article
Knowledge management evaluation is an important and complex problem in Peruvian universities. An efficient policy in knowledge management is a critical success factor and will also advance teaching and research. Likewise, innovation is a key resource for the well-being of national economies and international competitive advantage, especially with COVID-19 9 restrictions. This research article has demonstrated that an assessment of knowledge management (KM) capability in two private universities could be used for an efficient policy, in order to obtain the best result in knowledge management maturity. Having discussed how to construct a model for KM, the final section of this paper addresses ways of the incorporation of this technology in the society. The case study has been developed in Lima, associated to two universities with 271 teachers and 5928 students; with this model could be used for KM assessment in all university in Peru. This study uses the “Intellectus Model, Mejia model organizational knowledge capability areas and Knowledge Management Capability Assessment (KMCA) model for the assessment, before and during COVID-19. Our findings have demonstrated the university performance and challenges associated to knowledge management during COVID-19, the new policy for virtual instructions and digital transformation of the educational process have improved the cost efficiencies. However, this system also has a number of serious drawbacks and challenges in innovation, researching, connections with industry and academy; this 2021 requires a new perspective in innovation with a knowledge management scheme in Peruvian universities.
... Opportunities for cost-saving by reducing waste are offered at every stage of a product's life cycle, from production to the recovery of products that are not used or resold (Morseletto, 2020). Waste reduction is a fundamental part of the CE, which is very popular among scholars who cover general topics, such as measuring economic performance regarding waste flows (Wang et al., 2020), waste management challenges imposed by COVID-19 (Neumeyer et al., 2020), and opportunities for developing an efficient country-wide waste management system (Fatimah et al., 2020;Qureshi et al., 2020), as well as among those who cover narrow topics concerning the types of waste (e.g. marine debris (Agamuthu et al., 2019), commercial plastic waste (Khan et al., 2020), food waste (Oldfield et al., 2016), wood waste (Berger et al., 2020)), municipal solid waste collection systems (Calabro & Satira, 2020;Ferronato et al., 2019), and biowaste management options on the city and regional level (Zeller et al., 2020). ...
Article
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In this paper, we reveal and systemize development trends in the scientific field of the circular economy (CE). Our results imply that academic research on the CE focuses heavily on theoretical conceptualizations and technological solutions. However, these advancements alone are unlikely to help prevent from ecological collapse. With this observation in mind, we explore the potential held by a more relational, action-based approach to support a faster and more efficient transition from the linear economy to the CE. A useful combination of several bibliometric techniques gave us valuable references for re-focusing this area of science to adopt action-oriented research where a group of stakeholders collaborates and co-creates solutions. An analysis of valuable action-oriented CE studies reveals that scholars focus on the techno-economic aspect, where they develop ways to create optimal circular material and energy flows and co-design processes for products/services, as well as the organizational aspect, where they study self-sustainable community networks and participatory governance. We identify three research streams that would benefit from such action-oriented research for a faster practical implementation: sustainable supply chains, waste management, and business model innovation. A practice-based agenda is proposed to stimulate the scientific community to conduct future research on a CE that better supports companies.
... Such economic models will incentivize businesses due to the cost efficiency offered by waste recycling and recovery. Neumeyer et al. (2020) defined the role that can be played by entrepreneurs in the promotion of a circular economy in the post-COVID-19 era. It states that entrepreneurs can exploit new opportunities created from newer product requirements and related services to balance resources and waste management along with concerns for health and safety. ...
Chapter
Electric and electronic equipment (EEE) comprises a variety of devices of diverse sizes and compositions that contain a power or battery supply. Refrigerators, cell phones, video cameras, computers, air conditioners, washing machines, and lamps are examples of EEE. Rapid technological evolution and population growth, allied to an ever-growing digitalized economy, have led to an increasing consumption of such equipment. Consequently, waste electric and electronic equipment (WEEE, or simply e-waste) generation has also increased worldwide. E-waste is composed of up to 69 elements (precious and base metals, and critical raw materials). Furthermore, WEEE may be composed of toxic, hazardous, and ozone-depleting substances, such as mercury, brominated flame retardants (BFR), chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), and hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs). Improper WEEE disposal may result in water, soil, and air contamination and risks to human health. Therefore, proper e-waste management is crucial from a social, environmental, and economic point of view. Nonetheless, the collection and recycling rates of WEEE remain low and many differences among countries are observed regarding this issue. The complexity and variety of WEEE streams as well as the lack of legislation and proper take-back systems hinder recovery activities. Moreover, current full-scale recycling plants focus mainly on precious and base metals while many critical raw materials are still landfilled. Energy and resource-intensive technologies are still applied for material recovery, increasing the carbon footprint and the overall environmental impacts of the EEE life cycle. Thus, the adoption of low-impact and more-efficient recycling routes is needed to contribute to the low carbon and circular economy.
... Such economic models will incentivize businesses due to the cost efficiency offered by waste recycling and recovery. Neumeyer et al. (2020) defined the role that can be played by entrepreneurs in the promotion of a circular economy in the post-COVID-19 era. It states that entrepreneurs can exploit new opportunities created from newer product requirements and related services to balance resources and waste management along with concerns for health and safety. ...
Chapter
Rapid industrialization and enhanced life standards have increased the demand for various essential goods. Thus, to cope with the rising demand, the manufacturing and service industries have increased productivity significantly. In consequence, many types of wastes are generated in abundant amounts that are highly hazardous and detrimental to the environment as well as human and animal health. In addition, medical industries and local hospitals produce a lot of waste categorized as risky. Unfortunately, the production rate of these hazardous wastes is increasing on a daily basis. To minimize the harmful impact of these wastes, various waste management techniques, including disposal, treatment and recycling, have been adopted. Although these techniques are able to minimize the hazardous impact of these wastes to some extent, they are not efficient and cost-effective. Hence, developments in this field still continue to find feasible and cost-effective solutions and methods to get rid of hazardous wastes. So, to provide an insightful overview on finding suitable and efficient methods to dispose of such wastes, this chapter introduces a short and concentrated overview of the types of hazardous wastes and proposed waste management techniques. In addition, it also highlights recent developments and advances in existing technologies to make hazardous waste management environmentally and economically feasible.
... A good medical waste management system should consider clinical waste generation and disposal options, efficient segregation, handling, storage, safe transportation and treatment, improved monitoring and tracking techniques, emergency plans, and the need for staff training and awareness programs to manage medical wastes effectively. A professional should oversee the medical waste management system to verify that the management plan's criteria are followed (Neumeyer et al., 2020). The epidemic has altered the dynamics of trash creation, posing challenges for governments and waste management personnel (Sharma et al., 2020;Agamuthu and Barasarathi, 2020). ...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: During the Coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, an effective and efficient medical waste management plan is required to prevent disease transmission from the Coronavirus disease 2019 viral solid wastes. Screening stations are critical locations where solid Coronavirus disease 2019 wastes are created. Solid trash collection and management strategies for screening stations must be studied as they are the first point of origin for solid Coronavirus disease 2019 wastes. The goal of this study is to evaluate the level of healthcare workers’ knowledge in the medical waste management field in Jordanian Coronavirus disease 2019 screening stations, with an emphasis on understanding and implementing Jordanian medical waste management protocols, by examining the awareness, perspective, and practice about the many aspects of Coronavirus disease 2019 wastes. METHODS: A study sample (n = 78) involving technicians, nurses, and physicians working at various screening stations in Jordan’s public and private sectors was evaluated. From April 2021 to September 2021, a cross-sectional survey involving questionnaires was carried out. The survey included questions on medical waste management knowledge and awareness among healthcare personnel regarding the Coronavirus 2019 medical waste administrative and collection procedures. There are various limitations to this cross-sectional study that should be noted. This is a study conducted among health care employees when an overwhelming amount of coronavirus disease cases were being recorded locally and worldwide, affecting transportation ability and minimizing time spent with screening station personnel. FINDINGS: The outcomes of the first module of the questionnaire revealed a high degree of medical waste management knowledge and awareness among healthcare staff. On the other hand, nurses demonstrated the highest awareness and application of COVID-19 medical waste administrative procedures. Furthermore, the results of the third module revealed that the private sector fails to successfully execute national and international procedures, with the most significant negative responses among other categories. CONCLUSION: It was concluded that Jordan’s solid waste collection and disposal methods were effectively implemented, which might aid in the virus eradication. Even though most Jordanian screening stations have effectively implemented knowledge and awareness regarding solid Coronavirus disease 2019 wastes management practices, there is a need to undertake periodic training and continuous monitoring with a specific focus on the appropriate administrative and collecting processes for both technicians, and private sector stations
... These changes do not only affect society, since their repercussions are manifested in various actors or institutions that participate in the development processes of the territories, such as companies, governments and universities, where entrepreneurs participate significantly, since the crisis leaves new opportunities for entrepreneurship to become involved in a sustainable way in terms of resources and waste [2] in meeting these new emerging needs and in the post-COVID-19 recovery processes, which involve some of the benefits already found in entrepreneurial initiatives [3] such as the promotion of innovation, growth and economic well-being [1,[4][5][6][7]. ...
Article
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Given the uncertain outlook caused by COVID-19, it is important to carry out a review of the conditions in which the collective enterprises are influenced by the four helix model, specifically those dedicated to the sector most affected by the pandemic, tourism, for which raises the question: What have been the results of the four helix model in the social tourism entrepreneurships (STE) of Jalisco and Nayarit? In addition to: the participation of the actors of the four helix model has contributed to face the repercussions of COVID-19? The objective is to identify stakeholder input from the core elements of the four helix model and sustainability to the STEs during COVID-19. The methodology used was qualitative and involved the comparison of information from 12 key stakeholders from the government, social, academic and private sectors through Atlas.ti-8. Some results indicate that from the perception of the participants interviewed, the COVID-19 crisis has promoted innovation, support, and incentives among the four helixes, in which the STEs have benefited. As conclusions, the four helix model is functional to face the adversities of COVID-19 as long as there is planning within the entrepreneurships and the link with said model helix participants.
... A good medical waste management system should consider clinical waste generation and disposal options, efficient segregation, handling, storage, safe transportation and treatment, improved monitoring and tracking techniques, emergency plans, and the need for staff training and awareness programs to manage medical wastes effectively. A professional should oversee the medical waste management system to verify that the management plan's criteria are followed (Neumeyer et al., 2020). The epidemic has altered the dynamics of trash creation, posing challenges for governments and waste management personnel (Sharma et al., 2020;Agamuthu and Barasarathi, 2020). ...
... However, not everything is discouraging since the appearance of COVID-19 has accelerated the transition from a linear to a CE, thought about the reuse of resources, ecological design, among others (Wuyts et al. 2020). Likewise, the shortage of productive inputs due to the malfunction of the entire product supply chain has prompted firms to modify their production process to optimize resource use (Neumeyer et al. 2020). Similarly, due to the decrease in world production, energy-saving practices have increased, especially the use of renewable energy has been promoted, which contributes to a cleaner production process (Wicker et al. 2021;Wuyts et al. 2020;Ponce et al. 2021). ...
Article
Full-text available
The demand for new productive factors is increasingly required, exacerbated in a scenario in which a linear economy prevails. The circular economy (CE) adoption is a proposal to guarantee environmental sustainability and redirect an obsolete process such as the linear economy. Thus, one of the main factors that allow achieving sustainability is Industry 4.0 (I4.0). In addition, the research aims to evaluate the role of I4.0 during the COVID-19 pandemic in China. The literature review process defines ten future projections with potential for the CE's adoption. The two-round Delphi approach was developed with 54 CE experts to evaluate the projections. In both rounds, the probability of occurrence up to 2030, its impact on the CE and its desirability were evaluated. Likewise, the qualitative criteria of the experts were coded to evaluate the projections. From the ten projections, four are those with the highest probability of occurrence (EP > 70%), with high impact (I > 3.5) and desirability of occurrence (I > 3.5). Expert evaluations make it possible to identify that Industry 4.0 and the digital skills of workers, their financing, and the efficiency of Government policies have a high probability of occurrence in the adoption of the CE in 2030. This research responds to the special call of papers providing evidence favouring the implementation of I4.0 in the CE from a holistic approach to draw a roadmap towards adopting the CE practices.
... Klemes et al. (2020) investigated the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the amount of plastic waste and its effects on the environment and energy. A perspective to better understand the role that entrepreneurs play in resource management and waste management during the COVID-19 outbreak was presented by Neumeyer et al. (2020) and explored the challenges and opportunities in this area. Yang et al. (2021) designed a Mixed-Integer Linear Programming (MILP) model for a vaccine distribution network. ...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, a new responsive-green-cold vaccine supply chain network during the COVID-19 pandemic is developed for the first time. According to the proposed network, a new multi-objective, multi-period, multi-echelon mathematical model for the distribution-allocation-location problem is designed. Another important novelty in this paper is that it considers an Internet-of-Things application in the COVID-19 condition in the suggested model to enhance the accuracy, speed, and justice of vaccine injection with existing priorities. Waste management, environmental effects, coverage demand, and delivery time of COVID-19 vaccine simultaneously are therefore considered for the first time. The LP-metric method and meta-heuristic algorithms called Gray Wolf Optimization (GWO), and Variable Neighborhood Search (VNS) algorithms are then used to solve the developed model. The other significant contribution, based on two presented meta-heuristic algorithms, is a new heuristic method called modified GWO (MGWO), and is developed for the first time to solve the model. Therefore, a set of test problems in different sizes is provided. Hence, to evaluate the proposed algorithms, assessment metrics including (1) percentage of domination, (2) the number of Pareto solutions, (3) data envelopment analysis, and (4) diversification metrics and the performance of the convergence are considered. Moreover, the Taguchi method is used to tune the algorithm’s parameters. Accordingly, to illustrate the efficiency of the model developed, a real case study in Iran is suggested. Finally, the results of this research show MGO offers higher quality and better performance than other proposed algorithms based on assessment metrics, computational time, and convergence.
... . Several virtual solutions were introduced worldwide with teleconferences, videos during COVID-19, but there have been limitations, such as \hands-on learning through operating experience" (Chick et al., 2020). . Researchers and experts have launched new information-sharing channels, contributing to the transition to digital communication (Neumeyer et al., 2020). . Dissemination of information and checked information is essential; however, false news is not¯ltered, thereby misunderstanding and low levels of knowledge are created (Malhotra et al., 2020). . ...
Article
Blended Learning (BL) essentially fuses high-tech digital learning with traditional ones to involve students in “network learning”, which helps in transcending physical boundaries. Especially during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, BL has been embraced as a realistic possibility to ensure seamless knowledge distribution regardless of time and space. Knowledge Management (KM)-based approaches are typically used to collect, coordinate, and control processes that may be utilised efficiently to both recognise and address customer needs. This study aims to explain how to apply KM techniques within the BL environment to increase educational excellence and quality. We used a quantitative approach, specifically by adopting an online questionnaire circulated to about 272 undergraduate students, primarily from the Department of Information Science and Library Management (ISLM) of the University of Dhaka, Bangladesh. We received completed answers from 74 students; the data gathered were analysed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20. The findings reveal that KM can be used with BL, especially during crisis times like the one we have today, as it includes integrated tasks and online and e-learning. Finally, the study also proposed an intuitive model for applying BL through KM. Importantly, this study seems to be among the first to examine the students’ perceptions about BL and KM integration during a pandemic. Therefore, this research would possibly prompt further research on different aspects of the combined learning process at different universities, especially within Bangladesh.
Article
The increasing frequency of zoonotic diseases is amongst several catastrophic repercussions of inadequate environmental management. Emergence, prevalence, and lethality of zoonotic diseases is intrinsically linked to environmental management which are currently at a destructive level globally. The effects of these links are complicated and interdependent, creating an urgent need of elucidating the role of environmental mismanagement to improve our resilience to future pandemics. This review focused on the pertinent role of forests, outdoor air, indoor air, solid waste and wastewater management in COVID-19 dissemination to analyze the opportunities prevailing to control infectious diseases considering relevant data from previous disease outbreaks. Global forest management is currently detrimental and hotspots of forest fragmentation have demonstrated to result in zoonotic disease emergences. Deforestation is reported to increase susceptibility to COVID-19 due to wildfire induced pollution and loss of forest ecosystem services. Detection of SARS-CoV-2 like viruses in multiple animal species also point to the impacts of biodiversity loss and forest fragmentation in relation to COVID-19. Available literature on air quality and COVID-19 have provided insights into the potential of air pollutants acting as plausible virus carrier and aggravating immune responses and expression of ACE2 receptors. SARS-CoV-2 is detected in outdoor air, indoor air, solid waste, wastewater and shown to prevail on solid surfaces and aerosols for prolonged hours. Furthermore, lack of protection measures and safe disposal options in waste management are evoking concerns especially in underdeveloped countries due to high infectivity of SARS-CoV-2. Inadequate legal framework and non-adherence to environmental regulations were observed to aggravate the postulated risks and vulnerability to future waves of pandemics. Our understanding underlines the urgent need to reinforce the fragile status of global environmental management systems through the development of strict legislative frameworks and enforcement by providing institutional, financial and technical supports.
Preprint
The emergence of the Covid-19 pandemic has created both negative and positive changes, including implementing the circular economy across the globe. This Systematic Review follows the PRISMA statement and employs the Text Mining (Voyant Tools) technique to visualize and analyze the impacts of the Covid-19 on three aspects of the circular economy: economic, social, and environmental. The research employs Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) to identify five major topics: (1) Shortage of medical equipment but high medical waste during Covid-19 due to the high demand in healthcare; (2) The long term negative impacts of lockdown on economic and social activities because of Covid-19 pandemic; (3) The reports on impacts of Covid-19 pandemic on the manufacturing globally, and their coping strategies and new opportunities; (4) The impacts of international restriction on the tourism, trade, shipping, and aviation industry, causing billion-dollar losses; (5) The reduction of pollution with health environment improvements with example cases from China and EU. The research identifies current literature gaps in the circular economy and Covid- 19 topics and encourages the application of text mining tools into researching to stimulate the research process and assist in communicating with the public.
Chapter
Today's information age is propelled by the knowledge economy with a dramatic increase in digitization and computational tools. These trends are bringing newer types of waste and new challenges to hazardous waste management. Evolving smart and intelligent systems will be accompanied by the use of an enormous amount of electrical and electronic equipment. Along with the traditional wastes and their management, the significant amounts and types of additional e-waste generation will require commensurately effective management and forecasting. The continuous upgradation in digital technologies will substantially increase the obsolescence of the prevailing electronic systems, leading to an enormous material requirement that will compels the reclamation of the material used in electronic gadgets. While proven methodologies for handling conventional waste generation must continue and undergo contemporary advances, the absence of proper management of e-waste and other emerging waste classes in the future would be extremely harmful to civilization. This chapter deals with the possible generation and management of hazardous waste and forecasts potential problems and solutions, with a special focus on Industry 4.0.
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Purpose This study aims to investigate the evolutionary pathways adopted by a digital platform to favor the development of an entrepreneurial ecosystem inspired by circular economy behaviors, becoming an enabler in the development of a coevolutionary relationship between entrepreneurial ecosystems and circular economy. Design/methodology/approach An in-depth single-case study method has been applied, investigating the case of circularity.com, the first and only circular economy industrial symbiosis platform in Italy. Findings The paper shows how digital platforms can transition towards circular business models, particularly for small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Moreover, the findings show how sustainable platforms' need to revise their business models to effectively engage with stakeholders. The analysis also shows the central role covered by entrepreneurial ecosystems in the transition towards a more circular and sustainable business models. Originality/value This paper contributes to theoretical development by offering new and insightful explanations of firms' behavior and coevolution, moving beyond the classic interpretation of industry dynamics and analyzing a unique case study. This study has implications for both practice and research, as it offers a better and more holistic understanding of the enabling role of digital platforms for a circular economy.
Article
A circular economy limits the consumption of virgin resources, fosters cleaner production, and promotes the efficient utilization of resources. However, many companies still struggle with its implementation. In this study, we explore the barriers that companies encounter internally and externally when implementing circular economy measures. Based on 59 interviews with Swiss small- and medium-sized enterprise managers from three industries, we identify six company-internal barriers (risk aversion, short-term orientation, economically dominated thinking, unwillingness to engage in trade-offs, shortage of resources, and lack of knowledge) and four levels of company-external barriers (technology, market, legislative, and society and consumers). We further identify their interrelationships and integrate them into a holistic sustainable strategic management framework. Finally, we present six broader strategic recommendations building on the study framework.
Chapter
Pandemic impact of COVID 19 virus on entrepreneurs' business operation is unquestionable. Yet there are a number of questions about the extent of that impact on the company's strategic and operational activities and in general the magnitude of entrepreneurial vulnerability during this crisis period. The last and still ongoing crisis caused by COVID 19 virus generated different direct and indirect impacts on entrepreneurial businesses, but the resilience of the businesses itself was different according to managerial capabilities of entrepreneurs and industry type within which some company is running its business. In this paper, we will present explanation of magnitude of the entrepreneurial businesses’ changes caused by COVID 19 pandemic crisis using random sample of 202 entrepreneurial companies in Bosnia and Herzegovina, with focus on analysing and recognizing the main COVID 19 pandemic impact on the companies’ strategic and operational activities of the entrepreneurs. This paper will examine business changes intensity in sense of redesign of existing or introducing new strategic options, optimizing business operations, product and services assortment changes and using new technology in overcoming current unconventional crisis in which entrepreneurs have to learn to manage business within new circumstances. It is exceptionally important to recognize the pandemic crisis impact on the business of entrepreneurs with a scope to create an empirically valuable basis for focused action of all stakeholders in limited resources context in order to increase entrepreneurs resilience, not only in pandemic circumstences, but in other similar businesscrisissituation also.
Article
The rapid transmission of COVID-19 has meant that all economic and human efforts have been focused on confronting it, ignoring environmental aspects whose consequences are causing adverse situations all over the planet. The saturation of the sanitary system and confinement measures have multiplied the waste generated, which implies the need to adapt environmental policies to this new situation caused by the pandemic. It is a review article whose objective was to identify the environmental policies that would facilitate an adequate treatment of the waste generated by the pandemic. It was proposed to analyse the current lines of research developed on this paradigm, applying the text mining methodology. A systematic review of 111 studies published in environmental journals indexed in the Web of Science was carried out. The results identified three areas of interest: knowledge of transmission routes, management of the massive generation of plastics and appropriate treatment of solid waste in extreme situations. Leaders are called upon to implement the contingency plans to sustainably alleviate the enormous waste burden caused by society’s adaptation to the restrictions imposed by the pandemic. Specifically, innovation aimed at achieving the reuse of medical products, the promotion of the circular economy and educational campaigns to promote clean environments should be encouraged.
Article
This article investigates both the negative and positive impacts of a crisis on Entrepreneurial Ventures. The behaviour of Entrepreneurial Ventures during the COVID-19 pandemic crisis is studied by undertaking a Systematic Literature Review (SLR) using Bibliometrics of 154 related publications. After analyzing the literature, the behaviour of Entrepreneurial Ventures during the crisis is synthesized and presented as a Phenomenon Structure Diagram, which highlights a combination of Entrepreneurial Actions (EAs) and Entrepreneurial Orientations (EOs), with Entrepreneurial Supports (ESs) employed by them to manage the crisis. This combination of EAs and EOs with ESs is contingent on the surrounding environment, and they aid in minimizing the risk of failure as well as leverage new opportunities. We propose and develop a conceptual model that a combination of EAs and EOs with ESs, referred to as Entrepreneurial Interventions, can better manage a crisis or disaster and improve organizational resilience. This multi-disciplinary study contributes towards theory development that Entrepreneurial Interventions can be made as a crisis and disaster management strategy.
Purpose The Paris agreement for climate changes brought new attention to the themes of reduce carbon emissions, green ecosystems, the circular economy and the need to ensure the emergence of sustainable entrepreneurial ecosystems. This study aims to investigate entrepreneurship from the perspective of circular economy and waste collection in the Portuguese context. Design/methodology/approach Following a quantitative approach, the sample comprises 2,690 firm-year observations related to 354 firms from different industries within the waste from electric and electronic equipment (WEEE) scope. Findings The results show that a large part of SMEs started to comply with waste management regulations as of 2006 and are still not prone to innovation. Regulatory compliance is expected to have a positive impact on innovation, with a significant and positive change in the number of patents and the value of intangibles after companies comply with the waste management regulation. Originality/value This paper is original because it addresses equally to entrepreneurial ecosystems and circular economy (studies that address these two aspects are rare), with the Portuguese context in an embryonic stage with an extensive path to follow in the applicability of circular economy to business.
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This article explains how entrepreneurship can help resolve the environmental problems of global socio-economic systems. Environmental economics concludes that environmental degradation results from the failure of markets, whereas the entrepreneurship literature argues that opportunities are inherent in market failure. A synthesis of these literatures suggests that environmentally relevant market failures represent opportunities for achieving profitability while simultaneously reducing environmentally degrading economic behaviors. It also implies conceptualizations of sustainable and environmental entrepreneurship which detail how entrepreneurs seize the opportunities that are inherent in environmentally relevant market failures. Finally, the article examines the ability of the proposed theoretical framework to transcend its environmental context and provide insight into expanding the domain of the study of entrepreneurship.
Article
While entrepreneurship in developing economies at the base of the pyramid is receiving growing attention, scholars have devoted less effort to exploring entrepreneurship as a solution to poverty in advanced economies. Yet, poverty rates have not meaningfully changed in most developed economies in 50 years, and the income gap between rich and poor continues to widen. In this article, we examine entrepreneurship as a source of empowerment for the economically disadvantaged. We explore the nature of poverty and its implications for various aspects of entrepreneurship, identify problematic aspects of the typical low-income startup, and present the SPODER conceptual framework for fostering entrepreneurial development among the poor: (S) supportive infrastructure, (P) preparation of the entrepreneur; (O) expanded opportunity horizons; (D) finding sources of differentiation; (E) a well-designed economic model; and (R) leveraging community resources. We conclude by drawing from the framework implications for those involved in breaking the cycle of poverty.
Article
We widely recognize that systems approaches are necessary to tackle the complex and urgent challenges of the unsustainability of human actions on the planet. However, how we perceive systems is largely framed by who is in included in the discussion and the experiences and interests that they bring to bear. Efforts to create the circular economy aim at closing material loops, but these efforts are limited because they only consider the flows of a few types of capital-natural, manufactured and financial, and are based on specific interests of a few actors. Other types of capital-human, social, political, cultural and digital-are often ignored, and as such the full scope of dynamics in a system is missed. Even though there will always be a discrepancy between what is perceived, and the actual system in operation, there are greater opportunities to expand such perception by drawing more deeply on systems thinking and the concept of capitals. This involves expanding not only the notion of the system itself, but also acknowledging different actors and their interests, types of capital in the system, and interactions between the actors and capital stocks and flows. We develop a systems thinking framework using eight capitals, and apply it in multi-level contexts in the Chicago region to demonstrate how they provide new insights and critical pathways for the transition to the circular economy.
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