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International Journal of Future Generation Communication and Networking
Vol. 13, No. 2, 2020 pp.1449-1452
ISSN: 2233-7857 IJFGCN
Copyright 2020 SERSC
E-commerce trends during COVID-19 Pandemic
Anam Bhatti1, Hamza Akram2, Hafiz Muhammad Basit3, Ahmed Usman Khan4, Syeda Mahwish Raza
Naqvi5, Muhammad Bilal6
Faculty of Business Administration Ilma University Karachi1
Faculty of Business Management University of Sialkot2
Superior University Lahore3,4,5,6
The Coronavirus intensely transformed the global trends. These variations causative to the high inadvertent
and secondary funds that reflected for this virus. In this article determined the ecommerce trends in
coronavirus predicament as well as how imminent progress in e-commerce that might affect consumer
behavior in future. This article examines that e-commerce grew due to coronavirus. E-commerce is become
a substitute source and considered top in this condition, and e-retailers provides goods that usually
consumers bought in superstore traditionally. Coronavirus impact on whole e-commerce. Meanwhile, we
want to comprehend their efficacy to stability both cost and benefits as well connected actions in coming
Keyword: COVID-19, E-commerce
Coronavirus are group of viruses that basis minor illness and certain type of virus can infect the lower
airway, and commencing severe illness such as, pneumonia, bronchitis. People infected with this virus can
contagions are serious and innocuous. World Health Organization (WHO, 2019) There are several
pandemics in the history that has cause the change human life. COVID-19 has initiated on 12 December in
Wuhan city of China, and it was noticed that people are infected by pneumonia by illusory link to a shop
that retails fresh sea food to people. Within week millions of people infected with this virus in China.
Furthermore, at the present time 205 countries are infected with this virus and their economies. It is a
challenging situation for global and it effects the e-commerce trends (Nakhate & Jain, 2020; Whiteford,
2020). According world health organization WHO (2020) 6,366,788 have confirmed cases in which
383,262 deaths, furthermore details of the coronavirus is that in America 3,022,824, Europe 2,191,614,
Eastern Mediterranean 552,497, South East Asia, 296, 620, Western Pacific, 186, 853, and Africa 115, 639
as shown in fig.1.
Fig.1. WHO (2020)
International Journal of Future Generation Communication and Networking
Vol. 13, No. 2, 2020 pp.1449-1452
ISSN: 2233-7857 IJFGCN
Copyright 2020 SERSC
Coronavirus drastically changes the global trends. A rapid change has occurred in every business. It has
changed the behaviour of human, nature of trading, business and even the way of life. It spread the scares
among people they avoid to interact with others.
E-commerce and COVID-19
Coronavirus impact the whole e-commerce of the world; it has changed the nature of business. According
to research 52% of consumers avoiding to go brick and mortar shopping and crowded areas. Furthermore,
36% avoiding brick and mortar shopping until they get coronavirus vaccine.
Coronavirus effects different on different nature of products, means the impact of COVID-19 on several
product is very high and on some product less impact (Andrienko, 2020). Overall sale of e-commerce
increases because of this virus, people avoiding to go out, keeping social distance and buying from home,
working from home such as Walmart grocery e-commerce increases 74%. Moreover, the media usage also
increased in this time and Facebook, google update their features to connect more people in single time
such as Facebook introduce messenger for 44 people that is competing to Zoom. Similarly, Google also
launched updated version (Sarah Davis, 2020). Top ten retail of e-commerce in pandemic is below
Top retail e-commerce websites in pandemic
Retail website
(Andrienko, 2020)
Mostly buying products during pandemic are toilet paper, disposable gloves, freezer, bidet, kettlebells,
bread machine, paint by numbers, puzzle, peloton, coloring book, air purifier, treadmill, stationary bike,
yoga mat, refrigerator, exercise ball and exercise equipment (Andrienko, 2020). E-commerce has increased
the buyers in developed countries even in developing countries, such as Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, and
Pakistan. In Pakistan e-commerce was started in 2000’s but very poor, just 3% of whole population was
buying online (Bhatti, 2018; Bhatti, Saad, & Gbadebo, 2018; Bhatti, Saad, & Salimon, 2019; Rehman,
2018). but now in pandemic it is reported that e-commerce in Pakistan increasing by 10% in daily record,
and 15% raise in internet users. 30-40% surge the demands of products. For quick service food panda is
launched to provide easiness to people. It is good hope for Pakistan in term of e-commerce that e-commerce
trend is move upward (Abdullah Niazi, 2020).
International Journal of Future Generation Communication and Networking
Vol. 13, No. 2, 2020 pp.1449-1452
ISSN: 2233-7857 IJFGCN
Copyright 2020 SERSC
(Jones, 2020)
Retail sales of e-commerce shows that COVID-19 has significant impact on e-commerce and its sales are
expected to reach $6.5 trillion by 2023 (Jones, 2020). Furthermore, there are many products that
significantly impacted by virus such as disposable gloves, cough and cold, bread machine, soups, dried
grains and rice, packaged food, fruits cups, weight training, milk and cream, dishwashing supplies, paper
towel, hand soaps and sanitizer, pasta, vegetables, flour, facial tissues and allergy medicine and many more.
On the other hand, the products that declines by coronavirus are luggage and suitcase, briefcase, cameras,
men’s swimwear, women swimwear, bridle dress, men formal dress, gym bags, rash guards, boys, athletic
shoes, toys, lunch boxes, wallets, watches, girl’s jackets and coats, boy’s top’s and caps etc.
COVID-19 has significant impact on e-commerce of the world and in some cases negative impact but
overall e-commerce is growing rapidly because of virus. Coronavirus compelled to customers to use internet
and make it habit in their daily routine (Abiad, Arao, & Dagli, 2020). Furthermore, many challenges facing
by retailers in e-commerce, such as extend the delivery time, difficulty face during movement control, social
distance and lockdown (Hasanat et al., 2020). The process of shipment and supply is quite slow now, but
still people buying because they do not have another alternative. Hence, people moving towards technology
due to virus.
Furthermore, some products are very high in demand in market. Even retailers cannot fulfill the customer’s
demands such as hand sanitizers, toilet papers, disposable gloves, grocery, and dairy products. On the other
hand, negative effect of COVID-19 on tourism industry, flights are in loss, international trading is very
slow and stuck in their position.
In this article, we have review and deliberate disparagingly China’s COVID-19 outbreak. We are primarily
interested in how coronavirus spread and effects the e-commerce of not only china rather it effects globally.
Awareness almost this topic can countersign better information in people and deliberation to how e-
commerce, business, and economies of countries effected by coronavirus. how e-commerce provides
International Journal of Future Generation Communication and Networking
Vol. 13, No. 2, 2020 pp.1449-1452
ISSN: 2233-7857 IJFGCN
Copyright 2020 SERSC
alternative way to people to meet their demands. E-commerce enhanced by COVID-19. How it impacted
e-commerce will be encouraging other researchers to investigate more deeply in this area such as e-
commerce trends how changed by corona and future trends.
1. Abdullah Niazi, M. A., Ariba Shahid,Hassan Naqvi. (2020). The pandemic is e-commerce’s time
to shine. But will it last? , from
2. Abiad, A., Arao, R. M., & Dagli, S. (2020). The economic impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on
developing Asia.
3. Andrienko, O. (2020). Ecommerce & Consumer Trends During Coronavirus. from
4. Bhatti, A. (2018). Consumer Purchase Intention Effect on Online Shopping Behavior with the
Moderating Role of Attitude. Internat. J. Academic Management Sci. Res.(IJAMSR), 2(7), 44-50.
5. Bhatti, A., Saad, S., & Gbadebo, S. M. (2018). Convenience Risk, Product Risk, and Perceived
Risk Influence on Online Shopping: Moderating Effect of Attitude. Science Arena Publications
International journal of Business Management, 3(2), 1-11.
6. Bhatti, A., Saad, S., & Salimon, M. G. (2019). The Influence of Risks on Online Shopping
Behaviour in Pakistan.
7. Hasanat, M. W., Hoque, A., Shikha, F. A., Anwar, M., Hamid, A. B. A., & Tat, H. H. (2020). The
Impact of Coronavirus (Covid-19) on E-Business in Malaysia. Asian Journal of Multidisciplinary
Studies, 3(1), 85-90.
8. Jones, K. (2020). COVID-19The Pandemic Economy: What are Shoppers Buying Online During
COVID-19? , from
9. Nakhate, S. B., & Jain, N. (2020). The Effect of Coronavirus on E Commerce. Studies in Indian
Place Names, 40(68), 516-518.
10. Rehman, S. (2018). Impact of financial risk, privacy risk, convenience, and trust on online shopping
with mediating role of consumer purchase intention in Pakistan. International Journal of Academic
Multidisciplinary Research, 2, 27-34.
11. Sarah Davis, L. T. (2020). How Coronavirus Is Impacting Ecommerce.
12. Whiteford, A. (2020). Symptoms of coronavirus in e-commerce.
13. WHO. (2019). World Health Organization.
14. WHO. (2020). WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard. from
... Currently, more than 2.14 billion people worldwide shop online (Coppola, 2021). Over the past two years, the coronavirus pandemic has further contributed to the growth of e-commerce (Bhatti et al., 2020). To comply with lockdowns and remain safe from spreading or catching the virusisolation and social distancing situationspeople order products that they need without leaving home and have them delivered to an indicated place. ...
Customer desire for fresh experience and products from foreign markets has fueled rapid growth of cross-border electronic commerce (CBEC). Selling online and delivering goods to customers in other countries presents many challenges. In addition to standard electronic commerce retailer (e-tailer) problems in domestic markets – such as the risk of not receiving a shipment and relatively low-customer loyalty – CBEC involves the need to communicate in different languages; legal and taxation conditions; forms of payment; payment currency; the cost, time, and quality of delivery; and handling returns. In this chapter, we examine the links between CBEC and supply chains highlighting several CBEC supply chain challenges. We provide some best practices that firms can use to improve their CBEC operations.
... perilaku konsumen(Loxton, et al 2020;Di Crosta, et al., 2021; Eger, Komarkova, Egerova, Micik, 2021; Gordon-Wilson, 2021). Peningkatan penggunaan ecommerce dengan berbagai platform digital selama pandemi turut berperan dalam perubahan pola perilaku konsumen di masa ini(Bhatti, et. al., 2020; Mehta, Saxena, dan Purohit, 2020). Zwanka dan Buff (2021) menjelaskan bahwa pandemi membawa manusia kembali ke masa "stock up" dimana ada kecenderungan untuk menyediakan stok keperluan makanan yang esensial, serta bahwa sebelum pandemic transaksi perdagangan online tidak banyak tersedia, namun saat ini bahkan diagnose medis dapat dilaku ...
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SELF-CONTROL AND STUDENTS CONSUMPTIVE BEHAVIOR DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC This study aimed to determine the relationship between self-control and students consumptive behavior during Covid-19 pandemic. By using quantitative methods, this study involved a sample of 91 students. Data was collected using the Self-Control Scale (α = 0.833) and the Consumptive Behavior Scale (α = 0.859). The data were then analyzed using the Pearson correlation test with SPSS 20.0 software for windows. The results showed that there was a significant negative relationship between self-control variables and student consumptive behavior in Covid-19 pandemic. This result means that there is a tendency that higher self-control will lower the consumptive behavior, and vice versa. Further discussion regarding the relationship between the two variables, especially during the Covid-19 pandemic, still needs to be carried out. Keywords: Covid-19, Self-Control, Student’s Consumptive Behavior Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui adanya hubungan antara kontrol diri dan perilaku konsumtif mahasiswa di masa pandemi Covid-19. Dengan menggunakan metode kuantitatif, penelitian ini melibatkan sebanyak 91 sampel mahasiswa. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui wawancara dengan menggunakan Skala Kontrol Diri (α = 0,833) dan Skala Perilaku Konsumtif (α = 0,859). Data yang diperoleh kemudian dianalisis menggunakan uji korelasi Pearson dengan bantuan software SPSS 20.0 for windows. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan negatif yang signifikan antara variabel kontrol diri dan perilaku konsumtif mahasiswa pada masa pandemi Covid-19. Hasil ini bermakna bahwa terdapat kecenderungan semakin tinggi kontrol diri mahasiswa maka akan semakin rendah perilaku konsumtif yang dilakukan, begitupula sebaliknya. Diskusi lebih lanjut mengenai hubungan antara kedua variabel terutama selama masa pandemi Covid-19 masih perlu dilakukan. Kata kunci: Covid-19, Kontrol Diri, Perilaku Konsumtif Mahasiswa
... In China, Tmall broke the sales record with more than 540 billion RMB in transactions at the "Double Eleven shopping festival" in 2021. 1 The COVID-19 outbreak in 2020, countries have taken many non-pharmaceutical interventions to mitigate its spread, such as widespread lockdown, stay-at-home orders, and closing of educational institutes and non-essential businesses (Gupta et al., 2021). Due to the physical retail stores have had to close or follow strict social distancing rules, the COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated customers' purchasing behaviors in online markets (Bhatti et al., 2020). For example, in Singapore, the government launched a mobile application that utilizes Bluetooth signals to ensure that the infected individuals (and those who came in contact with them) are self-quarantining themselves. ...
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We investigate quality and pricing decisions for two competing firms in an e-marketplace with online customer reviews. Through developing two-stage game-theoretical models and comparing the equilibriums, we examine the optimal choice among different alternative product strategies: static strategy, adjusting the price, adjusting the quality level, and adjusting both the quality and price dynamically. Our results show that the existence of online customer reviews tends to encourage firms to increase quality and charge low prices in the early stage, and decrease quality and raise prices in the later stage. Moreover, firms should choose the optimal product strategies depending on the impact of customers’ private assessment of product quality from the product information disclosed by firms on the overall perceived product utility and customer uncertainty about the perceived degree of product fit. After our comparisons, the dual-element dynamic strategy is more likely to outperform other strategies financially. Furthermore, we extend our models to examine how the optimal choice of quality and pricing strategies will change if the competing firms have asymmetric initial online customer reviews. From the extended analysis, a dynamic pricing strategy may generate better financial performance than the dynamic quality strategy, which is different from the finding in the basic scenario. Firms should choose the dual-element dynamic strategy, the dynamic quality strategy, the dual-element dynamic strategy coupled with dynamic pricing, and the dynamic pricing strategy in sequence as the impact of customers’ private assessment of product quality on the overall perceived product utility and the weight that the second-stage customers place on their private assessment increase.
... Impact of Covid 19 on Media and EntertainmentBhatti et al. (2020) examines that e-commerce has grown due to the coronavirus. E-commerce has become a substitute source and is considered the top in this state, and consumers have traditionally shopped in supermarkets. ...
The onset of COVID-19 has brought disruption to the global import and export market and reduced free trade between countries. According to the World Trade Statistical Review 2019, India is one of the emerging economies in Asia whose role in international trade in the global value chain is growing. But the impact of COVID-19 on India's trade is estimated at $348 million, and India falls in the category of the world's 15 most affected economies, according to a UN report. To overcome the problem of lack of local production, Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi announced the idea of Atma Nirbhar Bharat in his speech on 11 May 2020. The vision envisages manufacturing goods and increasing India's capacity. It is not just “Make in India” but for the world. There are 5 basic features of Atma Nirbhar policy which include – economy, structure, technology driven system, vibrant demography and demand. This paper discusses the impact of COVID-19 on Indian international trade and its response to the crisis.
... Impact of Covid 19 on Media and EntertainmentBhatti et al. (2020) examines that e-commerce has grown due to the coronavirus. E-commerce has become a substitute source and is considered the top in this state, and consumers have traditionally shopped in supermarkets. ...
This edited book includes the chapters on Impact of Covid 19 on Media and Entertainment.
... Pada sepuluh tahun terakhir tepatnya pada tahun 2011, Indonesia sudah mulai memperkenalkan perdagangan elektronik atau biasa disebut e-commerce (electronic commerce) sebagai wadah atau sarana untuk para penjual dan pembeli dalam melakukan transaksi jual beli atau memasarkan produk secara online. Hadirnya e-commerce pertama kali di Indonesia belum terlalu diminati oleh masyarakat Indonesia, karena masyarakat yang masih terbiasa melakukan transaksi jual beli secara langsung dan teknologi atau perangkat yang ada di Indonesia belum maksimal dalam mendukung e-commerce serta masyarakat belum memahami konsep dari e-commerce itu sendiri (Bhatti et al, 2020). ...
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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh e-commerce terhadap peningkatan pendapatan Usaha Mikro Kecil dan Menengah (UMKM) di Kabupaten Gowa. Objek penelitian ini adalah UMKM di Kabupaten Gowa. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif, yang diukur menggunakan metoda berbasis regresi linier sederhana dengan SPSS 25. Populasi daripada penelitian ini adalah para pelaku UMKM yang berlokasi di Kabupaten Gowa pada tahun 2022. Sampel ditentukan menggunakan metode random sampling, dengan jumlah sampel sebanyak 98 pelaku UMKM. Data yang digunkan menngunakan data primer. Teknik pengumumpuslan data menggunakan kuesioner. Pengujian hipotesis menggunakan uji t. Hasil penelitian ini membuktikan bahwa e-commerce berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap peningkatan pendapatan UMKM di Kabupaten Gowa. Hal dilihat dari segi omzet penjualan, jumlah pelanggan, dan jumlah pendapatan sebagai sarana untuk melakukan pemasaran produk dan kegiatan transaksi jual beli setelah memanfaatkan e-commerce untuk kegiatan usaha bagi pelaku UMKM.
Conference Paper
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Covid-19 salgını, başta sağlık sistemleri olmak üzere dünya ekonomilerinden eğitime, sosyal hayattan çalışma hayatına kadar yaşantımızın tüm alanlarında çok önemli ve baştan sonra düzen değiştirici etkilere sebep olmuştur. Salgının etkilerinin azaldığı günümüzde artık bireyler bir takım yeni normallerle baş başa kalmıştır. Süreçte zorunlu olarak kazanılan davranışlar bu yeni normalde de devam etmektedir. Özellikle gündelik yaşantımızda alışveriş alışkanlıklarımız da bu gelişmelerden nasibini almış, çevrimiçi alışveriş siteleri, karantina günlerinde ihtiyaçlarımızın karşılanmasında imdadımıza yetişmiştir. Çeşitli disiplinlerde salgının etkileri birçok değişken açısından incelenmiştir. Bu çalışmanın amacı ise salgın döneminde gündemimize yerleşen çevrimiçi alışveriş sitelerinin kullanılabilirliği üzerine yapılan araştırmaların eğilimlerini incelemektir. Bir web sitesinin hizmetlerini sürdürebilmesinin, kullanıcılar tarafından sitenin kullanımının verimli, etkili ve memnun edici bulunmasıyla doğrudan ilgili olduğunu söylemek mümkündür. Bu noktada insan ile bilgisayar sistemlerinin etkileşimi ve dolayısıyla kullanılabilirlik kavramları, konunun birincil muhatapları olacaklardır. Çalışma kapsamında Web of Science ve Scopus veritabanlarında "çevrimiçi alışveriş" ve "kullanılabilirlik" anahtar kelimeleri, arama kapsamını olabildiğince geniş tutmak maksadıyla değişik varyasyonlarda aranarak ilgili yayınlara ulaşılmıştır. Aramalar yapılırken, salgın dönemi yılları olan 2020-2023 yılları arası tercih edilmiştir. Yayınlar bibliyometrik analiz yöntemlerinden performans analizi ve içerik analizi ile incelenmiştir. Yapılan incelemeler sonucunda yayınların, nicel yöntemlerle çevrimiçi alışveriş kullanıcılarının kullanılabilirlik ve müşteri sadakati kapsamında memnuniyetlerine odaklandığı; ayrıca güvenlik ve kültürel farklılıklar gibi konulara da yayınlarda yer verilmeye başlandığı görülmüştür. ABSTRACT The Covid-19 pandemic has caused very important and game-changing effects in all areas of our lives, from world economies to education, from social life to working life, especially in health systems. Nowadays, when the effects of the pandemic have subsided, individuals are left with a number of new norms. The behaviors acquired compulsorily in the process continue in this new normal. Especially in our daily lives, our shopping habits have also been affected by these developments, and online shopping sites have come to our rescue in meeting our needs during the quarantine days. In various disciplines, the effects of the pandemic have been analyzed in terms of many variables. The aim of this study is to examine the trends of research on the usability of online shopping websites, which have been on our agenda during the pandemic. It is possible to say that the ability of a website to maintain its services is directly related to the fact that the use of the site by users is efficient, effective and satisfactory. At this point, the interaction of human and computer systems and therefore the concepts of usability will be the primary interlocutors of the issue. Within the scope of the study, the keywords "online shopping" and "usability" were searched in the Web of Science and Scopus databases in different variations in order to keep the search scope as wide as possible and relevant publications were reached. While conducting the searches, the years between 2020 and 2023, which are the years of the pandemic period, were preferred. The publications were analyzed by performance analysis and content analysis from bibliometric analysis methods. As a result of the examinations, it was seen that the publications focused on the satisfaction of online shopping users within the scope of usability and customer loyalty with quantitative methods; in addition, issues such as security and cultural differences have started to be included in the publications.
In general, the concept of last mile delivery in logistics and transport refers to the actual goods’ delivery to the receiver, which can take place at a pre defined place (home, work, etc.) or by click & collect. Last mile logistics’ management has gained great importance due to the increasing complexity of supply chains and the highly dynamic nature of today's logistics ecosystem. The rise of e-commerce has exposed the intertemporal weaknesses of last mail delivery and highlighted new ones. Ignoring or underestimating these aspects can compromise a company's competitiveness and survival. The combination of last mile delivery’s true needs with the necessity for less polluted and congested urban areas, leads to the consideration that radical and innovative changes are required. Electric transport vehicles (bicycles, scooters, vans, light and soon enough medium and heavy commercial vehicles) represent an aspect of the natural evolution for logistic systems. An increasingly attentive to environmental impacts, capable of responding to the challenges of increasingly smart, liveable and sustainable cities logistic system, leads to the spread of the logistics concept’s cycle and therefore the usage of environmental friendly vehicles such as bicycles, cargo bikes and scooters to deliver goods, especially in urban centres. This work aims at defining an exemplified methodology for the selection and proper planning by service op erators and local authorities of last-mile logistics modal forms in different urban contexts, promoting the concept of decarbonisation in accordance with the Paris Agreement and the dissemination and drafting of increasingly “performing” sus tainable mobility urban plans.
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El comercio electrónico ha sido propuesto como una alternativa al comercio tradicional presencial, especialmente a la vista de la pandemia de Covid 19. Este reporte presenta los resultados de un estudio realizado en mercados populares de la ciudad de Celaya (México). Se realizó una encuesta a 250 clientes de comercios tradicional al detallista, utilizando como referencia el modelo de Peña-Nieto basado en los modelos de aceptación de la tecnología de amplia utilización en el campo hasta la fecha, orientado hacia la intención de compra en línea. Los resultados muestran que el modelo propuesto influye de manera significativa y conjunta en sus siete dimensiones como predictores de la intención de uso. De manera individual las dimensiones de actitudes y auto eficacia presentan significancia estadística como predictores de la intención de compra en línea. El estudio permite determinar las variables que impactan en la decisión de compra de los usuarios, aún y cuando no tengan experiencia previa en comercio electrónico. El estudio permite comprobar que los clientes de bajo ingreso, como lo representa este tipo de mercados, pueden ser propensos a compras en línea como alternativa al comercio tradicional
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The key purpose of this research is to determine the impact of coronavirus (Covid-19) on the online business in Malaysia. Coronavirus one of the deadly known viruses has already taken the lives of many in almost half of the country. This means that the country's economic growth has lowered down. It has almost shaken up all types of business including the e-commerce business on a massive scale. Major retailers have temporarily shuttered their stores. Apart from that, the medium and small-sized retailers are combating with the situation due to low footfalls. Further, online businesses are also not out of the list. They are also severely affected by Malaysia. Many e-commerce businesses rely upon China for half of its merchandise products. Therefore, it is assumed that this deadly virus will severely impact the Malaysian online business especially the Chinese products. A survey has been conducted for this research and primary research has been carried out to get a better outcome. The results illustrated that as the maximum of the products comes from China and the maximum of the industries are lockdown which means that there is no import and export of the product.
The pandemic is e-commerce's time to shine
  • Abdullah Niazi
  • Ariba Shahid
  • Hassan Naqvi
Abdullah Niazi, M. A., Ariba Shahid,Hassan Naqvi. (2020). The pandemic is e-commerce's time to shine. But will it last?, from
Ecommerce & Consumer Trends During Coronavirus
  • O Andrienko
Andrienko, O. (2020). Ecommerce & Consumer Trends During Coronavirus. from
Consumer Purchase Intention Effect on Online Shopping Behavior with the Moderating Role of Attitude
  • A Bhatti
Bhatti, A. (2018). Consumer Purchase Intention Effect on Online Shopping Behavior with the Moderating Role of Attitude. Internat. J. Academic Management Sci. Res.(IJAMSR), 2(7), 44-50.
Convenience Risk, Product Risk, and Perceived Risk Influence on Online Shopping: Moderating Effect of Attitude
  • A Bhatti
  • S Saad
  • S M Gbadebo
Bhatti, A., Saad, S., & Gbadebo, S. M. (2018). Convenience Risk, Product Risk, and Perceived Risk Influence on Online Shopping: Moderating Effect of Attitude. Science Arena Publications International journal of Business Management, 3(2), 1-11.
The Influence of Risks on Online Shopping Behaviour in Pakistan
  • A Bhatti
  • S Saad
  • M G Salimon
Bhatti, A., Saad, S., & Salimon, M. G. (2019). The Influence of Risks on Online Shopping Behaviour in Pakistan.
COVID-19The Pandemic Economy: What are Shoppers Buying Online During COVID-19?
  • K Jones
Jones, K. (2020). COVID-19The Pandemic Economy: What are Shoppers Buying Online During COVID-19?, from
The Effect of Coronavirus on E Commerce
  • S B Nakhate
  • N Jain
Nakhate, S. B., & Jain, N. (2020). The Effect of Coronavirus on E Commerce. Studies in Indian Place Names, 40(68), 516-518.