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Live Tracking System

Authors:
Live Tracking System
Sagar Karkare
Dept of Electronics and Telecommunication
Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Technology
(University of Mumbai) Mumbai, India
Pranali Rokade
Dept of Electronics and Telecommunication
Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Technology
(University of Mumbai) Mumbai, India
Ashwini Andhale
Dept of Electronics and Telecommunication
Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Technology
(University of Mumbai) Mumbai, India
Santosh Bansode
Dept of Electronics and Telecommunication
Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Technology
(University of Mumbai) Mumbai, India
Ankur Ganorkar
Dept of Electronics and Telecommunication
Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Technology
(University of Mumbai) Mumbai, India
Abstract - Live tracking system means that a GPS tracking
device that sends it location to the end user at a consistently
high frequency. It offers users real-time location updates, every
few seconds. GPS Tracking devices communicate their positions
by taking the signals. This system can be used for safety and
security purpose by tracking the live location of children’s or
loved ones.
The days are gone when one of the two parents will sit at home
to take care of the children and one earns. Now time has come
for both the parents to work; in such scenario the security of
children is very important. The numbers of users have android
phone equipped with Global Positioning System which can be
used efficiently for security and protection purpose. The
application is manly developed for a toddler who has many
activities to do while in school or outside the home.
Child tracking system is an app that can track and monitor the
child location. The aim of the project is to create a system to
allow the parents to keep track of their kids when their child is
out of their view. However, with the child tracking system the
parent can track and monitor their child location in just a
simple app when the parent is in office. The Live Tracking
System is the multi-purpose safety system since it can be used
for any safety purpose tracking which will work in android
platform.
Keywords:- GPS, Tracking, Android
1.
INTRODUCTION
Now a days, the use of Android based Smartphone’s is
increasing day by day. As these Smartphone’s are providing
various unique facilities, more and more people are getting
attracted to them. Thus here, including best possible features
and resources has become the need of the day. Moreover,
GPS there by device which offers an outstanding services of
getting respective location. This facility is helpful in
developing application which can track locations of every
activity of children while is outside the home. In child
tracking system parents are able to trace the activities of their
children’s through Android Smartphone. The activities such
as real time location (on Google Maps).The project is
designed to be used by parents and aimed to help locating
their children’s on the go activity.
In this work, GPS is used along with one of the basic service
of a smart phone is SMS. An application at the parent side
will allow parents to send a location request to a child side
then retrieve the location from the request reply and shows it
on a map. On the other hand, the tracing device at the child’s
side gathers the necessary information such as GPS
coordinates which are in the form of latitude and longitude.
And time are gathered and sent to the parent smart phone
that’s pre- registered on the application. The communication
between the parent side and the child applications is done
using Short Message Service (SMS). SMS offers the system
unique features. It will allow the system to work without the
need of internet connection thus allows the application to be
implemented on smart phones that don’t support GPRS. The
system sends the location of child’s smart phone to parent’s
smart phone when the parent wishes to check on the child.
1.1 Background of Study
We cannot predict or determine what will happen next to us
in next seconds. This is the scenario where we cannot
acknowledge of when will be targeted, but we can take
precaution & prevent it from happening with us or with our
loved ones. Especially our children’s are not matured enough
to take care of them. So as being a responsible parent, their
greatest concern is their children’s security. Now a day’s
most of the parents are working to earn money to sustain a
family. Due to the busy working schedule of parents it is not
possible for them to always stay beside their children’s.
Parents will start to feel anxious about their Childs safety &
current status every second because they cannot see what
their child is doing currently or what affairs will happen on
them.
1.2 Problem Statement
Less availability of child safety devices with
minimum cost
The parent is hardly to keep a watch on their
child without the use of technology,
especially when the child is in the outdoor.
International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT)
ISSN: 2278-0181http://www.ijert.org
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Also the devices available are costlier which
is not affordable for middle class parents.
2.
LITERATURE REVIEW
This chapter briefly describes the review on existing
techniques related with the propose project. In this topic, this
literature review will discuss about the tracking system. This
literature review is a summary and explanation of the
complete and current state of knowledge on limited topics as
found in journal articles. In this chapter, only three systems
are compared for tracking system. There are a large number
of studies of the tracking system in the different areas.
However, since the focus of this research is on the child
tracking system, these will not be reviewed in detail and will
only be referred to as appropriate. Besides, studies are also
performed on technologies involved and methodology
applies in the proposed system that will act as guidance in
practicing the best approach for building the tracking system
for child.
2.1 Technical Paper Review
2.1.1 Paper 1:International Research Journal of
Engineering & Technology
Author name: Prof. Shrinivas Sirdeshpande
Due to rapid increase in population, there is need for
efficient public transportation system. There is increased
burden on public transportation like bus just because of
population. Therefore remote user needs a smart system
which provides real time information of bus. So we
proposed a new system which solves the drawback of
current public transportation system. So our system handles
all the data like current location of bus, management of
buses and its schedule.
The real time tracking of bus can be done by our proposed
system and this information is then given to remote user who
wants to know the real time bus information. Some
technologies like GPS (Global Positioning System), Google
maps and GPRS (General Packet Radio Service) are used for
development purpose. Our system provides web based
application, which gives real time location of bus on Google
Maps to remote user.
2.1.2 Paper 2: International journal of advanced
research in computer engineering & technology
Author name: Prof. M.K. Night
GPS and GSM based device location and tracking system
will provide effective, real time device location, mapping
and reporting this information back to monitoring device and
improving the level of service provided. A GPS based device
tracking system will inform where your device is and where
it has been, how long it has been.The system uses geographic
position and time information from the Global Positioning
Satellites. Currently, mostly the existent tracking systems
use techniques of virtual fence known as Geophone which
compares the entity position with a predetermined zone or a
point of interest, checking if the entity is inside or outside an
area. Those techniques do not allow full coverage of the
course, making difficult to determine if a truck or another
delivery device is travelling in a planned path. Therefore,
we need to use an alternative technique that allows
continuous monitoring of travels, obtaining information of
probable deviations or even emergency situations.
2.1.3 Paper 3: International Journal of Science and
Research (IJSR)
Author name: Miss. Poonam Sather
The paper describe a practical model for routing and
tracking of mobile devices in a large area outdoor
environment based on the Global positioning system (GPS)
and Global system for mobile communication (GSM). The
supporting device GPS continuously move with the car and
will calculate the co-ordinates of each position and when
required by the owner it can be communicated with the help
of GSM modem which is installed in both Transmitter and
receiver section. GSM modem is controlled by a 32 bit
ARM7 LPC2148.The device will collect position to
supervised center by the SMS (Short Message Service) or
GPRS (General Package radio service) and which can be
located in the Google Earth and so the current position of the
car can be known
2.1.4 Paper 4: International journal of information
system and engineering
Author name: Mr. Joshua Samuel
Location based services has enable people to locate and
track the location of other people, objects, machine, devices
and resources, from the comfort of their home as long as they
have the required gadget such as smart phone, PDA’s, and
others (Abuse, et al, 2004). Requesting location sensitive
information is usually initiated by a user called the client or
network provider. Most application today use Global
Positioning System (GPS) provide location information;
for example social network site like Facebook allow users to
share their location with friends and family, another
common example are application that allow users retrieve
weather forecast data based on their current location.
With the numerous benefits emanating from the use of
location-based service, there is however issues that bothers
on the privacy of user; hence there is need for proper
government regulations. The purpose of this project to
develop a tracking / monitoring Android application
(mobile) using object GPS devices to ascertain its current
location, and previous location at specified intervals, this
system unlike previous tracking system will give user the
ability to create bookmark of current location and ability to
route back to that location from anywhere using Google
Maps API’s in case they can’t remember the prices location.
Chandra, Jain and Qadeer used a simple web server
approach along with SMS to solve the problem. It was
implemented for JAVA enabled mobile devices equipped
with GPS receptor. A client can either send his location to
other clients directly by SMS or share it by sending it to the
web server’s database via internet. Clients can view the
locations on the Google maps. The aim of this application is
International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT)
ISSN: 2278-0181http://www.ijert.org
IJERTV9IS060770 (This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.)
Published by :
www.ijert.org
Vol. 9 Issue 06, June-2020
1332
to enables the user to share his location with their friends or
even who uses the same soelution.
3.PROPOSED WORK
A.
Requirements
This work is designed for parents and children. Both must
have GPS and GSM services enabled devices i.e. smart
phone at the parent side and the tracking module at child side
that supports GPS and SMS as a minimum. SMS is a basic
service on any smart phones but GPS can be found on new
smart phones. The application is mostly to be used by
parents to track down the child’s location. In a later phase
for implementation purposes, the system will be developed
using Android App. The Android App to be used is a digital
dashboard where a graphic interface can be build.
The main reason why the Android OS was chosen for the
implementation of this work is to target more users.
Statistics shows that the market share for the Android OS is
48.8. This makes it the highest over others Smartphone’s
operating systems currently in the market.
Fig.: Proposed System
B.
Application Architecture
We propose a solution to solve the problem based mainly on
GPS and GSM technologies. It takes advantage of the two
main rich features that is offered in Android platforms
nowadays. Those features are location services, mainly GPS,
and basic telephony services, mainly SMS. The system
proposed is based on a simple idea that is the use of SMS for
communicating between the parties involved, parent and
child. It is designed in a simple way so that it will involve
few elements and less user interaction. This way it will result
in a system that is simple and easy to implement and use,
making it more user-friendly. The architecture of the system
proposed, consists of two sides. First is the parent side which
acts as a server for the system though it is not actually a
server. It is basically an Android phone owned by the parent
of the child for tracking and monitoring. The parent’s side
uses SMS for communicating and receiving the alert
messages and location co-ordinates from child module and
maps to view the location of the child on a map. Thus, it
requires telephony and internet services to be enabled in the
parent’s phone for the system to function
Fig.: Parent Side
The Second is the child side which acts as a client for the
system. The child side is a traceable module consists of GSM
and GPS devices. The child side uses SMS for
communicating with the parent side and location services,
GPS or Network, to get the location of the child in form of
coordinates. On the child side, telephony and location
services must be enabled and up running on the child side for
the system to work. Where else the parent side might need
internet connectivity only for the map to show.
Fig.: Child Side Module
On the parent side, there is an Android phone with an
application for monitoring child location. The Android App
has a digital dashboard where graphic interface can be build
according to requirements. After creating required interface
for tracking application on an Android App, child module
can be traced continuously on the map. The Android App to
be used allows number of user to access the created tracking
interface by logging into the interface. On the child side, the
traceable module consists of GSM and GPS devices. The
child side uses SMS for communicating with the parent side
and location services, GPS or Network, to get the location
of the child in form of coordinates such as longitude and
latitude. A parent will use the interface to track the location
of child. An Android app service runs in the background
continuously so that parent can see the child’s real time
location at any time and the child module keeps on sending
International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT)
ISSN: 2278-0181http://www.ijert.org
IJERTV9IS060770 (This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.)
Published by :
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Vol. 9 Issue 06, June-2020
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the location coordinates i.e. latitude and longitude through
SMS as soon as the child reaches to the Pre-defined check
points as a confirmation. The design of this proposed
solution offers many advantages over many exiting
solutions.
First, the application operates automatically as soon as child
reaches to the pre-defined check points without the need for
user interaction at the child side. This is considered as a big
advantage for the system. Another advantage is that the
system uses SMS for data transfer thus eliminating the need
for internet connectivity. The system will only require
location services and telephony connectivity. This is suitable
for situations where the users might not have internet access.
The third advantage this solution offers is that it can
perfectly function indoors as well. It is done by using both
GPS and Network provider for location determination. The
application will always get coordinates from both, compare
them and use the most accurate.
In cases where there is no GPS satellite signal received, for
example indoors, the application will use the only other
source available which is the Network provider. It should be
noted that Network provider location detection is based on
the Cellular ID. Lastly, the system uses a master slave
relation between parent and child sides where the parent
controls all the functions of the system and the child has very
little control over the system.
4. CONCLUSION
The proposed system is designed to aid locating the live
location of children’s who are minors for their safety
purpose. The architecture of system is mainly built on two
basic features i.e. Global Positioning System(GPS) and SMS
services used to track the location and to send the messages
to the user. The tracked location is decided by the tracked
parameters such as latitude and longitude. Using this
parameter the user can verify the location by putting
received values on the Google of latitude and longitude. The
advantage of the proposed system is here the user get one
more option to track the device i.e. Android Application
which also include the map option for user to observe.
5. REFERENCES
[1] (Android & Google, 2016) Android, & Google. (2016). Android
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[3] FiLIP, 2016. FiLIP - THE WORLD’S FIRST SMART LOCATOR
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[4] (Gatwick & Ahmad, 2011)Gatwick P., & Ahmad, K. (2011). App
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[5] (Rycroft, 1997) Rycroft, M. J. (1997). Understanding GPS.
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[6] (Sarjana & Ii, 2012) Sarjana, P., & Ii, M. (2012). GSM & GPS
BASED SCHOOL KIDS TRACKING SYSTEM NG WOON CEA
This Report Is Submitted In Partial Fulfillment of Requirements
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[7] (Salihoglu & Widom, 2013) Salihoglu, S., & Widom, J. (2013).
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Published by :
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ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication.
Introduction to GPS: The Global Position System. Navtech GPS Part 1221
  • A El-Rabbany
(El-rabbany, 2006) El-rabbany, A. (2006). Introduction to GPS: The Global Position System. Navtech GPS Part 1221. https://doi.org/10.2493/jjspe.72.285