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Effects of Anxiety on Health and Well-being of the Individuals

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Abstract

Anxiety is a psychological problem that usually all individuals experience. When it takes place in a major form, it has an effect upon the health and well-being of the individuals. Normally, when the individuals are to get engaged in tasks and activities, which enable them to feel nervous, then they experience anxiety and anxiety disorders. The individuals need to obtain support and assistance from others in overcoming these disorders, when they take place in a major form. Therefore, when anxiety takes place in a major form, it has detrimental effects upon health and well-being of the individuals.
Effects of Anxiety on Health and Well-being of the
Individuals
Dr. Radhika Kapur
Abstract
The main objective of this research paper is to generate information in terms of effects
of anxiety on health and well-being of the individuals. The individuals normally experience
anxiety, when they are participating in any tasks or activities that are complicated. In order to
overcome anxiety disorders, they need to take help and assistance from others or may
implement measures on their own. When the individuals experience anxiety within the course
of putting into operation tasks and activities, then the important factors are, they need to be
well-prepared and possess efficient knowledge. When they are unable to put into operation
the measures and approaches to overcome anxiety disorders, then it is recommended, they
should not participate in such situations. For instance, if entering elevators causes anxiety
disorders, then one may avoid entering them and make use of staircase. The individuals, who
make provision of support and assistance include, family members, supervisors, instructors,
colleagues, professional counsellors, medical practitioners and health care specialists. When
anxiety and anxiety disorders are in a major form, then appropriate strategies and methods
need to be put into operation to overcome them. The main areas that have been taken into
account in this research paper are, understanding the meaning of anxiety and anxiety
disorders, types of anxiety disorders, and causes of anxiety disorders.
Keywords: Activities, Anxiety, Anxiety Disorders, Apprehensiveness, Health,
Situations, Tasks, Well-being
Anxiety is a normal and often regarded as a healthy emotion. When individuals feel
disproportionate levels of anxiety, it turns into a mental disorder. Anxiety disorders form a
category of the mental health diagnosis that leads to apprehensiveness, vulnerability, worry
and fear. These disorders alter how the individuals are required to behave and react to
different kinds of situations (Browne, 2020). When an individual is to participate in any task
or activity, such as, an exam, interview, competition and so forth, then it is likely possible that
he or she may experience anxiety. Anxiety is referred to the body’s natural response to stress
or apprehension in terms of what is to take place. When the feeling of anxiety is extreme, last
for the time period of more than six months, it is possible that the individuals may experience
anxiety disorder. When the individuals are feeling anxious in terms of education or job, this
type of anxiety is unpleasant, but it may motivate the individuals to focus on their job duties
(Legg, 2018).
Anxiety disorders are referred to the most common forms of emotional disorders and
can have an effect upon anybody of different age groups. Anxiety feels different depending
upon the individuals experiencing it. Experiencing nightmares, panic attacks and painful
thoughts are different ways in which individuals express anxiety. In the case of an anxiety
disorder, the feelings of fear, apprehensiveness and vulnerability will be with the individuals
all the time. It is intense and in some cases debilitating. When the individuals experience
anxiety disorders, they do not take pleasure in tasks and activities that they enjoyed at
particular point of time. Some of the examples of anxiety disorders are, the individuals feel
apprehensive in entering the elevators, crossing streets, implementing certain tasks or
communicating with other individuals. The individuals need to ensure that they take proper
treatment to overcome anxiety disorders and prevent them from assuming a major form.
Women are more likely to be diagnosed with anxiety disorders as compared to men (Legg,
2018).
Understanding the Meaning of Anxiety and Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety is experienced by individuals belonging to various age groups. But children
experience them on a large scale as compared to adults. When the individuals have not
participated in any activities before or have not carried out any tasks or functions before, it is
likely possible that they will experience anxiety and anxiety disorder. In accordance to the
research studies, the elderly individuals, who are above 70 years of age do not feel
comfortable in making use of technologies. They may make use of them for leisure and
recreational purposes, but they do not feel comfortable in making use of them to carry out
other tasks and activities, such as, sending emails, paying bills and so forth. In order to carry
out these tasks, they need to obtain help and support from others. In some cases, one may
alleviate anxiety and anxiety disorders, but in other cases, they may not alleviate them and
take help and support from others throughout their lives.
It is unfortunate that anxiety disorders are common. In accordance to the research
studies, one in four adults have anxiety disorders in their lives. These disorders are regarded
as one of the most common mental health problems in women as compared to men (Rector,
Bourdeau, Kitchen & Joseph-Massiah, 2008). Men too experience anxiety disorders, but
these are more common in women. These are regarded as major barriers within the course of
implementation of various tasks and activities. These include, carrying out household
responsibilities, travelling, learning, developing competencies and skills, using technologies
and so forth. When the individuals experience anxiety in putting into operation various tasks
and activities, one of the important measures that needs to be implemented to alleviate it is to
be well-prepared. The individuals need to augment their knowledge and understanding in
terms of various areas and develop confidence. Therefore, when one is well-prepared, the
individuals will not only be able to overcome anxiety disorders, but also carry out their job
duties well.
The individuals in most cases live with anxiety disorders for years, before they are
diagnosed and treated (Rector, Bourdeau, Kitchen & Joseph-Massiah, 2008). When the
individuals feel anxious in terms of acquisition of education, they either work diligently and
conscientiously to acquire an efficient understanding of the lesson plans and academic
concepts or they may change their subjects or they may even discontinue their education. On
the other hand, when the individuals experience setbacks within the course of implementation
of their job duties, they may either work diligently or provide solutions to their problems or
they may change their jobs. But when the individuals experience phobia in terms of various
objects or situations, then it is likely possible that they may not obtain treatment and these
may continue for even long term time period. It is recommended that treatment should be
obtained as soon as the phobias are identified. In this manner, they will not have detrimental
effects upon the overall lives of the individuals.
Anxiety disorders provide description of the group of related mental illnesses (Learn
about Anxiety Disorders, 2013). In most cases, when the individuals experience different
forms of anxiety disorders, they impose impediments within the course of enriching one’s
overall quality of lives. In most cases, individuals feel anxious before any particular tasks or
situations. For instance, the individuals experience health problems as they age. When the
individuals attain the age of 70 and above, they experience a decline in the vocabulary and
usage of words. On the other hand, elderly individuals experience other health problems as
well, such as, pain in the joints and in some cases, they are unable to carry out the activities
of daily living, such as, eating, bathing, dressing, toileting and transferring, whereas, in other
cases, they are not ambulatory. Therefore, when the individuals experience health problems
and illnesses, they feel anxious and need support and assistance from others. Health problems
can take place among individuals belonging to various age groups. Therefore, it can be stated,
anxiety and anxiety disorders are usually prevalent among individuals with health problems
and illnesses.
Types of Anxiety Disorders
The different types of anxiety disorders are generalized anxiety disorder, panic
disorder with and without agoraphobia, agoraphobia, specific phobia, social phobia,
obsessive compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder and co-occurring mental health
problems. These are stated as follows: (What is an Anxiety Disorder? n.d.).
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Generalized anxiety disorder is characterised by excessive, uncontrollable and
unrealistic worry in terms of aspects such as, health, family, relationships, education,
finances, employment and career. This is regarded as one of the severe disorders, which
would have detrimental effects upon the overall lives of the individuals. The individuals
belonging to all categories and backgrounds need to pay attention towards these aspects. All
individuals aspire to achieve the best in terms of all these factors. Hence, when they
experience any types of problems and challenges, they develop generalized anxiety disorder.
Generalized anxiety disorder is developed, when the individuals experience severe problems
and setbacks and aim to overcome them. When the individuals develop the generalized
anxiety disorder, they feel like imposing harm upon their own-selves as well as their loved
ones. They feel apprehensive and vulnerable to a major extent. Therefore, in order to promote
good health and well-being, it is important for the individuals to put into operation the
measures and approaches to prevent this disorder from assuming a major form. Seeking help
and support from professional counsellors, experts, medical practitioners and health care
specialists is regarded as one of the indispensable ways of curbing the generalized anxiety
disorder and preventing it from assuming a major form.
Panic Disorder with and Without Agoraphobia
The individuals with this form of disorder experience panic attacks to a major extent.
These are experienced in situations, in which most individuals will not experience any kind
of vulnerability and apprehensiveness. In other words, when the situations and circumstances
are not risky and hazardous and the individuals depict panic attacks, then these are not
considered as normal. When this problem is experienced, immediate attention should be paid
towards it. The panic attacks are accompanied by unpleasant physical symptoms of anxiety,
such as a feeling as if the person is having a cardiac arrest. In addition, the individuals tend to
lose their mental balance and this has detrimental effects upon their personality and overall
quality of lives. In some cases, the individuals as well as others, i.e. their family members and
caregivers feel that panic disorders with and without agoraphobia may prove to be fatal. In
such cases, it is of utmost significance for the individuals to seek medical and health care
treatment. Medical assistance is regarded to render a significant contribution in conveying to
the individuals in terms of methods and approaches, which would be helpful in providing
solution to this problem and enabling the individuals to live enriched lives.
Agoraphobia
Agoraphobia is not regarded as a specific disorder, but it is a component of the
anxiety, which is characterised by the fear of being in places or situations from which it may
be embarrassing and difficult to get away with and the fear that one will not be able to attain
any help or assistance, when they will need it. The individuals need help and assistance in the
implementation of various tasks and activities. When the tasks are important and they need to
complete it within a particular time frame and need assistance from others and they feel that
assistance will not be available on time, they experience agoraphobia. The individuals with
agoraphobia in most cases, develop fear and apprehensiveness in various types of situations
and places. The places include, marketplaces, stores, means of public transportation, and
elevators. Whereas, situations can be within as well as outside the homes. In such cases, the
individuals do not usually feel comfortable in the presence of some individuals, particularly
the ones, who they find difficult to interact and deal with. Therefore, in order to promote
good health and well-being, the individuals need to promote the company of amiable and
friendly individuals and implement the measures and approaches to curb this form of disorder
and prevent it from assuming a major form.
Specific Phobia
Everyone has some irrational fears. But phobias are regarded as intense fears in terms
of particular situations or objects. When the individuals feel that certain objects, or things are
interfering with their lives, they will develop specific phobia. These might include the fear of
heights, water, animals, darkness, closed spaces, insects and so forth. The individuals are fine
and normal when these specific objects or things are not present. They carry out their job
duties and responsibilities appropriately and lead normal lives. But this type of anxiety
disorder is experienced, particularly when the individuals experience objects or things that
cause specific phobia. When the individuals observe or come across objects, insects, or
animals or situations, which would cause anxiety disorder, they experience panic attacks.
When the individuals get affected by phobias can go a long way to avoid these situations. In
other words, it is lengthy and time consuming for the individuals to alleviate the effects of
specific phobia. One of the important ways is to avoid situations, objects, insects or animals
that causes specific phobia. Therefore, when measures are put into operation in an appropriate
manner, one may alleviate the effects of specific phobia on their personalities and overall
living standards.
Social Phobia
Social phobia is referred to as the strong and persistent fear of social as well as
performance situations. The individuals fear that they will be scrutinized and negatively
judged by others. Social phobia interferes in a significant manner with the overall living
conditions. The reason being, the individuals normally cope with difficult situations by
avoiding them or enduring them with distress. In some cases, the individuals do experience
problems in their personality. These include, visual impairments, hearing impairments,
speech disability, obesity, and so forth. When the individuals are obese in some cases, they do
not feel comfortable in presenting themselves before others in different areas. But this is
infrequent. As individuals do not let obesity to turn into a barrier in enhancing their career
prospects. On the other hand, when the individuals experience visual impairments, hearing
impairments, and speech disabilities, they normally undergo problems in communicating with
others in a verbal and written form as well as in the implementation of tasks and functions.
But these problems can be curbed and one can prevent them from turning into impediments.
Therefore, it can be stated, the individuals can deal with this type of anxiety disorder with or
without obtaining help from others.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
The obsessive compulsive disorder involves constant and unwanted thoughts and
often results in the performance of rituals. The performance of rituals is in an attempt to
control or alleviate persistent thoughts. The rituals are time consuming and interfere with the
daily lives of the individuals. For instance, in some households, it is a principle that the
individuals will not enter the kitchen without taking a bath, whereas, in some households, a
particular time is set for the individuals to carry out ones tasks and activities, such as,
watching television, sleeping, working out, having meals and so forth. When the individuals
are required to carry out tasks and activities in accordance to the timings, in some cases, they
experience an obsessive compulsive disorder. All individuals aspire to attain independence.
All individuals aspire that they should be given the freedom to carry out their tasks and
activities in accordance to their own timings. In accordance to the research studies, when the
individuals experience this form of anxiety disorder, they are unable to communicate in terms
of it with their friends and other individuals. Therefore, it can be stated, obsessive compulsive
disorder has to be alleviated, so it does not have unfavourable effects upon the overall lives of
the individuals.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Post-traumatic stress disorder is the disorder, which the individuals experience as a
result of any calamitous situation. These include, war, accidents, death, setbacks in one’s
career, loss of property and financial resources and so forth. This incidents have unfavourable
effects upon the mind-sets as well as the overall lives of the individuals. Not all the
individuals experience this type of disorder. The reason being, the individuals are different
from each other in their personality traits. Hence, they have different ways of dealing with
situations. The individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder find it difficult to cope with the
effects of the traumatic event and it may last for long-term as well. In such cases, medical
treatment is obtained. The medical practitioners and health care specialists have their own
methods and ways of coping with problems and difficulties, which are caused due to post-
traumatic stress disorder. But the individuals need to ensure that they abide by these methods
and approaches in an appropriate manner to alleviate this anxiety disorder and prevent it from
assuming a major form. Therefore, it can be stated, post-traumatic stress disorder needs to be
analysed and when analysis has been conducted, measures need to be put into operation to
alleviate it.
Co-occurring Mental Health Problems
When the individuals experience one anxiety disorder, they are likely to experience
the other. For instance, when the individuals experience stress because they are unable to
carry out their job duties in accordance to the expectations of their employers, then it is likely
possible that they will feel depressed as well. On the other hand, when the students
experience problems in acquiring an efficient understanding of the academic concepts, they
will feel stressed as well as depressed. Hence, it can be stated, when the individuals
experience problems and difficulties within the course of implementation of various types of
tasks and activities, it causes stress as well as depression. But when the individuals form the
viewpoint that they need to overcome the psychological problems of stress and depression
and carry out their job duties in a well-organized manner, they put into operation the
measures, approaches and strategies. In educational institutions and in employment settings,
when the individuals form amiable and cordial terms and relationships with others, then they
are able to obtain support and assistance in not only achieving the desired goals, but also in
alleviating co-occurring mental health problems. Therefore, it can be stated, co-occurring
mental health problems need to be checked and alleviated in a timely manner.
Causes of Anxiety Disorders
There are number of interrelated factors that are associated with the occurrence of
anxiety disorders. The causes of particular disorders may differ and it is not all the time
possible for the individuals to determine the causes of anxiety disorder in every case. When
the individuals are performing a task or an activity for the first time, it is possible that they
may experience anxiety. But when they experience anxiety within their own homes or with
communicating as well as dealing with other individuals, including family members, then
they are unable to determine the causes of anxiety disorders. The various causes of anxiety
disorders are genetic factors, biochemical factors, temperament, learnt response and stress.
These are stated as follows: (What is an Anxiety Disorder? n.d.).
Genetic Factors
It is comprehensively recognized that the tendency to develop anxiety disorders
emerges from families. This is similar to a predisposition to other illnesses, such as, heart
diseases, diabetes and so forth. The individuals may learn responses from parents as well as
other family members. In one’s family, when the parents, siblings or any other immediate
family member experiences anxiety disorders, then the individuals are also likely to develop
anxiety disorders. The genetic factors are regarded as crucial in the development of anxiety
disorders. The genetic factors that lead to the development of anxiety disorders are,
generalized anxiety, separation anxiety, social phobia and panic attacks. Depression is one of
the psychological problems that is not caused due to genetic factors. One of the unfavourable
points which needs to be highlighted in the case of genetic factors is, the parents as well as
other family members have not paid much attention that their problems should not get
transmitted to their children. When the individuals experience anxiety disorders, as well as
various types of psychological problems, it is of utmost significance for them to pay attention
on an immediate basis and put into operation the measures and approaches to bring about
improvements. Therefore, it can be stated, genetic factors is one of the primary causes of
anxiety disorders.
Biochemical Factors
The biochemical factors are the ones, which establishes connections with the anxiety
disorders. The neurotransmitters that regulates the feelings and physical reactions may be
involved. There are neurotransmitters in the body that regulates the feelings, thoughts and
physical reactions within the body. These are also regarded as one of the major causes of
anxiety disorders. The neurotransmitters regulates positive as well as negative feelings. The
positive feelings play an important part in leading to an increase in constructive feelings
among individuals. The individuals in this manner develops an optimistic outlook towards
life. On the other hand, negative feelings are considered to render an important contribution
in enabling the individuals to develop a pessimistic outlook towards life. It is believed that
some symptoms of psychiatric disorders are created by imbalances or inappropriate amounts
of neurotransmitters. The neurotransmitter that is associated with anxiety disorder is termed
as serotonin. This neurotransmitter has not only been associated with anxiety disorders, but
also panic attacks. In addition to serotonin, GBA or gamma-aminobutyric acid has also been
linked to anxiety. Therefore, the individuals need to ensure that they put into operation the
biochemical factors in such a manner which would not cause any anxiety disorders. In other
words, the biochemical factors need to be positive.
Temperament
The individuals with certain temperaments are more prone to anxiety disorders. The
natures and attitudes of the individuals are regarded as important factors that enable the
individuals to experience anxiety disorders. When the individuals from the stage of early
childhood were shy and did not interact with others on a large scale, they are more likely to
develop anxiety disorders, such as, social phobia. The natures, attitudes and behaviours of the
individuals are responsible to a major extent to develop anxiety disorders. Hence, from the
stage of early childhood, the individuals are trained to develop effective communication
skills. When the individuals have a social circle, they are more likely to remain happy and
pleasant, hence, they are less likely to develop anxiety disorders. On the other hand, when the
individuals do not have a social circle, remain in seclusion and do not interact with others
much, they are more likely to develop anxiety disorders. In other words, their temperament is
formed in such a manner that they experience the psychological problems of anger, stress and
frustration. When the individuals experience these problems, they are more likely to develop
anxiety disorders. Therefore, it can be stated, temperament is one of the important causes of
anxiety disorders.
Learnt Response
Normally all individuals get exposed to situations, objects, states, circumstances,
positions that are upsetting and unpleasant. In some cases, the unpleasantness may be minor,
whereas, in other cases, it may be in a major form. The individuals are different from each
other in terms of various aspects, including caste, creed, race, ethnicity, religion, educational
qualifications, occupation, personality traits and socio-economic background. In some cases,
they cope up with unpleasant situations in a calm manner. Whereas, in other cases, they are
unable to cope with them and develop psychological problems and anxiety disorders. When
the psychological problems and anxiety disorders are in a major form, the individuals
normally need to take support and assistance from others. These include, their family
members, instructors, supervisors, counsellors and medical practitioners and health care
specialists. On the other hand, when the anxiety disorders are in a minor form, the individuals
put into operation the measures and strategies on their own to cope with them. When the
individuals response to unpleasant situations, the response can be re-activated when one is
experiencing or thinking in terms of the situation, individual or object. Therefore, it can be
stated, learnt response is one of the important causes of anxiety disorders.
Stress
Stress is an integral part of the lives of the individuals. The individuals usually feel
stressed in various areas and in putting into operation different tasks and activities. When the
individuals are acquiring education, learning a skill, carrying out a household chore,
purchasing items from the market, looking for employment opportunities, or carrying out job
duties and so forth, when the work pressure is experienced to a major extent and the jobs are
difficult, then it is likely possible that they may feel stressed. In some cases, stress is regarded
as one of the major barriers within the course of implementation of tasks and activities in a
satisfactory manner. When the individuals feel stressed within the course of implementation
of tasks and activities, it impedes their concentration and they normally experience problems
within the course of attainment of desired outcomes. The individuals, belonging to various
age groups, categories, and backgrounds experience stress, but when they are determined
towards the implementation of their job duties in an adequate manner, they develop the
abilities to cope with stress. When the individuals learn to cope with stress in an appropriate
manner, they are able to deal with anxiety disorders. Therefore, it is understood that stress is
one of the indispensable causes of anxiety disorders.
Conclusion
Anxiety is a regular and often a vigorous emotion. When the individuals feel
inconsistent levels of anxiety, it turns into a mental disorder. Anxiety disorders form a
category of the mental health analysis that leads to apprehensiveness, vulnerability,
uneasiness and distress. These disorders alter how the individuals are required to perform, act
and respond to different kinds of situations. When the feelings of anxiety are extreme, last for
the time period of more than six months, it is likely possible that the individuals may
experience anxiety disorder. When the individuals are feeling anxious in terms of various
aspects i.e. education or job, this type of anxiety is disagreeable, but it may motivate the
individuals to focus on their job duties and responsibilities. Experiencing nightmares, panic
attacks and painful thoughts are different ways in which individuals express anxiety. The
different types of anxiety disorders are generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder with and
without agoraphobia, agoraphobia, specific phobia, social phobia, obsessive compulsive
disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder and co-occurring mental health problems. The various
causes of anxiety disorders are, genetic factors, biochemical factors, temperament, learnt
response and stress. Finally, it can be stated, when the individuals experience anxiety
disorders, they need to put into operation various methods and approaches to overcome them
and prevent them from assuming a major form.
Bibliography
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Legg, T.J. (2018). Everything you need to Know about Anxiety. Retrieved May 29, 2020
from healthline.com
Rector, N.A., Bourdeau, D., Kitchen, K., & Joseph-Massiah, L. (2008). Anxiety Disorders
An Information Guide. Retrieved May 30, 2020 from camh.ca
What is an Anxiety Disorder? (n.d.). Retrieved May 29, 2020 from www1.health.gov.au
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