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Post-traumatic growth and stress-related responses during the COVID-19 pandemic in a national representative sample: The role of core beliefs about the world and others
Abstract and Figures
The aim of this study was to test a cognitive model of post-traumatic symptoms (PTS) and post-traumatic growth (PTG) during the confinement caused by the COVID-19 epidemic. It was hypothesised that the severity of PTS might be associated with ideas of suspiciousness and intolerance to uncertainty whereas PTG might be associated to beliefs of living in a good world and a positive outlook of the future. To evaluate the model, a national representative sample of adults between the ages of 18 and 75 (N=2122) was surveyed between 7-13 April, 2020, in the middle of a strict 7-week national confinement. Structural equation modelling yielded a very similar model to the one initially specified. The results highlight the role of both negative and positive core beliefs about the nature of the world and human nature, which are pertinent to the current biological threat, in the appearance of PTS and PTG, respectively.
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