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Abstract

The impact of pandemic COVID-19 is observed in every sector around the world. The education sectors of India as well as world are badly affected by this. It has enforced the world wide lock down creating very bad effect on the students' life. Around 32 crore learners stopped to move schools/colleges, all educational activities halted in India. The outbreak of COVID-19 has advised us that change is inevitable. It has worked as a catalyst for the educational institutions to grow and opt for platforms and techniques, which have not been used before. The education sector has been fighting to survive the crises with a different approach and digitising the challenges to wash away the threat of the pandemic. This paper highlights some measures taken by Govt. of India to provide seamless education in the country. Both the positive and negative impacts of COVID-19 are discussed and some fruitful suggestions are pointed to carry out educational activities during the pandemic situation.
IMPACT OF PANDEMIC COVID
Assistant Regional Director,
ARTICLE INFO
ABSTRACT
The impact of pandemic COVID
sectors of India as well as world are badly affected by this. It has enforced the world wide lock down
creating very bad effect on the stu
schools/colleges and all educational activities halted in India. The outbreak of COVID
us that change is inevitable. It has worked as a catalyst for the educational institutions to grow an
for platforms with technologies, which have not been used before. The education sector has been
fighting to survive the crises with a different approach and digitising the challenges to wash away the
threat of the pandemic. This paper highlights some
seamless education in the country. Both the positive and negative impacts of COVID
are discussed and some fruitful suggestions are also pointed to carry out educational activities during
the pand
Copyright © 2020, Pravat Kumar Jena. This is an open
distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided
INTRODUCTION
The pandemic Covid-
19 has spread over whole world and
compelled the human society to maintain social distancing. It
has significantly disrupted the education sector which is a
critical determinant of a country’s economic future.
February 11, 2020, the W
orld Health Organisation (
proposed an official name of the virus as COVID
acronym for Coronavirus disease 2019.
It was first identified in
Wuhan, China on December 31, 2019. First death by COVID
19 was the 61-
year old man in Wuhan, China
2020. WHO declared COVID-
19 as a pandemic on
2020. The first case of the COVID-
19 pandemic
reported on 30 January 2020 in the state of Kerala and the
affected had a travel history from Wuhan, China (Wikipedia).
The first death due to COVID-
19 was reported in India on
March 12, 2020. It
has affected more than 4.5 million peoples
worldwide (WHO). According to the
UNESCO report, it had
affected more than 90% of total world’s student population
during mid April 2020 which is now
reduced to nearly 67%
during June 2020. Outbreak of COVI-
19 has impacted more
than 120 crores of students and youths across the planet. In
India, more than 32 crores of students have been affected by
the various restrictions and the nationwide lockdown for
COVI-19. As per the UNESCO report,
about 14 crores of
primary and 13 crores of secondary students are affected which
are two mostly affected levels in India.
*Corresponding author:
Dr. Pravat Kumar Jena,
Assistant Regional Director, IGNOU Regional
Centre, Bhubaneswar.
ISSN: 0975-833X
Article History:
Received xxxxx, 2020
Received in revised form
xxxxxx, 2020
Accepted xxxxx, 2020
Published online xxxxx, 2020
Citation:
Dr. Pravat Kumar Jena. 2020.
Impact of pandemic COVID
Article History:
Received 07th April, 2020
Received in revised form
25th May, 2020
Accepted 27th June, 2020
Published online 30th July, 2020
Key Words:
Education, COVID-19,
Impact, Govt. of India.
s
RESEARCH ARTICLE
IMPACT OF PANDEMIC COVID
-19 ON
EDUCATION IN INDIA
*Dr. Pravat Kumar Jena
Assistant Regional Director,
IGNOU Regional Centre, Bhubaneswar
ABSTRACT
The impact of pandemic COVID
-
19 is observed in every sector around the world. The education
sectors of India as well as world are badly affected by this. It has enforced the world wide lock down
creating very bad effect on the students’ life. Around 32 crore learners stopped to move
schools/colleges and all educational activities halted in India. The outbreak of COVID
us that change is inevitable. It has worked as a catalyst for the educational institutions to grow an
for platforms with technologies, which have not been used before. The education sector has been
fighting to survive the crises with a different approach and digitising the challenges to wash away the
threat of the pandemic. This paper highlights some
measures taken by Govt. of India to provide
seamless education in the country. Both the positive and negative impacts of COVID
are discussed and some fruitful suggestions are also pointed to carry out educational activities during
the pand
emic situation.
access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution
the original work is properly cited.
19 has spread over whole world and
compelled the human society to maintain social distancing. It
has significantly disrupted the education sector which is a
critical determinant of a country’s economic future.
On
orld Health Organisation (
WHO)
proposed an official name of the virus as COVID
-19, an
It was first identified in
Wuhan, China on December 31, 2019. First death by COVID
-
year old man in Wuhan, China
on January 11,
19 as a pandemic on
March 11,
19 pandemic
in India was
reported on 30 January 2020 in the state of Kerala and the
affected had a travel history from Wuhan, China (Wikipedia).
19 was reported in India on
has affected more than 4.5 million peoples
UNESCO report, it had
affected more than 90% of total world’s student population
reduced to nearly 67%
19 has impacted more
than 120 crores of students and youths across the planet. In
India, more than 32 crores of students have been affected by
the various restrictions and the nationwide lockdown for
about 14 crores of
primary and 13 crores of secondary students are affected which
Dr. Pravat Kumar Jena,
Centre, Bhubaneswar.
After observing the corona virus pandemic situation the WHO
advised to maintain social distancing as the first prevention
step. So, every country started the action of lockdown to
separate the contaminated people. The education sect
including schools, colleges and universities became closed.
Classes suspended and
all examinations of schools, colleges
and universities including entrance tests were postponed
indefinitely. Thus, t
he lockdown destroyed the schedules of
every student.
Though it is an exceptional situation in the
history of education, COVID
opportunities to come out of the rigorous classroom teaching
model to a new era of digital model.
The lockdown has compelled many educational institutions to
cancel their classes, examinations, internships etc. and to
choose the online modes. Initially, the educators and the
students were quite confused and didn’t understand how to
cope up with the situation of this sudden crisis that compelled
closure of the e
ducational activities. But latter on all realized
that the lockdown has taught so many lessons to manage with
the emergence of such pandemics. Thus, COVID
created many
challenges and opportunities for the educational
institutes to strengthen their t
infrastructure (Pravat, 2020a).
The lockdown has given them a
ray of hope for teachers and students to continue their
educational activities through online. The teachers assigned
work to students via internet, delivered lectures
video conferencing using different Apps like Zoom, Google
meet, Facebook, Youtube, and Skype etc. There are WhatsApp
groups of guardians, teachers, students and parents for
International Journal of Current Research
Vol. 12, Issue, 07, pp.12582-12586, July, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.24941/ijcr.39209.07.2020
Impact of pandemic COVID
-19 on education in India”,
International Journal of Current Research
Available online at http://www.journalcra.com
z
EDUCATION IN INDIA
IGNOU Regional Centre, Bhubaneswar
19 is observed in every sector around the world. The education
sectors of India as well as world are badly affected by this. It has enforced the world wide lock down
dents’ life. Around 32 crore learners stopped to move
schools/colleges and all educational activities halted in India. The outbreak of COVID
-19 has taught
us that change is inevitable. It has worked as a catalyst for the educational institutions to grow an
d opt
for platforms with technologies, which have not been used before. The education sector has been
fighting to survive the crises with a different approach and digitising the challenges to wash away the
measures taken by Govt. of India to provide
seamless education in the country. Both the positive and negative impacts of COVID
-19 on education
are discussed and some fruitful suggestions are also pointed to carry out educational activities during
License, which permits unrestricted use,
After observing the corona virus pandemic situation the WHO
advised to maintain social distancing as the first prevention
step. So, every country started the action of lockdown to
separate the contaminated people. The education sect
ors
including schools, colleges and universities became closed.
all examinations of schools, colleges
and universities including entrance tests were postponed
he lockdown destroyed the schedules of
Though it is an exceptional situation in the
history of education, COVID
-19 has created many
opportunities to come out of the rigorous classroom teaching
model to a new era of digital model.
The lockdown has compelled many educational institutions to
cancel their classes, examinations, internships etc. and to
choose the online modes. Initially, the educators and the
students were quite confused and didn’t understand how to
cope up with the situation of this sudden crisis that compelled
ducational activities. But latter on all realized
that the lockdown has taught so many lessons to manage with
the emergence of such pandemics. Thus, COVID
-19 has
challenges and opportunities for the educational
institutes to strengthen their t
echnological knowledge and
The lockdown has given them a
ray of hope for teachers and students to continue their
educational activities through online. The teachers assigned
work to students via internet, delivered lectures
through live
video conferencing using different Apps like Zoom, Google
meet, Facebook, Youtube, and Skype etc. There are WhatsApp
groups of guardians, teachers, students and parents for
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL
OF CURRENT RESEARCH
International Journal of Current Research
, 12, (07), 12582-12586.
affective communication through which they are always in
touch to share their difficulties through this e-medium. In a
nation like China that practices a considerably more
centralization system, a change to digital learning may be
simpler. Even in a nation like the U.S.A, there are some low-
pay students who don’t approach broad bands and unable to
use computerized learning arrangement (Study Abroad Life).
The same is the situation that happens with India where not
every student is well equipped with the high-speed internet and
digital gadgets and are along these lines of suffer. Numerous
advanced educational institutions in India are not also
equipped with digital facilities right now to cope up with
sudden change from traditional education set up to the online
education system.
Objectives
The present research paper focused on the following
objectives:
To enlighten various measures taken by Govt. of India for
education sector during this pandemic.
To highlight various positive impact of COVID-19 on
education.
To enlist some negative impacts of COVID-19 and to put
some effective suggestions for continuing education
during the pandemic situation.
METHODOLOGY
Data and information presented in current study are collected
from various reports prepared by national and international
agencies on COVID-19 pandemic. Information are collected
from various authentic websites. Some journals and e-contents
relating to impact of COVID-19 on educational system are
referred.
Initiatives of Govt. of India on education during Covid-19
To prevent spread of pandemic COVID-19, the Government of
India has taken number of preventive measures. The union
government declared a countrywide lock-down of all
educational institutions on 16 March 2020. Central Board of
Secondary Education (CBSE) postponed all examinations of
secondary and higher secondary schools on March 18, 2020
throughout India. CBSE released revised guidelines for
examination centres to conduct examinations by maintaining a
distance of at least 1 meter between the students taking the
exam with a class not having more than 24 students. If the
rooms of the examination centres are small then the students
should be divided into different rooms accordingly. The Union
Public Service Commission (UPSC) postponed the interview
for the Civil Services Examination 2019 (Wikipedia).
Similarly the most of the state Governments and other
educational boards postponed examinations due to outbreak of
COVID-19. Govt. of India has observed one day nationwide
Janta-curfew on March 22 and implement lockdown from
March 25, 2020 onwards in different phases. Govt. of India has
been extending lockdown periods from time to time adopting
different strategies to fight with the pandemic but educational
institutions remained closed continuously. The lockdown 6.0
was declared on June 29, which is effective from 1st July to
31st July 2020 with some less restriction in other sectors except
education. Almost all state government ministries have taken
measures to ensure that the academic activities of schools and
colleges do not hamper during the lockdown period. They have
instructed the schools to hold all their classes online. The
lockdown has accelerated adoption of digital technology. It has
provided a chance to develop new and improved professional
skills/knowledge through online learning in more efficient and
productive way. Online learning is the best solution during this
pandemic Covid-19 situation (Pravat, 2020b). So, the digital
India vision of the government is emerging as a vital tool for
solving the present crisis due to Covid-19. It is a fact that
technology-based education is more transparent with all
respect. Looking at this challenge of colleges and schools
being shut, government of India, as well as state governments
and private players have undertaken proper initiatives. The
Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) has made
several arrangements, including online portals and educational
channels through Direct to Home TV, Radios for students to
continue learning. During lockdown, students are using
popular social media tools like WhatsApp, Zoom, Google
meet, Telegram, Youtube live, Facebook live etc. for online
teaching learning system. ICT initiative of MHRD (e-
Broucher- https://mhrd.gov.in/ict-initiatives ) is a unique
platform which combines all digital resources for online
education. The digital initiatives of MHRD for secondary as
well as higher education during COVID-19 are listed as below:
Secondary education
Diksha portal contains e-Learning content for students,
teachers, and parents aligned to the curriculum,
including video lessons, worksheets, textbooks and
assessments. Under the guidance of its national boards
of education (CBSE) and NCERT, the content has been
created by more than 250 teachers who teach in
multiple languages. The app is available to use offline.
It has more than 80,000 e-Books for classes 1 to 12
created by CBSE, NCERT in multiple languages. The
contents can also be viewed through QR codes on
textbooks. The app can be downloaded from IOS and
Google Play Store. Website: https://diksha.qov.in or
https://seshaqun.qov.in/shaqun
e-Pathshala is an e-Learning app by NCERT for
classes 1 to 12 in multiple languages. The app houses
books, videos, audio, etc. aimed at students, educators
and parents in multiple languages including Hindi,
Urdu, and English. In this web portal NCERT has
deployed 1886 audios, 2000 videos, 696 e-Books and
504 Flip Books for classes 1 to 12 in different
languages. Mobile Apps is available. Website:
http://epathshala.nic.in or http://epathshala.qov.in.
National Repository of Open Educational Resources
(NROER) portal provides a host of resources for
students and teachers in multiple languages including
books, interactive modules and videos including a host
of STEM-based games. Content is mapped to the
curriculum for classes 1-12, including aligned resources
for teachers. It has a total of 14527 files including 401
collections, 2779 documents, 1345 interactive, 1664
audios, 2586 images and 6153 videos on different
languages. Website: http://nroer.qov.in/welcome
Higher Education
Swayam is the national online education platform
hosting 1900 courses covering both school (classes 9 to
12) and higher education (under graduate, post graduate
programs) in all subjects including engineering,
humanities and social sciences, law and management
courses. The unique feature is that, it is integrated with
12583 Pravat Kumar Jena, Impact of pandemic covid-19 on education in India
the conventional education. Credit transfers are possible
for SWAYAM courses (max. 20%). Website:
https://swayam.gov.in/
Swayam Prabha has 32 DTH TV channels
transmitting educational contents on 24 x 7 basis. These
channels are available for viewing all across the country
using DD Free Dish Set Top Box and Antenna. The
channel schedule and other details are available in the
portal. The channels cover both school education
(classes 9 to 12) and higher education (undergraduate,
postgraduate, engineering Out-of-school children,
vocational courses and teacher training) in arts, science,
commerce, performing arts, social sciences and
humanities subjects, engineering, technology, law,
medicine, agriculture. Website:
https://swayamprabha.gov.in/
e-PG Pathshala is for postgraduate students.
Postgraduate students can access this platform for e-
books, online courses and study materials during this
lockdown period. The importance of this platform is
that students can access these facilities without having
internet for the whole day. Website:
https://epgp.inflibnet.ac.in/
Positive impact of COVID-19 on education
Though the outbreak of COVID-19 has created many negative
impacts on education, educational institutions of India have
accepted the challenges and trying their best to provide
seamless support services to the students during the pandemic.
Indian education system got the opportunity for transformation
from traditional system to a new era. The following points may
be considered as the positive impacts.
Move towards Blended Learning: COVID-19 has
accelerated adoption of digital technologies to deliver
education. Educational institutions moved towards
blended mode of learning. It encouraged all teachers and
students to become more technology savvy. New ways of
delivery and assessments of learning opened immense
opportunities for a major transformation in the area of
curriculum development and pedagogy. It also gives
access to large pools of learners at a time.
Rise in use of Learning Management Systems: Use of
learning management systems by educational institutions
became a great demand. It opened a great opportunity for
the companies those have been developing and
strengthening learning management systems for use
educational institutions (Misra, 2020).
Enhance the use of soft copy of learning material: In
lockdown situation students were not able to collect the
hard copies of study materials and hence most of the
students used of soft copies materials for reference.
Improvement in collaborative work- There is a new
opportunity where collaborative teaching and learning
can take on new forms. Collaborations can also happen
among faculty/teachers across the world to benefit from
each other (Misra, 2020).
Rise in online meetings- The pandemic has created a
massive rise in teleconferencing, virtual meetings,
webinars and e-conferencing opportunities
Enhanced Digital Literacy: The pandemic situation
induced people to learn and use digital technology and
resulted in increasing the digital literacy.
Improved the use of electronic media for sharing
information: Learning materials are shared among the
students easily and the related queries are resolved
through e-mail, SMS, phone calls and using different
social Medias like WhatsApp or Facebook.
World wide exposure: Educators and learners are getting
opportunities to interact with peers from around the
world. Learners adapted to an international community.
Better time management: Students are able to manage
their time more efficiently in online education during
pandemics.
Demand for Open and Distance Learning (ODL):
During the pandemic situation most of the students
preferred ODL mode as it encourages self-learning
providing opportunities to learn from diverse resources
and customized learning as per their needs.
Negative impact of COVID-19 on education
Education sector has suffered a lot due to the outbreak of
COVID-19. It has created many negative impacts on
education and some of them are as pointed below:
Educational activity hampered: Classes have been
suspended and exams at different levels postponed.
Different boards have already postponed the annual
examinations and entrance tests. Admission process got
delayed. Due to continuity in lockdown, student suffered
a loss of nearly 3 months of the full academic year of
2020-21 which is going to further deteriorate the
situation of continuity in education and the as students
would face much difficulty in resuming schooling again
after a huge gap.
Impact on employment: Most of the recruitment got
postponed due to COVID-19 Placements for students
may also be affected with companies delaying the on
board of students. Unemployment rate is expected to be
increased due to this pandemic. In India, there is no
recruitment in Govt. sector and fresh graduates fear
withdrawal of their job offers from private sectors
because of the current situation. The Centre for
Monitoring Indian Economy’s estimates on
unemployment shot up from 8.4% in mid-March to 23%
in early April and the urban unemployment rate to 30.9%
(Educationasia.in). When the unemployment increases
then the education gradually decreases as people struggle
for food rather than education.
Unprepared teachers/students for online education-
Not all teachers/students are good at it or at least not all
of them were ready for this sudden transition from face to
face learning to online learning. Most of the teachers are
just conducting lectures on video platforms such as
Zoom, Google meet etc. which may not be real online
learning without any dedicated online learning platform.
Reduced global employment opportunity- Some may
lose their jobs from other countries and the pass out
students may not get their job outside India due to
restrictions caused by COVID-19. Many Indians might
have returned home after losing their jobs overseas due
to COVID-19. Hence, the fresh students who are likely
to enter the job market shortly may face difficulty in
getting suitable employment. Many students who have
already got jobs through campus interviews may not be
able to join their jobs due to lockdown. The Indians who
have been doing their jobs abroad may lose their jobs.
Recent graduates in India are of also fearing for
12584 International Journal of Current Research, Vol. 12, Issue, 07, pp.12582-12586, July, 2020
withdrawal of job offers from corporate sectors because
of movement restriction in the current pandemic situation
Increased responsibility of parents to educate their
wards: Some educated parents are able to guide but
some may not have the adequate level of education
needed to teach children in the house.
Loss of nutrition due to school closure: Mid day meals
is a school meal programme of the Government of
India which is designed to provide better
the nutritional food to school-age children nationwide.
The closure of schools has serious implications on the
daily nutrition of students as the mid-day meal schemes
have temporarily been shut. Various studies have
pointed out that mid-day meals are also an important
contributing factor for increased enrolment in the
schools
Access to digital world: As many students have limited
or no internet access and many students may not be able
to afford computer, laptop or supporting mobile phones
in their homes, online teaching-learning may create a
digital divide among students. The lockdown has hit the
poor students very hard in India as most of them are
unable to explore online learning according to various
reports. Thus the online teaching-learning method
during pandemic COVID-19 may enhance the gap
between rich/poor and urban/rural.
Access to global education: The pandemic has
significantly disrupted the higher education sector. A
large number of Indian students who are enrolled in many
Universities abroad, especially in worst affected countries
are now leaving those countries and if the situation
persists, in the long run, a there will be a significant
decline in the demand for international higher education.
Payment of Schools, Colleges fee got delayed: During
this lockdown most of the parents will be facing
the unemployment situation so they may not be able to
pay the fee for that particular time periods which may
affect the private institutes.
Suggestions
India should develop creative strategies to ensure that all
children must have sustainable access to learning during
pandemic COVID-19. The Indian policies must include
various individuals from diverse backgrounds including
remote regions, marginalised and minority groups for
effective delivery.
Immediate measures are required to lessen the effects of
the pandemic on job offers, internship programs, and
research projects.
Many online learning platforms offer multiple
programmes on the same subjects with different levels of
certifications, methodology and assessment parameters.
So, the quality of programmes may differ across different
online learning platforms. Therefore, establishment of
quality assurance mechanisms and quality benchmark for
online learning programmes must be developed and
offered by Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in India
keeping in view of rapid growth of the online learning
platforms
Across the globe, Indian traditional knowledge is well
known for its scientific innovations, values and benefits
to develop sustainable technologies and medicines and
this knowledge systems in different fields should be
integrated with a present-day mainstream higher
education system.
Govt and educational institutes should plan to continue
the educational activities maintaining social distancing.
30-40% students and teachers may attend
schools/colleges in two shifts per day to carry on
educational activities by obeying guidelines for
COVID-19.
At current times, access to technology and internet is an
urgent requirement. So, the digital capabilities and the
required infrastructure must reach to the remotest and
poorest communities to facilitate the students to continue
their education during the pandemics. There is a need to
deploy public funds to fix the internet gap and ensure
that students continue to learn digitally. The state
governments/private organisations should come up with
ideas to address this issue of digital education.
Some significant issues associated with distance learning
strategies like the availability and access to digital
devices with internet connectivity, the need for safe
learning spaces, creating capabilities for teachers,
families and students to operate and navigate digital
devices, and engaging lesson plans for disabled students
and other marginalised groups should be addressed by
Govt. and the stakeholders.
Conclusion
COVID-19 has impacted immensely to the education sector of
India. Though it has created many challenges, various
opportunities are also evolved. The Indian Govt. and different
stakeholders of education have explored the possibility of
Open and Distance learning (ODL) by adopting different
digital technologies to cope up with the present crisis of
COVID-19. India is not fully equipped to make education
reach all corners of the nation via digital platforms. The
students who aren’t privileged like the others will suffer due to
the present choice of digital platforms. But universities and the
government of India are relentlessly trying to come up with a
solution to resolve this problem. The priority should be to
utilise digital technology to create an advantageous position for
millions of young students in India. It is need of the hour for
the educational institutions to strengthen their knowledge and
Information Technology infrastructure to be ready for facing
COVID-19 like situations.
Even if the COVID-19 crisis stretches longer, there is an
urgent need to take efforts on maximum utilisation of online
platforms so that students not only complete their degree in
this academic year but also to get ready for the future digital
oriented environment. The concept of “work from home” has
greater relevance in such pandemic situation to reduce spread
of COVID-19. India should develop creative strategies to
ensure that all children must have sustainable access to
learning during pandemic COVID-19. The Indian policies
must include various individuals from diverse backgrounds
including remote regions, marginalised and minority groups
for effective delivery of education. As online practice is
benefitting the students immensely, it should be continued
after the lockdown. Further detailed statistical study may be
undertaken to explore the impact of COVID-19 on education
system of India.
12585 Pravat Kumar Jena, Impact of pandemic covid-19 on education in India
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19_pandemic_in_India
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from
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educationresponse
12586 International Journal of Current Research, Vol. 12, Issue, 07, pp.12582-12586, July, 2020
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... During this pandemic, access to technology and internet is an urgent requirement. Jena (2020), in her article, suggested significant issues associated with distance learning strategies that the government and the stakeholders must address. These include the availability and access to digital devices with internet connectivity, the need for safe learning spaces, creating capabilities for teachers, families and students to operate and navigate digital devices, and engaging lesson plans for disabled students and other marginalized groups. ...
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The study aimed to ascertain the effectiveness of Canvas, a Learning Management System (LMS) used by a Higher Education Institution (HEI) in CALABARZON, in maximizing students' engagement and learning as experienced by the students and their teachers. Employing the phenomenolog-ical approach, the researcher used quota sampling in choosing the respondents, which included officially enrolled students from the Junior and Senior High School and the Colleges as well as selected faculty members who voluntarily shared their experiences, citing the advantages and disadvantages of using the LMS elicited through one-on-one interviews and focus group discussions. Among the advantages cited by the respondents were the ease in communication, making the sharing of knowledge more accessible for both the students and the professors. Being paperless, Canvas is very useful as it makes the entire recordkeeping more organized and allows the teachers to create online quizzes and activities that can be evaluated automatically as soon as the students submit their activities. Sharing presentations and documents has also become quite easy which makes the entire system more efficient in terms of knowledge propagation. On the other hand, the reduction of face-to-face meetings considered as avenue for students to exchange meaningful and experiential discussions about life's lessons and their worldviews resulted to limited physical interaction. More options to have dynamic and interactive activities with the students using the system, such as a compatible software to embed a coding activity that would assess students in real-time, and other compatible and embeddable codes for students' evaluation and assessment were among the given suggestions.
... In addition, countries started imposing lockdown and shutdown to check the high transmission rate of the virus due to which people's day-to-day life came into a great trouble. The socio-economic, political, educational, and religious, etc. structures of world's population had to face such a destructive situation (Jena, 2020). Currently, the world is having 375,196,036 active cases and lost 5,681,676 lives as of 31 January 2022 (Worldometers, 2022 https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/ ). ...
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The Wuhan originated Covid-19 pandemic has shown the world a new direction. The abrupt advent and severe transmission of the disease trapped the world's population within the four walls. The socio-political, economic and religious life of people gets affected in a great extent. Likewise, the global educational scenario has to go through a remarkable academic crisis soon after the closure of educational institutions across the globe. The academic crisis brought up a high disruption in the everyday schedule of academics. Teachers and students are to face number of challenges; so far academic life is concerned. Meanwhile, researches have pointed out that, although, teachers and students faced numerous challenges with respect to classroom activities, laboratory work, field work, teacher-taught and peer relationship, etc. the introduction of virtual learning platforms provide varieties of new learning experiences and novel opportunities like individualized learning, self-regulations, and ICT competencies. No doubts, the pandemic opens doors for learning varieties of skills and lessons, however, several studies found digital divide and health problems are another major issues during the pandemic. This paper analyses the research done across the learning communities worldwide and attempted to generalize the circumstances faced by the academics. The paper will be benefitted for the teachers and students to manage the academic activities through the integration of technology and effective learning strategies keeping in mind the limitations of Covid-19 pandemic.
... Pandemi covid-19 telah banyak menyisakan dampak, tak hanya di bidang kesehatan, ekonomi, sosial, juga pendidikan. Segala upaya pemerintah telah dilakukan untuk meminimalisir terjadinya dampak pandemi yang berkepanjangan, seperti menjaga jarak (social distancing), memakai masker, menjaga kebersihan setiap kali aktivitas di luar, memberikan vaksin, memberlakukan sistem pembelajaran tatap muka secara daring maupun luring secara terbatas dan ketat dengan prokes, dan lain-lain (Abidah et al., 2020;Alghamdi, 2021;Angrist et al., 2021;Jena, 2020). Walaupun demikian, usaha yang telah dilakukan tersebut nampaknya masih belum membuahkan hasil. ...
... Although the Government of India, in collaboration with UNESCO: INCCU (Indian National Commission for Cooperation with UNESCO), developed various online learning resources such as DIKSHA, SWAYAM, e-PATHSHALA, and SWAYAM PRABHA, which could be accessed by remote, internet-deficient students via radio and television, not all the students could benefit from these platforms advantageously (UNESCO, 2021;Jena, 2020). As stated by the Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2021, the schooling of rural children was affected: They had no learning activity or learning materials, and had no access to online education, despite being provided with a smartphone (ASER Center, 2020). ...
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The devastating SARS-CoV-2 outbreak of 2020 has affected all functioning systems of the world, as well as highlighted the loopholes in existing systems. As with other services, the educational systems across the globe have been drastically affected. Being a country of people of diverse socioeconomic backgrounds, India, a country with the world's second-largest school system, has seen a disproportionate effect of the pandemic and the restrictions imposed on the teaching-learning systems of rural and urban environments. As the country suffered through multiple devastating waves of the COVID-19 pandemic, it imposed the longest-running closures of schools. Like other states of India, the education systems of Goa, a lush green state on the West coast of India, have also been affected by the pandemic and related modification of regulations. The rural schools of Goa have been disproportionately affected by the pandemic compared with schools in urban environments. This paper discusses the case of a government school in Sattari-North Goa, and enlightens the challenges faced and initiatives that were taken to tackle the situation.
... They are environment, Institutional support, limited awareness of technology and lack of motivation. Jena (2020) mentioned that online platforms used during pandemic like zoom and Google meet will not remain sufficient for regular online classroom teaching and learning processes. Selvaraj et al. (2021) that online learning can be made more effective with effective use of available online tools and meeting the communicative needs of learners. ...
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Online blended learning has significantly impacted the teaching and learning processes in India during pandemic. Much of the recent studies focused on this aspect especially from the lens of remote learning-teaching in India. The present study makes an attempt to know the online classroom perspectives of teachers which may help in finding appropriate solutions for online classroom realities in India. The researchers wanted to convey through the research that online classrooms are not only about using technological resources but also about the need to use those resources for effective teaching and learning processes. A self-prepared questionnaire based on the recent research was used for the quantitative analysis. A total of 30 teachers (school & college level) participated in the online survey. The findings revealed interesting facts that the realities of the online classroom are contrary to the teacher perspectives. Teachers opined that online teaching acted as continuing professional development and helped them to be innovative in their approaches. Contrary to that, online classrooms are yet to be technologically supported. Without this foresightedness gap between the teacher perspectives and classroom realities remain wide. The study has got implications for bottom-up approach to CPD programmes, learner training and teacher preparedness.
... Although the Indian government and various stakeholders of education have explored the possibility of Open and Distance Learning (ODL) by implementing various digital technologies to address the current COVID-19 crisis, India is not fully equipped to make education accessible to all corners of the country via digital platforms (Jena 2020). In addition, there is a significant difference between rural and urban India. ...
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... Less than 25 percent of households were reported to be equipped with access to the internet [9], among which more than 80 percent of the students in government schools had no access to any educational material in Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Chattisgarh, and Uttar Pradesh [10]. As a result, cognitive development and nutrition [11] of rural school students in India was more affected, when compared to urban students. Further, social isolation and confinement at home, without much physical activity, caused mental distress for the school students [12]. ...
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The broad objective of the present study is to assess the levels of anxiety and depression of school students during the COVID-19 lockdown phase and their association with students' background, stress, concerns and social support. In this regard, the present study follows a novel two stage approach. In the first phase, an empirical survey was carried out, based on multivariate statistical analysis, wherein a group of 273 school students participated in the study voluntarily. In the second phase, a novel Picture Fuzzy FFA (PF-FFA) method was applied for understanding the dynamics of facilitating and prohibiting factors for three categories of focus groups (FG), formulated on the basis of attendance in online classes. Findings revealed a significant impact of anxiety and depression on mental health. Further, PF-FFA examinedthe impact of the driving forces that steered children to attend class as contrasted to the the impact of the restricting forces.
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—Information generated by people and the gadgets today has gone from deficient to abundant which has increased the complexity of data. The challenge is how to elicitate, manage and organize this big data. The actual thing is to find out which data is important, what to keep and what to discard, and where to keep this enormous amount of data. The volume of data gets expanded when data is linked with other, resulting in data integration. Big data is still viewed as conventional data which is not sufficient. It should focus on what value the data can create into analytics rather than what technology it brings. Today due to digital convergence we have an opportunity and a challenge both to influence the creation to facilitate later linkage and to automatically link previously created data. This paper focuses on big data analytics, the challenges and opportunities it accelerates and how it could be magnified to base the analytics.
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The pandemic Covid-19 came as havoc for developing countries like India. It has significantly disrupted the education sector which is a critical determinant of a country’s economic future. It has compelled the human society to maintain social distancing. It has made people mandatory to sit indoor and sitting idle indoor may lead to mental stress. Hence, it has created more challenges to keep people engaged and free from mental stress. Open and Distance Learning (ODL) system is the best solution to meet the challenges of education during this pandemic situation of COVID-19. Every challenge is an opportunity. These challenges have also created opportunities for the educational institutes to strengthen their technological knowledge and infrastructure to tackle the Covid-19 like situation. Indian education system is more acquainted with face to face or physical teaching learning process. Most of educators and learners are not equipped with use of technology in education and there is also lack of practice and motivation towards use of technology in education which creates more challenges during pandemics. This article highlights different challenges and opportunities created by Covid-19 for ODL system of Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU). The steps taken by IGNOU to meet the challenges by exploring various opportunities are pointed. Some tools and techniques for distance learning which can ensure the continuity of learning during the current pandemic are described. Some suggestions for handling the challenges created by Covid-19 by exploring various opportunities for ODL system are also pointed in the article.
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Covid-19, as a global pandemic, has called for social distancing. It has made people mandatory to sit indoor and sitting idle indoor may lead to mental stress. Hence to keep people engaged and free from mental stress, online learning can play important role. Online learning is the best solution during this pandemic situation. Teachers can use virtual classrooms to teach from home with all necessary tools which makes the online sessions as effective as traditional ones. Pandemics often compel the learners to stay at home for long period of time and obstruct teaching-learning process. This article emphasizes on how online learning is beneficial during times of crises like work absences or pandemics. Therefore, some tools and techniques for online learning which can ensure the continuity of learning are highlighted. Some emerging approaches of Government of India for online learning are presented. Merits and demerits of online learning platform are also discussed. Perceptions of learners and educators on Online Learning system during lockdown are pointed.
Covid-19 Pandemic in India
  • Wikipedia
Wikipedia. Covid-19 Pandemic in India. Retrieved on May 20, 2020 from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic_in_India
Covid-19: 4 negative impacts and 4 opportunities created for education
  • Misra Kamlesh
Misra Kamlesh 2020. Covid-19: 4 negative impacts and 4 opportunities created for education. Retrieved on May 25, 2020 from https://www.indiatoday.in/educationtoday/featurephilia/story/covid-19-4-negative-impactsand-4-opportunities-created-for-education-1677206-2020-05-12
COVID-19 Stay Safe: Digital Initiatives
  • Educationasia
Educationasia.in 2020. The Impact of COVID-19 on Education and Education Sectors, Know Here. Retrieved on May 25, 2020 from https://educationasia.in/article/the-impactof-covid-19-on-education-and-education-sectors-knowhere MHRD notice (20 March, 2020). COVID-19 Stay Safe: Digital Initiatives. Retrieved on May 25, 2020 from https://www.mohfw.gov.in/pdf/Covid19.pdf May 20, 2020 from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/COVID-19_pandemic_in_India