Mercury (Hg) deposition through litterfall has been regarded as the main input of gaseous elemental mercury (Hg0) into forest ecosystems. We hypothesize that earlier studies largely underestimated this sink because the contribution of Hg0 uptake by moss and the downward transport to wood and throughfall is overlooked. To test the hypothesis, we investigated the Hg fluxes contributed via litterfall and throughfall, Hg pool sizes in moss covers and woody biomass as well as their isotopic signatures in a glacier-to-forest succession ecosystem of the Southeast Tibetan Plateau. Results show that Hg0 depositional uptake by and pool sizes stored in moss and woody biomass increase rapidly with the time after glacier retreat. Using the flux data as input to a Hg isotopic mixing model, Hg deposition through litterfall accounts for 27–85% of the total accumulation rate of Hg0 in organic soils of sites glacial retreat 20 to 90 years, revealing the presence of additional sources of Hg0 input. Atmospheric Hg0 accounts for 76±24% in ground moss, and 86±15% in tree moss, and 62–92% in above ground woody biomass (branch-bark-stem), and 44–83% in roots. The downward decreasing gradient of atmospheric Hg0 fractions from the aboveground woody biomass to roots suggests a foliage-to-root Hg transport in vegetation after uptake. Additionally, 34–82% of atmospheric Hg0 in throughfall further amplifies the accumulation of Hg0 from atmospheric sources. We conclude that woody biomass, moss and throughfall represent important Hg0 sinks in forest ecosystems. These previously unaccounted-for sink terms significantly increase the previously estimated atmospheric Hg0 sink via litterfall.