Viral Satire as Public Feeling in Myanmar

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Paing, Chu May. 2020. “Viral Satire as Public Feeling in Myanmar.” In “Pandemic Diaries: Affect and Crisis,” Carla Jones, ed., American Ethnologist website, May 20 2020, []

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... An increasingly active civil society sector works hard to lay bare the "politics of dispossession" around various projects (Einzenberger 2018; Leehey 2019), including intertwined tactics of "resistance and refusal" (Prasse-Freeman 2020). Others artfully use humour and satire (Chu May Paing 2020). And yet, while political participation has improved significantly since the 2010s there are, as Nicholas Farrelly (2020) relates, still indications that "powerful interests in Myanmar, including the NLD, are uncomfortable with serious academic scrutiny of their policies and actions." ...
... There is also strong evidence to suggest that the gaps between rural and urban areas that Warr describes in Chapter 6 are likely to grow as a result of the impacts of the global crisis (Mi Chan 2020). But Myanmar is resilient and its people continue to find new and creative ways to cope in the face of adversity (Chu May Paing 2020). The population has endured great hardships and divisions. ...
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Introduction to Living with Myanmar, an overview of Myanmar's recent development and the impact of government policy across a variety of fields.
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While tourism scholars have sought to problematize the unevenly distributed impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, we know much less about how resilience is cultivated among tourism practitioners and communities whose lives and livelihoods are have been placed in limbo. Drawing on literature at the intersection of critical tourism studies and resilience theory as well as interviews with local tourism practitioners and academics, four historically situated and place-based trends in Southeast Asia that are reshaping tourism in the region are outlined: livelihood diversification, ecosystem regeneration, cultural revitalization, and domestic tourism development. These trends highlight how the political economy of tourism in the region has both challenged and facilitated opportunities for reshaping the industry in (post-) pandemic times. These interconnected trends should not be understood in silo but rather as historically rooted and place-based experiences. The examples of resilience among Southeast Asian residents presented in the article demonstrate that local individuals and communities are active agents in resilience. While the concept of resilience has been applied widely by scholars from multiple disciplines during the COVID-19 pandemic, a critical tourism studies approach to resilience theory accounts for the historically situated nuances of local scale dynamics and their relationship to macro-level processes. Rather than simply focusing on the pandemic’s sudden transformative effects, practices of resilience in Southeast Asia reflect ongoing political-economic and cultural shifts that have often been underway in the region for several decades. The conclusion identifies several policy implications and future directions for tourism research in (post-) pandemic times.
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Reporting on a recent webinar, our new blog story, "SOUTHEAST ASIA TOURISM, COVID-19 AND SILVER LININGS" at the Anthropology of Tourism Interest Group of the American Anthropological Association, has been published. We explore a few of the ‘silver linings’ of the impact COVID-19 on tourism in Southeast Asia. See the following the link:
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