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Critical Issues Influencing Dairy Industry Circular Economy Strategies for Rural Development of the Alpine Region

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25th APDR Congress | ISBN 978-989-8780-06-5
1085 CRITICAL ISSUES INFLUENCING DAIRY INDUSTRY CIRCULAR ECONOMY
STRATEGIES FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE ALPINE REGION
Viviana López- Páez, Manuel Garcia- Herreros
1 vivianapaolalopez01@gmail.com, NOVAFCSH, IPRI-NOVA
2 manuel.herreros@iniav.pt, INIAV, IP Santarém
ABSTRACT
In recent decades the European Union (EU) has experienced a decline in the rural industrial sector which requires a reorientation of
the current linear industrial production/consumption model towards new alternative models. The EU Action Plan for the Circular
Economy (EUAPCE) aims to modify the industrial cycle (production/management/consumption) generating employment (agro-
industry, tourism, business, etc ...) and boosting global competitiveness to promote sustainable regional development (SRD). Thus, it
will be possible to reduce the environmental impact through a better natural resource management, recycling the waste from the agro-
industrial activities and using renewable energies. It is necessary to emphasise that the Circular Economy (CE) strategies include the
good production/marketing practices implementation based on eco-innovation programs (e.g. EU, Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Program) since they are important tools to overcome the crisis in the dairy sector in this region. In addition, the CE implementation
faces several challenges that hinder the development of the EUAPCE (COM/2015/0614) such as the massive rural exodus, the lack of
inter-generational business continuity and social/economic inequality among countries. Despite the efforts carried out by the EU
(Common Agricultural Policy, CAP, 2013) the alpine milk production is conditioned by a crisis derived from political factors based on
the weakness in the regional, national and transnational management mechanisms. These factors together with those of economic
nature (high production costs, low milk price and milk quotas) have put at risk one of the most important economic activities in this
region. The Alpine region has been characterised by extreme orographic and climatic conditions together with regional infrastructure
deficiencies (energy, telecommunications, roads...) and insufficient farming management (organisation/logistics). This fact together
with the deficient natural resources administration/use (water and timber) limit the implementation of CE strategies for the SRD of
these Alpine areas whose risk increases due to climate change. Other important factors are the absence of good farming practices and
the inadequate animal-origin waste processing (nitrogen cycle management) that threaten regional environmental security and public
health. Despite the efforts of cooperativism/associations (training courses, technology adquisition…), it is still necessary to create
cross-sectoral links (marketing/tourism) that would allow the integration of complementary practices to farming activity developing
regional eco-innovation and new employment. In conclusion, the critical points described above need to be solved to allow the
successful implementation of new CE strategies in the dairy industry improving the production efficiency and competitiveness. Then,
territorial, economic and social differences could be balanced achieving SRD in the Alpine region.
Keywords. Alpine Region, Circular Economy, Critical Factors, Dairy Industry, Regional Development.
Book
Full-text available
This book, product of the collaborations of members of Latin American Association for Animal Production (ALPA), and which is 55 years old in 2021, is an approach for small and medium sized scale producers that represent a medullary segment in animal origin food production within the region. This document may be used in support of producers, students, technicians, specialists, and authorities of the area. We hope it may also motivate other colleagues to promote these proposals. Its 19 chapters, coming from Argentina, Brazil, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela, Portugal as well as collaborations from Sweden and Switzerland, are of easy application, reproducible, low-costing, sustainable, and have evidence of use. The technologies presented were, one as a product, four on processes, four on methods, and nine as techniques; applied to bovines, goats, sheep, fowl, pigs, and fish. All the proposals support the productive processes in our region which has great contrasts in social, economic, and biological concepts. Furthermore, they are a benefit to animal production in the search for better opportunities for our producers.
Chapter
Full-text available
Es un análisis de la cadena valor y su implementación en los bovinos productores de carne, en la región Tepalcatepec.
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