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SCIENTIFIC CONFERENCE COMMUNICATION FEATURES: REALITIES AND PROSPECTS

Authors:
  • Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University, Lutsk, Ukraine
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Public communication in science: philosophical, cultural, political, economic and IT context
Volume 3
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DOI 10.36074/15.05.2020.v3.32
SCIENTIFIC CONFERENCE COMMUNICATION FEATURES:
REALITIES AND PROSPECTS
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-4831-2770 Svitlana Bohdan
PhD in Philology, Professor, Head of the History and
Culture of the Ukrainian Language Department
Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University
ORCID ID: 0000-0002-2428-447X Tetiana Tarasiuk
PhD in Philology, associate professor of Ukrainian
language history and culture department
Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University
UKRAINE
The scientific knowledge dissemination velocity in today's globalized world puts
new requirements to the participants of this communication process type, marked by
peculiar features: the latest knowledge is easy to share in space and time, as well
as to obtain it. This trend concerns primarily the written form of scientific
communication, the most common genres of which (various types of monographs,
articles) are accessible to the recipient through electronic publications. An oral form
of the scientific achievements presentation, updated mostly through reports and
communications at various scientific events, the most common of which are
conferences, is a kind of a "competitor" to this method of information transfer. It
should be emphasized that a written report, delivered at a scientific conference, often
presents only a variant of the original version of the written text. And vice versa, if a
message or a report is made orally, and then a written text is created on their basis,
we also deal with another text variants. These two texts are not always similar, not
only by content but also stylistically, especially when they do not coincide in time. It
allows improving the original variant through clarification, addition, stylistic
expressiveness, and so on.
Conferences have become increasingly popular today, judging by their
quantitative parameters in any subject area, but they are insufficiently explored in
linguistics as an issue of communication [1; 2]. In fact, this type of communication is
one of the most mobile means of exchanging and disseminating information in various
scientific communities. However, the modern world attemps to diversify traditional
face-to-face forms of holding scientific conferences, as it was usually the case before.
In the last decade of the XXI century, we observe much more often such forms as a
correspondence /distance participation in the conference. In early 2020, the
intensification of online conferences around the scientific world is due to the
unanticipated realities caused by the pandemic quarantine. It is obvious that the
distance form of conference communication has a number of disadvantages as
opposed to the forthright discussions, which provide the possibility of exchanging
views and arguments immediately after the reports, in particular, on the sidelines.
Undoubtedly, the topic scope of the conference largely determines the range of its
participants. The wideness of the issues scope, often used in various scientific fields,
is deliberately projected to enable a wide range of participants (which is partly a kind
of incentive for some organizers of such events). To illustrate this, we can cite the
topics of several recent conferences on Philology: Philological Sciences
May 15, 2020
Houston, USA
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Development: European Practices and National Perspectives, Current Issues and
Problems of Modern Language and Literature Development, The New and Traditional
in the Studies of the Contemporary Representatives of Philological Sciences,
Philological Sciences in the Modern Humanities Knowledge System of the 21st
century, Language as a Means of Intercultural Communication, The Linguistic Space
of the Slavic World, Cultural and Linguistic Personality of a Specialist in the 21st
century, and many others. However, a wide range of conference topics may prevent
the participation of those researchers who are interested in a specific issue and thus
it makes a discussion less professional or qualified. Such conferences have a very
significant disadvantage since they encourage authors to submit reports with a low
level of novelty. Some scholars are sometimes not so highly-qualified as to evaluate
professionally the research findings of their colleagues and, accordingly, the
discussion can turn to be unfruitful and not argumentative enough. This factor is very
important, and is one of the most essential components of scientific conference
communication. Scientific communication via a written text is deprived of the
interactive discussion features. The reaction of the academic community to the
scientific articles or monographs is mainly explicated in brief reviews in periodicals,
moreover, they are remote in time. A more regular and consistent discussion can be
actualized through citations, in a review of the literature, or references in other
scientific papers related to a particular publication. Only a live direct discussion
enables the author to take an active part in it, argue, and share his ideas and findings.
In the case of a written text, the author's participation is a priori passive.
The real information boom in science is an obvious reality of today and to
become an encyclopedist even in your subject area is utterly hardly possible (for
instance, according to V. Bogorov Web of Science alone includes more than 34,000
journals [3]).
Actually, an ambition to create a professional scientific environment has
stimulated the growth of interest in the specialized scientific research submissions
within a framework of the conference with a focus on a specific issue of the research
area. Such conferences serve as an optimal platform for the exchange of scientific
information in the modern world. A number of educational and scientific institutions in
Ukraine have a long and beneficial experience in holding such events in the domain
of linguistic and literary conferences.
Monitoring the topics of scientific conferences on Philology allows us to trace
the vector of thematic specialization as relevant and promising. A positive example is
the conferences organized by Berdiansk State Pedagogical University, namely
“Citius, Altius, Fortius!”: the phenomenon of sport in literature and culture, “All the
Rivers Flow Into the Sea”: Marine Studies in Literature and Culture, “What Drives the
Sun and Starry Ceilings”: the Poetics of Love in Fiction, “Over the Banks of the Eternal
River”: Temporal Dimension of Literature, Roses and Grapes: Phenomena of
Aesthetic and Pragmatic in Literature and Culture, From the Funny to the Great:
Phenomenon of the Comic in Literature and Culture.
The study has also identified other successful conference projects with specific
topics (organized with a clearly defined frequency - every two or three years):
Ukrainian Language and the Sphere of the Sacred (Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi
National University), Linguostylistics in the XXI century: Current State and Prospects
(Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University). The conferences dedicated
to a particular anniversary, but specified in the issues under discussion are also pretty
illustrative in this context: Ukrainian translations of the Holy Scriptures in the Slavic
context (to the 450th anniversary of the Peresopnytsia Gospel), Theory and Practice
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of the Ukrainian and Slavic Lexicography: Traditions and the Present (to the 90th
anniversary of Halyna Makarivna Hnatiuk).
The annual conferences dedicated to the personalities of scholars, elucidation
and development of their scientific ideas are of special interest, for example,
Tymchenko Scientific Readings held by the Institute of Ukrainian Studies annually.
The study lays emphasis also on those conferences that focus each year on the
consideration of a single problem as the main (Anthropology of Taste: Philosophy,
Aesthetics, Cognition (to the 120th Anniversary of L. S. Vygotsky). It is also essential
that they gather more or less a definite circle of hypothetical participants.
It is this substantive and specialized communication that determines the modern
trends and prospects of mobile oral communication of scholars. Specific subject-
based conference communication always attracts a group of like-minded people who
are able to organize a quality scientific search and create a new unique scientific
product, and what is more, discuss professionally their findings in various academic
genres.
References:
[1] Slowinski, O. D. (2013). Webinar as a Variety of Web E-conference and Its Place in a Networked Collaborative
Learning Process. Information Technologies and Learning Tools, (17), 173-177.
[2] Yakhontova, T. B. (2009). Linguistic Genology of Scientific Communication. Lviv.
[3] Bogorov, V. G. (2020). Scientific journals: good, bad, predatory. URL:
https://www.dropbox.com/s/18gh1tgmgkh2b8a/Web_of_Science_Bogorov_240420.pdf?dl=0
DOI 10.36074/15.05.2020.v3.33
SUBSTANTIVE PREDICATIVES OF EVALUATION IN THE
LITERARY TEXT
ORCID ID: 0000-0003-0535-9031 Nataliia Cherkas
Candidate of Philology, Associate Professor of the English Philology Department
Ivan Franko National University of Lviv
UKRAINE
Language as a means of interpersonal communication motivates investigating
the introduction of linguistic means into the interactive context. Revealing the
pragmatic potential of the evaluative linguistic means, studying them in the situational
context is connected with all the components of human communicative activity.
The problem of evaluation, its character and types (O.M. Wolf, G.G. Koshel), as
well as linguistic means of its expressing (V.M. Teliya, O.V. Yashenkova, S. Huston)
occupies a special place in modern linguistics.
On the basis of the latest research it has been established that explicity should
always be clearly defined and logically adequate. However, rather often we come
across the utterances whose meaning we understand but their pragmatically marked
analysis remains unclear.
The problem of explicit evaluation expressed in the substantive predicatives in
the context of American psychological novel remains topical nowadays. That is why
the aim of this article is to investigate explicitly expressed evaluation of the
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