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Spatiotemporal mapping of evacuee response

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Abstract

The analysis of evacuee behaviour and performance requires data on human behaviour from actual fire incidents. Unfortunately, such data is rarely collected and, if available, is often provided in different formats and levels of refinement, and does not provide sufficient narrative understanding. The lack of a standardized approach to collecting and reporting such data hinders our understanding of human behaviour in fire, theory development, as well as incident analysis and communication. In other fields, graphical notation systems are used to report events in a quick, reliable and standardized manner. This article outlines the development of a notation system that aims to better document evacuee performance. The proposed notation system is then applied to two historic case studies—the Knights of Columbus fire of 1942 and the Beverly Hills Supper Club fire of 1977—to illustrate the approach. Finally, limitations and future research needs of the presented notation system are discussed.

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... Depending on the unique research goals, data on pedestrian dynamics is generated in varying ways. For the abstract representation of interactions between individuals, graphic notation systems are used in other disciplines (e.g. in dance and theatre sciences, fire cause or crime scene investigation) 29 . Presented a spatio-temporal mapping approach on evacuee response using a notation system to document evacuation procedures and interpersonal interaction graphically. ...
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... Many studies have documented various important aspects of drills (e. g., (Catovic et al., 2018;Kobes et al., 2010;Nilsson and Johansson, 2009;Proulx, 1995;Proulx and Fahy, 1997;Shields and Boyce, 2000)) and evacuations (e.g., Fahy and Proulx, 1995;Fischer et al., 1995;Horiuchi et al., 1986;Ouellette et al., 2020). Most of these rely on relatively complex and sophisticated methods of recording data (e.g., through interviews or video analysis) in an attempt to meet research objectives, as opposed to meeting more routine needs. ...
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