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Проблема связи родов глагольного действия с системой актантной функциональности Relation of aspects of verbal action to an actant functionality system



The article analyzes different approaches to the linguists to explaining aspects of verbal action (AVA). The connection of aspects of verbal action with the realm of actant functionality is establishes. We have considered the influence of verbal semantics of different modes of action on the functions of verb actives. Actant functions are associated with explicit and implicit verbs. The study illustrates the redistribution of actant functions due to semantic processes. The actant’s generative function correlates with the verbs of the self-phase AVA to denote an initial (aggressive AVA) or self-phass (a finite AVA) that has clearly defined boundary, and an intermediate stage of the movement (AVA with the value of a definite duration of action). Such actant addressing is also peculiar to verbs of self-quantitative AVA, which are distinguished by the intensity and duration of the action, and the multiplicity modes of action, which indicate the execution of the action once (single AVA) or instant (AVA of instantaneous action). Mixed AVA cause a generative function under the combination of these conditions (single-intensive verbs and intransitive phase-effect verbs). Тhe accumulative characteristic of the actant is predominantly due to the seeds of “limit” and “result-oriented”, it’s associated with either with the relative result of the accumulation of the characteristic, after which a further change of quality (verb of initial-effective and partially initial (aggressive) AVA), or with the effect of action is possible, with phase end value (generic AVA, completive AVA, finite AVA, partially phase (effective) AVA focused on other action). Hybrid (generative-accumulative) function is caused by inverse verbs and irreversible transitives verbs, if the activity of the performer of the action is a source of qualitative result (pejorative and saturative AVA).
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