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System Control Pest Rice Plant based on Microcontroller Arduino Uno

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Pests rice plant attack almost every season. Pests rice plant include planthoppers, rats and birds. The farmers used to control pests of rice plants in traditional ways. These traditional methods are felt to be effective brackets to repel rice pests. In the case of the updated automation system by farmers to overcome rice pest. Arduino Uno microcontroller as a controller of Ultrasonic sensor (sound) and LDR sendor (receiver of light). The Ultrasonic Sensor detects arrival and then drives the Servo Motor to drive it away, while the LDR sensor receives light to activate Buzzer (sound output).
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System Control Pest Rice Plant based on Microcontroller Arduino Uno
To cite this article: Aswin Rosadi et al 2020 IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 469 012086
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International Conference on Environment and Technology
IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 469 (2020) 012086
IOP Publishing
doi:10.1088/1755-1315/469/1/012086
1
System Control Pest Rice Plant based on Microcontroller
Arduino Uno
Aswin Rosadi¹*, Sabri Balafif², & Triuli Novianti³
¹Department of Computerl Engineering, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya, Surabaya
60113, Indonesia
E-mail: aswinrosadi@ft.um-surabaya.ac.id
Abstract. Pests rice plant attack almost every season. Pests rice plant include planthoppers,
rats and birds. The farmers used to control pests of rice plants in traditional ways. These
traditional methods are felt to be effective brackets to repel rice pests. In the case of the
updated automation system by farmers to overcome rice pest. Arduino Uno microcontroller as
a controller of Ultrasonic sensor (sound) and LDR sendor (receiver of light). The Ultrasonic
Sensor detects arrival and then drives the Servo Motor to drive it away, while the LDR sensor
receives light to activate Buzzer (sound output).
1. Introduction
Technology makes everything done to make it easier. Humans are always trying to create something
that can facilitate its activities, it is what encourages the development of technology that has many
tools as a tool to facilitate human activities and even replace the role of humans in a particular
function. Technology plays an important role in the era of modernization as it is today, where
technology has become an inseparable part of everyday life. Current technological developments have
spread to all aspects of life so that at this time as if we are spoiled by the tools that can provide
convenience.
The field of agriculture, especially farmers who grow rice in rice field area is one of the areas that are
cultivated by some Indonesian people in obtaining livelihood. Until now pests are still a constraint for
farmers. Almost every season there is a pest explosion on rice crops. The main pests of rice plants
include planthoppers, rats and birds.
Usually, rice pests start attacking rice plants when the rice has begun to contain. This attack can be
very detrimental to farmers because it is carried out in large numbers in groups or in groups. To
reduce the impact of pest attacks on rice plants in the rice fields, farmers usually use traditional
methods to repel the rice pests.
The development of science and technology, especially in the field of computerized engineering and
digital circuits, has enabled the creation of electronic devices or systems that can work automatically
(using a control system) that can replace a number of human routine work. Where, the sensor is a
device that receives a stimulus and responds to it in the form of an electrical signal.
International Conference on Environment and Technology
IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 469 (2020) 012086
IOP Publishing
doi:10.1088/1755-1315/469/1/012086
2
2. Methods
This automatic rice plant pest repellent consists of two main parts, namely hardware system
(hardware) and software system (software). The hardware system consists of a series of sensor circuit
system and Arduino Uno microcontroller circuit system. The software is using C language
programming. A simple block diagram of Arduino Uno application as a grain repellent can be seen in
Figure 1.
Figure 1. Geometry of slope model
2.1. Arduino Uno
Arduino Uno is an ATmega328 based microcontroller board (datasheet). It has 14 pin input from
digital output where 6 pin input can be used as PWM output and 6 pin analog input, 16 MHz crystal
oscillator, USB connection, power jack, ICSP header, and reset button. To support the microcontroller
in order to use, simply connect only the Arduino Uno Board to the computer using a USB or power
cord with AC-to-DC adapter or battery to run it.
Figure 2. Arduino Uno
2.2. Sensor Ultrasonic
The HC-SR04 sensor is an ultrasonic wave based distance measuring sensor. The working principle is
as follows as ultrasonic radar. Ultrasonic waves are emitted and then received back by the ultrasonic
receiver. The distance between transmit time and receiving time is a representation of the distance of
the object. This sensor is suitable for electronic applications that require distance detection including
sensors for robots.
International Conference on Environment and Technology
IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 469 (2020) 012086
IOP Publishing
doi:10.1088/1755-1315/469/1/012086
3
Figure 3. Sensor Ultrasonic
2.3. Sensor LDR (Light Dependent Resistor)
Light Sensor LDR (Light Dependent Resistor) is one type of resistor that can experience a change in
resistance when experiencing changes in light reception. The amount of resistance value on the LDR
(Light Dependent Resistor) Light Sensor depends on the amount of light received by the LDR itself.
Figure 4. Sensor LDR
2.4. Motor Servo
A servo motor is a DC motor with a closed feedback system where the rotor position will be informed
back to the control circuit that is in the servo motor. This motor consists of a DC motor, a series of
gears, a potentiometer, and a control circuit.
Figure 5. Motor Servo
2.5. Buzzer
Buzzer is an electronic component that serves to convert electrical vibrations into vibrations of sound.
Basically the working principle of the buzzer is almost the same as the loud speaker, so the buzzer
also consists of a coil that is attached to the diaphragm and then the coil is flowed by a current so that
it becomes an electromagnet, the coil will be pulled in or out, depending on the direction of the
current and the polarity of the magnet, due to the coil mounted on the diaphragm then each movement
of the coil will move the diaphragm back and forth so as to make the vibrating air that will produce
sound. Buzzer commonly used as an indicator that the process has been completed or there is an error
in an instrument (alarm).
International Conference on Environment and Technology
IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 469 (2020) 012086
IOP Publishing
doi:10.1088/1755-1315/469/1/012086
4
Figure 6. Buzzer
3. Results and Discussion
This rice pest repellent program works, when there is a bird pest coming the ultrasonic sensor receives
and processes detect and then outputs to drive the servo motor to drive the fan so that the pests of
birds leave. Then for planthopper and rat pest repellent, works at night because the LDR sensor does
not receive light, therefore the sensor works and outputs the sound by the buzzer..
Figure 7. Sketch Program
4. Conclusion
International Conference on Environment and Technology
IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 469 (2020) 012086
IOP Publishing
doi:10.1088/1755-1315/469/1/012086
5
There are still many types of pests of rice plants that have not been discussed, so it still needs a lot of
development and detection of pests. This rice plant pest repellent system still needs the development
of alternative energy sources so that it can work well and consistently.
5. References
[1] Sumariadi, Wildian, and M. Yusfi, “Aplikasi Mikrokontroler AT89S52 Sebagai Pengontrol
Sistem Pengusir Burung Pemakan Padi Dengan Bunyi Sirine,” Fis. Unand, vol. 2, no. 1, pp.
64–71, 2013.
[2] M. S. D. Wurjandari, S. Wiyono, H. Triwidodo, I. N. Widiarta, H. Suharto, M. Sulistyati, A. Z.
Siregar, M. Elektrik, Baehaki, I. N. Widiarta, R. Agusdian, and F. A. Rakhmadi, “Sistem
Proteksi Tanaman Padi Dari Serangan Hama Wereng Menggunakan Gelombang Ultra-,”
Penelit. Pertan. Terap., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 1–5, 2014.
[3] I. Martha Fitriani, A. Cendikiawan, R. Kurniawan, K. Tika Aprilia, and I. Totok Winarno,
“Sistem Pengusir Tikus Berbunyi Jangkrik Pada Tanaman Padi Bertenaga Surya,” vol. 8,
pp. 2085–2347, 2016.
[4] E. H. Helmi guntoro, Yoyo Somantri, “Rancang Bangun Magnetic Door Lock Menggunakan
Keypad Dan Solenoid Berbasis Mikrokontroler Arduino Uno,” Electrans, vol. 12, no. 1, pp.
39–48, 2013.
[5] A. Uno and L. Belakang, “Analisis Alat Pengusir Tikus dengan Menggunakan Gelombang
Ultrasonik berbasis Mikrokontroler Arduino Uno Analysis Rat Repellent with Ultrasonic
Waves Using a microcontroller based Arduino Uno,” 2007.
[6] A. D. Limantara, Y. Cahyo, S. Purnomo, and S. W. Mudjanarko, “Pemodelan Sistem Pelacakan
LOT Parkir Kosong Berbasis Sensor Ultrasonic Dan Internet Of Things ( IOT ) Pada Lahan
Parkir Diluar Jalan,” Jurnal.Umj.Ac.Id, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 1–10, 2017.
[7] SRI SUPATMI, “Pengaruh Sensor Ldr Terhadap Pengontrolan Lampu,” Maj. Ilm. UNIKOM, vol.
8, no. 2, pp. 175–180, 2010.
[8] A. Pahdi, B. Rahman, P. Studi, and T. Informatika, “Ijns.org,” vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 25–31, 2017.
[9] I. Buyung and A. W. Soejono, “Area Persawahan Dengan Menggunakan Gelombang Ultrasonik
Berbasis Mikrokontroler Atmega168,” J. Teknol. Informas, vol. VII, no. 21, pp. 121–134,
2012.
... So that it can create a more effective and efficient performance, the connectivity in question is a microcontroller. Integration gateway for microcontroller also called MCU (Micro Chip Unit) or μC is an electronic component or IC that has several properties and components such as a computer, namely the CPU (Central Processing Unit) or centralized processing unit, code memory, data memory, and I/O (port for input and output), and is a single chip computer that can be used to control the system, the microcontroller used is the type ESP8266 [25] [26] [27]. ...
... So that it can create a more effective and efficient performance, the connectivity in question is a microcontroller. Integration gateway for microcontroller also called MCU (Micro Chip Unit) or μC is an electronic component or IC that has several properties and components such as a computer, namely the CPU (Central Processing Unit) or centralized processing unit, code memory, data memory, and I/O (port for input and output), and is a single chip computer that can be used to control the system, the microcontroller used is the type ESP8266 [25] [26] [27]. ...
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