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Since the world transformed into the digital era, e-commerce is the real thing to concern for everyone, not only limited to the business people but also for people who want to buy something without hassle. Furthermore, as an estimation global retail e-commerce sales almost grow doubled in range of three years from US$ 1.3 trillion in 2014 to US$ 2.3 trillion in 2017 and this growth trend will still last until the future. However, this trend demands innovative solutions, applying automation technology to e-commerce logistics is one of the solutions which significant to the future of e-commerce. Based on that, this study principally talks about the real-world implementation example of automation technology in logistics as well discuss the effects that will be faced by e-commerce towards using the automation technology in logistics so the e-commerce industry will be ready for facing future disruption.
E-commerce is booming with the development of new business model and will be continuously boosted in the several decades. With large number of enterprises carrying out E-commerce, logistics driven under the background has been largely influenced. This paper presents the state-of-the-art E-commerce logistics in supply chain management from a view of practice perspective. Worldwide implementations and corresponding models together with supporting techniques are reviewed in this paper. Typical E-commerce logistics companies from North America, Europe, and Asia Pacific are comprehensively reviewed so as to get the lessons and insights from these practices. Opportunities and future perspectives are summarized from the practical implementations so that interested companies like E-commerce and logistics companies are able to get some guidance when they are contemplating the business.
An Automated Storage and Retrieval System (ASRS) is an integrated automated system consists of hardware, software and networking system which communicates with each other over a fieldbus network. It allows a range of control strategies to be investigated using the design and algorithm developed. This storage system commonly operates under computerized control known as Computer Supervisory Control (CSC) system to store and retrieve the items either raw materials, semi-finished products, or finished-products. It can be manually operated as a stand-alone unit, but all warehouses nowadays are looking for an integrated automated system which can operate without any interference of an operator for efficiency and better performance of a warehouse. Thus, the Microcontroller Arduino UNO, Bluetooth technology, and Servo Motor are used in this experiment to investigate how efficient these devices can support the working mechanism of an ASRS.
Presently, discrete-event dynamic systems represent a significant group of varied systems e.g. computer networks, manufacturing systems, communication systems, database systems etc. An important class of discrete-event systems are storage systems. The article deals with Hierarchical Coloured Petri nets applied in modelling of these systems. Main results of the article include brief description of the method and hierarchical model of storage system implemented by Hierarchical Coloured Petri net in CPN Tools software. We also discuss the possible application of the model and modelling method in practice.
Outsourcing, the strategy in which organizations employ the services of external providers, has attracted growing interest. Academic and industrial attention has also focused on the role of seamless supply chain processes in achieving and sustaining competitive advantage. This research is based on petrol retailers in the UK that have adopted logistics outsourcing strategies for implementing supply chain solutions to their convenience-goods operations. Its aim is to identify the factors, which influence outsourcing decisions and the nature and supply chain implications of outsourcing strategies. Research findings indicate that the capability of service providers to facilitate supply chain solutions is largely influenced by four main factors, which in turn substantially determine their role in the supply chain: the strategic orientation of the outsourcing organization; its perception of service providers' role within the logistics strategy; the nature of the resultant client-provider relationship; and, the extent to which the logistics process is outsourced.
In the warehouse, typical logistics software of the warehouse is Warehouse Management System(WMS) and Warehouse Control System(WCS). WCS is different from WMS, and WCS aims to manage a broad range of material handling equipment in the warehouse. We analyzed key functions and limitations of existing WSC and suggest a new architecture for WCS. To address such requirements and limitation, a new architecture and functions of Smart WCS/ECS are suggested. SMART WCS/ECS will enhance the efficiency of warehouse operation.
The authors are exploring and developing techniques to enable
mobile robots to work in a less constrained world than that of an AGV
(autonomous guided vehicle). By having the robot maintain an a priori
world-map, supplementing it as necessary, with sensor-based world
perceptions (especially ultrasound and vision), its utility and mobility
are enhanced. By maintaining an explicit representation of spatial
uncertainty and revision positional estimates using incoming sensor
data, the robot does not rely on wire or paint-stripe tethers to reality
to navigate. Research is being performed using a Denning research
vehicle in a flexible manufacturing system (FMS) environment. AI
techniques in knowledge representation are used to embed the knowledge
necessary for a robot's achievement of successful goal-oriented
behaviors. Relevant behaviors for a mobile robot in an (FMS) environment
are being defined
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