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Rediscovery of Campanumoea javanica Blume- a rare climber of Campanulaceae from Phawngpui National Park in Mizoram, India



Campanumoea javanica Blume [Campanulaceae], is reported here from Phawngpui National Park (Blue Mountain), Lawngtlai district, Mizoram, a recollection in Mizoram after more than 80 years from a different locality. The species has been described and illustrated in the present communication
... Codonopsis javanica, in the Campanulaceae family, is also called names as ''Dang sam" in Vietnamese and ''Dangshen" in Chinese [1], which is a valuable medicinal plant and be cultivated in Asian countries such as Laos, India, China and Myanmar [2]. In Vietnam, it mainly grows on the grassy hill slopes, highland and mountainous areas [3,4] at altitudes above 800 m from sea level [5]. The fruit and root of Codonopsis javanica could use edible, and the leaves can be used to make soup, fried food, etc [5]. ...
The present research was conducted to apply Condonopsis javanica root extract for the production process of instant tea by using the convection drying technology. The characters of the obtained-powder were affected by some factors including maltodextrin concentrations of 30%, 40%, 50% and 60% (w/w), extract concentrations of 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% (w/w), drying time of 15 h, 20 h and 25 h and drying temperatures of 60 °C, 70 °C and 80 °C. The appropriate results showed that the parameters were 40% maltodextrin, 10% extract and drying conditions at 70 °C for 15 h. As a result, the physiochemical properties of instant tea products were analyzed for moisture content (%), total phenolic content (mg GAE/g of the sample), and solubility (%) which have achieved values of 2.463, 0.537 and 97.12, respectively. The final product was good with a score 15.32 of a maximum 20 points according to TCVN 3215-79. The production of Condonopsis javanica instant tea by using the convection drying method/technology could give a healthy product and bring a high potential application in the beverage industry in the future.
... During our field exploration in Tawang District, Arunachal Pradesh in August 2017, some interesting plants of Codonopsis were collected from the sub-alpine area of the Bumla region (Images 1 & 2, Figure 1). A thorough study of the live material, available relevant literature (Clarke 1881;Kanjilal et al. 1939;Haridasan & Mukherjee 1996;Clement 2001;Giri et al. 2008;Hong et al. 2011;Dash & Mao 2011;Panday & Sinha 2012;Mao & Barbhuiya 2014; and comparison of herbarium specimens and images with ASSAM, BM, CAL and K, the identity of the taxa was confirmed as Codonopsis bhutanica Ludlow. The species has not been reported from India so far, and thus reported here as an addition to the Indian flora. ...
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Codonopsis bhutanica Ludlow, a lesser-known endemic species to central and eastern Himalaya, collected for the first time from Arunachal Pradesh, India. The species was previously known only from Bhutan and Nepal. The species is reported here with a detailed taxonomic description along with habitat image, a photo-plate illustrating different features and a map showing the locality in Arunachal Pradesh as a new record to Indian flora.
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