March -April 2020, Volume 9, Issue 2
The Effect of Pilates Training on Immune Markers in Elderly Men
Mohammad Ebrahim Bahram 1, Marefat Siahkohian 2, Lotfali Bolboli 3, *Mohammad
1- PhD Student in Sport Physiology, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Education
and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
2- Professor, Sport Physiology, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Education and
Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
3- Associate Professor, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Education and Psychology,
University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran (Corresponding Author)
Received: 16 Nov 2019 Accepted: 2 March 2020
Received: 31 July 2019 Accepted: 4 January 2020
© 2020 Iranian Nursing Scientific Association (INA)
Journal of Health Promotion Management (JHPM) Original Article
Introduction: With age, the immune system decreases. Improving immune function in the
elderly through exercise has an important role in the health of the elderly. The purpose of
the present study was to determine the effect of twelve weeks of Pilates training on immune
markers in elderly men.
Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 22 elderly men with mean age (65 ± 2.81) years
were purposefully selected and randomly divided into two experimental and control groups.
Pilates training program was performed for 12 weeks, three days a week for 60 minutes. The
intensity of exercise was controlled by the "Rating of Perceived Exertion" (RPE) Monocytes,
neutrophils, and lymphocytes were measured before and 48 hours after the last training
session. Content validity and Cronbach's alpha were measured. SPSS. 23 was used for data
Results: 12 weeks of Pilates training signicantly increased monocyte level (P = 0.001, F
= 315.87) (18.21%) and signicantly decreased neutrophil counts (P = 0.001). P, F = 56.57
(5.65%) and lymph nodes (P = 0.001, F = 31.26) (5.33%) in the experimental group compared
to the control group (P˂0.05).
Conclusions: Pilates exercises for a relatively long time can be effective in stimulating and
altering immune system parameters in the elderly. It is recommended that seniors use this
type of exercise to strengthen their immune systems and improve their health.
Key words: Pilates, Elderly, Lymphocyte, Monocyte, Neutrophil, Markers.
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