The collapse of the socialist system, which began with the collapse demise of the Soviet Union, has brought about the (re)structuring, or the new creation, of cultural and social bonds along religious lines in those previously socialist countries that had been socialist. However, can it really be said that freedom of religion and faith necessarily brings about the (re)structuring of cultural and social bonds with their roots in a shared religious experiencecommunity? In this paper, I will address the phenomenon I describe as “a pandemic of shamans” in the Mongolian capital of Ulaanbaatar and report on the nature of the shamanism that, while building cultural and social bonds, on the one hand is also fracturing and splintering those bonds on the other. By acquiring an imaginary social position, those people who become shamans overturn social relationships and fracture family bonds. Shamanism also gives birth rise to ethical models that differ from shaman to shaman. I will conclude by examining whether the practices of the shamans are a phenomenon unique to the post-socialist period or a phenomenon unique to shamanism in general.