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Media literacy amid COVID-19 pandemic

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Abstract

This is my online lecture on media literacy amid the COVID-19 pandemic conducted on April 8, 2020 via Zoom. The recorded video may be retrieved from my YouTube channel (https://youtu.be/a-pqJWWqmLU).
Media literacy
amid COVID-19 pandemic
Danilo Araña Arao
Associate Editor, Bulatlat
Associate Professor, UP Diliman
Special Lecturer, PUP Sta. Mesa
Editor, Media Asia
Discussion outline
Definition of media literacy
Importance of media literacy in the time of
COVID-19
Some case studies
Escapism amid pandemic
Review of important principles
Some conclusion and recommendations
D. A. Arao Bulatlatan (8 April 2020) 2
Definition of media literacy
“Media and information literacy is a complex
concept proposed by UNESCO in 2007. MIL
covers all competencies related to
information literacy and media literacy that
also include digital or technological literacy. It
focuses on different and intersecting
competencies to transform people’s
interaction with information and learning
environments online and offline.” (Media and
information literacy, n.d., para. 2)
D. A. Arao Bulatlatan (8 April 2020) 3
Definition of media literacy
Knowledge of how the media work
Form
Language used (grammar, syntax, diction)
Interplay of words, images, footage (aka media texts)
Use of colors, fonts, lines, shadows and other elements
Content
Message analysis (accuracy, relevance, timeliness, etc.)
Process
How media content are created, developed, maintained
and distributed across different forms of media (print,
broadcast, film, new media)
D. A. Arao Bulatlatan (8 April 2020) 4
Importance of media literacy
in the time of COVID-19
Too much “fake news” (outright lies,
misinformation and disinformation)
Too much misleading information, even if
partially true
Too much news items that need context,
even if data are true
Too much toxicity in exchanges with some
socmed users (e.g., trolls) and in statements
of some sources of information
D. A. Arao Bulatlatan (8 April 2020) 5
Some case studies (“fake news”)
D. A. Arao Bulatlatan (8 April 2020) 6
Some case studies (“fake news”)
D. A. Arao Bulatlatan (8 April 2020) 7
Some case studies (“fake news”)
D. A. Arao Bulatlatan (8 April 2020) 8
Some case studies (misleading)
D. A. Arao Bulatlatan (8 April 2020) 9
Some case studies (needs context)
D. A. Arao Bulatlatan (8 April 2020) 10
Some case studies (toxicity)
D. A. Arao Bulatlatan (8 April 2020) 11
Some case studies (“toxicity”)
D. A. Arao Bulatlatan (8 April 2020) 12
Escapism amid pandemic
D. A. Arao Bulatlatan (8 April 2020) 13
Escapism amid pandemic
D. A. Arao Bulatlatan (8 April 2020) 14
D. A. Arao Bulatlatan (8 April 2020) 15
Review of important principles
Remember five basic principles of the
practice of journalism (Lambeth, 1992)
Truth-telling
Justice
Freedom
Humaneness
Stewardship
D. A. Arao Bulatlatan (8 April 2020) 16
Some conclusion
and recommendations
Proper use of language
e.g., grammar, syntax and diction
Avoid name-calling, mudslinging
Do not use rumors, unverified information as
bases for social media posts
Do not depend on unreliable sources
(distinguish between real and fake news)
Some conclusion
and recommendations
Be level-headed enough to
engage in a healthy debate
Be mature enough to ignore
personal attacks
Don’t stoop to the level of
individuals whose concept of
debate is maximizing logical
fallacies (e.g., ad hominem)
D. A. Arao Bulatlatan (8 April 2020) 17
D. A. Arao Bulatlatan (8 April 2020) 18
Some conclusion
and recommendations
Just like journalists
HELP SHAPE PUBLIC OPINION BY PROVIDING
RELEVANT INFORMATION
Adhere to the highest professional and
ethical standards of writing
BECAUSE OUR ONLINE AUDIENCE
DESERVES NOTHING LESS
This way, we can have better discussions
and exchange of ideas
References
Lambeth, E. B. (1992). Committed
journalism: An ethic for the profession.
Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Media and information literacy. (n.d.).
UNESCO Institute for Information
Technologies in Education. Retrieved from
https://iite.unesco.org/mil/
D. A. Arao Bulatlatan (8 April 2020) 19
Thank you!
https://www.bulatlat.com
ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication.
Media and information literacy. (n.d.). UNESCO Institute for Information Technologies in Education
  • E B Lambeth
Lambeth, E. B. (1992). Committed journalism: An ethic for the profession. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Media and information literacy. (n.d.). UNESCO Institute for Information Technologies in Education. Retrieved from https://iite.unesco.org/mil/