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The most basic definition of any security system is generated from its name; it is literally a means or method by which something is secured through a system of interworking components and devices. With the help of the latest development of technology, it is possible to secure people's lives, industries, schools, organizations, and homes using an alarm security system that will monitor, guide and protect against burglar and abductors, because of the rate of theft and abduction in some parts of the world is increasing by the day; this imbibes fears that become a threat to the peace and economic development of any society or country nowadays. It is paramount to find viable technologies that will secure the lives of humans as countermeasures to tackle this kind of problem. This paper will review literature related to security alarm systems, different types of sensors used in the security system, advances in its technology, and disadvantages of installing the security alarm system and the importance of installation for security purposes in which most of the papers I read did not.
A model of closed-Circuit television (CCTV) The output of the intruder alarm system can differ from grief sign or loud bell cautionary to automatic telephone buttons and flashing outdoors rays [11]. It accomplishes the warning purpose possible of informing neighbors of an illegal individual and at the same time, it will function as a signal to the police. Automated dialers linked to the burglar alarms are set to call the police officials and to play a pre-recorded report notifying the police personal that the organization, industries or house has been break into [12]. With the aid of advances in technological and scientific improvements, it has made significant advancements in the technology of the security alarm devices [13]. In this research, advances in security alarm system technologies against intrusion are review considering an intruder alarm. A security alarm system has been a great concern in the world nowadays, considering the surge in burglaries in different parts of the world today and the rise in abduction, everyone needs to take protective actions to avoid an illegal entering into their industries, organizations or homes [14]. The point that security alarm system exists in our environment or homes is often a hindrance to frighten a burglar before trying to force an entry, making the possessions of it in our home or environments, will make you feel safe and increase peace of mind to the users [15]. These devices function as inputs that trigger the security alarm. Some of the security alarm
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The Various Types of sensors used in the Security Alarm system
Muhammad Baballe Ahmad1, Abdullahi Abba Abdullahi2, Abubakar Sadiq Muhammad3, Yusuf Bello
Saleh4, and Usman Bukar Usman5
1, 2, 3, 4, 5(Kano State polytechnic, computer engineering technology [C.E.T], Nigeria1
Kano state informatics institute Kura, Nigeria2
Kano State Polytechnic, Computer Engineering Technology [C.E.T], Nigeria3
Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Nigeria4
Mai Idris Alooma Polytechnic, Geidam Yobe state, Nigeria5)
Corresponding author: Baballe Ahmad Muhammad
E-mail: sadiqbaballe@gmail.com
ABSTRACT
The most basic definition of any security system
is generated from its name; it is literally a means
or method by which something is secured
through a system of interworking components
and devices. With the help of the latest
development of technology, it is possible to
secure people’s lives, industries, schools,
organizations, and homes using an alarm security
system that will monitor, guide and protect
against burglar and abductors, because of the
rate of theft and abduction in some parts of the
world is increasing by the day; this imbibes fears
that become a threat to the peace and economic
development of any society or country
nowadays. It is paramount to find viable
technologies that will secure the lives of humans
as countermeasures to tackle this kind of
problem. This paper will review literature related
to security alarm systems, different types of
sensors used in the security system, advances in
its technology, and disadvantages of installing
the security alarm system and the importance of
installation for security purposes in which most
of the papers I read did not.
KEYWORDS: Abduction, Alarm System,
Burglar, Security, and Sensors.
1. INTRODUCTION
The security alarm system likewise offers a great
means for supporting and helping different needs
of folks that have disabilities precisely old age
people or individuals with a certain illness that
will not allow them to be moving around either
in offices, organizations or homes. The user of
the home automation and its application area is
very significant and will keep on steadily
upsurge even in the future [1]. The security
alarm system or home automation is also known
as the automation of the placed is installed or
household activity. The home automation or
security system usually explains a house or an
area that is a link with technology and services
through networking to watch over the area
needed to be secured and increase the eminence
of living of people. The security alarm system or
home automation comprises centralized control
of lighting, appliances, temperature, and other
systems, to provide better relaxation, ease,
security, and efficiency.
Figure 1: A model of a simple security alarm
system.
Today, our home monitoring and alarm security
systems have become common. One of the
motives for this is the increase in crimes,
abduction, and robbery in the world today. Many
of our homes, industries, schools, and
organizations today are invade mostly by force
either through a criminal entry or through
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breaching a window, entering through a cutting
celling or even entering through a closed door or
sometimes even an open window [2]. Case
studies show that most criminals are usually cut
off by the help of the simple existence of an
alarm security system in our homes hospitals,
schools, organization, and industries. Criminals
usually invade far more defenseless
constructions compared to those guarded by
security alarm systems. The improvement of the
security alarm systems started with the creation
of man. To give threatening information, human
being implements a form of a signal, shout, and
sound. It was then replaced with the help of the
clapping of hands and with the instilling of
signals to notify society or to blowout a certain
message during the early periods of some
African society [3]. All these methods of
warning are fundamental, unreliable and
unsystematic. With the help of advancement in
technology today, these undeveloped methods of
producing security alarm systems were changed
by programmed security alarm systems in the
late eighteenth period. These types of electronic
security alarm systems usually work without the
aid of any human being energy. When the
modern security alarm system senses a positive
signal which may be a sign of intrusion or
breakage, it normally gives a warning of a very
high sound or sends an alert to the owner subject
to the type of security design [4]. The earliest
electronic fire, security alarm system was
developed by a man named William .F.
Channing. Late on an electrical electronics
engineer, Mr. Moses G. Farmer invented the
construction. This alarm system uses automatic
indicator boxes to label the position of the
outbreak fire and was first lunch in Boston,
United States of America. The development of
this alarm system by Dr. William was then
followed by the improvement of various stylish
and difficult fire and intruder security alarm
system technology that is so many to deliberate
[5]. The most significant among these security
system technologies is the use of remote
signaling thief security alarm. This type of
security alarm system was design in the early
1970s. This administers a fast inventive reaction
to alarm calls. However, organizations and
industries are based on the supply of security
service apparatus that usually come in dissimilar
designs to keep burgles and thugs away from the
environment that are not built for them. Today,
we have an innovative group of electronic
security alarm system with complexity at various
levels [6]. With the latest flow in crime rates in
the world, it has become very essential to
safeguard our buildings and our property with
the aid of sophisticated stages of various
advanced security alarm devices. The prices of
such kinds of security alarm devices depend on
the apparatus technology and solicitation desires.
These alarm security system devices are
characterized by present electronic security
alarm systems. Some of nowadays-modern
security alarm systems are housebreaker alarms,
threat alarms, industrial alarms, speed limit
alarms, and anti-theft vehicle alarms [7]. The
intruder alarm security is initiate by a cycle,
from a comprehensive automated circuit loop
that is close with an alarm at its output, or an
indication to inform the owner of danger. They
are a central control box that normally observer
different gesture indicators and the perimeter
protections that give an alarm or notify the
owner when any of this sensor is a trigger [8].
Some of the intruder’s security alarms system
normally functions delicately on the conception
of a magnetic contact and others. For those types
of security systems working with the sensors,
these devices are usually positioned at any
entering of the industries, organizations, and
building. In this case, the sensor will activate an
alarm if the device gets a signal above its set
inception [9]. In the case of motion detection,
the ultrasonic sensor is normally used; the point
indicator can be used in the concession of a
criminal alarm, theft or illegal individuals at
certain points such as doors or windows [10].
For instance, when a precise environment needs
to be look over the awareness of the burglar in
the protected environment is used, which is
executed with the help of ultrasonic sensors and
is normally fixed at an appropriate location.
Presently, closed-circuit television (CCTV)
shown in figure two below, has been combined
in the thief security alarms system to recognize
the existence of illegal personnel.
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Figure 2: A model of closed-Circuit television
(CCTV)
The output of the intruder alarm system can
differ from grief sign or loud bell cautionary to
automatic telephone buttons and flashing
outdoors rays [11]. It accomplishes the warning
purpose possible of informing neighbors of an
illegal individual and at the same time, it will
function as a signal to the police. Automated
dialers linked to the burglar alarms are set to call
the police officials and to play a pre-recorded
report notifying the police personal that the
organization, industries or house has been break
into [12]. With the aid of advances in
technological and scientific improvements, it has
made significant advancements in the technology
of the security alarm devices [13]. In this
research, advances in security alarm system
technologies against intrusion are review
considering an intruder alarm. A security alarm
system has been a great concern in the world
nowadays, considering the surge in burglaries in
different parts of the world today and the rise in
abduction, everyone needs to take protective
actions to avoid an illegal entering into their
industries, organizations or homes [14]. The
point that security alarm system exists in our
environment or homes is often a hindrance to
frighten a burglar before trying to force an entry,
making the possessions of it in our home or
environments, will make you feel safe and
increase peace of mind to the users [15]. These
devices function as inputs that trigger the
security alarm. Some of the security alarm
sensor technologies that have been established
over the centuries are
(1) Microwave sensors: the microwave sensor,
is an electronic device that perceives signs and is
used to control luminaires. The microwaves
function differently from passive infrared
sensors, by extruding microwaves, which bounce
off surfaces and return to a sensor within the
indicator. The microwave sensor can easily
perceive any activities within its range and do all
this in less than a microsecond. The microwave
sensors can easily penetrate the hole and walls.
Because of its ability, it can cover a very larger
area of commercial properties, industries,
organization and homes that needed to be secure.
Because its properties are required to make use
of it especially for, those who want to secure a
very large environment. The microwave sensors
are mostly less expensive to buy. The microwave
sensor is motion-sensing devices that normally
flow in a definite area or in the area within the
electronic field. Movement in or out of the area
that needs to be secure quickens the speed and
triggers the alarming figure three below shows
the image of the microwave sensor.
Figure 3: Microwave sensor
(2) Vibration Sensors: Vibration sensors are
sensors that are used for displaying, measuring,
and evaluating linear velocity, displacement,
acceleration, and proximity. Vibration sensors
are usually fixed on ceilings, floors, and walls to
sense mechanical vibrations produced by
drilling, chopping, or because of any physical
attack figure, four below shows the image of the
vibration sensor.
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Figure 4: Vibration sensor
(3) Photo electrical ray sensor: The photoelectric
sensor usually discharges a light ray infrared or
visible from its light-emitting element. A
reflective-type photoelectric sensor is usually
used to notice the light ray reflected from a
certain target. While a thru beam, type of sensor
that is to measure the changes in the light
magnitude caused by the target passing through
the optical axis. The photoelectric sensors
usually transfer infrared beam to the receiver,
usually in the form of a light ray, in a remote
area, thus forming an electronic fence. These
types of sensors are usually used to close
openings, such as corridor paths or doorways,
which are broken open. Whenever the light ray is
disturbed or interfered, it will automatically
produce an alarm signal figure five below shows
the image of the photoelectric sensor.
Figure 5: Photoelectric Sensor
(4) Electric field sensors: The electric field
sensor is a micro-electronic based device that
can normally notice the existence of both
stationary and moving objects through solid
materials. Its facility to function through any
non-conductive material permits complete
invisibility. The electric field sensor function by
noticing any small changes in an ultra-low-
power electromagnetic field produced between
two remotely positioned antenna electrodes.
These sensors normally create an electrostatic
field between and round a series of conductors
and an electrical ground. Is for identifying up
and down or degradation in the field. The sensor
can be activated by anybody touching or
approaching the sensor figure, six below shows
the image of the electric field sensor.
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Figure 6: Electric Field Sensor
(5) Sound sensors: The Sound Sensor is usually
a minor board that is merging with a microphone
and some processing circuitry. It produces not
merely an audio output, but also a binary sign of
the presence of sound, and an analog
exemplification of its amplitude. These sensors
usually react to the sound generated by intruders
entering through the secure environments figure
seven below shows the image of the sound
sensor.
Figure 7: Sound Sensor
(6) Capacitance sensors: Capacitive sensors can
normally be used to identify metallic substances
as well as close all additional tools like liquid
and solid substances. The capacitive sensors are
frequently used as a limit switch, for flow
control, object detection and for counting
purposes. The capacitive sensors notice
variations in the electric field. Whenever an
intruder gets closer to it or by direct contact with
the sensor wire, it brings about changes in the
capacitance of the field, which can either be a
higher or lower level than the verge signal level,
this will automatically generate a signal figure-
eight below shows the capacitive sensor.
Figure 8: Capacitive Sensor
(7) Glass break detector: This type of sensor is
used in electronic criminal alarms detectors if a
piece of the glass is broken or shattered. The
detectors are usually kept or fixed closed to glass
storefront windows or glass doors in our houses,
offices or organizations. The glass break sensors
generally either use a microphone, which
observer’s vibrations or noise that is coming
from the glass. If this noise or vibrations surpass
a certain verge that is user-selectable, they are
evaluated by sensor circuitry the figure 9 below
shows the glass break detector.
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Figure 9: Glass break detector
(8) Seismic detectors: This seismic sensor is
useful for watching over armored cabinets,
automatic teller machines, cash boxes, armored
safes, night safes, and safe vault walls for all
known break-in apparatuses such as oxygen
lances, diamond-tipped drills, explosives, and
hydraulic rams. Any mechanical vibrations
triggered by a break-in attempt are scrutinized
and detected by this seismic detector sensor, and
an alarm will be triggered figure 10 below shows
seismic detectors.
Figure 10: Seismic detectors
(9) Magnetic Contacts: This magnetic contact is
most usually use in electromechanical appliances
that trigger when the magnet and contact are
alienated. It is mainly used on windows or doors,
these switches are the prevailing detecting
gadgets in detecting closing or opening of
windows or doors. The detectors are reliable and
cheap. This type of sensors usually comprises
two sections, a contact that is usually installed on
your window or doorframe and an activating
magnet that is mounted on the door figure 11
below shows the magnetic contact detectors.
Figure 11: Magnetic contacts
In this research, we have seen how we alert our
neighbors if an intrusion occurs since the
previous years before the introduction of various
types of sensors that are used in the security
alarm system and how they operate and function.
We have also seen how essential the security
alarm system or home automation system is very
important. How its main uses range from
expanded relieve and larger security and
safeness, and to additional reasonable usage of
other resources and energy, granting major
savings [16].
2. RELATED WORKS
Presently, security alarm system manufacturers
for building and alarm lookout facilities give a
variety of means proposed for clients to
supervise their alarm security systems, in case
they are far away from their organizations,
industries or home. Motivated by the
encroachment of recent technology and the surge
in abduction and robbery in the world today,
which as result has appealed major
consideration. This segment will discourse study
associated with our studies on security alarm
system against invasion, which will come both
from local and foreign studies.
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2.1. Local studies
In the designed of a simple dependable touch
delicate security alarm system that is
inexpensive since there is the accessibility of the
component that they used with an abundance of
close substitute of the components. An additional
reason you have to consider was reliability when
the power for the security alarm system is down;
you have integrated the system with
programmed change over to a power supply
which will guarantee you with the constant
power supply to your circuit. Moreover, the
effectiveness of the system has to be taken into
account by making use of a transistor to couple
the microphone. In additional effort to make an
alarm security system, developing an automatic
alarm security system. The system has to
comprise of an indicator and a sensor as a
transducer for detecting intruders' activities or
breaching beyond the gate or environment
needed to be secured. The signal is at that point
handle by a fixed microchip that activates the
phone component and sends a short message
service (SMS) notice to a mobile cell phone at
your organization, industries or homeowners,
which triggers a linked alarm structure. A study
project containing the make use of a Short
Message Service-based invasion recognition
system, which will consist of a headset, antenna
and switch circuit. The structure combines
motion devices, not like unoriginal magnetic key
alarms in entries and openings, such that a short
notice will be sent to the owner in an effort to
rob the owner organization or house or if
abduction is about to take place. The design can
be constructed by the means of an Arduino or
microcontroller programmed with different
components like motion sensors, and controls. A
movement sensor usually called the Passive
Infrared ray (PIR) sensor shown in figure twelve
below is inserted into a prototype rooftop and a
button near the entrance door or window so that
dispatch is shown whenever a trespasser passes
the passive infrared ray (PIR). An (LCD) Liquid
crystal display will show a message which now
will be sent via short message service to the
embedded mobile numbers figure 12 below
shows the model of the passive infrared sensor
ray detection and how it works.
Figure 12: Passive Infrared Ray Sensor
2.2. Foreign studies
This area of study is consisting of a mobile
security alarm system that will automatically dial
an automated mobile phone number linked to the
security system in case they is an intrusion in the
secure environment and the system will then
send a message immediately to the sensor of the
programmed security system device it will then
be activated. The construction of the circuit will
consist of either an Arduino or microcontroller in
the programming process which will serve as the
brain of the system, with also various sensors to
avoid misleading mistaken alarms driven by
another anguish watching system. The system is
going to be linked to both the owners and the
people watching the secure environment which
can be your house, private organization or
government agencies and also to both the owners
phone number, police unit and fire services unit
in case they are any intrusion or fire outbreak it
will automatically send a message to the house,
organizations, industries and the people
monitoring the secure environment, and the
people monitoring the secure environment will
send it to the police, in case it is a fired outbreak
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the people monitoring the secure environment
will send it to the fire service unit because of the
various sensor installed for their different
purposes in the configuration of the security
system figure thirteen below shows a simple
model of the foreign studies on security system
and how it operates. This type of system can also
help guard the environment to be secured from
robbery or abductors when you are away from
either your organization or home. That is
whenever someone is trying to rob or abduct
someone in the secure area or house, the security
alarm system will be activated which will then
automatically send a short message service
(SMS) to the house owner’s mobile phone and to
the security agencies watching over the secured
environment.
Figure 13: A model of the simple security alarm
system of foreign studies
3. Importance of installing the security
alarm system
The rate of Crime in the world is increasing day
by day due to urbanization, unemployment,
poverty, economic recession, and social
inequality, which will bring chaos to the country.
Most of the crimes that are usually done are
abduction, robbery, theft and housebreaks, but
the most common one done today is armed
robbery. This disturbing increase rate of crime in
the world today, thus, threatened the life and
properties of the people. A security alarm system
should be installed as a standard device in our
homes or the environments needed to be secure.
The need for an operative and cost-effective
system that caters to catastrophes and
accomplishes safety concerns while one is away
from their home is essential.
Therefore, a security alarm system is an essential
device in protecting organizations, industries or
buildings and improving the quality of people’s
life since is going to be an actual means of
decreasing the threat of abduction, burglary, and
thefts in the world today. Therefore, the
importance of installing the security alarm
system are listed below;
1. Research has revealed that the
installation of a security alarm system at our
homes can prevent criminals from entering the
secure area. As a result of this, you can leave
comfortably with your family at all times or even
if you are away from your home or the
environment needed to be secure.
2. With the help of modern technology
today, security alarm systems may include many
computerization features. These features will
allow you to monitor your energy consumption
and turn off all the utilities when you are not
going to make use of them or no longer in the
room. This may help in less monthly billing of
the electrical appliances and less lost energy that
is by the use of the internet of things (IoT).
3. With the help of the installation of the
security alarm system installed, one can watch
over his house and what is happening around the
environment or surroundings to be secure.
4. The sound of the installed security alarm
system can secure the thief especially if the
system is connected to a buzzer, which will
make a sound if they are an illegal entering.
5. Many of the security insurance
companies or agencies usually offer discounts to
those who are interested in installing the security
alarm system which is a great way to reducing
the costs of installation and it encourages people
to install it because of the discount of
installation.
6. The alarm security systems usually give
an early warning in the case of a fire outbreak
which will call the attention of the house-owner
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or people living in the area the system is
installed and necessary measures will be taken.
7. With the help of the security alarm
system installed, it may prevent the loss of
valuables and properties which can lead to
gigantic financial damage.
8. The installation of the security alarm
system may provide the environment to be
secure or homeowners with self-confidence and
relaxation of the mind that their properties or
homes are secured.
4. Disadvantages of installing the security
alarm system
Not all the papers I read discussed the various
disadvantages one may like encounter if the
security systems are installed.
1. Privacy: There have been a few instances in
the past where security cameras have stirred up
controversies, especially in professional setups.
There have been cases where employees have
objected to being under constant surveillance
without their permission and citing the ‘invasion
of privacy’ as the reason. A few have also
resorted to taking legal action against their
employers in relation to this. Critics of security
camera systems have taken offense to them
being placed in offices and argued that doing so
implies that the employer has either already
assumed or is convinced that his employees are
up to no good and will do something wrong
which is why their activities need to be recorded.
2. Expensive: While dummy cameras may not be
expensive, the real ones cost hundreds, even
thousands of dollars depending on the features
and the number of cameras and monitoring
systems you buy. Getting them installed and
their maintenance means added costs. If you are
thinking of installing them yourself, lay that idea
to rest unless you have good knowledge of
wiring systems or you may end up damaging the
cameras.
3. They can be Vulnerable: When we, as users of
security cameras, try to keep ourselves updated
on the latest in security systems, we should not
forget that intruders and criminals are doing the
same too. A clever trespasser will probably
know all about them and may have figured out a
way to go undetected. Further, tech-savvy
criminals might have understood the technology
and worked out ways to disable/disconnect them
from their power source. In addition, if he
detects your cameras as fake/dummies, they can
be useless in any crime prevention. In worst
cases, hackers can play havoc with your security
camera system by using the Internet and use
them to spy on you instead.
This makes security cameras vulnerable to
damage and/or misuse.
4. Can’t Stop Theft: Cameras enable users to
record footage for later viewing, and to help nab
criminals, and receive justice from the law. They
cannot, however, stop a crime when it is in
progress. They do not alert neighbors or the
police like an alarm system would. This means
that you will incur losses even as you run to the
court, make insurance claims and reorder stolen
inventory, which may no longer make you feel
absolutely safe and even cause you to lose faith
in them.
5. Conclusion
The objective of this review is to give awareness
on the advancement in different types of security
alarm sensors used against abduction and
intrusion and to create awareness regarding the
security measures one has to take regularly due
to increasing in break-in and abduction in the
world nowadays. This research also reviewed
some study on security alarm system from both
local and foreign aspect and list the importance
of installing the security alarm system in the
environment we need to be secured or homes
and also the disadvantages of installing the
security alarm system in which most of the
papers don’t. With the security alarm system,
one does not need to get a security guard or hired
someone to be watching the environment needed
to be secure.
6. References
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The Society of Digital Information and Wireless Communications, 2019 ISSN 2220-9085 (Online); ISSN 2412-3587 (Print)
... Through this hub, which acts as a conduit for cloud-based software, irrigation systems can be monitored via Sigfox. The star topology is also used to wirelessly integrate a variety of sensors inside a conservatory [104]. [59] utilized this topology to keep track of a greenhouse. ...
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... As a result, installing protection systems in homes is crucial [17,18]. The use of different types of sensors, such as PIR sensors, water level sensors, soil moisture sensors, light intensity sensors, current sensors, voltage sensors, DC motors, and ultrasonic sensors, has been discussed extensively by many other researchers [55]. To build a complete smart home system, all of the sensors stated above can be incorporated with modules and microcontrollers [10]- [22]. ...
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... Through this hub, which acts as a conduit for cloud-based software, irrigation systems can be monitored via Sigfox. The star topology is also used to wirelessly integrate a variety of sensors inside a conservatory [104]. [59] utilized this topology to keep track of a greenhouse. ...
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... Nowadays, there is a lot of news about children being trapped in cars because parents rushed to run errands and forgot that there were children in the car causing the children's death due to suffocation and the heat inside the car [1][2][3][4]. Such problems affect families in Thailand and abroad. ...
... A vibration sensor is a device that measures the amount and frequency of vibration in a given system, machine, or piece of equipment. Those measurements can be used to detect imbalances or other issues in the assets and predict future breakdowns [11]. ...
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... To alert frightening information, man implements a form of a signal, through shouting and sound. He then later replaced it with the help of the clapping of hands and with the introduction of signals to inform society or to blowout a certain message if they are any kind of fire outbreak, abduction or burglary, during the early periods of some African society especially in my country Nigeria [1][2][3]. All such methods of notifications or warnings are necessary, undependable, and unmethodical. ...
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This research focuses on detection of unauthorized access to residential and commercial buildings when the residents are far away from the access gate of the house. The system is a simple and reliable touch activated security system and uses sensor technology to revolutionize the standards of living. The system provides a best solution to most of the problems faced by house owners in their daily life. Due to its simple electronic components nature, it is more adaptable and cost-effective. The system is divided into three units; the power supply unit which employs the use of both DC battery and mains supply to ensure constant power supply to the circuit, the trigger unit which is responsible for activating the alarm unit and designed to have much time and period and moderate sensitivity in order to reduce the rate of false alarm, and the alarm amplitude unit which main function is to produce amplitude alarm sound when triggered by the trigger unit with the aim of producing a large audible sound that can alert the entire neighborhood or scare an intruder away. The design of the system was achieved by considering some factors such as economy, availability of components and research materials, efficiency, compatibility and portability and also durability in the design process. The performance of the system after test met design specifications. This system works on the principle of touch sensor. The general operation of the system and performance is dependent on the presence of an intruder entering through the door and touching any part of the door. The overall system was constructed and tested and it work perfectly.
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The paper presents the design, construction and testing of a simple sound activated burglar alarm. The principle of operation of this burglar alarm is simple. When the intensity of sound exceeds certain intensity, the alarm is triggered and the siren begins to operate. The speaker beeps and the flasher (light) flashes. These actions thus alert the owner of the residence and/or security personnel of the presence of an intruder.
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In this paper, design and implement of a microcontroller based home security system with GSM technology have been presented and analyzed. Two microcontrollers with other peripheral devices which include Light Emitting Diode (LED), Liquid Crystal Display (LCD), Buzzer and Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) Module are responsible for reliable operation of the proposed security system. In addition, a mobile phone is interfaced with microcontroller through a Bluetooth device in order to control the system. Moreover, a manual keypad is another way to lock or unlock the system. A Compiler Code Vision AVR is used to design a program that controls the system along with maintaining all security functions. The designed program is applied in Proteus Software for simulation. At last, the results of practical circuit show the proper functions and also verify the reliable security within reasonable cost.
Conference Paper
Describes an Internet application that allows local and remote monitoring and control of a home. The application adopts an object-oriented philosophy, in which every home automation device is represented by an object. This leads to an integrated view of the home, with a common look-and-feel across all the devices, while supporting various methods of actuation and sensing. The application runs on a PC with a Web server. The user interface is implemented through a standard browser using common HTML pages or Java applets. The interaction with the home control system(s) is done through specific hardware or standard PC interfaces such as the serial port or USB, or by LAN. The application offers a powerful way of controlling and programming the behavior of the home, using scripts. For the common user, a simpler version of a script - a scenario - may be used. A scenario consists of a set of devices in a particular state and can be activated directly by the user, by a time stimulus or by any event in the home
Design and Construction of an Automatic Home Security System Based on GSM Technology and Embedded Microcontroller Unit
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Olarewaju.I. K, Ayodele, O. E, Michael. F. O, Alaba. E. S, Abiodun. R. O, 2017. "Design and Construction of an Automatic Home Security System Based on GSM Technology and Embedded Microcontroller Unit", American Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 25-32, Doi: 10.11648/j.ajece.20170101.14
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