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A Természettudományi Múzeum és 1956. A Nemzeti Múzeumban pusztító tűzvész előzményei, körülményei és következményei. / The Hungarian Natural History Museum and the Hungarian Revolution of 1956. Fire in the building of the National Museum. [bilingual]

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Abstract

Due to the fights around the Radio on 24–26 October 1956, two extensive conflagrations destroyed most of the departments of the Natural History Museum housed in the central building of the Hungarian National Museum (the Department of Mineralogy and Petrology and the Department of Geology and Palaeontology) as well as the Africa Exhibition. This paper describes the layout of the departments and exhibitions housed in the building before the fire, gives achronological account of the fights around the building and the fires as well as the work of the fire brigades. Then data on the actions of the insurgents and the military troops within the museum, a detailed account of the fire, its causes and certain conditions are given. Contemporary reports about the fire and its exploit by the political propaganda are also reviewed. An account on the quantifiable damages, and a reconstructed list of the destroyed inventories of the Department of Mineralogy and Petrology is also given.
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... Contemporary reports (Boros 1957, Mihályi 1957 do not mention any damage to the pseudoscorpion material resulting from the fire in the Zoological Department, although these reports were not accurate in listing smaller collections, even those that were completely annihilated (Csuzdi & Zicsi 2003). A new reconstruction of the events (Papp 2016) shows that the invertebrate material in the main building of the HNM was not damaged. ...
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A catalogue of the pseudoscorpion types deposited in the Hungarian Natural History Museum (Budapest) is presented. The Collection of Soil Invertebrates at the Museum harbours type material of 60 described (49 valid) pseudoscorpion species or subspecies, belonging to 13 families and 33 genera. Most of these are types of species described by Ödön Tömösváry, Jenő Daday, Max Beier and Volker Mahnert, along with a handful described by Lodovico di Caporiacco, Mark Harvey and János Novák. Lists are also given of types of species that were, or might be expected to have been, deposited in HNHM but cannot now be located there. A lectotype is designated for Chelifer rutilans Tömösváry, 1883, which is considered a junior subjective synonym of Chelifer cancroides (Linnaeus, 1758) (syn. nov.).
The excellent ground-plans were sketched by Magdolna Katus (HNHM Dept
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HNHM. The excellent ground-plans were sketched by Magdolna Katus (HNHM Dept. of Exhibi-
Anonymus 1956f: Hírszolgálat
Anonymus 1956e: A tűzoltók küzdelme a Nemzeti Múzeumért. [Firefighters' battle for the National Museum.] -Népszava 84(253) [1956. X. 26.]: 2. Anonymus 1956f: Hírszolgálat. [Newscast.] A SZER műsora, 1956. október 27. 6:00-tól. [Broadcast of RFE. 6.00, 27 th October 1956] http://szer.oszk.hu/felvetel?i=2031459070&n=06-00 -ora-hirszolgalat.
The destruction of the National Museum is heavy, but the library is intact
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