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IPMA DELTA® MODEL IN ADAPTATION FOR DETERMINING ORGANI-
ZATION NEEDS IN USING PROJECT, PROGRAM AND PORTFOLIO
M.Sc., Krystsina Mazhei1, ORCID: 0000-0002-4939-1343
PhD, Dmytro Lukianov2, ORCID: 00000-0001-8305-2217
1Business Intelligence and Process Division, Business Process Design and SAP Process Support
Group, A1 Telekom Austria Group Belarus, Minsk, Republic of Belarus
2Department of Construction and Operation of Buildings and Structures, Faculty of Civil Engineer-
ing, Interdisciplinary Institute for Advanced Studies and Retraining, Belarusian National Technical
University, Minsk, Republic of Belarus
The article analyzes the possibility of using the model of organizational and technological maturity of
the company in the field of IPMA Delta® project management for self-assessment and determining the needs
of the organization in the use of project, program and portfolio management methods.
Keywords: IPMA Delta model, project management, program management, portfolio management, process
management, maturity assessment.
When deciding on what aspects of project, program or portfolio management it is necessary to
develop, international expert organizations (such as IPMA, PMI, APMG, etc.) recommend a com-
prehensive analysis of the current development status of project-oriented activities in the organiza-
IPMA created a multidimensional model for assessing the development of project activities -
IPMA Delta® . In accordance with this approach, the content of the internal audit modules of the
current state is assessed:
1. Competence of project managers (programs and portfolios), team members and other inter-
ested parties («Personnel» module);
2. Application of the project approach in the organization, results of projects, programs and
portfolios, existing regulations for the processes of managing projects, programs and portfolios
3. The competence of the organization in the formation of a project-oriented management
structure (Module «Organization»).
The content of IPMA Delta® internal state audit modules is based on project management
standards, such as IPMA Individual Competence Baseline® (ICB version 3.0) – «Personnel» mod-
ule , IPMA Project Excellence Baseline® (PEB version 1.0) - module «Projects» , IPMA Or-
ganizational Competence Baseline® (OCB version 1.0) – module «Organization» .
Thus, the presented model allows us to understand the actual state of the organization’s com-
petence in the field of project, program and portfolio management in relation to international best
practices, as well as to plan measures for the further development of the organizational environ-
ment for project, program and portfolio management.
An analysis of the contents of the IPMA Delta® assessment model showed the importance of
meeting the organization’s initial requirements for a full assessment. The initial requirements in-
clude the availability of project (program, portfolio) management, the availability of standards,
structures, processes, tools and methods for project management (programs, portfolios), the pres-
ence of trained and certified specialists and company managers in the field of project, program and
portfolio management. Relevant requirements also apply to national / international certification au-
thorities and assessors.
In order to decide on an assessment of the organizational and technological maturity of a
company in the field of project, program, portfolio management, it is initially necessary to assess
the organization's needs in the use of project, program and portfolio management methods.
Taking into account the standards in the field of competence of the organization in project
management (OCB version 1.0), the competence of participants in management teams and stake-
holders (ICB version 3.0), application of project management (PEB version 1.0), we structured a
questionnaire that allowed us to conduct a self-assessment cut of the current state the needs of the
organization in the use of project, program and portfolio management methods (Table 1.1).
Table 1. The structure of the self-assessment form of the maturity of project, program
and portfolio management processes in the organization [2,3,4]
Mission / Vision / Strategy
Efficiency and Operativeness
Leadership and Teamwork
Project and Program Management Processes
Portfolio Management Processes
Integration and Coordination
Collaboration and Contracting
Reporting and Documentation
Human Recourse Management
Health and Safety
Purchasing and Logistics
Systems and Technologies
For each component of the subsection, an assessment is carried out:
1. The degree of maturity of the process "As is" - a description of the current status of the
2. The degree of maturity of the “How will” process - a description of the desired status of the
3. The degree of maturity of the process “At the best in the industry” - a description of the re-
quired status of the process, to obtain a competitive advantage.
Assessment of the degree of process maturity is represented by the following levels:
1. Zero level is an incomplete process. In general, the process does not meet its purpose. The
results and outcome of the process are absent or impossible to identify;
2. The first level is the ongoing process. The process as a whole corresponds to its purpose. Its
implementation cannot be strictly planned and tracked. Employees of the organization know that
the event should be carried out, and there is a general agreement that this event is carried out, as
well as how and when it should be. There are results of the process, which indicates the completion
of the process;
3. The second level is a controlled process. The process gives results in accordance with the
required results, and is also planned and monitored. The results meet certain requirements and stan-
4. The third level is an established process. The process is carried out and controlled using a
regulated process. Process instances use versions of a standard, fully documented process that are
accepted and adapted to a specific situation to obtain a given process result;
5. The fourth level is a predictable process. A given process in practice is carried out within
the prescribed framework to achieve specific goals of the process. Detailed results of performance
measurements are collected and analyzed, which leads to a quantitative understanding of the capa-
bilities of the process and an increase in the degree of forecasting and control of process perfor-
6. The fifth level is an optimized process. Process performance is optimized to meet current
and future needs, and the process achieves its specific goals. Quantitative guidelines (goals) are es-
tablished for the effectiveness of the process in accordance with the goals. Continuous monitoring
of the progress of the process towards these goals is based on quantitative feedback, and its im-
provement is based on an analysis of its results.
This process assessment scale for the model of maturity levels is presented in the ISO 15504
Based on the summation of the indicators set, the general level of competence of the organiza-
tion in the use of project, program, portfolio management methods (according to the IPMA Delta®
model) is determined :
1. Uncertain level - there are no standards, structures and processes. Project, program and
portfolio management is characterized by unpredictable and uncontrolled processes;
2. Entry level - achievements are at the level of individual employees. Formal standards,
structures and processes do not exist, communication is limited to several persons;
3. Determined level - there are certain standards, structures and processes that are partially
documented, applied (occasionally on individual projects) and communicated to most interested
4. Standardized level - there are certain standards, structures and processes that are document-
ed, applied (for all projects) and communicated to all interested parties;
5. Managed level - there are certain standards, structures and processes that are fully docu-
mented, are applied on an ongoing basis throughout the organization and are monitored by man-
agement (full coverage and integration);
6. Optimized level - there are all the necessary standards, structures and management process-
es that are applied throughout the organization, are monitored by management and are constantly
being improved. (Figure 1).
Fig. 1. - Determining the general level of competence of the organization in the use of man-
This questionnaire is intended for senior management, heads of Project Management Offices
(or specialized departments for the implementation of project activities), project managers, pro-
grams and portfolios, management teams - interested parties that influence the processes of manag-
ing projects, programs, portfolios in the organization (Figure 2).
Fig. 2. - An example of the structure of the questionnaire self-assessment of management pro-
Since the answers to the proposed questions in the questionnaire can be provided by various
specialists, depending on the area of responsibility, before starting work with the questionnaire, the
owners of the processes are determined who can fully disclose the presence or indicate the absence
of the management process, provide information about the desired state process. For the categories
to be evaluated, an appropriate range of rating values is defined (Figure 3).
Fig. 3. - An example of the structure of the range of value estimates
Thus, this approach can be applied to:
1. Definitions of the initial level of development of management processes in the organiza-
2. The ranking of processes relative to their development status, allowing you to introduce
changes at various stages of the development of processes in accordance with the strategic interests
of the organization;
3. Formation of conclusions about the readiness to conduct an assessment of the maturity of
management processes in the organization in accordance with international approaches;
4. Formation of preparatory work on the choice of assessing the maturity of management
processes in the organization ;
5. Formation of the initial steps in preparation for certification of the organization in accor-
dance with the requirements of the chosen approach.
Separately, it is worth noting such an option for using this approach, as the application in
retraining programs or master's programs focused on managers. In particular, experience has been
gained in using the proposed self-assessment methodology for technological maturity of an
enterprise in the ﬁeld of professional project management in implementing an educational retraining
program for the specialty “Project Manager in Construction”, implemented by the Belarusian
National Technical University branch of the Intersectoral Institute for Retraining and Advanced
Training. As part of the one and a half year program, this technique is included in the traineeship
program. Considering the fact that, in the vast majority, students of the program practice in their
own organizations, and, moreover, their graduate qualiﬁcation works are also aimed at improving
the efﬁciency of organizations that represent students, then conducting such a detailed self-
assessment of the organization allows students to better understand the internal organizational
environment of those projects in the implementation of which they are involved on a daily basis,
and make a serious contribution to the preparation of future diploma work that will be implemented
are in accordance with the principle of "real diploma about a real project" .
Moreover, as practice shows, such an approach is capable, on the one hand, of making a
contribution to the educational process, and, on the other hand, of initiating the ﬁrst real steps to
transform the organization’s business processes, providing a “low threshold” for starting
implementation of project management methods and tools in organizations whose representatives
became participants in such a training program. This is partially conﬁrmed by the examples of the
fact that some such participants, having carried out such self-assessment as part of the educational
process, having started independently implementing the project management methodology in their
organizations, subsequently decided on further professional development, including professional
certiﬁcation according to IPMA standards, and not individually , and in group order - increasing the
level of technological maturity of the organization as a whole.
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2. Individual competence baseline for project, programme and portfolio management (ICB®
v.4.0) [Electronic resource] : version 4.0 // International Project Management Association (IPMA).
– Mode of access: http://products.ipma.world/content/uploads/2016/03/IPMA_ICB_4_0_WEB.pdf.
– Date of access: 14.09.2019.
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PEB®) / Intern. Project Management Assoc. – Amsterdam : IPMA, 2016. – 112 p.
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Мажэй Крисціна, Дмитро Лук’янов
МОДЕЛЬ IPMA DELTA® В АДАПТАЦІЇ ДЛЯ ВИЗНАЧЕННЯ ПОТРЕБ ОР-
ГАНІЗАЦІЇ В ВИКОРИСТАННЯ МЕТОДІВ УПРАВЛІННЯ ПРОЕКТАМИ,
ПРОГРАМ ТА ПОРТФЕЛІВ.
У статті проведено аналіз можливості застосування моделі організаційно-тех-
нологічної зрілості компанії в області управління проектами IPMA Delta® для
самооцінки і визначення потреб організації в використанні методів управління
проектами, програмами і портфелями.
Ключові слова: Модель Delta IPMA, управління проектами, управління про-
грамами, управління портфелем, управління процесами, оцінка зрілості.