Traditional lranian Women: How They Cope

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of an article by Mary Elaine Hegland, based onpersonal and other anthropologic fieldworks in Iran between 1975 and 1980, published in The Middle East Journal, Vol. 36, no. 4, Autumn 1982.

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... Generally, Iranian women's attitudes and beliefs vary based on their socioeconomic background. According to Arasteh (1964), andHegland (1982), most Iranian women are very traditional. Arasteh (1964) also states that women from upper socioeconomic background compose a small percentage of Iran's total population. ...
... In the Iranian culture, traditional women have been responsible for maintaining social interaction with friends, relatives, and in-laws (Hegland, 1982). These interactions were readily achievable, due to the fact that women were at home, with plenty of spare time for active social interaction and mutuality. ...
... Traditionally, Iranian women have been responsible for the proper observance of life-cycle events such as marriage, pregnancy and birth. With this responsibility and participation, they have often led social lives quite independence of their husbands (Hegland, 1982). Therefore, it is understandable that they are occupied with what other women think of them, rather than with their relationship with men. ...
... It has been interpreted from Islamic doctrines that for the sake of marital stability, the proper place of a woman is at home (Ghvamshahidi, 1995). Even if a woman decides to work, there are several restrictions on her behavior and activities in relation to other men (Hegland, 1982). To prevent this problem, in many workplaces men and women are segregated. ...
... Many Iranian men do not accept the idea of autonomy and economic independence for their wives. The great majority of Iranian women are economically dependent on men; this is one of the significant reasons why the women have to comply with the wishes of their husbands (Hegland, 1982). ...
... 10. For more information about Aliabad women and their lives in 1978-1979, see Hegland (1982). ...
... 3. For additional publications resulting from my fieldwork in Aliabad, see Hegland (1982Hegland ( , 1983Hegland ( , 1991Hegland ( , 1998Hegland ( , 1999Hegland ( , 2003). 4. Accurate statistical information is not available. ...
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