Article

The Bengal Partition of 1905: the Evaluation of British Civilians Activities and Its Effect and Consequence: ১৯০৫ সালের বঙ্গভঙ্গ: ব্রিটিশ সিভিলিয়ানদের কার্যক্রম এবং বাংলার প্রতিক্রিয়া ও পরিণতি সম্পর্কে একটি পর্যালোচন

Authors:
  • Institute of Business Administration (IBA), Rajshahi, Bangladesh
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Abstract

The Partition of Bengal (1905) and the creation of a new province opened a new chapter in the history of this region. Whatever might have been the real motive of the colonial government behind the scheme, it divided the Hindus and the Muslims of Bengal. Most of the upper caste Hindus opposed it on the ground that by partitioning Bengal the government, in effect, had planned to divide the Bangla- speaking people. The also argued that it was the part of the government’s grand design of ‘divide and rule’. On the other hand, most of the upper class Muslims in general supported the scheme. The thought that their interests would be better protected in the newly created province and the would be able to overcome decades of backwardness. Yet, there were some Muslims who opposed the partition. As they belonged both to upper class and ordinary section of the Muslim population, their reasons for supporting the partition also varied. Personal, community, national and economic interests prompted interests prompted them to oppose the partition of Bengal.

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