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Livro de actas das III e IV conferências cientificas internacionais de projetos educativos para seniores



Artigos sobre envelhecimento e projetos educativos para seniores
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We conducted a field study to test the applicability of the job characteristics model (JCM) in volunteer organizations and examine the impact of job characteristics on volunteer motivation, satisfaction and intent to quit, as well as test a measure of volunteer performance. One hundred and twenty-four volunteers completed measures of job characteristics, motivation, satisfaction, and intent to quit. Supervisors rated volunteer task performance and organizational citizenship behaviors (OCB). Results showed that job characteristics were related to volunteers’ autonomous motivation, satisfaction and performance. Autonomous motivation acted as a mediator in the relationship between job characteristics and satisfaction. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed.
Intrinsic and extrinsic types of motivation have been widely studied, and the distinction between them has shed important light on both developmental and educational practices. In this review we revisit the classic definitions of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in light of contemporary research and theory. Intrinsic motivation remains an important construct, reflecting the natural human propensity to learn and assimilate. However, extrinsic motivation is argued to vary considerably in its relative autonomy and thus can either reflect external control or true self-regulation. The relations of both classes of motives to basic human needs for autonomy, competence and relatedness are discussed.
Why do significant numbers of people engage in the unpaid helping activities known as volunteerism? Drawing on functional theorizing about the reasons, purposes, and motivations underlying human behavior, we have identified six personal and social functions potentially served by volunteering. In addition to developing an inventory to assess these motivational functions, our program of research has explored the role of motivation in the processes of volunteerism, especially decisions about becoming a volunteer in the first place and decisions about continuing to volunteer.
Occupational sex segregation is well documented. Research on voluntary associations shows that these also are segregated by sex. However, little is known about the connections between these institutions. In this research, we explore the effects of occupational sex composition on the sex composition of respondents' voluntary memberships. We find a positive relationship between the sex composition of men's occupations and the sex composition of their voluntary memberships. This effect is found for women only when full-time homemaking is considered as an occupation. We attribute differences in our findings to the nature of occupational ties in social networks.
Psicologia do envelhecimento: temas selecionados na perspetiva de curso de vida
  • R Fontaine
Fontaine, R. (2000). Psicologia do Envelhecimento. Lisboa: Climepsi. -Neri, A. L. (1995). Psicologia do envelhecimento: temas selecionados na perspetiva de curso de vida. Campinas, SP: Papirus. (p.13-40).
O Voluntariado como Instrumento de Desenvolvimento Social e Económico. Instituto Politécnico do Porto
  • J Oliveira
  • E Porto -Clary
  • M Snyder
  • A Stukas
Oliveira, J. (2008). Psicologia do Envelhecimento e do Idoso. Porto: Livpsic. -Organização Mundial de Saúde (2002). Active Ageing -A Policy Framework. Disponível em NPH_02.8.pdf -Organização Mundial de Saúde (2015). Relatório Mundial de Envelhecimento e Saúde. Disponível em ALC_15.01_por.pdf;jsessionid=03689779B1EEB2E09D11F3147E6 17EC7?sequence=6 -Pordata (2019). Base de Dados de Portugal Contemporâneo. Disponível em Referências bibliográficas -Amorim, L. R. (2015). A motivação para o trabalho dos voluntários da Cruz. Viana do Castelo, Portugal. -Bandeira, A & Barbedo, P. (2011). O Voluntariado como Instrumento de Desenvolvimento Social e Económico. Instituto Politécnico do Porto. Porto -Clary, E., Snyder, M., & Stukas, A. (1996). Volunteers' Motivations: Findings from a National Survey. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 25(4), 485-505.
Caracterização do Voluntariado Social em
-Conselho Nacional para a Promoção do Voluntariado. Link, consultado a 30 de julho de 2019. -Delicado, A. (2002). Caracterização do Voluntariado Social em Portugal. Intervenção Social Vol: 25/26 p. 127-139.