PresentationPDF Available

Why Science is Better with Communism? The Case of Sci-Hub



In my talk at the Open Access Symposium, held at the University of North Texas in 2016, I explore how intellectual property rights became an obstacle to the progress of science, and why science and communism are essentially equal. (I was invited as a founder of Sci-Hub website and participated remotely via Skype)
Quick Facts:
created in 2011
immediately popular solving
40 paywalled papers / hour
now > 200,000 paper daily
gained massive support from user donations
used everywhere in the world,
not poor-country-specific
sci-hub is breaking intellectual property laws
can knowledge
be a property?
what is
copyright law was under the
active debate recently
I want all to have a share of everything
and all property to be in common; there
will no longer be either rich or poor; no
longer shall we see one man harvesting
vast tracts of land, while another has
not ground enough to be buried in
I shall begin by making land, money,
everything that is private property,
common to all. Then we shall live on
this common wealth
Assemblywomen, 391 BC
do we need any
property at all?
Not a handful of rich people, but all the
working people must enjoy the fruits of
their common labour. Machines and
other improvements must serve to ease
the work of all and not to enable a few
to grow rich at the expense of millions
and tens of millions of people
Vladimir Lenin
Revolution! a mass
protest against property
striving for equality
science and communism are inseparable
Theft! a small protest
against property
striving for equality
Robin the Hood
Hong Gildong
Ishikawa Goemon
Hermes Greek god
taxation system?
Sci-Hub fits
‘natural law’
The goal of Hermes' ambition is equality with Apollo … Hermes and
Apollo are contrasting figures in Greek mythology
The theme of strife between Hermes and Apollo translates into
mythical language the insurgence of the Greek lower classes and
their demands for equality with the aristocracy
Hermes the Thief: The Evolution of a Myth
By Norman O. Brown
Hermes, the patron of theft
... now they are the nobility, and those
who were noble before, now they are
Theognis of Megara, VI century BC
Crossing the boundaries of property
"Crossing the boundary" was,
in the eyes of the primitive
Greeks, the essence of trade
and economic enterprise: the
standard Greek words for
"buy" and "do business" are
derived from a root meaning
"beyond, across." Thus
Hermes the god of the
boundary-stone became the
god of trade
Hermes the Thief:
The Evolution of a Myth
By Norman O. Brown
private property
is about
withholding something
locked within boundaries
or behind paywalls
theft trade
is about
making something free
to move or common
Theft! the root of all sciences
Egyptian god of knowledge identified with Hermes
Theft! the root of all sciences
the forbidden tree?
Theft! the root of all sciences
“Athena taught Prometheus astronomy, mathematics,
architecture, navigation, metalworking, writing, and other
useful skills. He later passed this knowledge on to humans”
...the professed aim of all scientific work is
to unravel the secrets of nature
James Clerk Maxwell
Theft! the root of all sciences
secret is something being kept privately
Robert K. Merton
Mertonian norms of science
Communism the common ownership
of scientific discoveries, according to
which scientists give up intellectual
property in exchange for recognition
Organized skepticism
...gather wealth just sufficient for his subsistence
Manusmriti, tr. by Patrick Olivelle
Plato’s communism
science as part of culture conflicts private
property and copyright
science communication is twice conflicting
open science is returning science to its true
thanks for watching!
... Google Scholar search that exemplifies the lack of knowledge about Sci-Hub, used when referencing bibliographic citations. Source: Google Scholar Example ofElbakyan's (2016) discourse developed in her presentations. ...
... Some libraries have offered to the creator of Sci-Hub a space to communicate her points of view, for example in the framework of the Open access symposium 2016 organized by the University of North Texas Libraries with a presentation titled "Why science is better with communism? The case of Sci-Hub"(Elbakyan, 2016) and available on YouTube; example is her interven-Figure 6. ...
Sci-Hub emerged into the field of scientific communication in 2011 as a platform for free access to scientific papers. It is the most popular of the so-called shadow libraries, systems that overcome the limits of legal access to scientific publications, standing apart from the open access movement. Besides from the media coverage that has served to boost its popularity, several studies reveal the impact of Sci-Hub among researchers, who have embraced this initiative. Sci-Hub has revealed new forms of access to scientific information, affecting academic and research libraries that cannot remain on the sidelines. This study addresses the Sci-Hub phenomenon and its implications for academic and research libraries from different points of view, through a bibliographic review and an analysis of examples of action.
... Many supporters, whether hidden or visible, sympathize with the efforts of Sci-Hub, which was created by Alexandra Elbakyan, who stands all alone in the shadows to fight for her cause. Inspired by openness (Elbakyan, 2016a), Elbakyan argues that Sci-Hub fits 'natural law (Elbakyan, 2016b), and she believes that her efforts are helping to liberate knowledge to democratize education. Alexandra Elbakyan enjoys many monikers, including Pirate Queen, Robin Hood, the champion of copyleft, the scholarly anarchist, the intellectual pirate, a protester against scholarly journals, a gamechanger in the scholarly publishing landscape, a warrior against academic publishing houses, a Rockstar in academia, a hero for the PhD students, and the frustrated science student. ...
Full-text available
The conversation with Alexandra Elbakyan intends to explore the Sci-Hub phenomenon and the core motives that initiated Sci-Hub. Accordingly, Sci-Hub is an open science project that has gone viral and is driven by people who pursue knowledge. The core idea behind the Sci-Hub is very simple: people should have access to knowledge without any restrictions. Elbakyan argues that science should be ruled by the scientist, not by the corporations. It is here, in a publish or perish scholarly world, that Sci-Hub aims to give control back to scientists and empower them. Elbakyan claims that for-profit corporations are gatekeeping knowledge, whereas Sci-Hub is disseminating it for the greater good. The conversation with Elbakyan about Sci-Hub raises a critical question for us to answer: Who is the real owner of the information?
Dans l’Arctique nord-américain occidental, les vestiges architecturaux des sites gelés sont souvent extrêmement bien préservés, mais les niveaux plus proches de la surface actuelle sont souvent moins bien conservés et difficiles à définir. Ces vestiges sont ceux de maisons d’hiver occupées par les ancêtres des Inuit , ici les Iñupiat du nord de l’Alaska (États-Unis d’Amérique) et les Inuvialuit des Territoires du Nord-ouest (Canada). L’enjeu de cette recherche a été de concevoir et de mettre en œuvre une méthodologie robuste d’enregistrement et de traitement. Nous avons principalement utilisé les ressources informatiques appliqués en archéologie pour les associer, de la conception technique d’une base de données aux traitements statistiques en passant par l’enregistrement et la modélisation 3D ainsi que la visualisation spatiale.Nous avons étudié quatre structures d’habitat dont les datations sont comprises entre le XVe et le XVIIIe siècle de notre ère, situées dans deux sites du cap Espenberg, sur la côte nord-ouest de l’Alaska et le site de Kuukpak, dans le delta du Mackenzie, au nord-ouest des Territoires du Nord-Ouest. 1447 éléments structurels en bois ont été décrits et prélevés sur le terrain, puis leurs essences ont été identifiées en laboratoire. Après les traitements statistiques et les analyses spatiales, nous proposons des restitutions des élévations – en associant relevés photogrammétriques et modélisation 3D – et une chaîne opératoire globale de construction pour ces structures d’habitat. Celles-ci nous apportent des pistes d’interprétation pour comprendre comment ont été construites ces maisons semi-enterrées de l’Arctique occidental nord-américain.
ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication.