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Aerospace Medicine Systematic Review Group Qualitative Methods Guide for Space Medicine Focussed Systematic Reviews

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Abstract

This document is intended to guide potential reviewers through the process of conducting a qualitative systematic review. You are advised to use this as a basic overview of the key steps and to supplement (not replace) gold standard qualitative systematic review methods provided by PRISMA and Cochrane. It should be noted that there are times at present when gold standard methods have been adapted for space medicine reviews and these are highlighted in this guide. Overall, this guide will help you navigate a space medicine qualitative review, while conforming as best as possible to gold standards, but without methods becoming prohibitive or unrealistic to apply to the space medicine area. The aim is to help you understand the systematic review process, know tools that can make the process easier, understand the various types of analysis and guide when to use Cochrane or adapted methods. Please cite this tool as: Laws, J.M., Bruce-Martin, C., Winnard, A. (2020) Qualitative Methods Guide for Space Medicine Focussed Systematic Reviews.
Aerospace Medicine Systematic
Review Group
Qualitative Methods
Guide for
Space Medicine
Focussed Systematic
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0" ?#

Qualitative reviews should conform to Cochrane title structures where
possible: “(Intervention or interest) for (outcome measure) in
(population)”. &4;>
  
@;*
)"#84 
"#?"#>
&!+
7"
7 
?#
"
7#
Why might qualitative methods be useful for space medicine reviews?
 
&/
 
!
( 
 A
& 7
&
!7"4/
#  7
 &
4 

7/
)$%&'("'('%2
++55 5/#(
 
4&
  
8A"7#
('%28A 
8
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"+55 5/# !
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 
 +
+55 5/
.  
2 .
7 
4

MeSH Terms
($  ' CG"'G#$ 
 
( 'G
)
$ 'G$ 7
'G 

Managing hits
('%2%
%  ! 
  
%
%+555
!!!
$%&'(?
4 
$&)*'"P5PI5IC
5COS#)!
)54
++555 !
1'
( 3
('%2 +
+55 5/3
)(
'!$")('$#&
! 
  )
%!.)=&
8
%.(9'( 
 "$@6#
('%2 
 $!('%2

++55 5/
1(
3  
 
  
9" 
+5555#
Thematic Analysis
!('%2
++55 5/
.
)!".I)!:E.)!
G7IJ#/
4
78"#
".J#1 
4"GIF#
 &7

! 
(/
 ;
>"IGK#0

"IGK#9
"1'%9H#
  
"G:EGHE
LEF#
!
"./$IJEIGK#
('%24/
".J#
"IGK#
4
What this method should be used for:
 
!

34
 ('%2
 44
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4+
Step One:7
+/E
EE 
6 
9"1'%
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Step Two: ) 
3
4
4
N 
4 
/
Step Three: 
 
 E
7)
78 

34"4#
;)*>;*> 
 
8
 

Step Four: 
!4!
 
! +C
D6 D0
4D&D&
/D 4
 7
Step Five: 777

73 
 
' /
34"4#
;)*>;*>
  
 ;>
  
4
  
4
&  
  
Step Six: 47
 

 
Further AMSRG Qualitative Analysis Recommendations:
(9"1'%,H#
 ('%24
1
  4
 "99
0IL# 
")OP'.I%JJF#&/

"/
#"9L#
%!+
$!
++55/5
) !++55 !/M/
9" #+
+5555
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L/FL
G(.23(*!(.GI.!
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&$,&+
-IG("K#

("#HM
-B-!G.G-I*!("L#
(C!/! 
"/H#+
-'8BG(*!(*'%%B
-"F#)+ 
&,- .%/0,- %123
 .4*5+)%6"NB#
"-! .6
-
7898.9:
-.;
 5//
+55 5///8/5H/C/

+55 5///85J///

... • For general guidance on conducting a qualitative or integrative systematic review please see the AMSRG guide (Laws, Bruce-Martin, & Winnard, 2020) available in the method section of our website: https://www.aerospacemed.rehab/methods-guidance. ...
Method
Full-text available
This process is intended to guide potential reviewers through the basic process of using NVivo for integrative or qualitative systematic reviews. The aim is to help you understand how to use NVivo to manage your qualitative data, visually present that data and support you in the writing of your report. Please cite this tool as: Laws, J.M., Bruce-Martin, C., & Winnard, A. (2020). AMSRG Basic NVivo user guide for systematic reviews. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.32525.56800
Article
Andrew Winnard has been leading systematic review methods for space medicine projects many years to facilitate high quality and transparent synthesis of primary data to enable evidence-based practice. You can find the most up to date methods here: https://sites.google.com/view/sr-methods/home This paper outlines evolution of space medicine synthesis methods and discussion of their initial application. Space medicine systematic review guidance has been developed for protocol planning, quantitative and qualitative synthesis, sourcing grey data, and assessing quality and transferability of space medicine human spaceflight simulation study environments. Decision algorithms for guidance and tool usage were created based on usage. Six reviews used quantitative methods in which no meta analyses were possible due to lack of controlled trials or reporting issues. All reviews scored the quality and transferability of space simulation environments. One review was qualitative. Several research gaps were identified. Successful use of the developed methods demonstrates usability and initial validity. The current space medicine evidence base resulting in no meta analyses to be possible shows the need for standardized guidance on how to synthesize data in this field. It also provides evidence to call for increasing use of controlled trials, standardizing outcome measures and improving minimum reporting standards. Space medicine is a unique field of medical research that requires specific systematic review methods.
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