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Canadian-U.S. Cooperation: Regional Climate Change Action in the Northeast

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... The paper uses a simple indicator of influence: did the network change the national government's climate agenda, policies, or programs insofar as those changes resulted in direct, consistent support, and/or partnership with municipalities? This indicator is informed by recent scholarship that characterizes the influence and effectiveness of networks and other research on climate change in North America, which suggests that collectively and in theory, subnational governments (particularly provinces and states) have the potential to have policy influence and to induce policy change (Selin & VanDeveer, 2006). It follows that the paper evaluates municipal climate action in Canada against a series of indicators that literature suggests ought to be present if a network is to have policy influence. ...
... The paper uses a simple indicator of influence: did the network change the national government's climate agenda, policies, or programs insofar as those changes resulted in direct, consistent support, and/or partnership with municipalities? This indicator is informed by recent scholarship that characterizes the influence and effectiveness of networks and other research on climate change in North America, which suggests that collectively and in theory, subnational governments (particularly provinces and states) have the potential to have policy influence and to induce policy change (Selin & VanDeveer, 2006). It follows that the paper evaluates municipal climate action in Canada against a series of indicators that literature suggests ought to be present if a network is to have policy influence. ...
Article
Research on climate change policy and politics has become increasingly focused on the actions and influence of subnational governments. In North America, this attention has been particularly focused on why subnational governments have taken action in the absence of national leadership, what effect action might have on future national climate policy, and whether the collective action of networks of municipal governments are reshaping and challenging the character of national and global climate governance. This paper examines Canadian municipal climate in light of the absence of a comprehensive and effective climate national strategy. The paper considers various reasons why local governments in Canada have not been central players in national plans, and why their actions have not been more influential nationally. The paper argues that the potential influence of Canadian municipalities on national climate policy is weak, given the loose nature of the network and the long-held structural view that municipalities are not significant units of political analysis in national political and policy debates. The paper concludes by considering the constraints and opportunities of subnational climate networks and municipal network analysis. Copyright 2010 by The Policy Studies Organization.
Article
Cet article porte sur l’influence du contexte nord-américain sur la politique canadienne relative aux changements climatiques à l’aide de trois indicateurs : les actions ou les déclarations qui expriment la volonté des gouvernements canadiens de mettre en oeuvre une coopération transfrontalière en matière de politique climatique, les actions ou les déclarations d’acteurs privés qui ont pour but de demander aux gouvernements du Canada d’harmoniser leurs politiques avec celles des États-Unis, et le degré de convergence des politiques des deux pays. Les auteurs en concluent qu’au Canada, le contexte nord-américain a considérablement influencé les politiques relatives aux changements climatiques aux échelons fédéral, provincial et intergouvernemental (fédéral-provincial), bien que cette influence se soit exercée d’une manière différente aux niveaux intergouvernemental et infranational et que des facteurs politiques, économiques et institutionnels intérieurs soient intervenus.
Article
Full-text available
This chapter examines climate change measures in the Northeast North America. It seeks to uncover how regional institutions and policy networks, along with the public, private, and civil society sectors, are taking on significant leadership roles in pioneering climate change policymaking and implementation. The chapter also explains the important aspects of major policy developments and their importance for effective climate change impact reduction. Political action in the northeast shows the appropriateness and technical and economic plausibility of more ambitious efforts to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions, which sets significant precedents upon which future North American climate change legislation will be based. The chapter concludes by giving commentaries about the important features of current and future climate change policies in North America.
Article
Full-text available
The paper reviews sets of policy options available and currently being utilized for climate change mitigation. It outlines the state of play and challenges to climate policy agreements incumbent within the UN global climate change regime, before turning to a discussion of the changing dynamics in U.S. and North American climate change politics. It concludes with some observations and questions about ongoing climate politics, as human activity continues to alter the global climate and human political systems continue to demonstrate their incapacity to address the causes and consequences of climate change. Copyright 2010 die Autoren Journal compilation 2010, Verein für Socialpolitik und Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
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