DataPDF Available

These are companion notes summarising the findings of data I compiled on Canada's Development Aid to the West Bank & Gaza for the 1996/97 to the 2016/17 Fiscal Years.

Authors:
Canadian Development Statistical Aid Figures,
West Bank & Gaza
Totals calculated using Government of Canada statistical reporting on its Official Development
Assistance for the fiscal years 1996/97 to 2016/17.
Dr Jeremy Wildeman, 2019 June 16th
updated 2019 August 19th
Note This report consists of a .pdf and an excel file.
Companion Notes to the Statistical Data
The two documents in this report list the Canadian foreign assistance spent on the West Bank and
Gaza for the Government of Canada (GOC), in the fiscal years 1996/97 to 2016/17, using GOC official
statistical reports.
Funding Highlights
UNRWA Funding: According to its statistical reporting, the GOC has given $CAD 283.31 million to
UNRWA from the 1996/97 fiscal year up to the 2016/17 year.
Converted to 2019 June 16 $CAD values that becomes $CAD 355.54 million, which was on
2019 June 16 valued at $USD 259.32 million.
Overall Funding: Overall Canada spent $CAD 739.25 million on the West Bank & Gaza from the
1998/99 to the 2016/17 fiscal year.
Converted to 2019 June 16 $CAD values that becomes $CAD 859.90 million, which was valued
on 2019 June 16 at $USD 627.74 million.
ODA Corrections: An important caveat is that the Official Development Assistance (ODA) figures do
not appear to include UNRWA, or other multilateral funding for the Palestinians, in the fiscal years
1996/97 up to 2004/5. For this reason, the overall Canadian aid total could be raised to include an
additional $CAD 100 million in UNRWA funding spent in 1996/97 to 2004/5.
When converted to 2019 June 16 $CAD values that becomes $CAD 140.71 million, which was
valued on 2019 June 16 at $USD 102.64.
Corrected Overall Funding: So, if adding in just those UNRWA figures, that could increase overall
Canadian funding to the West Bank & Gaza, from 1996/97 to 2016/17, up to $CAD 839.25.
Converted to 2019 June 16 $CAD values that becomes $CAD 1,000.61 million, which was
valued on 2019 June 16 at $USD 730.38 million.
OECD Data: Meanwhile, the OECD QWIDS donor database shows Canada spending $USD 622.35 on
the West Bank & Gaza for the years 1998 to 2017, in 2019 June 16 $USD values.
Non-ODA Assistance: In total, Canada also provided around $1.335 million on assistance to the
Palestinians in the fiscal years 2011/12 to 2015/16, which has a securitised nature and cannot be listed
as ODA.
Converted to 2019 June 16 $CAD values that becomes $CAD 1.46 million, which was valued
on 2019 June 16 at $USD 1.07 million.
Further Notes on the Figures
The data on Palestinian ‘West Bank & Gaza’ aid in the GOC statistical reports is incredibly complex to
understand, especially when considered across multiple years and on the basis of the programmes it
has been disbursed through. This is in no small part due to the near annual renaming, creation and
elimination of the Canadian government agencies and programmes through which its aid is given. This
includes renaming the department of foreign affairs department itself on a few occasions; as well as
the elimination of the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) in 2013, through which
much of Canada's aid had been given for several decades. So, for this reason I created a sheet that
recreated the tables that described Canadian ODA to the West Bank & Gaza for each fiscal year.
Further, the GOC data can be particularly opaque for the financial years prior to a major change in
reporting methods in 2005/6. This includes, for instance, how the ODA figures to the ‘West Bank &
Gaza’ did not appear to include Palestinian funding through multilateral institutions, as described
above. Taken a step further, it is difficult to ascertain if any of that multilateral funding may have been
to Palestinians outside of the West Bank & Gaza, such as through the significant UNRWA funding
tranches that Canada gave on many years, and bearing in mind UNRWA operations outside the West
Bank & Gaza.
In a particular opaque fiscal year 2000/1, the GOC did not even offer a breakdown of how its
West Bank and Gaza funding was spent. Instead it only provided the total fund. That was also
a noteworthy year as the start of the Second Intifada.
Finally, one advice provided by an official was to note how year-to-year fluctuations in ODA and other
funding levels tend to be tied to the project cycle of multi-year projects, impacting on the perceived
increase or decrease in assistance overall
Political Parties during Aid Process
Notably whenever there is a Liberal government in power in Canada, the GOC tends to provide small
sums of bilateral aid to Israel, even though Israel is a wealthy OECD country. In some Liberal years of
government, they do not give bilateral aid to the Palestinians while still funding Israel with bilateral
aid.
It is important to note that in those years, however, Canada was still funding the Palestinians
through multilateral institutions.
Typically, the years with the largest sums of Palestinian aid are the years when the Conservative Party
was in power in Canada. There is though some consistency in funding flows between the Conservative
government and its successor Liberal government.
Party in Power
Leader / Prime Minister
Years
Liberal Party of Canada
Jean Chrétien
1993/11 to 2003/12
Liberal Party of Canada
Paul Martin
2003/12 to 2006/02
Conservative Party of Canada
Stephen Harper
2006/02 to 2015/11
Liberal Party of Canada
Justin Trudeau
2015/11 to Present
Other Notables
It is not possible to precisely compare the data for Canadian ODA in the OECD database against the
GOC statistical reports. This may come down to different fiscal years, where Canada uses an April 1st
to March 31st year, but the OECD accounts for a January 1st to December 31st fiscal year.
Canada refers to the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT) as the West Bank & Gaza in all its reporting,
except for the 2003/4 fiscal year, when it refers to there being Palestinian Territories.
Finally,
Ultimately all quantitative figures are limited by nature in what they describe. They are just one aspect
of social phenomena. So, it would be worth cross verifying these figures with qualitative data (and
research) on programming for the years listed, in order to better understand how that money was
being spent and to better ascertain if any figures may be missing, or otherwise misunderstood.
1
That
is, more research is needed.
This is a first run at compiling these figures and is being made available for general use. If you have
any comments, notes to make or additional information, feel free to email j.wildeman@bath.ac.uk.
1
This author has already done some of that qualitative analysis, and has experience managing some of the
funds on an implementation projects level in the field.

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