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IL RILIEVO DIGITALE PER CONOSCERE IL PASSATO: IL COMPLESSO MONUMENTALE DEI BAGNI DELLA MOSCHEA REALE DI GRANADA

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Abstract

The Research on the documentation of the Baths of the Alhambra Mosque in Granada takes part of a larger research project, born in 2017 from the collaboration between the Patronato de la Alhambra y Generalife, the DAda-LAB Laboratory of the University of Pavia ( responsible Prof. Sandro Parrinello), and the SMlab Laboratory of the University of Granada (responsible prof. Antonio Gòmez-Blanco). In November 2018, the study of the portion began, still visible today in part of the bathrooms, built in 1302-1304 by the sovereign Muhammad III, along the Calle Real de la Alhambra. The building has undergone numerous interventions and modifications to its original structure, among which a partial demolition is documented in 1534, the construction of a house between the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, masking the bathrooms, known since the nineteenth century as “Casa del Polinario ", the name with which its owner, Antonio Barrios, which made it a meeting place for artists and musicians, and numerous interventions in the last century of which, in the archives of the Patronato, there are drawings and projects, including which stands out the intervention of the architect Leopoldo Torres Balbás in 1934, which reveals the Arab baths, after the complete restoration, and the previous demolition of almost the entire building that hid them. The survey campaign produced a documentation of the entire monument with the aim of analyzing the traces of transformations, readable on the walls, deciphering, in the construction techniques, the signs and stratifications, in order to identify the original portions of the mosque's bathrooms. From the three-dimensional database, information is processed with the aim of producing drawings capable of transmitting the historical value of the building and witnessing the transformation and restoration interventions that the monument has undergone.
... [17] In this case, the H-BIM model was created with the purpose of 3D printing and to compare different possibilities of using the model remotely through AR and VR fruition systems [18] (Fig. 3). The second experimentation involved the portion of the bathrooms of the Alhambra mosque, based on the reading and research of the original parts of the rooms through a comparison between the data collected in the archive and that acquired on-site through an integrated non-invasive survey, made it possible to carry out accurate investigations [19]. ...
Conference Paper
The model construction, which is not a simple skeleton of geometric shapes, as a structured system of information, is a particularly useful tool for the management of the complex systems of Cultural Heritage. These tools improve the accessibility to the complex systems, according to different interconnection channels. Cultural heritage has become an open-data access database of information ordered within a structured network of metadata.These kinds of files create a complex database. Through the digital survey, heritage became a 3D model that describes cultural systems as a union of languages, signs, and symbols. The contribution presents some methodological research experiences on monumental digital documentation carried out by DAda-LAB laboratory, of the Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture of the University of Pavia, on two different museum systems: the bath of the mosque, a portion of the monumental complex of the Alhambra in Granada (Spain), and the Historical Central building of University of Pavia (Italy). From this research, two H-BIM models were obtained built on the basis of the metric data of the digital survey with the aim of investigating the different possibilities of using this type of models from the management of the assets to the use of digitized spaces.
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